Global Community Earth  Government
Main Index of the Global Constitution The Global Constitution on a single page Table of Contents of the Global Constitution
[ Preamble     ] [ Chapter  I    ] [ Chapter  II    ] [ Chapter  III    ] [ Chapter  IV    ] [ Chapter  V    ] [ Chapter  VI    ] [ Chapter  VII    ] [ Chapter  VIII    ] [ Chapter  IX    ] [ Chapter  X    ] [ Chapter  XI    ] [ Chapter  XII    ] [ Chapter  XIII    ] [ Chapter  XIV    ] [ Chapter  XV    ] [ Chapter  XVI    ] [ Chapter  XVII    ] [ Chapter  XVIII    ] [ Chapter  XIX    ] [ Chapter  XX    ] [ Chapter  XXI    ] [ Chapter  XXII    ] [ Chapter  XXIII    ] [ Chapter  XXIV    ] [ Chapter  XXV    ] [ Chapter  XXVI    ] [ Chapter  XXVII    ] [ Chapter  XXVIII    ]

Preamble ] Chapter  I ] Chapter  II ] Chapter  III ] Chapter  IV ] Chapter  V ] Chapter  VI ] Chapter  VII ] Chapter  VIII ] Chapter  IX ] Chapter  X ] Chapter  XI ] Chapter  XII ] Chapter  XIII ] Chapter  XIV ] Chapter  XV ] Chapter  XVI ] Chapter  XVII ] Chapter  XVIII ] Chapter  XIX ] Chapter  XX ] Chapter  XXI ] Chapter  XXII ] Chapter  XXIII ] Chapter  XXIV ] Chapter  XXV ] Chapter  XXVI ] Chapter  XXVII ] Chapter  XXVIII ]

Preamble  ]
Chapter 1     What Earth Government represents, its "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" ]
Article 1:    Establishment of Earth Government.
Article 2:    Earth Government's values.
Article 3:    Earth Government's objectives.
Article 4:    Fundamental freedoms and non-discrimination.
Article 5:    Symbiotical relationships between Earth Government and Member Nations.
Article 6:     Legal personality of Earth Government, Global Community Earth Government, GCEG.
Chapter 2     Earth Security and Peace  ]
               Chapter 2.1     Global Security and Peace
Article 1:     Global Security Policies.
Article 2:     Protect Life and genetic resources.
Article 3:     Terrorism and global co-operation.
Article 4:     The media industry and global security.
Article 5:     Conflicts and wars.
Article 6:     Decentralization of power.
Article 7:     Responsibility of a peacemaker.
Article 8:     The worst environmental degradation happens in wars.
Article 9:     A trusted third party to resolve conflicts.
Article 10:     The "war industry" throughout the world must be put to a complete halt and shelved forever from humanity.
Article 11:     New way of doing business: you manufacture, produce, mine, farm or create a product, you become responsible and accountable of your product from beginning to end.
Article 12: Democracy, Nonviolence, and Peace.
               12.1     Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels, and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making, and access to justice.
               12.2     Integrate into formal education and life-long learning the knowledge, values, and skills needed for a sustainable way of life.
               12.3     Treat all living beings with respect and consideration.
               12.4     Promote a culture of tolerance, nonviolence, and peace.
                Chapter 2.2     The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
Article 1:     The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
Article 2 to Article 8
                Chapter 2.3     Settlement of Disputes.
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 2.4     Local Arrangements of Disputes.
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 2.5     State and global citizens participation to legal disputes
Article 1
Chapter 3     Earth Government membership  ]
Article 1:    Conditions of eligibility and procedure for accession of Member Nations to Earth Government.
Article 2:    Suspension of Earth Government membership rights.
Article 3:    Voluntary withdrawal from Earth Government.
Chapter 4     Global Community concepts and universal values  ]
                Chapter 4.1     The Glass Bubble concepts of "a Global Community" and "the Global Community"
Article 1:    The Glass Bubble concepts
Article 2:    Definition of the Global Community
                Chapter 4.2     Universal Values
Article 1:    Social Universal Values are meant to bring together the billions of people around the world for the good of all humanity
                Chapter 4.3     Global Ethics
Article 2:    Global ethics must always be grounded in realities.
                Chapter 4.4     Global Sustainability
                                     Chapter 4.4.1     Definition and graphical representation of global sustainability
Article 1:    Definition of sustainable development.
                                     Chapter 4.4.2     Fulfilling the requirements of global sustainability
Article 1:    Essential elements of an adequate global sustainability
Article 2:    Scale of Good Practices
Article 3:    Implementing economic activity that can advance sustainability
Article 4:    Implementing various conservation strategies
Article 5:    Assessing using a combined social and economic accounting system
Article 6:    Creating tests for sustainability
Article 7:    Making forest management to include getting more value out of the wood
Article 8:    Requiring formal impact assessment for all major projects
                                     Chapter 4.4.3     Developing a scale of values and designing and testing quality indicators
Article 1:    Developing a scale of values and designing and testing quality indicators
                                     Chapter 4.4.4     The Global Community Overall Picture
Article 1:    The Global Community Overall Picture
Article 2:    Measurement of the Gross Sustainable Development Product (GSDP)
Article 3:    Valuation in terms of money accounts for some non-market values
Chapter 5     The establishment of Global Communities  ]
Article 1:    Principles
Article 2:    Birth right of Global Community citizens of electing representatives democratically
Article 3:    Complying with the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community and Earth Government"
Article 4:    Formation of global communities
Article 5:    Portal of the Global Community
Article 6:    Portal of the Global Community of North America
Article 7:    Portal of other global communities
Chapter 6     Earth Government Global Community Citizenship  ]
Article 1:    Global Community citizenship of Earth Government
Article 2:    Global Community Citizenship
Article 3:    Who can have a Global Community Citizenship?
                Chapter 6.2     Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship
Article 1:    Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship
                Chapter 6.3     Statement of rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of Global Community citizens
                                    Chapter 6.3.1     Statement
Article 1:    Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person, 'a Global Community' and 'the Global Community'
Article 2:    The Statement includes rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
                                     Chapter 6.3.2     Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
Article 1:     Proper governance of Earth
Article 2:     The quality of Earth governance
Article 3:     The most fundamental community right
Article 4:     Justice is without borders
Article 5:     State governments keep their status and privileges
Article 6:     Vision of Earth Government
Article 7:     Earth governance is a balance
Article 8:     The rights of states to self-determination in the global context
Article 9:     The principle of non-intervention in domestic affairs
Article 10:     Global co-operation
Article 11:     Good Earth management
Article 12:     The spiritual belief, universal values, principles and aspirations of Earth Government
Article 13:     Human and Earth Rights
Chapter 7     Global symbiotical relationships between Earth Government and Member Nations  ]
Article 1:    Earth Government and global symbiotical relationships
Article 2:    Specific agreements
Article 3:    Basic principles
Article 4:     Emphasis of a global symbiotical relationship
Chapter 8     Enhanced cooperation between Member Nations  ]
Article 1 to Article 8
Article 9:     Global ministries
Article 10:     The Global Community has already created several global ministries
Article 11:     Earth needs urgently a world system of governance
Article 12:     An urgent need for fundamental changes in the United Nations organization
Article 13:     The most fundamental requirement of a world organization is a democratic system of voting
Article 14:     Creation of Ministries is a priority
Chapter 9     The democratic base of Earth Government  ]
Article 1:    Direct democracy
Article 2:    The principle of democratic equality
Article 3:    The principle of representative democracy
Article 4:    The principle of participatory democracy
Article 5:    The social partners and autonomous social dialogue
Article 6:    The Global Community Ombudsperson
Article 7:    Transparency of the proceedings of Earth Government Institutions, Bodies and Agencies
Article 8:    Protection of personal data
Article 9:    Status of churches and non-confessional organisations
Article 10:    Direct democracy is a community right
Chapter 10     Scale of Human and Earth Rights  ]
Article 1:    Decision-making process subjected to Earth Government "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" and to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
Article 2:    Field of application of Earth Government law
Article 3:    Scope and interpretation of rights and principles
Article 4:    Level of protection
Article 5:    Prohibition of abuse of rights
Article 6:    Fundamental rights
Article 7:    To change the ways of doing things, and our ways of doing business, of Global Community citizens
                Chapter 10.2     Change our ways of doing things, and our ways of doing business, as per the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
Article 1:    The new way of doing things and business on the planet
Article 2:    The Scale is the primary guide for the decision-making process
Article 3:    Scale of Human and Earth Rights
               Chapter 10.3     Section  1.    Ecological rights and the protection of the global life-support systems
Article 1:    It is a crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
Article 2:    Related aspects of the global life-support systems
Article 3:    Fresh water and clean air are primordial human rights
Article 4:    The global economy does not crush and destroy local economies
Article 5:    Ecological Integrity
Article 6:    Technologies which must be eliminated and prohibited because of hazards and dangers to life
Article 7:    Everyone has the right to life
Article 8:    Conservation of natural resources
Article 9:    The rights that the Global Community has in protecting the global life-support systems
Article 10:    To build a sustainable global community
Article 11:    Every individual, family, organization, and community has a vital role to play
                Chapter 10.4     Section  2.    Primordial human rights
                                     Chapter 10.4.1     Primordial human rights
Article 1:    Primordial human rights
Article 2:    Primordial human rights and ecological rights are the most important rights on the Scale
Article 3:    A global strategy to reinforce primordial human rights
Article 4:    Security cannot be achieved through the military
Article 5:    The production and trade in arms should be listed as a criminal act against humanity
Article 6:    We propose a world population of 500 million people
Article 7:    Policies to control our population growth
Article 8:    Policies to decrease world population
                                     Chapter 10.4.2     Respect and Care for the Community of Life
Article 1:    Respect and Care for the Community of Life
                                     Chapter 10.4.3     Human Dignity
Article 1:    Human dignity
Article 2:    Right to life
Article 3:    Right to the integrity of the person
Article 4:    Prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
Article 5:    Prohibition of slavery and forced labour
                                     Chapter 10.4.4     Freedoms
Article 1:    Right to liberty and security
Article 2:    Respect for private and family life
Article 3:    Protection of personal data
Article 4:    Right to marry and right to found a family
Article 5:    Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Article 6:    Freedom of expression and information
Article 7:    Freedom of assembly and of association
Article 8:    Freedom of the arts and sciences
Article 9:    Right to education
Article 10:    Freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work
Article 11:    Freedom to conduct a business
Article 12:    Right to property
Article 13:    Right to asylum Article 14:    Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition
                                     Chapter 10.4.5     Equality
Article 1:    Equality before the law
Article 2:    Non-discrimination
Article 3:    Cultural, religious and linguistic diversity
Article 4:    Equality between men and women
Article 5:    The rights of the child
Article 6:    The rights of the elderly
Article 7:    Integration of persons with disabilities
                                     Chapter 10.4.6     Solidarity
Article 1:    Workers' right to information and consultation within the undertaking
Article 2:    Right of collective bargaining and action
Article 3:    Right of access to placement services
Article 4:    Protection in the event of unjustified dismissal
Article 5:    Fair and just working conditions
Article 6:    Prohibition of child labour and protection of young people at work
Article 7:    Family and professional life
Article 8:    Social security and social assistance
Article 9:    Health care
Article 10:    Access to services of general economic interest
Article 11:    Environmental protection
Article 12:    Consumer protection
                                     Chapter 10.4.7     Universal health care, education, retirement security and employment services to every Global Community citizen
Article 1:    Universal services
                                     Chapter 10.4.8     The immediate formation of the Earth Ministry of Health
Article 1:    The immediate formation of the Earth Ministry of Health
                                     Chapter 10.4.9     Legal rights
Article 1: Everyone has the right to security of person
Article 2: No one shall be held in slavery
Article 3: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
Article 4: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile
Article 5:  Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence
Article 6: Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution
Article 7: Well-being
               Chapter 10.5     Section  3.    The ecological rights, the protection of the global life-support systems and the primordial human rights of future generations
Article 1:    All rights of Sections 1 and 2 apply to future generations
Article 2:    Earth Government protects rights of future generations
               Chapter 10.6     Section  4.    Community rights, rights of direct democracy, the right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) and after voting representatives democratically
                                     Chapter 10.6.1     Rights of Global Community citizens
Article 1:      Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the Global Parliament
Article 2:    Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections
Article 3:    Right to good administration
Article 4:    Right of access to documents
Article 5:    Global Ombudsperson
Article 6:    Right to petition
Article 7:    Freedom of movement and of residence
Article 8:    Diplomatic and consular protection
                                    Chapter 10.6.2     Justice
Article 1:    Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
Article 2:    Presumption of innocence and right of defence
Article 3:    Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties
Article 4:    Right not to be tried or punished twice in criminal proceedings for the same criminal offence
Article 5:    A sense of belonging given to the Global Community
Article 6:       Directive Principles for Global Community citizens
                                    Chapter 10.6.3     Rights of direct democracy
Article 1:    Rights of direct democracy
               Chapter 10.7     Section  5.    Economic (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities) and social rights (civil and political rights)
                                    Chapter 10.7.1     Economic (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities)
Article 1:     A democratically planned global economy is needed to eradicate poverty in the world
Article 2:     Corporations that they take responsibility on behalf of society
Article 3:     The quality of Earth governance is reflected in each local community worldwide
Article 4:     To make a business even better
Article 5:       Scientists, tehnologists, technicians, engineers and all professionals to find sound solutions to human needs
Article 6:       Science has a responsibility for the well-being of humanity
Article 7:      Science, technology and engineering are major forces of socio-economic change
Article 8:      Public funding should be directed towards very specific research projects related to the life-support system of the planet
Article 9:       Science, technology and engineering to state ethical responsibilties and become a voice to present and future generations
Article 10:     Prohibiting all acts, research projects, technology development, which do not conform to the ideas of humanity
Article 11:       A set of rules to balance consumption, consumer rights and responsibilities
Article 12:     Democracy is not to be enforced by anyone and to anyone or to any global community
Article 13:    The role of families has impacts on sustainable consumption and development
Article 14:    Universal quality of life values which lead to 'human betterment' or the improvement of the human condition
Article 15:     Trade laws to facilitate cross border transactions
Article 16:     Social justice is a universal value
                                     Chapter 10.7.2     Social rights (civil and political rights)
Article 1:     Social justice
Article 2:      Socially responsible use of science and technology
Article 3:      Civil and social rights and freedoms
Article 4:     Democratic rights, and equality rights
                Chapter 10.8     Section  6.    Cultural and religious rights
Article 1:    Cultural and religious differences can promote human and Earth rights 
Article 2:    Encouragement for cultural diversity
Article 3:    Freedom for peaceful self-determination for minorities, refugees and dissenters
Article 4:    Freedom to profess, practice and promote religious or religious beliefs or no religion or religious belief
Article 5:    Fundamental freedoms, and language rights
Article 6:    Right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community
Article 7:    Freedom of thought and conscience
Article 8:    A crime against the natural world is a sin
Article 9:    The special responsibility that falls to all Global Community citizens
Article 10:    God's sacred Earth is the moral assignment of our time
Article 11:    Ecological Affirmations of Faith
Article 12:    Eco-justice
Chapter 11     Limits of Earth Government competences  ]
Article 1:    Fundamental principles
Article 2:    Global Law and the decision-making process
Article 3:    Categories of competence
Article 4:    Exclusive competence of Earth Government
Article 5:    Areas of shared competence
Article 6:    Coordination of economic and employment policies
Article 7:    Global security policy
Article 8:    Areas of supporting, coordinating or complementary action
Article 9:    Flexibility clause
Chapter 12     Exercise of Earth Government competence  ]
                Chapter 12.1     Common provisions
Article 1:    The legal acts of Earth Government
Article 2:    Legislative acts
Article 3 :    Non-legislative acts
Article 4:    Implementing acts
Article 5:    Principles common to Earth Government's legal acts
Article 6:    Publication and entry into force
                Chapter 12.2 Specific provisions for implementing common global security policy
  Article 1:    Specific provisions for implementing common global security policy
Article 2:    Specific provisions for implementing the global security and defence policy
Article 3:    Specific provisions for implementing the area of freedom, security and justice
Article 4:    Solidarity clause
Chapter 13     Earth Government finances  ]
Article 1:    Budgetary and financial principles
Article 2:    Earth Government's resources
Article 3:    The multiannual financial framework
Article 4:    Earth Government's budget
Article 5:    Green Tax Shift Policy Approach
Article 6:    A specific type of tobin tax
Article 7:    Providing debt-free technical assistance to non-industrial and developing countries
Article 8:    Good global governance
Article 9:    A tobin tax as a powerful instrument of the promotion of sustainable development
Article 10:    The debt of developing countries was really a global tax developed countries had to pay to developing countries
Chapter 14     Global Community Earth Government with its governing institutions and bodies ]
Article 1:    Earth Government's Institutions and Bodies
Article 2:    Structure of Earth Government
                Chapter 14.1    A)    Global Parliament
Article 1:    The Global Parliament
Article 2:     Composition of Global Parliament
Article 3:     Global Law: legislation
                                    Chapter 14.1    A.1    The House of Elected Representatives
Article 1:   Composition
Article 2:   Election
Article 3:   One delegate per million people on the planet
                                     Chapter 14.1    A.2    The House of Advisers
Article 1:    The Court of Auditors
                                    Chapter 14.1    A.3    The Global Governments Federation
Article 1:    The Global Governments Federation
Article 2:    The Global Governments Federation Chair
Article 3:    The Global Government of North America
                Chapter 14.2    B)    The Organs of Earth Government
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.1    Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    The Earth Executive Council
Article 2:    Formations of the Earth Executive Council
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.2    Earth Government Departments
Article 1:    Departments of the Global Administration
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.3    Global Civil Service Administration and Planning
Article 1:    The Global Civil Service Administration and Planning (GCSAP)
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.4    The Global Judiciary
Article 1:    The Global Judiciary
Article 2:   
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.5    Agency of Global Police
Article 1:   The Global Police
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.6     Global Community Ombudspersons Office
Article 1:    Composition of the Global Community Ombudspersons Office
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.7    Global Investment Bank
Article 1:     Global Investment Bank
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.8    The Court of Auditors
Article 1:     The Court of Auditors
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.9    Global Community Citizenship Office
Article 1:     Global Community Citizenship Office
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.10    Human and Earth Rights Office
Article 1:     Human and Earth Rights Office
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.11    Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC)
Article 1:     Global Community Assessment Centre
                                     Chapter 14.2    B.12    Earth Security
Article 1:    Earth Security
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.13    Global Civil Society Council
Article 1:    Global Civil Society Council
                                    Chapter 14.2    B.14    Agency for Research, Planning and Development
Article 1:    Agency for Research, Planning and Development
                Chapter 14.3    Functions of Earth Government
Article 1:    Functions of Earth Government
                Chapter 14.3    A.1    The House of Elected Representatives
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    A.1    The House of Elected Representatives
Article 1 to Article 8
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    A.1    Voting
Article 1 to Article 19
                Chapter 14.3    A.2    The House of Advisers
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    A.2    Earth Government's Advisory Bodies
Article 1:   The House of Advisers
                                     Chapter 14.3.2    A.2    The Committee of the Regions
Article 1 to Article 3
                                     Chapter 14.3.3    A.2    The Economic and Social Committee
Article 1:    The Economic and Social Committee
Article 2 to Article 4
                                    Chapter 14.3.4    A.2    Provisions common to Earth Government institutions, bodies and agencies
Article 1:    Provisions common to Earth Government institutions, bodies and agencies
Article 2 to Article 7
                                    Chapter 14.3.5    A.2    Acts of the Earth Executive Council
Article 1:   
                                    Chapter 14.3.6    A.2    Global Governments Federation Advisory Board
Article 1:    Global Governments Federation Advisory Board
                Chapter 14.3    A.3    The Global Governments Federation
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    A.3    The Global Governments Federation
Article 1:    The Global Governments Federation
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    A.3    Procedures of Global Parliament
Article 1:    Procedures of Global Parliament
                Chapter 14.3    B.1    Earth Executive Council
                                    Chapter 14.3.1    B.1    Functions and Powers of the Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    The Earth Executive Council
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    B.1    Composition of the Earth Executive Council
Article 1:      Composition of the Earth Executive Council
                                     Chapter 14.3.3    B.1    The Global Council
Article 1:    The Global Council
                                     Chapter 14.3.4    B.1    The Cabinet Ministers
Article 1:    The Cabinet Ministers
                                     Chapter 14.3.5    B.1    Procedures of the Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    Procedures of the Earth Executive Council
                                    Chapter 14.3.6    B.1    Limitations on the Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    Limitations on the Earth Executive Council
                Chapter 14.3    B.2    Earth Government Departments
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    B.2    Functions of Earth Government Departments
Article 1:    Functions of Earth Government Departments
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    B.2    Structure and Procedures of Earth Government Departments
Article 1:    Structure and Procedures of Earth Government Departments
                Chapter 14.3    B.3    Global Civil Service Administration and Planning
                                    Chapter 14.3.1    B.3    The Global Civil Service Staff
Article 1:    The Global Civil Service Staff
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    B.3    The Agency on Governmental Procedures and Global Problems
Article 1:    The Agency on Governmental Procedures and Global Problems
                                    Chapter 14.3.3    B.3    The Global Financial Administration
Article 1:    The Global Financial Administration
                                     Chapter 14.3.4    B.3    Commission for Legislative Review
Article 1:    Commission for Legislative Review
               Chapter 14.3    B.4    The Global Judiciary
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    B.4    The Global Judiciary
Article 1:    The Global Judiciary
                                    Chapter 14.3.2    B.4    Forming a new nation
Article 1:    Forming a new nation
                                    Chapter 14.3.3    B.4    Application of Global Law
Article 1:    Application of Global Law
                                    Chapter 14.3.4    B.4    Legislative acts
Article 1:    Legislative acts
                                    Chapter 14.3.5    B.4    Composition of the Council of Global Judges
Article 1:    Composition of the Council of Global Judges
Article 2:    Responsibilities of the Global Judiciary
Article 3:    The President of the Global Judiciary
Article 4:    Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs
Article 5:    The Earth Court of Justice
                                    Chapter 14.3.6    B.4    Earth Court of Justice
Article 1:    Earth Court of Justice
Article 2:    Jurisdiction of the Earth Court of Justice
Article 3:    Benches of the Earth Court of Justice
Article 4:   Seats of the Earth Court of Justice
                                     Chapter 14.3.7    B.4    Council of Global Judges
Article 1:   The Council of Global Judges
                                    Chapter 14.3.8    B.4    The Superior Tribunal of the Earth Court of Justice
Article 1:   The Superior Tribunal of the Earth Court of Justice
                                     Chapter 14.3.9    B.4    The Statute of the Earth Court of Justice
Article 1:   The Statute of the Earth Court of Justice
Article 2 to Article 33
                Chapter 14.3    B.5    Agency of Global Police
                                    Chapter 14.3.1    B.5    Agency of Global Police
Article 1:    The enforcement of global law and global legislation
                                     Chapter 14.3.2    B.5    Global Community Justice Network
Article 1:    The Global Community Justice Network
                                    Chapter 14.3.3    B.5    The Means of Enforcement of Global Law
Article 1:    Means of Enforcement of Global Law
Article 2:    
                Chapter 14.3    B.6    Global Community Ombudspersons
Article 1:    The Global Community Ombudspersons Office
                Chapter 14.3    B.7    The Global Investment Bank
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 14.3    B.8    The Court of Auditors
Article 1:    The Court of Auditors
Article 2 to Article 3
                Chapter 14.3    B.9    Global Community Citizenship Office
Article 1:   
                Chapter 14.3    B.10    Human and Earth Rights Office
Article 1:   
                Chapter 14.3    B.11    Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC)
Article 1:    The Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC)
Article 2:    Staff of the Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC)
Article 3:    GCAC has several objectives
                Chapter 14.3    B.12    Earth Security
Article 1:   
                Chapter 14.3    B.13    Global Civil Society Council
                                     Chapter 14.3.1    B.13    Objectives of the Global Civil Society Council
Article 1:    Objectives
Article 2:   
                Chapter 14.3    B.14    Agency for Research, Planning and Development
Article 1:    The Agency for Research, Planning and Development
                Chapter 14.4    Global Electoral and Administration Regions
Article 1:    A)     Global Electoral and Administrative Regions
B)     Global Boundaries and Elections Administration
                Chapter 14.5    Provisions concerning governing institutions and bodies
                                     Chapter 14.5.1    Qualified majority
Article 1:    Qualified majority
                                     Chapter 14.5.2    Global Investment Bank
Article 2:    The Global Investment Bank
                                    Chapter 14.5.3    The Global Parliament
Article 3:    The Global Parliament
Article 2 to Article 12
                                    Chapter 14.5.4    The Global Governments Federation
Article 1:    The Global Governments Federation
                                    Chapter 14.5.5    The Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    The Earth Executive Council
Article 2:   
Article 3:    Responsibilities incumbent upon the Global Judiciary
Article 4 to Article 6
                                     Chapter 14.5.6    The Global Judiciary
Article 1:    The Global Judiciary
Article 4 to Article 6
                                    Chapter 14.5.7    The Earth Court of Justice
Article 1:    The Earth Court of Justice
                Chapter 14.6     Earth Government's financial provisions
                                     Chapter 14.6.1     The multinational financial frameworks
Article 1:    The multinational financial framework
                                     Chapter 14.6.2     Earth Government's Annual Budget
Article 1:    Earth Government's Annual Budget
Article 2 to Article 4
                                     Chapter 14.6.3     Implementation of the Annual Budget
Article 1:    Implementation of the Annual Budget
Article 2 to Article 3
                                     Chapter 14.6.4     Common provisions and procedures
Article 1:    Common provisions and procedures
Article 2 to Article 5
                Chapter 14.7     Earth Government measures against fraud
Article 1 to Article 3
                Chapter 14.8     The Trusteeship Council and Trusteeship System
Article 1 to Article 14
Chapter 15     Consistency between the different policies and activities of Earth Government  ]
                Chapter 15.1     Equality between men and women
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 15.2     Non-discrimination and the Global Community citizenship
Article 1:   Global law or framework laws
Article 2 to Article 7
Chapter 16     A global market without borders in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured in accordance with this Constitution  ]
                Chapter 16.1     Establishment of an effective global market
Article 1 to Article 4
                Chapter 16.2     Free movement of persons and services
a.     Workers
Article 1 to Article 4
b.     Freedom of establishment of nationals of a Member Nation
Article 5 to Article 18
                Chapter 16.3     Free movement of goods
a.     Earth Government Customs
Article 1 to Article 9
                Chapter 16.4     Movement of capital and payments between Member Nations
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 16.5     Rules on competition
a.     Rules applying to undertakings
Article 1 to Article 9
                Chapter 16.6     Global fiscal provisions
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 16.7     Approximation of legislation for global market
Article 1 to Article 5
Chapter 17     Economic and monetary policy of Earth Government  ]
Article 1
                Chapter 17.1     Economic policy
Article 1 to Article 7
                Chapter 17.2     Global monetary policy
Article 1 to Article 7
                Chapter 17.3     The Global Economic and Financial Committee
Article 1 to Article 4
a.     – Provisions concerning the 'global equivalent money'
Article 5 to Article 7
                Chapter 17.4     Provisions concerning Member Nations in transition
Article 1 to Article 6
Chapter 18     Global policies in other areas of Earth Government  ]
                Chapter 18.1     Employment sector
Article 1 to Article 6
Article 7:    Strategies concerning employment of public leaders
                Chapter 18.2     Global societal sustainability policy
Article 1 to Article 10
a.     The Global Social Fund
Article 11 to Article 13
Article 14:    Social democracy and 'natural ownership'
                Chapter 18.3     Global economic, social and territorial cooperation
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 18.4     Global policies and strategies on agriculture and fishery
Article 1 to Article 8
                Chapter 18.5     Global environmental protection
Article 1 to Article 3
                Chapter 18.6     Consumer protection
Article 1
                Chapter 18.7     Global transportation sector policy
Article 1 to Article 11
                Chapter 18.8     Trans-global networks in transportation
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 18.9     Earth Government policies concerning scientific research and technological development, and space exploration
Article 1 to Article 11
                Chapter 18.10     Earth Government policies concerning the energy sector
Article 1
                Chapter 18.11     Earth Government policies concerning the forest industry sector
Article 1:    Protect photosynthesis: less CO2 , more Oxygen and better health for all of us
Article 2:    Action concerning forests
Article 3:    Our supply of oxygen at risk
Article 4:    Response options aimed at storing excess carbon in terrestrial or ocean systems
                Chapter 18.12     Earth Government policies concerning the mining industry sector
Article 1:    The ecological accounting and balance sheet for mining
Article 2:    Mines have transformed landscapes and the lives of local people who live near mineral deposits
Article 3:    Mineral exporting-countries become heavily indebted to international lenders
Article 4:    The final hand-out of public money occurs when mines have to close
Article 5:    There is more gold in boxes than in underground mines
                Chapter 18.13     Earth Government policies concerning the pharmaceutical industry sector
Article 1:   
                Chapter 18.14     Earth Government policies concerning the oil and gas industry sector
Article 1:    Strong evidence that concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere are related to global temperatures
Article 2:    Carbon Dioxide is, by far, the largest contributor to Canada's GHG emissions
Article 3:    Use of fossil fuels in transportation, industry, heating and power generation
Article 4:    Per capita, the US will still be by far the largest polluter on the planet
Article 5:    To become legally and morally responsible and accountable for their products from beginning to end
Article 6:    The new way of doing business would make the US responsible and accountable of the CO2 pollution
Article 7:    We could calculate the effect of the invasion of Iraq by Americans
Article 8:    We could also calculate the amount of CO2 emissions due to gasoline alone and the heat produced during the emissions
Article 9:     We could also calculate the total estimated resources of oil, coal, and natural gas will run out in less than a hundred years
Article 10:    Global warming findings predict that increased amounts of CO2 tend to increase the greenhouse effect and thus cause a man-made global warming
Article 11:     Various scenarios of future emissions due to human activities predict that increased atmospheric concentrations equivalent to a doubling of CO2 by 2100 is unavoidable
Article 12:    There are other trace greenhouse gases that are causing the greenhouse effect
Article 13:     Montreal Protocol
Article 14:     missing carbon mystery
Article 15:     Photosynthesis
Article 16:     Virtually all life on earth, directly or indirectly, depends on photosynthesis as a source of food, energy, and Oxygen
Article 17:     Important findings obtained from research done so far There are important findings obtained from research done so far
Article 18:    Two fundamental types of response to the risks of climate change There are two fundamental types of response to the risks of climate change
Article 19:    The Global Community has created a global ministry to help humanity be prepared to fight the harmful consequences of a global warming
Article 20:     It is a priority for businesses to apply for one ECO, your Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship (CCGCC)
                Chapter 18.15     Earth Government policies concerning the production and manufacturing of plastic products
Article 1:    Plastic, an all-around product the cause of wars and of a global environmental and social nightmare
Article 2:    People are concerned about the future because the basic raw materials for plastic are petroleum and/or natural gas
Article 3:    What is in plastics that we are not told about?
Article 4:     Collecting plastic packaging at curbside fosters the belief that, like aluminum and glass, the recovered material is converted into new packaging
Article 5:     What to do? Just say no to plastics
Article 6:     Plastics made from plants
Article 7:     Conclusion
Article 8:     Seven common misconceptions about plastics and alternatives
Chapter 19     Freedom, security and justice without borders  ]
                Chapter 19.1     General provisions
Article 1 to Article 8
                Chapter 19.2     Border checks, asylum and immigration
Article 1 to Article 4
                Chapter 19.3     Judicial cooperation between Member Nations and Earth Government in civil matters
Article 1
                Chapter 19.4     Judicial cooperation in criminal matters between Member Nations and Earth Government
Article 1 to Article 5
                Chapter 19.5     Cooperation between Member Nations and Earth Government concerning global policing
Article 1 to Article 3
                                     Chapter 19.5.1     Miscellaneous Provisions
Article 1:     Transitional Security Arrangements
Article 2 to Article 4
Chapter 20     Areas where Earth Government may take coordinating, complementary or supporting action  ]
                Chapter 20.1     Public health
Article 1:
                Chapter 20.2     Industry sector
Article 1:
                Chapter 20.3     Culture
Article 1:
                Chapter 20.4     Education, vocational training, youth and sport
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 20.5     Civil protection, emergencies and rescues
Article 1:
Article 2:    Connecting with Nature for our species survival
                Chapter 20.6     Global Administration
Article 1
                Chapter 20.7     Celebration of Life Day
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.8     Earth flag
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.9     The ECO Award
Article 1:    Criteria to obtain the ECO Award
Article 2:   Categories of the ECO Awards
Article 3:    ECO Award in the business category
                Chapter 20.10     Portal of the Global Community
Article 1:    Portal of the Global Communit
                Chapter 20.11     Global Dialogue
Article 1:    One of the most important factors in our lives is the inter-connection we have to others
                Chapter 20.12     Restoration of the planet, our home
Article 1:    Global Community Assessment Centre ( GCAC )
                Chapter 20.13     Management of Earth resources
Article 1:     The importance of good environmental governance
Article 2:     Environmental governance
Article 3:     Better environmental governance is one of the most direct routes to fairer and more sustainable use of natural resources
Article 4:     Consumerism
Article 5:     Food consumption
Article 6:     Global wood consumption
                Chapter 20.14     Education and training for global citizens
Article 1:    Basic education for all Global Community citizens
                Chapter 20.15     Employment for global citizens
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.16     Cities:    power, rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
Article 1:    Cities: power, rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
Article 2:    Recommendations
Article 3:    Measuring indicators and indices
Article 4:    Recommendations to alleviate the effects of climate change in the world
Article 5:    Government leadership
                Chapter 20.17     Agriculture and needs of the Global Community
Article 1:     World population
Article 2:     Genetic engineering
Article 3:     Food Consumption
Article 4:     Food Production
Article 5:     Sustainable food security at the individual, household, national, regional and global levels is a primordial huam right
Article 6:     Action Plan of the Global Community
                Chapter 20.18     Preventive actions against polluters
Article 1:     A crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol Article 2:     The military should be asked to do today is to protect the global life-support systems
Article 3:     The production and trade in arms now listed as a criminal act against humanity
Article 4:     The Earth Court of Justice has listed America as the first nation to be prosecuted for a global environmental crime
Article 5:     The Earth Court of Justice will hear cases involving many different types of crimes                 Chapter 20.19     The cattle and beef industry
Article 1: The cattle and beef industry                 Chapter 20.20     Earth environmental governance
Article 1:    Earth environmental governance
                Chapter 20.21     Alternative energy
Article 1:    World energy demand can be largely fulfilled by renewable energy technologies
                Chapter 20.22     Global response to events: emergencies, rescues and aid
Article 1:    Global response to events: emergencies, rescues and aid
                Chapter 20.23     Forest industry and paper manufacturing
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.24     Establisment of global symbiotical relationships
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.25     Global Exhibition
Article 1:   The establishment of the concept of the Global Exhibition
Article 2:   The goal of the Global Exhibition
Article 3:   The contents of the Global Exhibition
Article 4:   Social, educational, artistic, political, religious and economic aspects of the Global Exhibition
Article 5:   The issues of the Global Exhibition
Article 6:   The art world and the Global Exhibition
                Chapter 20.26     Manufacturing sector
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.27     Energy industry
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.28     War industry
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.29     Communications
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.30     Transportation sector
Article 1:   
                Chapter 20.31     Media industry and education
Article 1:    GLOBALIZATION, MEDIA AND MERGERS: the Impact on Youth and Education
                Chapter 20.32     Conservation strategies for natural ecosystems
Article 1:    Economic valuation as a framework incentive to enforce profit-based conservation strategies for natural ecosystems.
Chapter 21     Special relationships between groups of Member Nations and Territories and statement regarding non-self-governing Territories  ]
Article 1 to Article 11
Chapter 22     Earth Government's action on the international scene  ]
                Chapter 22.1     General provisions
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 22.2     Global security and defense policy
                               Chapter 22.2.1     Common security policy
Article 1:    Common security policy
Article 2 to Article 15
                               Chapter 22.2.2     Global security and defense policy
Article 1 to Article 5
                               Chapter 22.2.3     Financial provisions
Article 1
                Chapter 22.3     Global commercial policy
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 22.4     Global cooperation with Third Countries and humanitarian aid
                                     Chapter 22.4.1     Development cooperation
Article 1 to Article 3
                                     Chapter 22.4.2     Financial and technical cooperation with Third Counstries
Article 1 to Article 2
                                     Chapter 22.4.3     Humanitarian aids
Article 1
                Chapter 22.5     Restrictive measures
Article 1
                Chapter 22.6     International Agreements
Article 1 to Article 4
                Chapter 22.7     Earth Government relations and delegations with International Organizations and Third Countries
Article 1 to Article 2
                Chapter 22.8     Implementation of the global solidarity clause
Article 1
Chapter 23     Safeguards and Reservations  ]
                Chapter 23.1     Safeguards and Reservations
                Chapter 23.1     Safeguards and Reservations
Article 1:     Certain Safeguards
Article 2:     Reservation of Powers
                Chapter 23.2     Global Federal Zones and the Global Capitals of the six Continental Divisions of Earth
Article 1:     Global Federal Zones
Article 2:     The Global Capitals
                Chapter 23.3     Global Territories and Global Symbiotical Relationships
                                     Chapter 23.3.1     Global Territories
Article 1:     Global Territory
                                     Chapter 23.3.2     Global Symbiotical Relationships
Article 1:     Global Symbiotical Relationships
                Chapter 23.4     Ratification and implementation of the Global Constitution
                                     Chapter 23.4.1     Ratification of the Global Constitutions
Article 1: Ratification of the Global Constitution
                                     Chapter 23.4.2     Stages of Implementation
Article 1:     Stages of Implementation
                                     Chapter 23.4.3     First Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:     First Operative Stage of Earth Government
                                     Chapter 23.4.4     Second Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:     Second Operative Stage of Earth Government
                                     Chapter 23.4.5     Full Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:     Full Operative Stage of Earth Government
                                     Chapter 23.4.6     Costs of Ratification
Article 1:     Costs of Ratification
                Chapter 23.5     Amendments of the Global Constitution
Article 1:     Amendments of the Global Constitution
                Chapter 23.6     Provisional Earth Government
                                     Chapter 23.6.1     Provisional Earth Government
Article 1:     Actions to be taken by the Global Constituent Assembly
                                     Chapter 23.6.2     Work of the Preparatory Commissions
Article 1: Work of the Preparatory Commissions
                                     Chapter 23.6.3     Composition of the Provisional Global Parliament
Article 1: Composition of the Provisional Global Parliament
                                     Chapter 23.6.4     Formation of the Provisional Earth Executive Council
Article 1: Formation of the Provisional Earth Executive Council
                                     Chapter 23.6.5     First Actions of the Provisional Earth Government
Article 1: First Actions of the Provisional Earth Government
Chapter 24     Global provisions  ]
                Chapter 24.1     Global provisions
Article 1 to Article 13
                Chapter 24.2     General and final provisions
Article 1:   
Article 2:   
Article 3:    Legal continuity in relation to the Global Community and Earth Government
Article 4:    Scope
Article 5:    Procedure for revising the Treaty establishing this Constitution
Article 6:    Adoption, ratification and entry into force of the Treaty establishing the Constitution
Article 7:    Duration of the Treaty
Article 8:    Languages of the Treaty
Chapter 25     Protocols  ]
                Chapter 25.1     Protocol of national Parliaments in Earth Government
Article 1:    Protocol of national Parliaments in Earth Government
Article 2:    Information for Member Nations' national Parliaments
                Chapter 25.2     Protocol on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality
Article 1:
                Chapter 25.3     Protocol on the representation of Global Community citizens in Global Parliament
Article 1:    Provisions concerning the Global Parliament
Article 2:    Provisions concerning the weighting of votes in the Global Governments Federation and the Earth Executive Council
Article 3:    Protocol of the 'global equivalent money'
Article 4 to Article 5
                Chapter 25.4     Other Protocols
Article 1:    Other Protocols
Chapter 26     Earth Government Departments  ]
Article 1:    Earth Government Departments, Ministries: introduction
Article 2:     Earth Ministry of Health
Article 3:     Global ministries for Earth management
Article 4:     The formation of global ministries
Chapter 27     Founding Members of the Global Community and Earth Government  ]
Article 1:    Founding Members of the Global Community and Earth Government
Article 2:     Legal personality of Earth Government, Global Community Earth Government, GCEG
Chapter XXVIII     Global Constitution Advisory Board  ]
Article 1:    Members of the Advisory Board for the development of the Global Constitution



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Preamble

Preamble


The peoples of all Nations, in creating an ever closer Earth Government among them, are resolved to share a peaceful future based on common values. Conscious of its spiritual and moral heritage, Earth Government is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity; it is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law. It places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing the Global Community citizenship of Earth Government and by creating an era of freedom, security and justice.

Earth Government contributes to the preservation and to the development of these common values while respecting the diversity of the cultures and traditions of the peoples of all Nations as well as the national identities of Member Nations and the organisation of their public authorities at national, regional and local levels; it seeks to promote balanced and sustainable development and ensures free movement of persons, goods, services and capital, and the freedom of establishment. To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the protection of fundamental rights in the light of changes in society, social progress and scientific and technological developments by making those rights more visible in this Constitution.

The Global Constitution reaffirms, with due regard for the powers and tasks of Earth Government and the principle of subsidiarity, the rights as they result, in particular, from the constitutional traditions and international obligations common to Member Nations, the Scale of Social Values, or Scale of Human and Earth Rights, adopted by Earth Government and by the Global Council of all Nations and the case law of the Earth Court of Justice of Earth Government and of the Global Court of Human and Earth Rights. Enjoyment of these rights entails responsibilities and duties with regard to other persons, to the human community and to future generations. Earth Government therefore recognises the rights, freedoms and principles set out hereafter.

We the Peoples of the Global Community are reaffirming faith in the fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and smalll. We the Peoples implies every individual on Earth. Earth management and good governance is now a priority and a duty of every responsible person on Earth. The Global Community has taken action by calling the Divine Will into our lives and following its guidance. Divine Will is now a part of the Soul of Humanity to be used for the higher purpose of good and Life's evolution. We will learn to serve humanity and radiate the Will of God to others. We will establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and we promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

The spiritual belief, universal values, principles and aspirations of the Global Community will be attained by:

*     practicing tolerance and living together in peace and harmony with one another as neighbours,
*     promoting the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
*     maintaining peace and security in the world by using negotiations and peaceful means,
*     finding unity in diversity with all Life,
*     establishing the respect for the life-support system of the planet,
*     keeping Earth healthy, productive and hospitable for all people and living things, and
*     applying the principle that when there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss.

Realizing that:

*    the Global Community today has come to a turning point in history, and that we are on the threshold of new global order leading to an era of peace, prosperity, justice and harmony;

*    there is an interdependence of people, nations and all life;

*    humanity's abuse of science and technology has brought the Global Community to the brink of disaster through the production of weaponry of mass destruction and to the brink of ecological and social catastrophe;

*    the traditional concept of security through military defense is a total illusion both for the present and for future generations;

*    misery and conflicts has caused an ever increasing disparity between rich and poor;

*    we, as Peoples, are conscious of our obligation to posterity to save the Global Community from imminent and total annihilation;

*    the Global Community is One despite the existence of diverse nations, races, creeds, ideologies and cultures,

*    the principle of unity in diversity is the basis for a new age when war shall be outlawed and peace prevail; when the earth's total resources shall be equitably used for human welfare; and when basic human and Earth rights, responsibilities and accountabilities shall be shared by all without discrimination; and

*    the greatest hope for the survival of life on Earth is the establishment of a democratic Earth Government.

We, citizens of the Global Community, hereby resolve to establish a federation of all nations, Earth Government, to govern in accordance with this Global Constitution.

The purposes of Earth Government for the Global Community are to:

1.     maintain international peace and security in conformity with the principles of justice and global law;

2.     promote friendly relations among nations, individuals and communities based on:

*     respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of Peoples; and

*     symbiotical relationships;

3.     promote global co-operation to:

*     find sound solutions to economic, social, cultural, humanitarian, local and global community problems; and

*     establish respect for human and Earth rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.


4.     be a home and a global community centre to all nations, people and local communities and help them harmonize their actions to achieve their common goals.

5.     promote worldwide awareness of:

a)     the "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" of Earth Government, which constitute the Preamble and Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive;
b)     global symbiotical relationships amongst people, institutions, cities, provinces and nations of the world, and between Earth Government and all nations, and in the business sector, which constitute Chapters 20.24 and 23.3.2;
c)     global societal sustainability, which constitutes Chapter 4.4 of this Constitution;
d)     good Earth governance and management, which constitute Chapter 6.3.2 of this Constitution;
e)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, which constitutes Chapter 10 of this Constitution;
f)     the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person and of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 6.3 of this Constitution;
g)     the Criteria to obtain the Global Community Citizenship, which constitutes Chapters 6.1 and 6.2 of this Constitution;
h)     consistency between the different policies and activities of Earth Government, which constitutes Chapter 15 of this Constitution; and
i)     a global market without borders in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capitals is ensured in accordance with this Constitution, which constitutes Chapter 16 of this Constitution;
j)     the new ways of doing business in the world, which constitutes Chapters 16 and 17;
k)     the Celebration of Life Day on May 26 of each year, which constitutes Chapter 20.7 of this Constitution;
l)     the finding of an Earth flag, which constitutes Chapter 20.8 of this Constitution;
m)     the ECO Award, which constitutes Chapter 20.9 of this Constitution;
n)     the Portal of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 20.10 of this Constitution; and
o)     the concept of a Global Dialogue, which constitutes Chapter 20.11 of this Constitution.

Earth Government shall reinforce humanity's new vision of the world throughout the millennium.



Vision of the  Global  Community in year 2024


Humanity's new vision of the world is about seeing human activities on the planet through:

a)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights;

b)     the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a person and the Global Community; and

c)     building global symbiotical relationships between people, institutions, cities, provinces and nations of the world.


For the first time in human history, and the first time this millennium, humanity has proposed a benchmark:

*     formation of global ministries in all important aspects of our lives
*     getting ride of corruption at all levels of government
*     the establishment of Global Police to fight against the growing threat to the security of all Peoples, and to fight against global crimes
*     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights as a replacement to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
*     Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a person belonging to 'a global community' and to 'the Global Community'
*     an evolved global democracy based on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Global Constitution
*     a central organization for Earth management, the restoration of the planet and Earth governance: the Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC)
*     the Earth Court of Justice to deal with all aspects of governance and management of the Earth
*     a new impetus given to the way of doing business and trade
*     more new, diversified (geographical, economical, political, social, business, religious) symbiotical relationships between nations, communities, businesses, for the good and well-being of all
*     proposal to reform the United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, World Bank, IMF, E.U., NAFTA, FTAA, and to centralize them under Earth Government, and these organizations will be asked to pay a global tax to be administered by Earth Government
*     the Peace Movement of the Global Community and shelving of the war industry from humanity
*     a global regulatory framework for capitals and corporations that emphasizes global corporate ethics, corporate social responsibility, protection of human and Earth rights, the environment, community and family aspects, safe working conditions, fair wages and sustainable consumption aspects
*     the ruling by the Earth Court of Justice of the abolishment of the debt of the poor or developing nations as it is really a form of global tax to be paid annually by the rich or industrialized nations to the developing nations
*     establishing freshwater and clean air as primordial human rights
















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Chapter I     What Earth Government represents, its "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations"
The Preamble and Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive reflect the "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" of Earth Government.
Article 1:    Establishment of Earth Government
1.     Reflecting the will of the Global Community citizens and all Nations to build a common future, this Global Constitution establishes Earth Government, on which Member Nations confer competences to attain objectives they have in common. Earth Government shall coordinate the policies by which Member Nations aim to achieve these objectives.
2.     Earth Government shall be open to all Member Nations which respect its values and are committed to promoting them together.


3.     Earth Government was first thought out by the Founding Members of the Global Community.
The Global Community organization was first discussed in a report on global changes published in 1990 by Germain Dufour. The report contained 450 policies (workable sound solutions) on sustainable development, and was presented to the United Nations, the Government of Canada, the provincial government of Alberta and several non-profit organizations and scientists. Historically, the Earth Community Organization (ECO) was called the Global Community organization. The name was changed during the August 2000 Global Dialogue. Thereafter, we used both names as meaning the same organization. The Global Community means the Earth Community Organization and vice versa. The idea of organizing an international conference and calling it a Global Dialogue first originated in 1990 and was thought out by the Global Community also making its first beginning. From that year on, Global Community WebNet Ltd. has operated its business under the name of the Global Community and is still doing now. The business owns copyrights on all materials produced during every Global Dialogue since 1990.

All Participants of Global Dialogue 2000, the World Congress on Managing and Measuring Sustainable Development - Global Community Action 1 have been given a lifetime membership of the Global Community organization.

This is the founding group of the Global Community organization, Earth Community Organization, Global Community Earth Government, the Global Dialogue concept, and the global community concepts and universal values. Along with the new Participants to Global Dialogue 2005, this is also the founding group of this Global Constitution. The list of all Founding Members was shown in Chapter XXVII.
4.     Throughout this Global Constitution, the expressions 'Earth Government', 'Global Community Earth Government' and 'GCEG' were used to mean the same organization. These expressions represent the same entity and legal personality and, therefore, were used interchangeably.

Article 2:    Earth Government's values
Earth Government is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human and Earth rights. These values are common to Member Nations in a society of pluralism, tolerance, justice, solidarity and non-discrimination. These values along with the "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" of Earth Government, are meant to give global citizens a sense of direction.
Article 3:    Earth Government's objectives
1.     Earth Government's aim is to:
1.1     promote peace, its values and the well-being of its Peoples;
1.2     protect the global life-support systems by:

*     good governance and management
*     governing keeping in mind:
a)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights;
b)     the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a person and of the Global Community;
c)     the criteria to obtain the Global Community citizenship; and
d)     primordial human and Earth rights of Global Community citizens;

2.     Earth Government shall offer its Global Community citizens freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and a single market for trade where competition is free and undistorted.
3.     Earth Government shall work for the global sustainability of all Nations based on balanced economic growth, a social market economy, highly competitive and aiming at full employment and social progress, and with a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment. It shall promote scientific and technological advance. It shall combat social exclusion and discrimination, and shall promote social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and protection of children's rights. It shall promote economic, social and territorial cohesion, and solidarity among Member Nations. Earth Government shall respect its rich cultural and linguistic diversity, and shall ensure that global s cultural heritage is safeguarded and enhanced.
4.     In its relations with the Global Community, Earth Government shall uphold and promote its values and interests. It shall contribute to peace, security, the sustainability of the Global Community, solidarity and mutual respect among Peoples, free and fair trade, eradication of poverty and protection of human rights and in particular children's rights, as well as to strict observance and development of global law of this Global Constitution.
5.     These objectives shall be pursued by appropriate means, depending on the extent to which the relevant competences are attributed to the Earth Government in this Global Constitution.
Article 4:    Fundamental freedoms and non-discrimination
1.     Free movement of persons, goods, services and capital, and freedom of establishment shall be guaranteed within and by Earth Government, in accordance with the provisions of this Global Constitution.
2.     In the field of application of the Constitution, and without prejudice to any of its specific provisions, any discrimination on grounds of nationality shall be prohibited.
Article 5:    Symbiotical relationships between Earth Government and Member Nations
1.     Earth Government shall respect the national identities of Member Nations, inherent in their fundamental structures, political and constitutional, inclusive of regional and local self-government. It shall respect their essential Nation functions, including those for ensuring the territorial integrity of the Nation, and for maintaining law and order and safeguarding internal security.
2.     Following the principle of loyal cooperation, Earth Government and Member Nations shall, in full mutual respect, assist each other in carrying out tasks which flow from this Global Constitution. Member Nations shall facilitate the achievement of Earth Government's tasks and refrain from any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the objectives set out in this Constitution.
3.     Earth Government shall seek to establish symbiotical relationships with Member Nations.
Article 6:     Legal personality of Earth Government, Global Community Earth Government, GCEG
Earth Government, Global Community Earth Government, and GCEG shall have legal personality. These expressions represent the same entity and legal personality and, therefore, were used interchangeably. They are being expressed throughout this Constitution, and by the Global Community.



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Chapter II     Earth Security and Peace
There is a complementary section in Chapter 22.2, Global Security and Defense Policy.
Chapter 2.1     Global Security and Peace
Article 1:     Global Security Policies
Earth Government has broadened the traditional focus of the security of states to include both the security of people as well as that of the planet. Global security policies include:
a)     every person on Earth has a right to a secure existence, and all states have an obligation to protect those rights;
b)     prevention of conflicts and wars; identification, anticipation, and resolving conflicts before they become armed confrontations;
c)     military force is not a legitimate political instrument;
d)     weapons of mass destruction are not legitimate instruments of national defence;
e)     eliminate all weapons of mass destruction from all nations and have inspectors verifying progress to that effect;
f)     all nations should sign and ratify the conventions to eliminate nuclear, chemical and biological weapons;
g)     the production and trade in arms should be listed as a criminal act against humanity; this global ministry, the Ministry of Global Security and Peace, will introduce a Convention on the curtailment of the arms trade, a provision for a mandatory Arms Register and the prohibition of the financing or subsidy of arms exports by governments;
h)     the development of military capabilities is a potential threat to the security of people and all life on Earth; the ministry will make the demilitarization of global politics a high priority;
i)     anticipating and managing crises before they escalate into armed conflicts and wars;
j)     maintaining the integrity of the environment and global life-support systems; and
k)     managing the environmental, economic, social, political and military conditions that threatened the security of people and the planet.

Article 2:     Protect Life and genetic resources.
In the past, security was thought as better accomplished through military means. Expanding the military capabilities and forming alliances with other nations were the only way to 'win'. Today wars are unlikely to produce winners. The Global Community is all over the planet. Ethnic groups are everywhere. So we would fight our own people? Wars truly make no sense! The world is too crowded and too small nowadays! And weapons too lethal! So security cannot be achieved through the military. The only job the military should be asked to do today is to protect the global life-support systems. These systems have the highest priority on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and are certainly more important than any of the other rights on the Scale including security. Simply because without life there is no other right possible. Without Oxygen there is no life! Without clean water there is no life! So protect life on Earth at all costs. Wars are the biggest threat to life and the ecosystem of the planet. Primordial human rights come next on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Without a shelter life will still exist in some places but is not possible in cold place. There are many related aspects of the global life-support systems:
*     primordial human and Earth rights;
*     global warming;
*     Ozone layer;
*     wastes of all kind including nuclear and release of radiation;
*     climate change;
*     species of the fauna and flora becoming extinct;
*     losses of forest cover and of biological diversity;
*     the capacity for photosynthesis;
*     the water cycle;
*     food production systems;
*     genetic resources; and
*     chemicals produced for human use and not found in nature and, eventually, reaching the environment with impacts on Earth's waters, soils, air, and ecology.

So security must be achieved by other means than wars. We might as well shelved the war industry from humanity right now and that means phasing out all nuclear, biological, chemical weapons right now. No waiting! That also means having inspectors verifying the phasing out in all nations of the world. The nature of global security has changed since the rise of the Global Community. Security used to be about the protection of the state and its boundaries, people, institutions and values from an outside threat. Earth Government emphasizes as a priority the prohibition of external interference in the internal affairs of sovereign states. Today the security of people within the Global Community is just as important as the security of states. Citizens must be secure. The Global Community is just as important as the security and life of citizens and states.
Article 3:     Terrorism and global co-operation.
There are many threats to security other than the threats to the global life-support systems and threat caused by weapons of mass destruction and the threats to the sovereignty of a state, and they include:
*     the proliferation of conventional small arms;
*     the terrorizing of civilian populations by domestic groups; and
*     gross violations of human and Earth rights.

Global security can only be achieved if it can be shared by all peoples and through global co-operation, based on principles as explained in this Constitution such as justice, human dignity, and equity for all and for the good of all. All people and states are protected by the Global Community. Security and Peace can be better achieved by increasing global co-operation between Member Nations.
Article 4:     The media industry and global security
The media industry includes the movie and television program industry. They are major sources of global unsecurity. They display a culture of violence in everyday life on television screens and cinemas. An average child at age six has seen more violence on television than any other child of the developing countries over a life span. This culture of violence infects both industrial and developing countries, rich and poor. This trend of culture of violence must end. The movie and TV industry is a threat to global security. The media is responsible for the propagation of violence through communications. Why has government not done anyhting to regulate the media industry? Surely everyone understood that on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights security of a nation is more important than the human rights related to the freedom of expression of the media industry. Security of the people and the state is on top of the Scale. It is part of the primordial human rights. While freedom of expression is a right found lower on the Scale and is classified partly as:
*     Community rights and the right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) and after voting representatives democratically (these rights can be and are usually a part of the constitution of a country); and as
*    Economic rights (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities) and social rights (civil and political rights).
So the freedom of expression of a person is not as important as the security of that person and the security of the state.
Article 5:     Conflicts and wars.
War is the greatest violation of human rights that one people can inflict on another. It brings deaths and injuries, starvation, diseases, millions of people losing their homes and livelihoods, and massive destruction of property. Children and teenagers are placed in internment camps, and several are often forced to serve as soldiers. War not only corrupts the morals of soldiers, it leads to a decline in the morality of the whole nation. Political and military leaders are always convinced that their particular war is justified. From their point of view, there are several reasons to go to war: loyalty to allies, religion, a thirst for power, greed, ancient grievances to be settled, or the desire to alleviate suffering among their people. A non-violent settlement to a conflict would always be more advantageous. War is self-defeating because it cannot secure what it sets out to achieve, protection against attack. The hatred for the enemy whipped up by war and the desire for revenge among the losers leads to an accursed vicious circle from which there is no escape. The difference between aggressive and defensive, or just and unjust wars, is ridiculous. They are tags each side adopted to suit its interests. War and militarism destroy civil liberties within a nation.

What happens to a person's conscience when he/she wears the uniform of the soldier? It is enslaved to the state. He must kill when ordered. No government, whether democratic or despotic, can allow the soldier to decide what to do according to his conscience. That would undermine discipline and the power to fight.

Earth Government claims that everyone on Earth should be able to live in peace. This peace movement is about courage. Not the courage it takes to go into battle but the courage to organize resistance to war when a bloody taste for it inflames the world, and the threat of prison in a nation where the human rights and freedom of expression have diminished significantly. It is about the courage to say NO to the war industry. It is an industry that destroys life on Earth, corrupts society, and violates morality. Military intervention in the affairs of other nations is wrong. There are other ways, there are peaceful ways, ways that are not based on profit-making and the gain of power for itself. We are conscientious objectors, "non-resistants".

It is a crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol. It is a terrible crime against the global life-support systems, against the very existence of the next generations. On the Scale of Human and Earth Rights the crime is of maximum importance. There is no need to wait for the election of Earth Government to create the Earth Court of Justice. The Court can be formed now and incorporated later to Earth Government.


The world is too crowded and too small nowadays! And weapons too lethal! So security cannot be achieved through the military. The only job the military should be asked to do today is to protect the global life-support systems. These systems have the highest priority on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and are certainly more important than any of the other rights on the Scale including security. Simply because without life there is no other right possible. Without Oxygen there is no life! Without clean water there is no life! So protect life on Earth at all costs. Wars are the biggest threat to life and the ecosystem of the planet.


The production and trade in arms should be listed as a criminal act against humanity; this global ministry will introduce a Convention on the curtailment of the arms trade, a provision for a mandatory Arms Register and the prohibition of the financing or subsidy of arms exports by governments.
The people of the Global Community are dedicated in using Earth Government resources to resolve conflict, promote democracy, and fight hunger, terrorism, disease, and human and Earth rights abuses. In order to bring about the event of peace, the Earth Community is offering other good organizations around the world to work together to bring warring parties to peace. We can accomplish this task by concrete actions such as:
a)     Tracking armed conflicts within and between nations around the world and offering assistance in dispute resolution;
b)     Promoting human rights and democracy;
c)     Monitoring democratic elections; and
d)     Educating the public about the advantages of a peaceful solution to any conflict.
Article 6:     Decentralization of power.
Earth Government has given back responsibility to every citizen on Earth. Everyone shares responsibility for the present and future well-being of life within Member Nations. We will work together in working out sound solutions to local and global problems. It would be wrong and dishonest to blame it all on the leader of a country. Most problems in the world must find solutions at the local and global community levels (and not assume that the leader alone is responsible and will handle it). There is a wisdom in the ways of very humble people that needs to be utilized. Every humble person deserves to have ideas respected, and encouraged to develop his or her own life for the better. Sound solutions to help manage and sustain Earth will very likely be found this way. Everyone can help assess the needs of the planet and propose sound solutions for its proper management, present and future. Everyone can think of better ideas to sustain all life on Earth and realize these ideas by conducting positive and constructive actions. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss; that is the grassroots process. Earth Government can help people realized their actions by coordinating efforts efficiently together.
Article 7:     Responsibility of a peacemaker.
The responsibility of a peacemaker is to settle differences through compromise and negotiation before they erupt into violence. Conflicting views do not have to bring about fighting. War is an irreversible solution to a problem. War is never an appropriate solution to resolve a conflict.
Article 8:     The worst environmental degradation happens in wars.
The worst environmental degradation happens in wars. Farm products in fields and livestock are abandoned, there is no more control on toxic wastes, and water, air, and land are polluted. People are displaced and feel no longer responsible for the quality of life in their communities. Historically, the industrialized nations have caused the most damage to the environment, with their careless technology and policies. Emissions from factories and vehicles have caused ozone depletion and acid rain. Leaders of the wealthier nations must be willing to accept responsibility for past mistakes and to help pay the financial burden for environmental protection of the developing nations. This is the most damaging conflict of interests between the rich industrialized countries and those that are poor and struggling just for existence. Earth Government must help wealthy and poorer nations reach a better understanding of each other's needs. All aspects are interrelated: peace, human rights and the environment. The poor is more concerned with ending starvation, finding a proper shelter and employment, and helping their children to survive. Environmental issues become meaningless to the poor. In reality, all concerns are interrelated. As soon as the environment is destroyed beyond repair, human suffering is next. Ecology has no boundaries. All nations suffer the effects of air pollution, global warming, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, acid rain, ozone depletion, silting of streams, and countless of other environmental problems. This was the reason for proposing the Scale of Human and Earth Rights to the Global Community.
Article 9:     A trusted third party to resolve conflicts.
Earth Government wants to provide a forum where international conflicts could be argued and resolved peacefully. Because of hatred and mistrust, disputing parties always find it difficult to express constructive ideas or proposals. A face-to-face meeting may not even be possible. Earth Government offers to be a trusted third party that would carry ideas back and forth, put forward new proposals until both sides agree. When both parties feel they have gained more than they have lost from the process, the outcome is a win-win settlement for peace.
*     resolve problems, concerns and issues peacefully;
*     reinstate the respect for Earth;
*     work with humanity to keep Earth healthy, productive and hospitable for all people and living things;
*     bring forth a sustainable global society embracing universal values related to human rights, economic and social justice, respect of nature, peace, responsibility to one another; and
*     help to protect and manage Earth.
Article 10:     The "war industry" throughout the world must be put to a complete halt and shelved forever from humanity.
The "war industry" throughout the world must be put to a complete halt and shelved forever from humanity. Earth Government is asking Member Nations never again to buy their products. The war industry is the "Mother of all evils in the world". All persons working, directly or indirectly, for the war industry, are responsible and accountable to humanity and to God for anything happening to their products after they are sold. Ethical and moral values no longer touch people involved with the war industry. They dont think that are actually responsible and accountable for spreading evil all around the world. They think they are "good people", good citizens. Every single bullet you manufacture you are responsible and accountable for it, all of you from the President of the company to the employee on the industrial line. Our Society holds responsibility and accountability as well. And if that bullet happened to be a nuclear war head then it becomes even more imperative to held the manufacturer and the people involved responsible and accountable.

Throughout the 20th Century, the war industry has created the worse evil humanity has ever encountered: the business of conflicts and wars. It is a business that has made trillions of dollars (American) and will continue to do so. It has no moral value, no understanding about Life, no respect for anyone or anything, no law except the ones that it makes for itself, and all its products are meant to kill and destroy. It has sold its products to the enemies for the purpose of making more profit. It has subdued governments all over the world to make them buy war products. It has given trade and way of doing business in the world a bad reputation and, therefore, it is a threat to the establisment of business. Although the war industry has a good public image, it does not really matter who is the buyer as long as he pays good money.

Earth Government promotes the abolition of nuclear weapons: security, sustainability and justice in a nuclear free future.
Article 11:     New way of doing business: you manufacture, produce, mine, farm or create a product, you become responsible and accountable of your product from beginning to end.
It is the same idea for any consumer product in any industry. You manufacture, produce, mine, farm or create a product, you become responsible and accountable of your product from beginning to end (to the point where it actually becomes a waste; you are also responsible for the proper disposable of the waste).
Article 12: Democracy, Nonviolence, and Peace
1.     Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels, and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making, and access to justice:
a.     Uphold the right of everyone to receive clear and timely information on environmental matters and all development plans and activities which are likely to affect them or in which they have an interest.
b.     Support local, regional and global civil society, and promote the meaningful participation of all interested individuals and organizations in decision making.
c.     Protect the rights to freedom of opinion, expression, peaceful assembly, association, and dissent.
d.     Institute effective and efficient access to administrative and independent judicial procedures, including remedies and redress for environmental harm and the threat of such harm.
e.     Eliminate corruption in all public and private institutions.
f.     Strengthen local communities, enabling them to care for their environments, and assign environmental responsibilities to the levels of government where they can be carried out most effectively.

2.     Integrate into formal education and life-long learning the knowledge, values, and skills needed for a sustainable way of life:
a.     Provide all, especially children and youth, with educational opportunities that empower them to contribute actively to sustainable development.
b.     Promote the contribution of the arts and humanities as well as the sciences in sustainability education.
c.     Enhance the role of the mass media in raising awareness of ecological and social challenges.
d.     Recognize the importance of moral and spiritual education for sustainable living.
3.     Treat all living beings with respect and consideration:
a.     Prevent cruelty to animals kept in human societies and protect them from suffering.
b.     Protect wild animals from methods of hunting, trapping, and fishing that cause extreme, prolonged, or avoidable suffering.
c.     Avoid or eliminate to the full extent possible the taking or destruction of non-targeted species.
4.     Promote a culture of tolerance, nonviolence, and peace:
a.     Encourage and support mutual understanding, solidarity, and cooperation among all peoples and within and among nations.
b.     Implement comprehensive strategies to prevent violent conflict and use collaborative problem solving to manage and resolve environmental conflicts and other disputes.
c.     Demilitarize national security systems to the level of a non-provocative defense posture, and convert military resources to peaceful purposes, including ecological restoration.
d.     Eliminate nuclear, biological, and toxic weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.
e.     Ensure that the use of orbital and outer space supports environmental protection and peace.
f.     Recognize that peace is the wholeness created by right relationships with oneself, other persons, other cultures, other life, Earth, and the larger whole of which all are a part.
Earth Security and Peace
Chapter 2.2     The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
Article 1:     The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
1.     Earth Government declares that the threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict in any circumstances. Once in effect, the Earth Court of Justice will declare definitively that the threat or use of nuclear weapons is unlawful even in extreme circumstances of self-defense, in which the very survival of a State would be at stake.

2.     Earth Government declares that when there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to disputes and conflicts.
Article 2
States have a legal obligation not only to pursue negotiations leading to nuclear disarmment in all aspects, but also to bring to a conclusion such negotiations.
Article 3
Nuclear weapons, like all weapons, are subject to the law of armed conflict protecting civilians, combatants, the environment, neutral nations, and succeeding generations from the effects of warfare.
Article 4

The Earth Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" described in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 10 of this Constitution, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Article 5
In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Earth Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in this Constitution, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Earth Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.
Article 6

The Earth Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio,and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
Article 7
1.     All Members Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Earth Security Council, on its and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
2.     The action required to carry out the decisions of the Earth Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security shall be taken by all Members Nations or by some of them, as the Earth Security Council may determine.
3.     Members Nations shall join in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon by the Earth Security Council.
Article 8
If preventive or enforcement measures against any nation are taken by the Earth Security Council, any other nation, whether a Member Nation or not, which finds itself confronted with special economic problems arising from the carrying out of those measures shall have the right to consult the Earth Security Council with regard to a solution of those problems.

Chapter 2.3     Settlement of Disputes.
Article 1
1.     The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
2.     The Earth Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.
3.     When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to disputes and conflicts.
Article 2
The Earth Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.
Article 3
l.     Any Member Nation may bring any dispute to the attention of the Earth Security Council or of the Elected Representatives Council.
2.     A nation which is not a Member Nation may bring to the attention of the Earth Security Council or of the House of Elected Representatives any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, the obligations of pacific settlement provided in the present Constitution.
Article 4
1.     The Earth Security Council should take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties.
2.     In making recommendations under this Article the Earth Security Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the parties to the Earth Court of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court.
Article 5
If the Earth Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" described in this Constitution or to recommend such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to disputes and conflicts.
Chapter 2.4     Local Arrangements of Disputes.
Article 1
Member Nations shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through regional arrangements or by regional agencies before referring them to the Earth Security Council.
Article 2
The Earth Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority. But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies, or by the Earth Security Council.
Chapter 2.5     State and global citizens participation to legal disputes
Article 1
Earth Government shall make every efforts to allow global citizens participate in the pacific and legal settlement of disputes.

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Chapter III     Earth Government membership
Article 1:    Conditions of eligibility and procedure for accession of Member Nations to Earth Government:
1.     Earth Government shall be open to all Member Nations which respect the values referred to in Chapter I to Chapter X inclusive, and are committed to promoting them together.
2.     Any Nation which wishes to become a member of Earth Government shall address its application to the Earth Executive Council. The Global Parliament and Member Nations' national Parliaments shall be notified of this application. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting the Ministry of the Global Judiciary and after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament. The conditions and arrangements for admission shall be the subject of an agreement between Member Nations and the candidate Nation. That agreement shall be subject to ratification by each contracting Nation, in accordance with its respective constitutional requirements.
Article 2:    Suspension of Earth Government membership rights
1.     On a reasoned proposal by one third of Member Nations, by the Global Parliament or by the Global Judiciary , the Earth Executive Council, acting by a majority of four fifths of its members after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament, may adopt a decision determining that there is a clear risk of a serious breach by a Member Nation of the values mentioned in Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive. Before making such a determination, the Earth Executive Council shall hear the Member Nation in question and, acting in accordance with the same procedure, may address recommendations to that Nation. The Earth Executive Council shall regularly verify that the grounds on which such a determination was made continue to apply.
2.     The United Nations , acting by unanimity on a proposal by one third of Member Nations or by the Global Judiciary and after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament , may adopt a decision determining the existence of a serious and persistent breach by a Member Nation of the values mentioned in Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive, after inviting the Member Nation in question to submit its observations.
3.     Where a determination under paragraph 2 has been made, the Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, may adopt a decision suspending certain of the rights deriving from the application of the Constitution to the Member Nation in question, including the voting rights of that Member Nation in the Earth Executive Council. In so doing, the Earth Executive Council shall take into account the possible consequences of such a suspension on the rights and obligations of natural and legal persons. That Member Nation shall in any case continue to be bound by its obligations under the Constitution.
4.     The Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, may subsequently adopt a decision varying or revoking measures taken under paragraph 3 in response to changes in the situation which led to their being imposed.
5.     For the purposes of this Article, the Earth Executive Council shall act without taking into account the vote of the Member Nation in question. Abstentions by members present in person or represented shall not prevent the adoption of decisions referred to in paragraph 2. This paragraph shall also apply in the event of voting rights being suspended pursuant to paragraph 3.
6.     For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, Global Parliament shall act by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast, representing the majority of its Members.
Article 3:    Voluntary withdrawal from Earth Government
1.     Any Member Nation may decide to withdraw from Earth Government in accordance with its own constitutional requirements.
2.     A Member Nation which decides to withdraw shall notify Global parliament of its intention; Global parliament shall examine that notification. In the light of the guidelines provided by Global parliament, Earth Government shall negotiate and conclude an agreement with that Nation, setting out the arrangements for its withdrawal, taking account of the framework for its future relationship with Earth Government. That agreement shall be concluded on behalf of Earth Government by the Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament. The representative of the withdrawing Member Nation shall not participate in the Earth Executive Council or Global Parliament discussions or decisions concerning it.
3.     The Constitution shall cease to apply to the Nation in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification referred to in paragraph 2, unless the Global Parliament, in agreement with the Member Nation concerned, decides to extend this period.
4.     If a Nation which has withdrawn from Earth Government asks to re-join, its request shall be subject to the standard application procedure.

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Chapter IV     Global Community concepts and universal values
Chapter 4.1     The Glass Bubble concepts of "a Global Community" and "the Global Community"
Article 1:    The Glass Bubble concepts
The Glass Bubble concept was designed to illustrate the concepts of 'a global community' and "the Global Community". It is an imaginary space enclosed in a glass bubble. Inside this is everything a person can see: above to the clouds, below into the waters of a lake or in the earth, to the horizons in front, in back, and on the sides. Every creature, every plant, every person, every structure that is visible to him(her) is part of this "global community."

Look up, look down, to the right, to the left, in front and behind you. Imagine all this space is inside a giant clear glass bubble. This is "a global community."

Wherever you go, you are inside a "global community". Every thing, every living creature there, interacts one upon the other. Influences inter-weave and are responsible for causes and effects. Worlds within worlds orbiting in and out of one another's space, having their being.

Your presence has influence on everything else inside your immediate global community. To interact knowledgeably within one's global community has to be learned. All life forms interact and depend upon other life forms for survival. Ignorance of nature's law causes such damage, and working in harmony with nature produces such good results.

Your presence has influence on everything else inside your immediate global community.

Learn to be aware of that and act accordingly, to create good or destroy, to help or to hurt. Your choice.

Now let us explore this Global Community that we have visited and discover why each member is important ~ each bird, each tree, each little animal, each insect, plant and human being ~ and how all work together to create a good place to live.

You walk like a giant in this Global Community. To all the tiny members you are so big, so powerful, even scary…

You can make or break their world. But by knowing their needs, and taking care, you can help your whole Global Community be a good one.

From the experience in your life and local community tell us:

*    Why are you important to this "Global Community"?
*    Why is it important to you?
*    What do you like about it?
*    What bothers you about it?
*    Anything need to be done?
*    What is really good there?
*     What is very very important?
*     What is not so important?
*     What is not good?
*     What is needed to keep the good things?
*     What could make them even better?
*     What could you do to keep the good things good?
*     Could they help get rid of bad things?
*     What unimportant things need to go?
*     How could you help get rid of these things?

to sustain the Global Community, humanity and all life.

Let each child be aware he either grows up to be a person who helps or a person who destroys.
Each child makes his own choice. He creates his own future in this way. He becomes a responsible citizen.

This may or may not inspire some sort of creative project of what "could be" to aid this Global Community to remain healthy.

To interact knowledgeably within one's global community has to be taught ~ especially to urban children. It has to be brought to them very clearly all life forms interact and depend upon other life forms for survival. They need to know "reasons why" ignorance of nature's law causes such damage, and why working in harmony with nature produces such good results.

The concept of the Glass Bubble can be extended to include the planet Earth and all the "global communities" contained therein.
Article 2:    Definition of the Global Community

the Global Community: order and hope within chaos
-    we are now, and we are the future   -

The following definition of the Global Community is appropriate:

"The Global Community is defined as being all that exits or occurs at any location at any time between the Ozone layer above and the core of the planet below."

Article 2:    The Global Community concept and the Global Governments Federation
The Global Community concept is an important concept and particularly useful in the context of the Global Governments Federation. A community is not about a piece of land you acquired by force or otherwise. One could think of a typical community of a million people that does not have to be bounded by a geographical or political border. It can be a million people living in many different locations all over the world. The Global Community is thus more fluid and dynamic. We need to let go the archaic ways of seeing a community as the street where I live and contained by a border. Many conflicts and wars will be avoided by seeing ourselves as people with a heart, a mind and a Soul, and as part of a community with the same. The Global Community is this great, wide, wonderful world made of all these diverse global communities.

To become a member of the Global Community you can be:

*     a person
*     a global community
*     an institution
*     a town, city or province
*     a state or a nation
*     a business
*     an NGO
*     a group of people who decided to unite for the better of everyone participating in the relationship
*     an international organization

Any of these groups can formed together a global symbiotical relationship.

A global symbiotical relationship between two or more nations, or between two or more global communities, can have trade as the major aspect of the relationship or it can have as many other aspects as agreed by the people involved. The fundamental criteria is that a relationship is created for the good of all groups participating in the relationship and for the good of humanity, all life on Earth. The relationship allows a global equitable and peaceful development.

This is the basic concept that is allowing us to group Member Nations from different parts of the world. For example, the Global Government of North America can be made of willing Member Nations such as Canada, the United States, Mexico, Great britain, Israel, the Territories, and include the North Pole region (Politics and Justice without borders: Global Government of North America
).

The old concept of a community being the street where we live in and surrounded by a definite geographical and political boundary has originated during the Roman Empire period. An entire new system of values was then created to make things work for the Roman Empire. Humanity has lived with this concept over two thousand years. Peoples from all over the world are ready to kill anyone challenging their border. They say that this is their land, their property, their 'things'. This archaic concept is endangering humanity and its survival. The Roman Empire has gone but its culture is still affecting us today. Other world government models use the old concept as a basis for development. They are obviously wrong. The Earth Federation is an example of a world government model using the old concept We need to let go the old way of thinking. We need to learn of the new concept, and how it can make things work in the world. Soon humanity will be populated with 10 billion human beings. We are people, not a piece of land. Earth does not belong to anyone. Land does not belong to anyone. It never did and never will. We can only say we manage the land we live on. The old world government models aim at forcing people to live in a specific (magna) region. That is wrong!

Our young people today share their thoughts and feelings with their 'virtual friends' half way around the globe. No border or 'magna region' is big enough to hold them back. Already they have a sense of what it takes to live in a group, to think alike. The seeds of global co-operation are in healthy grounds. From the poorest of them to the richest is created a unique bound, a symbiotical relationship.

Chapter 4.2     Universal Values
Article 1:    Social Universal Values are meant to bring together the billions of people around the world for the good of all humanity
Social Universal Values are meant to bring together the billions of people around the world for the good of all humanity. These values are the common grounds to start a new global dialogue. East and West talking; capitalism and communism, all different political and social philosophies and structures reaching to one another, compromising, changing, letting go old ways that dont work, creating new ways that do, and finding what is very important to ensure a sound future for Earth. All peoples on Earth will now join forces to bring forth a sustainable global society embracing universal values related to human and Earth rights, economic and social justice, respect of nature, peace, responsibility to one another, and the protection and management of the Earth. Everyone shares responsibility for the present and future well-being of life within the Global Community.

The following universal values are now an integral part of Earth Government.
a.     Working together to keep our planet healthy, productive and hospitable for all people and living things. This requires quality symbiotical relationships and responsibility to one-self and others, and dealing wisely with consumption, work, finances, health, resources, community living, family, life purpose, wildlife and the Earth.
b.     We are committed to be responsible to ourselves and to one another, and to sustaining Earth. The key is personal responsibility and accountability. Therefore the individual is the important element, one who takes responsibility for his/her community. As previously defined, an 'individual' here may either be a person, a corporation, a NGO, a local community, a group of people, organizations, businesses, a nation, or a government.
c.     Apply a wellness approach in dealing with physical well-being. There is a multitude of influences shaping family life and its well-being. Wellness is a concept related to physical well-being. It is a new health paradigm replacing the old model of doctors, drugs, and treating symptoms. Spiritual well-being deals with mental, emotional and spiritual as well as physical health. Instead of blaming the doctor for an illness and expecting insurance companies and government to pick up the health care tab, a wellness approach places personal responsibility as part of the solution.
d.     All cultures and nations value the family as an important social unit. The family is the basic social unit of the Global Community.
e.     The Global Community is becoming pluralistic. Recognition and respect of this pluralism is a necessity for the survival of mankind. The history of humanity has always been that of an increasingly more complex interrelationship between its members. Clans to tribes, to nations, to empires, and to today's economic and political alliances. Societies have become global and communications have made us all 'neighbours'. Massive migrations within and among countries have contributed to increasing contacts between human beings of different origins, religions, ideologies, and moral-value systems.
f.     Earth Government recognizes that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Freedom is both a principle and a value. It is because human beings are free that they are subject of law and are creators and holders of rights. Freedom and human rights are therefore basic to each other. Equality and freedom are therefore accepted and enshrined as universal values by which Earth Government shall govern its affairs. As universal values they are concerned with our ability to decide, to choose values and to participate in the making of laws, and they are dependent on the recognition of other people. These values forbid any form of discrimination on the grounds of race, nationality, sex, religion, age or mother tongue. By accepting both values of freedom and equality we can achieve justice. One can be answerable for one's actions in a 'just' way only if judgements are given in the framework of democratically established laws and courts. Social justice is another universal value to which Earth Government aspires and accepts as a universal value. Social justice consists in sharing wealth with a view to greater equality and the equal recognition of each individual's merits. Human and Earth rights and democracy are closely intertwined. Respect for human and Earth rights and fundamental freedoms is one of the characteristics of a democracy. The typical fundamental freedoms of a democracy (freedom of expression, thought, assembly, and association) are themselves part of human and Earth rights. These freedoms can exist everywhere.
g.     An adequate level of health care is a universal value as well as a human right. We expect adequate universal health services to be accessible, affordable, compassionate and socially acceptable. Earth Government is proposing that every individual of a society is co-responsible for helping in implementing and managing health programmes along with the government and the public institutions.
h.     There are universal quality of life values which lead to "human betterment" or the improvement of the human condition. In addition to the value of species survival (human and other living organisms), they include: adequate resources, justice and equality, freedom, and peace or balance of power. A better quality of life for all people of the Global Community is a goal for all of us and one of our universal values.
i.     For a community to be sustainable there has to be a general social and economical well-being throughout the community. Health is the basic building block of this well-being. Health is a complex state involving mental, emotional, physical, spiritual, social and economical well-being. Health promotion generates living and working conditions that are safe, stimulating, satisfying and enjoyable. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, a community must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change with the environment. The overall guiding principle for the community is the need to encourage reciprocal maintenance, to take care of each other and the environment. The important part of the thinking in both community health and ecological sustainability is the need to find a sense of community as a crucial aspect of a healthy individual development.
j.     The Global Constitution is a declaration by every human being to the commitment of responsibility to themselves and to one another, and to sustaining Earth. The key is participation in the sustainable development process, personal responsibility and accountability. Therefore the individual is the important element, one who takes responsibility for his/her community. As previously defined, an 'individual' here may either be a person, a corporation, a NGO, a local community, a group of people, organizations, businesses, a nation, or a government. We are all working together to keep our planet healthy, productive and hospitable for all people and living things. This requires quality symbiotical relationships and responsibility to one-self and others, and dealing wisely with consumption, work, finances, health, resources, community living, family, life purpose, wildlife and the Earth. We are also all accountable to others about our actions and the things we do throughout our lives.
k.     The Global Constitution is an acceptance and commitment about peace, freedom, social and economic well-being, ecological protection, global ethics and spiritual values; it also recognizes the interactions between aspects included in the major quality systems such as: economic, environmental, social, and the availability of resources.
l.     Responsibility and accountability are universal values. Every individual on Earth is responsible and accountable for their action(s).

Chapter 4.3     Global Ethics
Article 1:    Global ethics must always be grounded in realities.

1.     As a business you may:

a)     be a corporate Knight
b)     be a socially responsible investor
c)     have taken the challenge of a more integrated approach to corporate responsibility by placing environmental and community-based objectives and measures onto the decision-making table alongside with the strategic business planning and operational factors that impact your bottom-line results
d)    provide not only competitive return to your shareholders but you also operate your business in light of environmental and social contributions, and you have understood the interdependence between financial performance, environmental performance and commitment to the community
e)     have taken a full life-cycle approach to integrate and balance environmental and economic decisions for major projects
f)     have an active Environmental, Health and Safety Committee and integrated codes of conduct, policies, standards and operating procedures to reflect your corporate responsibility management
g)     have scored high on categories such as:

* environmental performance
* product safety
* business practices
* help small business in the least developed countries
* commitment to the community
* abolition of child labour
* eliminate discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
* employee relations and diversity
* effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
* corporate governance
* share performance
* global corporate responsibility
* against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery
* health, safety and security
Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship (CCGCC)

* provided help to combat diseases such as AIDS
* uphold the freedom of association
* audits and inspections
* emergency preparedness
* corporate global ethical values
* ensured decent working conditions
* implemented no-bribe policies
* standards of honesty, integrity and ethical behaviour
* elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour
* in line with the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Charter of Global Community
h)     support a balance and responsible approach that promotes action on the issue of climate change as well as all other issues related to the global life-support systems:

* global warming
* Ozone layer
* wastes of all kind including nuclear and release of radiation
* climate change
* species of the fauna and flora becoming extinct
* losses of forest cover and of biological diversity
* the capacity for photosynthesis
* the water cycle
* food production systems
* genetic resources
* chemicals produced for human use and not found in nature and, eventually, reaching the environment with impacts on Earth's waters, soils, air, and ecology


Now is time to reach a higher level of protection to life on Earth. We all need this for the survival of our species. We can help you integrate and balance global life-support systems protection, global community participation, and economic decisions into your operations and products. We want to help you be an active corporate member of the Global Community. Apply to us to be a global corporate citizen of the Global Community. A Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship is a unique way to show the world that your ways of doing business are best for the Global Community.

You can obtain the citizenship after accepting the Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship and following an assessment of your business. The process shown here is now standardized to all applicants. You are then asked to operate your business as per the values of the citizenship.

The Global Community proposes to corporations that they take responsibility on behalf of society and people, and that they should pay more attention to human and Earth rights, working conditions and getting ride of corruption in the world of business and trade. We have developed a criteria, and we ask you to turn it into practice. Governments should encourage enterprises to use the criteria both by legal and moral means. At first, the criteria should be adopted in key areas such as procurement, facilities management, investment management, and human resources. Corporations want to be seen as good corporate leaders and have a stronger form of accountability. Business and trade will prosper after stronger common bonds and values have been established. Adopting the criteria will have a beneficial impact on future returns, and share price performance. Sign-up to obtain your Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship (CCGCC) to show the world your ways of doing business are best for the Global Community. Obtaining the CCGCC shall help businesses to be part of the solution to the challenges of globalisation. In this way, the private sector in partnership with the civil society can help realize a vision: allowing a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy.

2.     Earth Government found a way of dealing with globalization: global ethics. In the past, corporations ruled without checks and balances. Now, global ethics will be a basic minimum to do business, and there will be checks and balances. Our judgement will be based on global ethics. Global ethics must always be grounded in realities. But realities are changing constantly and are different in different places. We live in a world that makes progress toward democracy. Ethics and morality exist only when human beings can act freely. In our free society, rights are tied to responsibilities. Corporations are committed to improvement in business performance and want to be seen as 'good corporate citizens' on a local and a global scale. Corporations have social responsibilities as they are an integral part of society. Global ethics recalls that those realities, on which others build upon, have to be protected first. Earth Government has found that universal values and human rights as described above were the foundation of global ethics.
3.     The Global Community has now at hand the method and framework to conduct societal checks and balances of a global sustainable development. A more balance world economy will result of annual checks and balances. Corporations will take their social responsibilities and become involved in designing, monitoring, and implementing these checks and balances. Several corporations have already done so. Results will be taken into account in the evaluation of sustainable development. Corporations are required to expand their responsibilities to include human rights, the environment, community and family aspects, safe working conditions, fair wages and sustainable consumption aspects.

Glass Bubble concept of a global community

Every Global Community citizen is part of the solution to the challenges of globalisation. In this way, the private sector in partnership with the civil society can help realize a common vision: allowing a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy.


Chapter 4.4     Global Sustainability
Chapter 4.4.1     Definition and graphical representation of global sustainability
Article 1:    Definition of sustainable development.

The technical definition being "a sound balance among the interactions of the impacts (positive and/or negative), or stresses, on the four major quality systems: People, Economic Development, Environment and Availability of Resources," and

The none-technical definition being "a sound balance among the interactions designed to create a healthy economic growth, preserve environmental quality, make a wise use of our resources, and enhance social benefits."

When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. Earth Government can help you to realize your actions by coordinating efforts efficiently together.

The following graphics was designed to illustrate the meaning of sustainable development and other global concepts. It is the basis for understanding:
 

a)   the Global Community concepts
b)    that Earth is a spiritual Being, a part of the Soul of Humanity
c)    interactions between the four major quality systems (small circles, not to scale) shown here
d)   that the ecosystem and life-support system of the planet (the large circle around the planet) are much more important for all of humanity and other lifeforms
e)    the reason for developing and implementing the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
f)    the search of sound solutions and therefore a sound balance amongst interactions
g)    the measurement and evaluation of the impact equation
h)    the development and use of indicators and indices
i)   the reason for creating Earth Government
j)    Earth management and good governance

Chapter 4.4.2     Fulfilling the requirements of global sustainability

Article 1:    Essential elements of an adequate global sustainability
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by using essential elements of an adequate urban and rural development:

a)     suitable community facilities and services;
b)     decent housing and health care;
c)     personal security from crime;
d)     educational and cultural opportunities;
e)     family stability;
f)     efficient and safe transportation;
g)     land planning;
h)     an atmosphere of social justice;
i)     aesthetic satisfaction;
j)     responsive government subject to community participation in decision-making;
k)     energy conservation and energy efficiency are part of the decision-making process and made part of the community design;
l)     the application of the 4 Rs is integrated in the community design;
m)     community businesses, working areas, play areas, social and cultural areas, education areas, and training areas;
n)     the use of renewable energy sources, central heating where possible, and cogeneration of electricity are made part of the community design when possible;
o)     the form of community development integrates concepts such as cooperation, trust, interdependence, stewardship, and mutual responsibility;
p)     promote self-sufficiency in all areas such as energy, garbage, food and sewage disposal; and
q)     rely on locally-produced goods.

Article 2:    Scale of Good Practices
A Scale of Good Practices is developed with respect to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, and it is developed not only from what it means to fulfill the requirements of a global sustainable development but also from the perspective of keeping us all healthy and sustaining Earth to make it happen. Health is created and lived by people within a global community: where they work, learn, play, and love. Health is a complex state involving mental, emotional, physical, spiritual, economical and social well-being. Each community can develop its own ideas of what a healthy community is by looking at its own situation, and finding its own solutions. Health promotion generates living and working conditions that are safe, stimulating, satisfying and enjoyable. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, a community must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change with the environment. The overall guiding principle for the global community is the need to encourage reciprocal maintenance, to take care of each other and the environment. The important part of the thinking in both community health and ecological sustainability is the need to find a sense of global community as a crucial aspect of healthy individual development.

Article 3:    Implementing economic activity that can advance sustainability
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by implementing economic activity that can advance sustainability by:

a)     reducing per capita consumption of energy and resources;
b)     reducing energy and resource content per unit of output;
c)     reducing waste discharges per unit of output and in total;
d)     decreasing wastage of natural resources during harvesting and processing, thus increasing the amount put to productive use.

Article 4:    Implementing various conservation strategies
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by implementing various conservation strategies such as:

a)     the maintenance of ecological succession, soil regeneration and protection, the recycling of nutrients and the cleansing of air and water;
b)     the preservation of biological diversity, which forms the basis of life on Earth and assures our foods, many medicines and industrial products;
c)     the sustainable use of ecosystems and species such as fish, wildlife, forests, agricultural soils and grazing lands so that harvests do not exceed rates of regeneration required to meet future needs;
d)     the use of non-renewable resources in a manner that will lead to an economy that is sustainable in the long term. This will require the development of renewable substitutes;
e)     the reduction in soil erosion by changing farming practices.

Article 5:    Assessing using a combined social and economic accounting system
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by developing a combined social and economic accounting system that covers not only the conventional economic indicators (GDP, GNP, etc.) but also such matters as soil depletion, forest degeneration, the costs of restoring a damaged environment and the effects of economic activity on health.

Article 6:    Creating tests for sustainability
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by creating tests for sustainability:

a)     the amount of arable land and forest that is being lost;
b)     the amount of silt in rivers coming from eroded farm fields;
c)     the loss of large numbers and even whole species of wildlife;
d)     the positive and negative impact of process and products on health;
e)     the impact of development on the stock of non-renewable resources such as oil, gas, metals and minerals;
f)     the impact of waste products;
g)     the ability of new proposals to implement cleaner and more resource-efficient techniques and technologies.
Article 7:    Making forest management to include getting more value out of the wood
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by being committed to make forest management to include getting more value out of the wood. This means wasting less of the trees that are cut and making better use of what are now considered non-commercial tree speices.
Article 8:    Requiring formal impact assessment for all major projects
We will fulfill the requirements for a global sustainable development by requiring formal Impact Assessment for all major projects so as to predict the sustainability of these developments and determine whether impacts can be mitigated.

Chapter 4.4.3     Developing a scale of values and designing and testing quality indicators
Article 1:    Developing a scale of values and designing and testing quality indicators
Developing a scale of values and designing and testing quality indicators is the most important task. The Gross Environmental Sustainable Development Index (GESDI) is quantitatively describing quality indicators rather than merely measuring different variables. GESDI includes all possible aspects, all physical, biological, health, social and cultural components which routinely influences the lives of individuals and communities. If we are to achieve effective evaluation of quality, comprehensive data are needed about the status and changes of the variables. Optimally, these data may be organized in terms of indices that in some fashion aggregate relevant data. These indices are in turn used to predict the impact of public and private actions, assess conditions and trends, and determine the effectiveness of programs in all areas. For instance, reliable data are needed to evaluate the effects of human activities on the environment and to determine what possible actions that can be done to ameliorate the adverse effects. The quality of urban environment constitutes a major test of the level of the well-being of a nation as a society. Essential elements of an adequate urban environment include the following parts:

* Health care system, * Educational system, * Seniors'care, * Food chain, nutrition, * Population growth, * Farming communities, * Parks, * Psychological, biological, genetics and evolution, * Spiritual pathways, * Entertainment, * Quality of life, customs and beliefs, information access, communication, aesthetics * Decent housing, suitable community services, * Pollution, waste, * An atmosphere of social justice, * Family stability, * Religion, * Infrastructures and facilities, land planning, * Juvenile crimes, gangs, drugs, illiteracy, * Socio-cultural and political influences, multi-culturalism, laws, * Anthropological, Aboriginals, Natives issues.

Knowing what are the important elements of a global sustainable development allows us to structure indicators into major areas such as demographic data; the economic data of the individual, family, and household; the status of the region's economy; housing, community facilities, and aesthetic quality; social quality.

An other indicator was developed to measure the costs of development: the Gross Sustainable Development Product (GSDP). The GSDP is defined as the total value of production within a region over a specified period of time. It is measured using market prices for goods and services transactions in the economy. The GSDP is designed to replace the Gross Development Product (GDP) as the primary indicator of the economic performance of a nation.

The GSDP takes into accounts:

a)     the economic impacts of environmental and health degradation or improvement, resource depletion or findings of new stocks, and depreciation or appreciation of stocks;
b)     the impact of people activity on the environment, the availability of resources, and economic development;
c)     the "quality" of the four major quality systems and the impacts of changes in these systems on national income and wealth;
d)     global concerns and their impacts on the economy;
e)     the welfare, economic development and quality of life of future generations;
f)     expenditures on pollution abatement and clean-ups, people health, floods, vehicle accidents, and on any negative impact costs;
g)     the status of each resource and the stocks and productive capacities of exploited populations and ecosystems, and make sure that those capacities are sustained and replenished after use; and
h)     the depreciation or appreciation of natural assets, the depletion and degradation of natural resources and the environment, ecological processes and biological diversity, the costs of rectifying unmitigated environmental damage, the values of natural resources, capital stocks, the impacts of degradation or improvement, social costs, health costs, environmental clean-up costs, and the costs of the environment, economic growth, and resources uses to current and future generations and to a nation’s income.

Chapter 4.4.4     The Global Community Overall Picture
Article 1:    The Global Community Overall Picture

Within each Global Ministry there is a section about the 'Global Community Overall Picture' which describes the situation in all nations of the world and we divided the world in different regions: North America, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, South-East Asia, Middle-East, and Oceania. Each global ministry has a description of what is happening in the different regions. There are actual facts about what is happening in the world about all issues we have discussed during global dialogues in years 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2005. Issues of future global dialogues are also included in this project. Our work is too create a plausible scenario(s) of what the world is now and what it could be between now and a not-so-distant future. Hundreds of indicators were designed to assess the world situation in all aspects. Some of the very important aspects were listed here. The measurements of the GESDI and the GSDP take into account all aspects.
Land and nations
Water and nations
Clean air and nations
Food supplies
Our overpopulated planet
Status of primordial human rights
Status of community and social rights
Status of cultural rights
Status of religious rights
Status of civil and political rights
Status of business and consumer rights
Article 2:    Measurement of the Gross Sustainable Development Product (GSDP)
The measurement of GSDP shows that consumption levels can be maintained without depleting and depreciating the quality and quantity of services. It indicates the solutions to the problems as well as the directions to take, such as:
a)     invest in technology, R & D, to increase the end-use efficiency;
b)     increase productivity;
c)     modify social, educational programs and services;
d)     slow down or increase economic growth;
e)     remediate components of the four major quality systems; and
f)     rectify present shortcomings of income and wealth accounts.
The measurement of GSDP also gives a proper and sound signal to the public, government and industry about the rate and direction of economic growth; it identifies environmental, health, and social quality; it identifies sustainable and unsustainable levels of resource and environmental uses; it measures the success or failure of sustainable development policies and practices; and it identifies resource scarcity. Values obtained enable us to make meaningful comparisons of sustainable development between cities, provinces, nations over the entire planet.

A status report of all physical accounts show the physical state and availability of resources and the state of the environment. Examples of the physical stock accounts are:

• minerals    • oil, gas and coal    • forests     • wildlife    • agricultural    • soils    • fish    • protected wilderness areas    • flow rate of water

Article 3:    Valuation in terms of money accounts for some non-market values
Valuation in terms of money accounts is difficult for some non-market values such as:

* aesthetic satisfaction     * air quality     * water quality     * soil carrying capacity and productivity     * acid rain deposition     * biodiversity     * wilderness and protected areas     * land productivity

GESDI can be obtained for these quality indicators that are difficult to give a money value to. Both the GESDI and GSDP are measured together and tell us about the quality and cost of development, locally and globally.

Measurements of GESDI and GSDP provide insights for the discussion of issues such as :

a)     Is the actual rate of development too slow or too fast?
b)     Are People aspects being stressed too far?
c)     Are resources and the environment managed in a sustainable manner?
d)     What forms of community and home designs promote sustainability?
e)     In what ways should social, educational, and health programs and services be modified?
f)     Is this generation leaving to the future generation a world that is at least as diverse and productive as the one it inherited?
g)     What improvements can be brought up to the quality of development?


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Chapter V     The establishment of Global Communities
Article 1:    Principles
The Global Community and its membership, in pursuit of the Purposes stated earlier in the Preamble, shall conduct actions in accordance with the following Principles:

1.     The Global Community shall establish local communities of one million people each for a total of about 7,000 elected representatives throughout the world; the number of representatives will change according to the change in Earth's population; the election of representatives shall follow a democratic process properly supervised;

2.     The Global Community is based on the principle of the equality of all its elected, nominated or appointed representatives;

3.     All Members shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Constitution;

4.     International disputes shall be resolved peacefully with no threat to international peace, security and justice;

5.     International relations shall refrain from using threat or force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any national government;

6.     The Global Community shall not intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any national government;

7.     The use of armed forces against any national government is prohibited. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to all disputes and conflicts.

8.     The Scale of Human and Earth Rights shall be used as guiding light for the decision-making process; and

9.     The Statement of Rights, Rersponsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person and of the Global Community shall also be used as a guiding light for the decision-making process.

Article 2:    Birth right of Global Community citizens of electing representatives democratically

Everyone is part of the Global Community by birth and therefore everyone has a right to vote. It is our birth right of electing a democratic government to manage Earth: the rights to vote and elect our representatives. Everyone should be given a chance to vote. Decisions will be made democratically.
Article 3:    Complying with the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community and Earth Government".
Every member shall uphold the Global Constitution and comply with these "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community and Earth Government". The Preamble and Chapters 1 to 10 of this Constitution describe these "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community and Earth Government"

1.     Membership in the Global Community is open to any person (group, NGO, state, businesses, city, Member Nation, or any global citizen) which accept the obligations contained in the present Constitution and are able and willing to carry out these obligations.

2.     The admission of any such global community to membership in the Global Community will be effected by a decision of the Earth Executive Council.

Article 4:    Formation of global communities

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This is the Portal for all Citizens of the North American Community. Let us build up our Community. Get involve with issues. Promote a program or a project. Tell us what you think. Tell us what you want.

Article 7:    Portal of other global communities
We invite all Nations of the world to participate in the development of global communities everywhere.
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Chapter VI     Earth Government Global Community Citizenship
Chapter 6.1     Criteria for becoming Global Community citizens
Article 1:    Global Community citizenship of Earth Government
1.     Every national of a Member Nation shall be a global citizen of Earth Government. Global Community citizenship of Earth Government shall be additional to national citizenship; it shall not replace it.
2.     Global Community citizens of Earth Government shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in this Global Constitution. They shall have:
a)    the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member Nations;
b)    the right to vote and to stand as candidates in elections to the Global Parliament and in municipal elections in their Member Nation of residence, under the same conditions as nationals of that Nation; and
c)    the right to enjoy, in the territory of a third country in which Member Nation of which they are nationals is not represented, the protection of the diplomatic and consular authorities of any Member Nation on the same conditions as the nationals of that Nation;
d)    the right to petition Global Parliament , to apply to the global Ombudspersons, and to address the Institutions and Advisory Bodies of Earth Government in any of the Constitution's languages and to obtain a reply in the same language.
3.     These rights shall be exercised in accordance with the conditions and limits defined by this Constitution and by the measures adopted to give it effect.
Article 2:    Global Community Citizenship
All peoples on Earth have been wondering what will it take to create and obtain a global community citizenship that is based on fundamental principles and values of the Global Community. Now is time to enact your dream! It is time because humanity has no time to waste as we have done in the past. It is time to be what we are meant to become to save us and all life along with us. It is time to be citizens of the Earth. It is time to gather our forces and to stand for our global values, the only humane values that can save humanity and life on the planet from extinction.
Article 3:    Who can have a Global Community Citizenship?


You may be eligible to become a citizen of the Global Community. To become a citizen of the Global Community you may be a person and a person may be:
*     a global community,
*     an institution,
*     a town, city or province,
*     a national government,
*     a business,
*     an NGO,
*     a group of people who decided to unite for the better of everyone participating in the relationship,
*     an international organization, or
*     a Member Nation.
The Global Community Citizenship is given to anyone who accepts the Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship as a way of life. It is time now to take the oath of global community citizenship. We all belong to this greater whole, the Earth, the only known place in the universe we can call our home.
Chapter 6.2     Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship
Article 1:    Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship
To obtain the Global Community Citizenship, you are required to comply with the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community and Earth Government" as described in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 7 inclusive of this Constitution. Before you make your decision, we are asking you to read very carefully the Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship, make sure you understand every part of the criteria, and then make the oath of belonging to the Global Community, the human family, Earth Community and Earth Government. You do not need to let go the citizenship you already have. No! You can still be a citizen of any nation on Earth. The nation you belong to can be called 'a global community'. But you are a better human being as you belong also to the Global Community, and you have now higher values to live a life, to sustain yourself and all life on the planet. You have become a person with a heart, a mind and Soul of the same as that of the Global Community.
1.     Acceptance of the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person, 'a Global Community' and 'the Global Community'.
We need to take this stand for the survival of our species.
2.     Acceptance of the concept of 'a global community'.
The concept of 'a global community' is part of the Glass Bubble concept of a global community. The concept was first researched and developed by the Global Community.
3.     Acceptance of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights.
To determine rights requires an understanding of needs and reponsibilities and their importance. The Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Global Constitution were researched and developed by the Global Community to guide us in continuing this process. The Scale shows social values in order of importance and so will help us understand the rights and responsibilities of global communities.
4.     Acceptance of the Global Constitution.
The Global Constitution is a declaration of interdependence and responsibility and an urgent call to build a global symbiotical relationship between nations for sustainable development. It is a commitment to Life and its evolution to bring humanity to God. The Global Community has focused people aspirations toward a unique goal: humanity survival now and in the future along with all Life on Earth.
5.     Acceptance of your birth right of electing a democratic government to manage Earth.
The political system of an individual country does not have to be a democracy. Political rights of a country belong to that country alone. Democracy is not to be enforced by anyone and to anyone or to any global community. Every global community can and should choose the political system of their choice with the understanding of the importance of such a right on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. On the other hand, representatives to Earth Government must be elected democratically in every part of the world. An individual country may have any political system at home but the government of that country will have to ensure (and allow verification by Earth Government) that representatives to Earth Government have been elected democratically. This way, every person in the world can claim the birth right of electing a democratic government to manage Earth: the rights to vote and elect representatives to form Earth Government.
6.     Acceptance of the Earth Court of Justice as the highest Court on Earth.
The Global Community is promoting the settling of disputes between nations through the process of the Earth Court of Justice. Justice withour borders! The Earth Court of Justice will hear cases involving crimes related to the global ministries. It will have the power to rule on cases involving crimes related to each one of the ministries.


Chapter 6.3     Statement of rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of Global Community citizens
Chapter 6.3.1     Statement
Article 1:    Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person, 'a Global Community' and 'the Global Community'
Ever since the early 1990s, the Global Community has researched and developed the concept of 'a global community'. It has since been made a part of the foundation of the Global Community and is thought as the way of life of the future. The concept is also in the statement of rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of a person belonging to 'a global community' and to 'the Global Community', the human family.
That is, the statement is about to take a stand:
a)     I am not just a woman, I am a person, I am citizen of a global community,
b)     I am not just a man, I am a person, I am citizen of a global community,
c)     We are responsible, accountable and equal persons in every way, and we will manage wisely our population and Earth, and
d)     We are citizens of the Global Community, the Earth Community, the human family.
We need to take this stand for the survival of our species.
Article 2:    The Statement includes rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
A)   Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of a person in ' a global community '
B)   Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of a person in ' the Global Community '
C)   Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of ' a global community '
D)   Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of ' the Global Community '

The Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person, 'a Global Community' and 'the Global Community', the human family, was not, at first, meant to replace the Universal Declaration of Human and Earth Rights developed by the Global Community. But the Declaration becomes redundant. Only the statement was necessary. Even the Universal Declaration of Human Rights becomes redundant here. The introduction of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been a great step in humanity's evolution to better itself. But now is time to leave it behind and reach to our next step, that is a social scale of values, the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights causes confusion in the world between nations. The reason why it causes confusion is that it needs to be improved. A lot! The West cannot understand many of the things that other nations do and other nations do not understand the West Way of Life. Why? Because the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not so universal after all. And because it does not have a scale of social values.

Certainly a more concise description of the rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of a person and of 'a global community' and that of 'the Global Community' is required at this time. Each person of 'the Global Community' is important, and we all work together to create a good place to live. Now is time to assign rights, responsibilities and accountabilities to global communities. What rights, responsibilities and accountabilities should be assigned to 'a global community' and to the Global Community? What rights, responsibilities and accountabilities to assign to a person in global communities?

The statement of rights of a person and of the Global Community can be integrated into our lives by taking a stand on values. The Global Community is asking all nations to adopt and entrench this statement into your way of life and State Constitution. Make it acceptable to your society. Educate children of it.

It is understood that whenever a person is given a right or a responsibility then 'a global community' and 'the Global Community' give the right or responsiblity to that person. Similarly, whenever a right or a responsibility is given to 'a global community' or to 'the Global Community' then the rights, responsibilities and accountabilities of a person are readjusted accordingly.


Chapter 6.3.2     Rights, responsibilities and accountabilities
Article 1:     Proper governance of Earth
Proper governance of Earth is the most importance function of the Global Community and Earth Government. We define Earth governance as the traditions and institutions by which authority in a country is exercised for the common good. This includes:

(i)     the process by which those in authority are selected, monitored and replaced,
(ii)     the capacity of the government to effectively manage its resources and implement sound policies with respect to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the belief, values, principles and aspirations of the Global Community,
(iii)     the respect of citizens and the state for the institutions that govern economic, environment, Earth resources, and social interactions among them,
(iv)     the freedom of global citizens to find new ways for the common good, and
(v)     the acceptance of responsibility and accountability for our ways.


Article 2:     The quality of Earth governance
The quality of Earth governance is reflected in each local community worldwide. Earth Government shall show leadership by creating a global civil ethic within the Global Community. The Global Constitution describes all values needed for good global governance: mutual respect, tolerance, respect for life, justice for all everywhere, integrity, and caring. The Scale of Human and Earth Rights has become an inner truth and the benchmark of the millennium in how everyone sees all values. The Scale encompasses the right of all people to:

a)     the preservation of ethnicity,
b)     equitable treatment, including gender equity,
c)     security,
d)     protection against corruption and the military,
e)     earn a fair living, have shelter and provide for their own welfare and that of their family,
f)     peace and stability,
g)     universal value systems,
h)     participation in governance at all levels,
i)     access the Earth Court of Justice for redress of gross injustices, and
j)     equal access to information

Article 3:     The most fundamental community right
The Global Constitution is itself a statement for the fundamental rights of all Global Community citizens, ensuring the rights of minorities, one vote per million people from each state government. When member nations vote during any meeting they are given the right of one vote per million people in their individual country. That is the most fundamental community right, the right of the greatest number of people, 50% plus one, and that is the 'new democracy' of Earth Government.
Article 4:     Justice is without borders
Governance of the Earth will make the rule of arbitrary power--economic (WTO, FTA, NAFTA, EU), monetary (IMF, WB) political, or military (NATO)-- subjected to the rule of global law within Earth Government. Justice is for everyone and is everywhere, a universal constant. Justice is without borders.
Article 5:     State governments keep their status and privileges
Earth Government has no intention of changing the status and privileges of state governments. In fact, state governments become primary members of the Earth Government. Global governance can only be effective within the framework of a world government or world federalism. There is no such thing as good global governance through the work of a few international organizations such as the WTO, the EU, or NATO. Earth governance does not imply a lost of state sovereignty and territorial integrity. A nation government exists within the framework of an effective Earth Government protecting common global values and humanity heritage. Earth governance gives a new meaning to the notions of territoriality, and non-intervention in a state way of life, and it is about protecting the cultural heritage of a state. Diversity of cultural and ethnic groups is an important aspect of Earth governance.
Article 6:     Vision of Earth Government
Earth Government allows people to take control of their own lives. Earth Government was built from a grassroots process with a vision for humanity that is challenging every person on Earth as well as nation governments. Earth Government has a vision of the people working together building a new civilization including a healthy and rewarding future for the next generations. Global cooperation brings people together for a common future for the good of all.
Article 7:     Earth governance is a balance
Earth governance is a balance between the rights of states with rights of people, and the interests of nations with the interests of the Global Community, the human family, the global civil society.
Article 8:     The rights of states to self-determination in the global context
Earth governance is about the rights of states to self-determination in the global context of Earth Government rather than the traditional context of a world of separate states.
Article 9:     The principle of non-intervention in domestic affairs
Although Earth Government ensures state governments that it will obey the principle of non-intervention in domestic affairs, it will also stand for the rights and interests of the people within individual states in which the security of people is extensively endangered. A global consensus to that effect will be agreed upon by all nation states.
Article 10:     Global co-operation
Effective Earth governance requires a greater understanding of what it means to live in a more crowded, interdependent humanity with finite resources and more pollution threatening the global life-support systems. The Global Community has no other choice but to work together at all levels. The collective power is needed to create a better world.
Article 11:     Good Earth management
We the Peoples of the Global Community are reaffirming faith in the fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and smalll. We the Peoples implies every individual on Earth. Earth management is now a priority and a duty of every responsible person on Earth. The Global Community has taken action by calling the Divine Will into our lives and following its guidance. Divine Will is now a part of the Soul of Humanity to be used for the higher purpose of good and Life's evolution. We will learn to serve humanity and radiate the Will of God to others. We will establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and we promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.
Article 12:     The spiritual belief, universal values, principles and aspirations of Earth Government
The spiritual belief, universal values, principles and aspirations of Earth Government will be attained by:
a)     practicing tolerance and living together in peace and harmony with one another as neighbours,
b)     promoting the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
c)     maintaining peace and security in the world by using negotiations and peaceful means,
d)     finding unity in diversity with all Life,
e)     establishing the respect for the life-support system of the planet,
f)     creating activities guided by the Soul of Humanity,
g)     keeping Earth healthy, productive and hospitable for all people and living things, and
h)     applying the principle that when there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss.
i)     The Global Constitution is a declaration of interdependence and responsibility and an urgent call to build a global symbiotical relationship for sustainable development. It is a commitment to Life and its evolution to bring humanity to God. Earth Government has focused people aspirations toward a unique goal: humanity survival now and in the future along with all Life on Earth.
j)     The "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" described in of this Constitution are closely interrelated. Together they provide a conception of sustainable development and set forth fundamental guidelines for achieving it; they were drawn from international law, science, philosophy, and religion. k)     The goal of sustainable development is full human development and ecological protection. The Constitution recognizes that humanity's environmental, economic, social, cultural, ethical, spiritual problems and aspirations are interconnected. It affirms the need for holistic thinking and collaborative, integrated problem solving. Sustainable development requires such an approach. It is about freedom, justice, participation, and peace as well as environmental protection and economic well-being.
l)     The Divine Will was drawn to humanity and is now a part of the Soul of Humanity. The goals of the Divine Will are to enable each one of us to create the higher purpose of humanity, evolve spiritually, serve the greater plan of humanity and evolution of all Life. As never before in history, common destiny beckons us to seek a new beginning. Such renewal is the promise of these "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government". To fulfill this promise, we must commit ourselves to adopt and promote the values and objectives of this Constitution. This requires a change of mind and heart. It requires a new sense of global interdependence and universal responsibility. We must imaginatively develop and apply the vision of a sustainable way of life locally, nationally, regionally, and globally. Our cultural diversity is a precious heritage and different cultures will find their own distinctive ways to realize the vision. We must deepen and expand the global dialogue that generated this Constitution, for we have much to learn from the ongoing collaborative search for truth and wisdom.
m)     Life often involves tensions between important values. This can mean difficult choices. However, we must find ways to harmonize diversity with unity, the exercise of freedom with the common good, short-term objectives with long-term goals. Every individual, family, organization, and community has a vital role to play. The arts, sciences, religions, educational institutions, media, businesses, nongovernmental organizations, and governments are all called to offer creative leadership. The cooperation of government, global civil society, and business is essential for effective governance.
n)     In order to build a sustainable global community, each individual, each local community, and national governments of the world must initiate their commitment to Earth Government, fulfill their obligations under existing international agreements, and support the implementation of this Constitution principles with an international legally binding instrument on environment and development.
o)     Let ours be a time remembered for the awakening of a new reverence for Life, the firm resolve to achieve sustainability, the quickening of the struggle for justice and peace, and the joyful celebration of life. Our expanding consciousness will blend with that of the Soul of Humanity.
p)     Humanity welcomes the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" with Faith in the Divine Will and without fears such as the fear of change. Humanity seeks meaningfull experiences and embraces the future for the better. Divine Will brings forth a sustainable global society embracing universal values related to human rights, economic and social justice, respect of nature, peace, responsibility to one another, and the protection and management of the Earth. Everyone on Earth shares responsibility for the present and future well-being of Life within Earth Government.

Article 13:     Human and Earth Rights
It is understood that whenever a person is given a right or a responsibility then 'a global community' and 'the Global Community' give the right or responsiblity to that person. Similarly, whenever a right or a responsibility is given to 'a global community' or to 'the Global Community' then the rights and responsiblities of a person are readjusted accordingly.

Priliminary list of human and Earth rights:
1.     A member of a global community has the right to life.
2.     A member of a global community has the right to security of person.
3.     No one shall be held in slavery.
4.     No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
5.     No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
6.     A member of a global community has the right to freedom of movement and residence.
7.     A member of a global community has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

8. Family aspects
(1)     A member of a global community has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2)     Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
(3)     Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(4)     Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(5)     The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
9.     Freedom aspect
A member of a global community has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
10.     Social duties
(1)     A member of a global community has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2)     In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, a member of a global community shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
11.     A member of a global community has the right to a nationality.
12.     Property ownership
(1)     A member of a global community has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2)     No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
13.     A member of a global community has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
14.     A member of a global community has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
15.     A member of a global community has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
16.     A member of a global community, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the Global Community and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
17.     Employment
(1)     A member of a global community has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2)     A member of a global community, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3)     A member of a global community who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4)     A member of a global community has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
18.     A member of a global community has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
19.     Education
(1)     A member of a global community has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2)     Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
(3)     Education is one of the most effective catalysts for change. Society should undertake to educate the people of today to change their ways and the younger generations to have respect for nature. In forest regions, the young people should receive knowledge about the biological, social and economic values of forests. Environmental conservation should be conferred as much importance as math, physics and history in school curricula. Workers should be taught to use technology to enhance forest ecosystems instead of destroying them and for reforestation and afforestation projects. Human ideologies require modification. Anthropocentrism needs to give way to ecocentrism as the dominant view of the world. If humans are able to see themselves as part of nature, they will also respect forests as living communities, not just resources to be exploited. Perhaps forests need to be perceived as a non-renewable resource.
20.     A member of a global community has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the Global Community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
21.     A member of a global community is entitled of:
1.     conscience and religion
2.     thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communications
3.     peaceful assembly association
22.     A member of a global community is entitled of democratic rights:
1.     right to vote
2.     maximum duration and sitting of legislative bodies
23.     A member of a global community is entitled of mobility rights:
1.     the right to move to and live in any province
2.     the right to pursue a livelihood in any province
24.     A member of a global community is entitled of legal rights:
(1)     life, liberty, and security of the person
(2)     security against unreasonable search and seizure
(3)     no arbitrary detention or imprisonment
(4)     be informed promptly for the reasons for any arrest or detention
(5)     retain and instruct counsel on arrest
(6)     trial within a reasonable time by an impartial tribunal
(7)     the presumption of innocence
(8)     no self-incrimination
(9)     no cruel and unusual punishment
(10)     the right to a court-appointed interpreter
25.     A member of a global community is entitled of equality rights:
1.     equal treatment before and under the law
2.     equal benefit and protection of the law without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability
26.     A member of a global community is entitled of language rights:
1.     the official languages
2.     minority language education rights in certain circumstances
27.     The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
28.    No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
29.     A member of a global community is entitled to a social and international order.
30.     Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the Global Community for the maintenance of peace.
31.     Earth Government also believes that the Earth Court of Justice is the only higher Court to decide about global problems and their solutions, to discriminate and to prosecute on the basis of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and on the basis of the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government".
32.    Earth Government found that an adequate level of health care is a universal value as well as a human right. We expect adequate health services to be accessible, affordable, compassionate and socially acceptable. We believe that every individual of a society is co-responsible for helping in implementing and managing health programmes along with the government and the public institutions.
33.    Earth Government calls upon all nations and global communities to publicize the text of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories.
34.    Earth Government recognizes the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings and everyone should enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people.
35.     Human and Earth rights should be protected by the rule of law.
36.     Earth Government proclaims the Scale of Human and Earth Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every global community, every organ of society, keeping this Scale constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of global communities themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
37.     All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
38.     Legal rights
Every member of a global community has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
(1)    Every member of a global community is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
(2)     Every member of a global community charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(3)     No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
(4)     No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Every member of a global community has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
39.     Every member of a global community has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
40.     Every member of a global community has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
41.     Every member of a global community has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
42.     No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
43. Cultural rights
(1)     Every member of a global community has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2)     Every member of a global community has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
44.     Every member of a global community is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms can be fully realized.
45.     The Earth Court of Justice will hear cases involving crimes related to the global ministries. It will have the power to rule on cases involving crimes related to each one of the ministries.
46.     It is a crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol. It is a terrible crime against the global life-support systems, against the very existence of the next generations. On the Scale of Human and Earth Rights the crime is of maximum importance.
47.     Prosecuting criminals on the basis of universal jurisdiction regardless of a territorial or nationality nexus required a solid commitment of political will from national governments and the Global Community. Once in effect, the Earth Court of Justice will become the principal judicial organ of Earth Government. The Court will have a dual role: to settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted to it by national governments, local communities, and in some special cases by corporations, non-government-organizations and citizens, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized organs and agencies.
48.     We are all members of the Global Community. We all have the duty to protect the rights and welfare of all species and all people. No humans have the right to encroach on the ecological space of other species and other people, or treat them with cruelty and violence.
49.     All species, humans and cultures have intrinsic worth. They are subjects, not objects of manipulation or ownership. No humans have the right to own other species, other people or the knowledge of other cultures through patents and other intellectual property rights.
50.     Defending biological and cultural diversity is a duty of all people. Diversity is an end in itself, a value, a source of richness both material and cultural.
51.     All members of the Global Community including all humans have the right to sustenance -- to food and water, to safe and clean habitat, to security of ecological space. These rights are natural rights, they are birthrights given by the fact of existence on earth and are best protected through community rights and commons. They are not given by states or corporations, nor can they be extinguished by state or corporate action. No state or corporation has the right to erode or undermine these natural rights or enclose the commons that sustain all through privatisation or monopoly control.

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Chapter VII     Global symbiotical relationships between Earth Government and Member Nations
Article 1:    Earth Government and global symbiotical relationships
Earth Government shall develop global symbiotical relationships with Member Nations, aiming to establish an area of prosperity and good neighbourliness, founded on the values of Earth Government and characterised by close and peaceful relations based on cooperation. The fundamental criteria is that a relationship is created for the good of all groups participating in the relationship and for the good of humanity, all life on Earth. The relationship allows a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy. Chapter 20.24 and Article 7 in Chapter 10.1 discussed further this topic.
Article 2:    Specific agreements
For this purpose, Earth Government may conclude and implement specific agreements with the Nations concerned in accordance with Article 3, Chapter 22.6. These agreements may contain reciprocal rights and obligations as well as the possibility of undertaking activities jointly. Their implementation shall be the subject of periodic consultation.

Article 3:    Basic principles

The fundamental criteria is that a relationship is created for the good of all groups participating in the relationship and for the good of humanity, all life on Earth. The relationship allows a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy.


A typical global community may be what a group of people, together, wants it to be. It can be a group of people with the same values. It can be a group of people with the same cultural background, or the same religious background. Or it can be people with different values, cultural background or religious values and beliefs. The people making a global community may be living in many different locations on the planet. With today's communications it is easy to group people in this fashion. It can be a village, or two villages together where people have decided to unite as one global community. The two villages may be found in different parts of the world. It can be a town, a city, or a nation. It can be two or more nations together. A global community could be a group of Africans, maybe NGOs, or maybe businesses, in one(or several) of the nations of Africa, who decided to unite with another group(s), or businesses, situated in Canada, or elsewhere in the world. Together they can grow as a global community and be strong and healthy.

A global symbiotical relationship between two or more nations, or between two or more global communities, can have trade as the major aspect of the relationship or it can have as many other aspects as agreed by the people involved. The fundamental criteria is that a relationship is created for the good of all groups participating in the relationship and for the good of humanity, all life on Earth. The relationship allows a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy.

Article 4:    Emphasis of a global symbiotical relationship
The emphasis of a global symbiotical relationship is not so much on how much money a nation should have or how high a GDP should be although money can be made a part of the relationship. We all know developed countries live off developing countries so the emphasis has no need to stress out the profit a rich nation is making off a poor nation. The emphasis of the relationship should give more importance to the other aspects such as quality of life, protection of the environment and of the global life-support systems, the entrenchment of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Charter of the Earth Community into our ways of life, justice, peace, cultural and spiritual freedom, security, and many other important aspects as described in the global ministries (health, agriculture, energy, trade, resources, etc.).

Global symbiotical relationships are always created between Global Community citizens. All Global Community citizens live a life as per humanity's new vision of the world Humanity's new vision of the world which is about seeing human activities on the planet through:

a)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights; Scale of Human and Earth Rights

b)     the Statement of Rights and Responsibilities of a person and the Global Community; Statement of Rights and Responsibilities and

c)     building global symbiotical relationships between people, institutions, cities, provinces and nations of the world. Global symbiotical relationships

To become a member of the Global Community you can be:

*     a person
*     a global community
*     an institution
*     a town, city or province
*     a state or a nation
*     a business
*     an NGO
*     a group of people who decided to unite for the better of everyone participating in the relationship
*     an international organization

Any of these groups can formed together a global symbiotical relationship.

The Global Community has begun to establish the existence of the New Age Civilization of the 3rd Millennium, the age of symbiotical relationships and global cooperation. An economically base symbiotical relationship exists between nations of the European Union. Other types (geographical, economical, social, business-like, political, religious, and personal) may be created all over the world between communities, nations, and between people themselves. There has always been symbiotical relationships in Nature, and between Souls and the matter of the universe to help creating Earth and life on Earth to better serve God.

Article 5:    Any symbiotical relationship is for the good of all, and all life on Earth
Any symbiotical relationship is for the good of all, for the good of the 'other'. It is based on a genuine group concern and unconditional support for the individual's well-being ~ a giant leap in human behaviour. The question is how can we improve the political symbiotical relationship to fulfill its goals? The Charter of the Earth Community promotes the values to achieve its goals. These goals require the promoting and establishment of: global community ethics, mutual respect, respect for life, basic liberties, justice and equity, caring for the 'other', integrity, responsibility and accountability.

Other symbiotical relationships may be based on common concerns and issues such as: the environment, peace, justice, women's rights, human and Earth rights, and many more. There is a whole spectrum of possible symbiotical relationships.

Symbiotical relationships are needed today for the long term future of humanity and for the protection of life on Earth.

A global symbiotical relationship between nations is more than just a partnership, or an economical agreement such as the WTO. The WTO is about a trade partnership between nations. Of course it is a bad idea to be a member of the World Trade Organization ( WTO). There are no advantages! It just does not work for anyone except when you have an army to knock down any member who does not do your five wishes and plus. A membership in the WTO is not needed and nations should instead seek relationships with fewer other nations only if needed. Certainly it is better to seek an economic relationship with another nation we can trust than with a hundred nations we have no control on and everyone of those nations has a say in the governing of our nation, its environment and social structure. The WTO only offers illusions to profit the few wealthiest people on Earth. They say "become an industrialized nation as we are". But that is the biggest illusion of all. To become an industrialized nation is far from being the best solution. The best way and solution for any nation is to follow the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Right on top of the scale are the ecological rights, the global life-support systems, and the primordial human rights of this generation and of the next generations. Economic and social rights come next and are not the most important. That makes a lot of sense! The effect of IMF and World Bank policies in the world caused the destruction of the economies of the poor nations (now we call them 'developing' countries). They impoverished the people by taking away basic services and devaluating their currency. They opened up the national economy to be ravaged by competition with richer nations. Poverty lead to other problems causing the ecological destruction of a poor nation.

On the other hand, a global symbiotical relationship between two or more nations can have trade as the major aspect of the relationship or it can have as many other aspects as agreed by the nations involved.

The Global Community is inviting you to participate in the formation of global symbiotical relationships between people, institutions, cities, provinces, communities, nations, businesses, or a combination of them.

Article 6:    The Global Community is inviting you to participate
The Global Community is inviting you to participate in the formation of global symbiotical relationships between people, institutions, cities, provinces, communities, nations, businesses, or a combination of them. We are also proposing the formation of a political symbiotical relationship between state and the global civil society. A similar relationship already exists between the people of the Global Community, also known as the human family, the global civil society.

Article 7:    Global ministries are a very specific and useful type of symbiotical relationships on Earth
Global ministries are a very specific and useful type of symbiotical relationships on Earth. There are urgently needed. The Global Community has been promoting the formation of 51 global ministries for the proper governance of Earth.

Global ministries are world wide organizations just like the WTO for trade and therefore should have the same power to rule on cases as that of the World trade Organization (WTO).

Article 8:    A new symbiotical relationship between religion and the protection of the global life-support systems
A new symbiotical relationship between religion and the protection of the global life-support systems has begun to take place all over the world. Religious rituals now support the conservation efforts and play a central role in governing sustainable use of the natural environment.

Major faiths are issuing declarations, advocating for new national policies, and creating educational activities in support of a sustainable global community. The Global Community is establishing a symbiotical relationship between spirituality and science, between our heart and mind, and God, between religion and the environment.

Article 9:    The human family is finding its role in the universe
The human family is finding its role in the universe, a higher purpose and a meaning. We now can celebrate life. Celebration of Life Day

A sustainable world can be built with the help of a very powerful entity: the human spirit. Community participation generates the energy needed to sustain the planet and all life. Religious and environmental communities have formed a powerful alliance for sustainability.

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Chapter VIII     Enhanced cooperation between Member Nations
Article 1:   
Any enhanced cooperation between Member Nations shall comply with Earth Government's Constitution and global law. Such cooperation shall not undermine the internal market or economic, social and territorial cohesion. It shall not constitute a barrier to or discrimination in trade between Member Nations, nor shall it distort competition between them.
Article 2:   
Any enhanced cooperation proposed shall respect the competences, rights and obligations of those Member Nations which do not participate in it. Those Member Nations shall not impede its implementation by the participating Member Nations.
Article 3:   
1.     When enhanced cooperation is being established, it shall be open to all Member Nations, subject to compliance with any conditions of participation laid down by the global authorising decision. It shall also be open to them at any other time, subject to compliance with the acts already adopted within that framework, in addition to any such conditions. The Global Judiciary and Member Nations participating in enhanced cooperation shall ensure that they facilitate participation by as many Member Nations as possible.
2.     The Global Judiciary and, where appropriate, Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs shall keep all members of the Earth Executive Council and the Global Parliament regularly informed regarding developments in enhanced cooperation.
Article 4:   
1.     Member Nations which wish to establish enhanced cooperation between themselves in one of the areas covered by the Constitution, with the exception of the common foreign and security policy, shall address a request to the Global Judiciary , specifying the scope and objectives of the enhanced cooperation proposed. The Global Judiciary may submit a proposal to the Earth Executive Council to that effect. In the event of the Global Judiciary not submitting a proposal, it shall inform Member Nations concerned of the reasons for not doing so. Authorisation to proceed with enhanced cooperation shall be granted by a global decision of the Earth Executive Council, acting on a proposal from the Global Judiciary and after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament .
2.     In the framework of the global security policy, the request of Member Nations which wish to establish enhanced cooperation between themselves shall be addressed to the Earth Executive Council. It shall be forwarded to Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, who shall give an opinion on whether the enhanced cooperation is consistent with the Earth Government's common foreign and security policy, and to the Global Judiciary , which shall give its opinion in particular on whether the enhanced cooperation proposed is consistent with other Earth Government policies. It shall also be forwarded to the Global Parliament for information. Authorisation to proceed with enhanced cooperation shall be granted by a global decision of the Earth Executive Council.
Article 5:   
1.     Any Member Nation which wishes to participate in enhanced cooperation in one of the areas referred to in Article 3, Chapter 10.4.9, shall notify its intention to the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary . The Global Judiciary shall, within four months of the date of receipt of the notification, confirm the participation of Member Nation concerned. It shall note where necessary that any conditions of participation have been fulfilled and shall adopt any transitional measures deemed necessary with regard to the application of the acts already adopted within the framework of enhanced cooperation. However, if the Global Judiciary considers that any conditions of participation have not been fulfilled, it shall indicate the arrangements to be adopted to fulfil those conditions and shall set a deadline for re-examining the request for participation. It shall re-examine the request, in accordance with the procedure set out in the preceding subparagraph. If the Global Judiciary considers that any conditions of participation have still not been met, the Member Nation concerned may refer the matter to the Earth Executive Council, which shall act in accordance with Article 1, Chapter 12.3. The Earth Executive Council may also adopt the transitional measures referred to in the second subparagraph on a proposal from the Global Judiciary .
2.     Any Member Nation which wishes to participate in enhanced cooperation in the framework of the common foreign and security policy shall notify its intention to the Earth Executive Council, Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs and the Global Judiciary . The Earth Executive Council shall confirm the participation of Member Nation concerned, after consulting the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs . It shall note where necessary that any conditions of participation have been fulfilled. The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, may also adopt any transitional measures deemed necessary with regard to the application of the acts already adopted within the framework of enhanced cooperation. However, if the Earth Executive Council considers that any conditions of participation have not been fulfilled, it shall indicate the arrangements to be adopted to fulfil those conditions and shall set a deadline for re-examining the request for participation. For the purposes of this paragraph, the Council of Ministers shall act in accordance with Article 1, Chapter 12.3.
Article 6:   
Expenditure resulting from implementation of enhanced cooperation, other than administrative costs entailed for the Institutions, shall be borne by the participating Member Nations, unless all members of the Council of Ministers, acting unanimously after consulting Global Parliament, decide otherwise.
Article 7:   
Where a provision of the Constitution which may be applied in the context of enhanced cooperation stipulates that the Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously, the Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously in accordance with the arrangements laid down in Article 5, Chapter 8, may, on its own initiative, decide to act by qualified majority. Where a provision of the Constitution which may be applied in the context of enhanced cooperation stipulates that the Earth Executive Council shall adopt global laws or framework laws under a special legislative procedure, the Council of Ministers, acting unanimously in accordance with the arrangements laid down in Article 1, Chapter 12.3, may, on its own initiative, decide to act under the ordinary legislative procedure. The Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting Global Parliament .
Article 8:   
The Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall ensure the consistency of activities undertaken in the context of enhanced cooperation and the consistency of such activities with the policies of Earth Government, and shall cooperate to that end.

Article 9:    Global ministries
Global ministries are a very specific and useful type of symbiotical relationships on Earth. There are urgently needed. The Global Community has been promoting the formation of 51 global ministries for the proper governance of Earth.

Global ministries are world wide organizations just like the World trade Organization (WTO) for trade and therefore should have the same power to rule on cases as that of the WTO.

Global ministries are world wide organizations just like the World trade Organization (WTO) for trade and therefore should have the same power to rule on cases as that of the WTO.


Article 10:    The Global Community has already created several global ministries.
The Global Community has already created several global ministries. The most obvious ones are the Earth Health Ministry, Earth Security, Earth Ministry of Justice, the Earth Ministry of the Environment for Global Environmental Governance and the Earth Resources Ministry. The Global Community is also proposing the creation of several other global ministries for the management of Earth (energy, agriculture, environment, health, Earth resources, Earth management, security and safety, trade, peace, family and human development, water resources protection, family and human development, water resources protection, youth, education, justice, science and technology, finance, human resources, ethics, human and Earth rights, sustainable development, industry and manufacturing products, etc.). Each ministry would have a similar power to rule as that given to the WTO organization.

The creation of global ministries is a part of the "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of the Global Community." The Earth Court of Justice will prosecute cases stemming from the global ministries.

Article 11:    Earth needs urgently a world system of governance
Earth needs urgently a world system of governance. The United Nations fail to satisfy the needs of the people of the 21st Century. It has never improved upon the old ways and thinking of the middle of the 20th Century. Its voting system no longer satisfy the 6.157 billion people on Earth. Reform is needed but the U.N. organizational structure is incapable of handling its own restructuring. The challenges are different and require a world organization up for dealing with the needs of all these people: the global Community.

Article 12:    An urgent need for fundamental changes in the United Nations organization
During the past several years, the Global Community has been pleading the United Nations leaders to make changes in the UN organizational structure and ways of doing things. There has been an urgent need for fundamental changes in the United Nations organization. The world wants a true democratic world organization. The UN is not! Should we start from scratch? No! There are a lot of good things within the UN, and they need to be protected.

Article 13:    The most fundamental requirement of a world organization is a democratic system of voting
The most fundamental requirement of a world organization is a democratic system of voting. Democracy must be a priority. The right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) is a human right. It should be respected. The actual UN system of voting is undemocratic, unfair and noone likes it. It does not work! The Earth Community Organization (ECO) has proposed a voting system based on democracy.

It is very simple and democratic.

The Global Community is requesting that the United Nations change its voting system to have one vote per million people. This way the rich North will have to deal with the poor in the South in order to obtain votes for decision-making. The eradication of poverty in the world will be achieved. Thousands of other good things will be achieved.

Earth has long been waiting for a truly global governing body based on universal values, human rights, global concepts and democracy. We might as well start this creating process now, there is no longer any reason to wait.

Article 14:    Creation of Ministries is a priority
There is a lot to be done. Creation of Ministries will be a priority. Since international trade needs an international organization such as the WTO then why not an international organization to protect the global environment, the global life-support systems? Why not one for other global aspects such as:

*         Earth Court of Justice
*         Health
*         Justice
*         Security
*         Employment
*         Agriculture
*         Human and Social Development
*         Communications
*         Finances and Banks
*         Protection of the global life-support systems
*         Energy
*         Resources
*         Water Resources
*         Trade
*        Forestry
*         Rescues and Emergencies
*        Global taxes
*         Tourism
*         Technology
*         Arts
*         Poverty
*         Education

Why not have ministries, global ministries, for each one of these sectors of life?

And yes, why not one for global politics, politics without borders, global governance and Earth management.

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Chapter IX     The democratic base of Earth Government

Earth democracy of the Global Community is based on economic democracy and on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Economic systems in Earth democracy of the Global Community protect ecosystems and their integrity, they protect people's livelihoods and provide basic needs to all. In the earth economy there are no disposable or dispensable species or people. The earth economy is a living economy. It is based on sustainable, diverse, pluralistic systems that protect nature and people, are chosen by people, for the benefit of the common good.

Article 1:    Direct democracy
As stipulated in Chapter 10.2, Section 4 on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, and in Chapter 10.6.3, 'direct democracy' is how democracy should work. It is based on a voting system empowering voters more than parties because votes are for candidates not for parties. Also, candidate selection will take place at the local riding level, not at party head office. Most importantly, voters will rank candidates of the same party as well as candidates of different parties. It maximizes choice for voters. Competition is not just between candidates of different parties but also between candidates of the same party. This voting system is also a measure of independence from party control and that will make a very significant contribution to greater accountability in government. It will yield a legislature that mirrors the political, social, ethnic, and geographic diversity of a population. Electing candidates in multi-member ridings ensures a broader range of political interests and issues will be represented than is possible under any other system. Preferential voting induces a politics of cooperation, consensus, and civility.

Direct democracy is a community right. It is a right found in Section 4 on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Direct democracy is important to sustain life on the planet but its position on the Scale gives it its overall importance.

Direct democracy is the right of global citizens to hold referendums on any issue -- and to veto legislation.

Direct Democracy implies that:
*     Global Citizens are willing and able to participate fully in the decision making process on issues that most affect them.
*     Global Citizens should have full access to information on global affairs, and the conduct of global business should be open and transparent, with a well-developed global-wide communication system.
*     Global Parliament should always recognize that it is accountable to Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy will encourage global citizen input into global policy, and enable Global Citizens to participate more actively in global affairs.
*     Direct democracy will raise the level of public awareness and encourage debate of key global issues.
*     Global Parliament can exercise the leadership necessary to become a model of effective “direct democracy” for all global communities.
*     A direct democracy global law gives Global Citizens and Global Parliament an effective and orderly way of addressing contentious issues.
*     A direct democracy global law strengthens the hand of Global Parliament by providing additional credibility in dealing with senior governments and non-elected bodies.
*     A direct democracy bylaw shows that Global Parliament has faith in its Global Citizens. Thus, Global Parliament in turn earns increased respect from Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy does not mean government by referendum. Almost all Global Parliament decisions would continue to be made as they are now with the usual consultative processes. Few issues would be important and contentious enough to prompt referenda.


Direct democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein all citizens can directly participate in the political decision-making process. Some proposed systems would give people both legislative and executive powers, but most extant systems allow input into the legislative process only. Direct democracy in its traditional form is rule by the people through referenda. The people are given the right to pass laws, veto laws and withdraw support from a representative (if the system has representatives) at any time.

Direct democracy in its modern sense is characterized by three pillars:

*     Initiative
*     Referendum including binding referenda
*     Recall

The second pillar can include the ability to hold a binding referendum on whether a given law should be scrapped. This effectively grants the populace a veto on government legislation. The third pillar gives the people the right to recall elected officials by petition and referendum.

Article 2:    The principle of democratic equality
In all its activities, Earth Government shall observe the principle of the equality of Global Community citizens. All shall receive equal attention from Earth Government's Institutions.
Article 3:    The principle of representative democracy
1.     The working of Earth Government shall be founded on the principle of representative democracy.
2.     Global Community citizens are directly represented at Earth Government level in Global Parliament. Member Nations are represented in Global Parliament and in the Earth Executive Council by their governments, themselves accountable to national parliaments, elected by their Global Community citizens.
3.     Every citizen shall have the right to participate in the democratic life of Earth Government. Decisions shall be taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen.
4.     Political parties contribute to forming global political awareness and to expressing the will of Earth Government Global Community citizens.
Article 4:    The principle of participatory democracy
1.     Earth Government Institutions shall, by appropriate means, give Global Community citizens and representative associations the opportunity to make known and publicly exchange their views in all areas of Earth Government action.
2.     Earth Government Institutions shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with representative associations and civil society.
3.     The Global Judiciary shall carry out broad consultations with parties concerned in order to ensure that Earth Government's actions are coherent and transparent.
4.     No less than one million Global Community citizens coming from a significant number of Member Nations may invite the Global Judiciary to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where Global Community citizens consider that a legal act of Earth Government is required for the purpose of implementing the Constitution. A global law shall determine the provisions for the specific procedures and conditions required for such a Global Community citizen's initiative.
Article 5:    The social partners and autonomous social dialogue
Earth Government recognises and promotes the role of the social partners at Earth Government level, taking into account the diversity of national systems; it shall facilitate dialogue between the social partners, respecting their autonomy.
Article 6:    The Global Community Ombudsperson
A Global Community Ombudsperson appointed by the Global Parliament shall receive, investigate and report on complaints about maladministration within the Earth Government Institutions, bodies or agencies. The Global Community Ombudspersons shall be completely independent in the performance of his or her duties.
Article 7:    Transparency of the proceedings of Earth Government Institutions, Bodies and Agencies
1.     In order to promote good governance and ensure the participation of civil society, Earth Government Institutions, bodies and agencies shall conduct their work as openly as possible.    
2.     The Global Parliament shall meet in public, as shall the Cabinet Ministers when examining and adopting a legislative proposal.
3.     Any global citizen of Earth Government, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member Nation shall have a right of access to documents of Earth Government Institutions, bodies and agencies in whatever form they are produced.
4.     A global law shall lay down the general principles and limits which, on grounds of public or private interest, govern the right of access to such documents.
5.     Each Institution, body or agency referred to in paragraph 3 shall determine in its own rules of procedure specific provisions regarding access to its documents, in accordance with the global law referred to in paragraph 4.
Article 8:    Protection of personal data
1.     Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
2.     A global law shall lay down the rules relating to the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by Earth Government Institutions, bodies and agencies, and by Member Nations when carrying out activities which come under the scope of Earth Government law, and the rules relating to the free movement of such data. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to the control of an independent authority.
Article 9:    Status of churches and non-confessional organisations
1.     Earth Government respects and does not prejudice the status under national law of churches and religious associations or communities in the Member Nations.
2.     Earth Government equally respects the status of philosophical and non-confessional organisations.
3.     Recognising their identity and their specific contribution, Earth Government shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with these churches and organisations.

Article 10:    Direct democracy is a community right
Direct democracy is a community right. It is a right found in Section 4 on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Direct democracy is important to sustain life on the planet but its position on the Scale gives it its overall importance.

Direct democracy is the right of global citizens to hold referendums on any issue -- and to veto legislation.

Direct Democracy implies that:
*     Global Citizens are willing and able to participate fully in the decision making process on issues that most affect them.
*     Global Citizens should have full access to information on global affairs, and the conduct of global business should be open and transparent, with a well-developed global-wide communication system.
*     Global Parliament should always recognize that it is accountable to Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy will encourage global citizen input into global policy, and enable Global Citizens to participate more actively in global affairs.
*     Direct democracy will raise the level of public awareness and encourage debate of key global issues.
*     Global Parliament can exercise the leadership necessary to become a model of effective “direct democracy” for all global communities.
*     A direct democracy global law gives Global Citizens and Global Parliament an effective and orderly way of addressing contentious issues.
*     A direct democracy global law strengthens the hand of Global Parliament by providing additional credibility in dealing with senior governments and non-elected bodies.
*     A direct democracy bylaw shows that Global Parliament has faith in its Global Citizens. Thus, Global Parliament in turn earns increased respect from Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy does not mean government by referendum. Almost all Global Parliament decisions would continue to be made as they are now with the usual consultative processes. Few issues would be important and contentious enough to prompt referenda.




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Scale of Human and Earth Rights



The scale of social values

Chapter X     Scale of Human and Earth Rights

Chapter 10.1     General provisions governing the interpretation and application of the Global Constitution
Article 1:    Decision-making process subjected to Earth Government "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" and to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
Decision made by all Earth Government Bodies and Institutions, including Global Parliament, the Earth Executive Council, the Earth Court of Justice, and all other organs of Earth Government, are subjected to the Earth Government "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" described in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 10 inclusive and by the Scale of Human and Earth Rights.
Article 2:    Field of application of Earth Government law
1.     The provisions of this Constitution are addressed to the Institutions, bodies and agencies of Earth Government with due regard for the principle of subsidiarity and to Member Nations only when they are implementing Earth Government law. They shall therefore respect the rights, observe the principles and promote the application thereof in accordance with their respective powers and respecting the limits of the powers of Earth Government as conferred on it in the other Parts of the Constitution.
2.     This Constitution does not extend the field of application of Earth Government law beyond the powers of Earth Government or establish any new power or task for Earth Government, or modify powers and tasks defined in the other Parts of the Global Constitution.
Article 3:    Scope and interpretation of rights and principles
1.     Any limitation on the exercise of the rights and freedoms recognised by this Constitution must be provided for by law and respect the essence of those rights and freedoms. Subject to the principle of proportionality, limitations may be made only if they are necessary and genuinely meet objectives of general interest recognised by Earth Government or the need to protect the rights and freedoms of others.
2.     Rights recognised by this Constitution for which provision is made in other Parts of the Global Constitution shall be exercised under the conditions and within the limits defined by these relevant Parts
3.     Insofar as this Constitution contains rights which correspond to rights guaranteed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the meaning and scope of those rights shall be the same as those laid down by the said Convention. This provision shall not prevent Earth Government law providing more extensive protection.
4.     Insofar as this Constitution recognises fundamental rights as they result from the constitutional traditions common to Member Nations, those rights shall be interpreted in harmony with those traditions.
5.     The provisions of this Constitution which contain principles may be implemented by legislative and executive acts taken by Institutions and bodies of the Earth Government, and by acts of Member Nations when they are implementing Earth Government law, in the exercise of their respective powers. They shall be judicially cognisable only in the interpretation of such acts and in the ruling on their legality.
6.     Full account shall be taken of national laws and practices as specified in this Constitution.
7.     All rights recognized by this Constitution, including those rights which correspond to rights guaranteed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and any other national government rights, shall be subjected to "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" and to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights.
Article 4:    Level of protection
Nothing in this Constitution shall be interpreted as restricting or adversely affecting human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognised, in their respective fields of application, by Earth Government law and international law and by international agreements to which Earth Government or all Member Nations are party, including the global Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and by Member Nations' constitutions. The Scale of Human and Earth Rights shall be the scale of social values from which all rights are given proper importance.
Article 5:    Prohibition of abuse of rights
Nothing in this Constitution shall be interpreted as implying any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms recognised in this Constitution or at their limitation to a greater extent than is provided for herein.
Article 6:    Fundamental rights
The inhabitants and citizens of Earth who are within the federation of all nations shall have certain inalienable rights defined hereunder. It shall be mandatory for the Global Parliament, the Earth Executive Council , and all organs and agencies of Earth Government to honor, implement and enforce these rights, as well as for the national governments of all member nations in the federation of all nations to do likewise. Individuals or groups suffering violation or neglect of such rights shall have full recourse through the Global Community Ombudspersons, the Agency of the Global Police and the Global Courts for redress of grievances. The inalienable rights shall include the following:
1.   Equal rights for all global citizens of the Global Community, with no discrimination on grounds of race, color, caste, nationality, sex, religion, political affiliation, property, or social status.
2.   Equal protection and application of global legislation and global laws for all global citizens of the Global Community.  
Article 7:    To change the ways of doing things, and our ways of doing business in the world, of Global Community citizens
Earth Government shall seek to change the ways of doing things and of doing business of all Global Community citizens as per:
a)     the "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" of Earth Government, which constitute the Preamble and Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive;
b)     global symbiotical relationships amongst people, institutions, cities, provinces and nations of the world, and between Earth Government and all nations, and in the business sector, which constitute Chapter 7, and Chapters 20.24 and 23.3.2;
c)     global societal sustainability, which constitutes Chapter 4.4 of this Constitution;
d)     good Earth governance and management, which constitute Chapter 6.3.2 of this Constitution;
e)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, which constitutes Chapter 10 of this Constitution;
f)     the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person and of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 6.3 of this Constitution;
g)     the Criteria to obtain the Global Community Citizenship, which constitutes Chapters 6.1 and 6.2 of this Constitution;
h)     consistency between the different policies and activities of Earth Government, which constitutes Chapter 15 of this Constitution; and
i)     a global market without borders in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capitals is ensured in accordance with this Constitution, which constitutes Chapter 16 of this Constitution;
j)     the new ways of doing business in the world, which constitutes Chapters 16 and 17;
k)     the Celebration of Life Day on May 26 of each year, which constitutes Chapter 20.7 of this Constitution;
l)     the finding of an Earth flag, which constitutes Chapter 20.8 of this Constitution;
m)     the ECO Award, which constitutes Chapter 20.9 of this Constitution;
n)     the Portal of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 20.10 of this Constitution; and
o)     the concept of a Global Dialogue, which constitutes Chapter 20.11 of this Constitution.
Chapter 10.2     Change our ways of doing things, and our ways of doing business, as per the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
Article 1:    The new way of doing things and business on the planet
All Earth Government Bodies and Institutions shall accept Earth Government "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" and the Scale of Human and Earth Rights as the guiding light for decision-making and as the new way of doing things on the planet. Article 100 gives more information about where in this Constitution was shown details concerning the new ways of doing business.
Article 2:    The Scale is the primary guide for the decision-making process.
More importance is given to the sections higher on the Scale, and the Scale is the primary guide for the decision-making process.
The Global Community believes that the introduction of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been a great step in humanity's evolution to better itself. But now is time to leave it behind and reach to our next step, that is, the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights resides in the fact that it gives equal emphasis to cultural rights, economic and social rights, and civil and political rights.  The Global Community asks how meaningful is the right to life or to participation in political life if the ecological base (the base of life) and the global life-support systems are seriously threatened:

*    wilderness is vastly disappearing; species of the fauna and flora becoming extinct
*    fisheries are out of control and will cease to be a part of our diet within a few decades;
*    the global Oxygen supply in the air we breathe is dangerously affected by both the burning of petroleum products and deforestation; our ways of life affect the capacity for photosynthesis;
*    losses of forest cover and of biological diversity;
*    climate change affects everyone and everything;
*    the ozone layer is dangerously damaged by man-made chemicals;
*    global warming causes major local and global problems and forces the climate to change;
*    our drinking (fresh) water is becoming more polluted and the increase in population requires much more fresh unpolluted water; our ways of life affect dangerously the water cycle;
*    clean air no longer exists; air contains chemicals affecting life all over the planet;
*    farmers do not generally engage on their own in investment in soil conservation and despite all other efforts the world is losing its best soils; global food production systems should be made to feed people as oppose to be competing for money;
*    everyone wants to consume more products and thus use more of Earth essential resources which are becoming much harder to obtain and create more pollution and wastes, and no one seems to know what to do with wastes; wastes of all kind including nuclear and release of radiation;
*    wars destroy not only human lives and community infrastructures but also other lifeforms and the environment; wars feed the economies of war makers, weapons manufacturers, and predator nations in control of the last 100 hundred years left of oil supplies in the world; and
*    chemicals produced for human use and not found in nature and, eventually, reaching the environment with impacts on Earth's waters, soils, air, and ecology.
Earth Government found evident that the ecological base is the essential prerequisite for the effectiveness and exercise of all rights recognized for human beings. The stewardship of the ecological base has to be given priority before the fulfilment of various economic and social wishes. Demands resulting from the socio-economic system of a particular country have to find their limits in the protection of the global ecosystem. Vital interests of future generations have to be considered as having priority before less vital interests of the present generation. Supply chains have to be designed in a way, that the goods can enter after usage or consumption into natural or industrial recycling processes. If serious damages to persons, animals, plants and the ecosystem cannot be excluded, an action or pattern of behaviour should be refrained from. A measure for supplying goods or services should choose a path which entails the least possible impact on the ecological and social system concerned. This way functioning proven systems will not be disturbed, and  unnecessary risks will not be taken. Supply strategies consuming less resources should have preference before those enhancing more resource consumption. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern,  a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss.
Article 3:    Scale of Human and Earth Rights
The Scale of Human and Earth Rights contains six (6) sections. Section 1 has more importance than all other sections below, and so on.

Concerning sections 1, 2, and 3, it shall be Earth Government highest priority to guarantee these rights to Member Nations and to have proper lesgislation and implement and enforce global law as it applies.

Section  1.    Ecological rights and the protection of the global life-support systems

Section  2.    Primordial human rights

It is made clear how little importance was given to Sections 1,2,3, and 4 of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. And it is made clear how urgent it is to replace both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Charters from all nations by the Scale of Human and Earth Rights.


  • safety and security
  • have shelter
  • 'clean' energy
  • a 'clean' and healthy environment
  • drink fresh water
  • breath clean air
  • eat a balance diet and
  • basic clothing.

Section  3.    The ecological rights, the protection of the global life-support systems and the primordial human rights of future generations

Concerning Sections 4, 5 and 6, it shall be the aim of Earth Government to secure these other rights for all global citizens within the federation of all nations, but without immediate guarantee of universal achievement and enforcement. These rights are defined as Directive Principles, obligating the Earth Government to pursue every reasonable means for universal realization and implementation.

Section  4.    Community rights, rights of direct democracy, the right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) and after voting representatives democratically

Section  5.    Economic rights (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities) and social rights (civil and political rights)

Section  6.    Cultural rights and religious rights

The following table is a comparison of the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Scale. It is made clear how little importance was given to Sections 1,2,3, and 4 of the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. And it is made clear how urgent it is to replace both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Charters from all nations by the Scale of Human and Earth Rights.

Importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights
The total degree of importance due to the Universal Declaration.
Scale Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Total degree of importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Section 1 parts of Article 3; 1% importance
1% importance
Section 2 parts of Articles 3,4,5,9,13,14,25; 35% importance
35%
Section 3 no Articles; 0%
0%
Section 4 parts of Articles 16,18,21,29; 5%
5%
Section 5 parts of Articles 15,17,20,21,22,23,24,28; 100%
100%
Section 6 parts of articles 26,27; 70%
70%


Here is how the degree of importance was obtained. For instance in Section 1 it was found that parts of Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was included as promoting very softly the protection of human life but was not promoting at all the protection of the global life-support systems. Section 1 on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights promotes both the protection of human life and the global life-support systems. No key rights were found in the Universal Declaration that would promote in any way the protection of human life and that of the global life-support systems. And it is a failure of the Universal Declaration to be in line with the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. As a result of this failure, a 1% combine importance was recorded in the table. What this means? It means that the Universal Declaration does not give any importance to human life and the protection of the global life-support systems. These results are consistent and in agreement with the fact that democracy hardly survive an overpopulation such as is seen in the world. What happens to the idea of the dignity of the human species if this population growth continues at its present rate? It will be completely destroyed. Democracy cannot survive overpopulation. Human dignity cannot survive overpopulation. Convenience and decency cannot survive overpopulation. As you put more and more people onto the world, the value of life not only declines, it disappears. It doesn't matter if someone dies, the more people there are, the less one person matters. It would be preferable to split a large population into smaller populations.


Chapter 10.3     Section  1.    Ecological rights and the protection of the global life-support systems
Article 1:    It is a crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol.
It is a crime against humanity and all life on Earth not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol. It is a terrible crime against the global life-support systems, against the very existence of the next generations. On the Scale of Human and Earth Rights the crime is of maximum importance.
Article 2:    Related aspects of the global life-support systems
There are many related aspects of the global life-support systems that is affected by an overpopulated planet:
*      global warming
*      Ozone layer;
*      wastes of all kind including nuclear and release of radiation;
*      climate change;
*      species of the fauna and flora becoming extinct;
*      losses of forest cover and of biological diversity;
*      the capacity for photosynthesis;
*      the water cycle;
*      food production systems;
*      genetic resources; and
*      chemicals produced for human use and not found in nature and, eventually, reaching the environment with impacts on Earth's waters, soils, air, and ecology.


Article 3:    Fresh water and clean air are primordial human rights
The existing and future uses of water are constantly challenged; balancing supply and demand is made even harder by the amounts of pollution found in the air, land and waters. A large part of our body is made of water, and we cannot live without water; therefore water is a primordial human right by our very nature. In order to avoid conflicts and wars over drinking freshwater, freshwater has been categorized as a primordial human right. Industrial pollution plays a major role in the deterioration of nature but this time the level of pollution is above the carrying capacity of the ecosystem. Pollution also affects significantly human health and all lifeforms on Earth. Every person needs Oxygen to live so clean air is certainly also a primordial human right by our very nature.
Article 4:    The global economy does not crush and destroy local economies
Conservation of the earth's resources and creation of sustainable and satisfying livelihoods is most caringly, creatively and efficiently and equitably achieved at the local level in a global community. Localization of economics is social and ecological imperative. Only goods and services that cannot be produced locally, using local resources, local knowledge should be produced non-locally and traded long distance. Earth democracy of the Global Community is based on vibrant, resilient local economies, which support national and global economies. The global economy does not crush and destroy local economies.

Article 5:    Ecological Integrity
A)     Protect and restore the integrity of Earth's ecological systems, with special concern for biological diversity and the natural processes that sustain life
a.     Adopt at all levels sustainable development plans and regulations that make environmental conservation and rehabilitation integral to all development initiatives.
b.     Establish and safeguard viable nature and biosphere reserves, including wild lands and marine areas, to protect Earth's life support systems, maintain biodiversity, and preserve our natural heritage.
c.     Promote the recovery of endangered species and ecosystems.
d.     Control and eradicate non-native or genetically modified organisms harmful to native species and the environment, and prevent introduction of such harmful organisms.
e.     Manage the use of renewable resources such as water, soil, forest products, and marine life in ways that do not exceed rates of regeneration and that protect the health of ecosystems.
f.     Manage the extraction and use of non-renewable resources such as minerals and fossil fuels in ways that minimize depletion and cause no serious environmental damage.
B)     Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and, when knowledge is limited, apply a precautionary approach
a.     Take action to avoid the possibility of serious or irreversible environmental harm even when scientific knowledge is incomplete or inconclusive.
b.     Place the burden of proof on those who argue that a proposed activity will not cause significant harm, and make the responsible parties liable for environmental harm.
c.     Ensure that decision making addresses the cumulative, long-term, indirect, long distance, and global consequences of human activities.
d.     Prevent pollution of any part of the environment and allow no build-up of radioactive, toxic, or other hazardous substances.
e.     Avoid military activities damaging to the environment.
C)     Adopt patterns of production, consumption, and reproduction that safeguard Earth's regenerative capacities, human rights, and community well-being
a.     Reduce, reuse, and recycle the materials used in production and consumption systems, and ensure that residual waste can be assimilated by ecological systems.
b.     Act with restraint and efficiency when using energy, and rely increasingly on renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.
c.     Promote the development, adoption, and equitable transfer of environmentally sound technologies.
d.     Internalize the full environmental and social costs of goods and services in the selling price, and enable consumers to identify products that meet the highest social and environmental standards.
e.     Ensure universal access to health care that fosters reproductive health and responsible reproduction.
f.     Adopt lifestyles that emphasize the quality of life and material sufficiency in a finite world.
D)     Advance the study of ecological sustainability and promote the open exchange and wide application of the knowledge acquired
a.     Support international scientific and technical cooperation on sustainability, with special attention to the needs of developing nations.
b.     Recognize and preserve the traditional knowledge and spiritual wisdom in all cultures that contribute to environmental protection and human well-being.
c.     Ensure that information of vital importance to human health and environmental protection, including genetic information, remains available in the public domain.
Article 6:    Technologies which must be eliminated and prohibited because of hazards and dangers to life
Implementation of intensive programs to discover, develop and institute safe alternatives and practical substitutions for technologies which must be eliminated and prohibited because of hazards and dangers to life.
Article 7:    Everyone has the right to life
*     Rapid elimination of and prohibitions against technological hazards and man-made environmental disturbances which are found to create dangers to life on Earth.
*     Protection for everyone against the hazards and perils of technological innovations and developments.
*     Protection of the natural environment which is the common heritage of humanity against pollution, ecological disruption or damage which could imperil life or lower the quality of life.
Article 8:    Conservation of natural resources
Conservation of those natural resources of Earth which are limited so that present and future generations may continue to enjoy life on the planet Earth.
Article 9:    The rights that the Global Community has in protecting the global life-support systems
Earth rights are ecological rights and the rights that the Global Community has in protecting the global life-support systems. Earth rights are those rights that demonstrate the connection between human well-being and a sound environment. They include individuals and global communities human rights and the rights to a clean environment, and participation in development decisions. We define ecological rights as those rights of the ecosystem of the Earth beyond human purpose. They are those rights that protect and preserve the ecological heritage of the Earth for future generations. The biggest challenge for social democracy today is to articulate coherent policies based on a unifying vision for society.

The major problems to address include:

A.     the enormous worldwide wealth gap and the underlying concentration of land and natural resource ownership and control;
B.     the privatized monetary structures; and
C.     building global governance institutions and financing governance and development in such a way as to divert funds from military industrial profits and into social development and environmental restoration.

We need a basic clarification of First Principles on the concept of "ownership", starting with the principle that the land and natural resources of the planet are a common heritage and belong equally as a birthright to everyone. Products and services created by individuals are properly viewed as private property. Products and services created by groups of individuals are properly viewed as collective property.

We can hatch many birds out of one egg when we shift public finance OFF OF private property and ONTO common heritage property. From the local to the global level we need to shift taxes off of labor and productive capital and onto land and natural resource rents. In other words, we need to privatize labor (wages) and socialize rent (the value of surface land and natural resources). This public finance shift will promote the cooperatization of the ownership of capital in a gradual way with minimal government control of the production and exchange of individual and collective wealth. Natural monopolies (infrastructure, energy, public transportation) should be owned and/or controlled or regulated by government at the most local level that is practical.

The levels of this public finance shift can be delineated thusly: municipalities and localities to collect the surface land rents within their jurisdiction. Regional governing bodies to collect resource rents for forest lands, mineral, oil and water resources; the global level needs a Global Resource Agency to collect user fees for transnational commons such as satellite geostationary orbits, royalties on minerals mined or fish caught in international waters and the use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

An added benefit of this form of public finance is that it provides a peaceful way to address conflicts over land and natural resources. Resource rents should be collected and equitably distributed and utilized for the benefit of all, either in financing social services and/or in direct citizen dividends in equal amount to all individuals.

A portion of revenues could pass from the lower to the higher governance levels or vice versa as needed to ensure a just development pattern worldwide and needed environmental restoration.

In the area of monetary policy we need seignorage reform, which means that money should be issued as spending by governments, not as debt by private banking institutions. We also need guaranteed economic freedoms to create local and regional currencies on a democratic and transparent basis.

Policies for securing earth rights are:

1.     It is better to tax "bads" rather than "goods". Governments have long used selective taxation to discourage use of alcohol and cigarettes, while unprocessed food and children¹s clothing remain tax-free. It is best to continue this tradition with selective "eco-sin taxes" to discourage a wide range of grey products and lifestyles. At the same time, taxes would be eliminated on green products and lifestyles. People should be able to avoid taxation by choosing green products and lifestyles.

2.    Taxes should be designed to conserve resources and energy. Rather than taxing jobs and profits, taxes should be moved to resource use and energy consumption to reward conservation. The community should benefit from the use of commonly held resources. Using resources is a privilege, not a right, and the user should pay for the privilege. Resources must also be shared with future generations and other species.

3.     Taxes should be designed to increase employment. Moving taxes onto resources and land use and off of incomes will make people less expensive to employ. Products produced by green production methods, which tends to use fewer resources and less energy will avoid taxation. As energy costs rise, the price of labour becomes more economical, and green products which tend to encourage value-added processes, will provide more high quality, skilled jobs than resource intensive products.

4.     Distributive taxes are preferable to re-distributive taxes. If wealth is distributed more fairly in the first place less re-distribution will be necessary. Eliminating consumption taxes will eliminate the only tax the poor must pay. By moving taxes on to resource use and land, the poor, who generally own less land and use fewer resources, will avoid taxation, thus requiring less redistribution. Taxing land but not the use of land, will reduce taxation on higher density housing, lowering housing costs for low-income citizens, thus reducing another need for re-distribution.

5.     Resource taxes should be assessed as early as possible. Resources should be taxed before entering the manufacturing process in order to green all aspects of the manufacturing process from extraction to the finished product. Increasing taxes on resource and energy use will encourage resource and energy efficiency, innovation, reuse, repair, recycling, and used material recovery.

6.     Taxing unearned income is preferable to taxing earned income. The tax shift to resource use and community-generated land values will distribute income more fairly without dependence on income and business taxation to redistribute income. Taxing unearned income (resources, land) and not earned income (jobs, profits) will reduce the rich-poor gap since the rich are always in a better position to capture unearned or windfall income by their ability to hold assets that they do not have to consume.

7.     Green tax shifting is revenue-neutral, not a tax break or tax grab. The taxes paid by businesses and individuals collectively will not change, but greener businesses and consumers will reduce their taxes. Grey businesses and consumers will pay higher taxes. Studies have shown that 50% of businesses and consumers will be unaffected or only slightly affected by tax shifting, roughly one quarter will realize tax reductions one quarter will be taxed more.

8.     Resource use and community-generated land value taxation are fairer. Resource use and land taxes are much simpler to collect and harder to evade than taxes on income and business profits. Since there are far fewer points of taxation than with traditional tax sources, a move to resource use and land taxation will reduce the size of the underground economy. The difficulty of evading these taxes will reduce the problem of overseas tax havens.

9.     Green taxation increases international competitiveness. Eliminating taxes on domestic labour will reduce labour costs in Ontario and therefore reduce out-sourcing by businesses seeking cheap labour in other countries or provinces.

10.     Pay for what you take, not for what you make. Businesses should not be taxed for hiring people or for earning a profit, but should be charged for using resources and polluting the planet. People should not be taxed for earning an income or purchasing products but should be charged for the value of land they own and the resources used in the products they buy. Resource use and polluting are privileges not rights, and businesses and consumers should pay for these privileges.

11.     Taxing community-generated land values is beneficial. Since the community around it, not its owner, creates the value of land, the community should receive the benefits it has created. The owner is entitled to a fair profit but not to a windfall profit that rightfully belongs to the community that generated the wealth in the first place. Under LVT the specific use of the land will not be taxed, only the land itself, within the existing zoning. Community-generated land value taxation encourages the efficient use of land, reduces sprawl, reduces speculation, tends to reduce land prices and improves land use patterns.

12.     Taxes should encourage local, sustainable, value-added production over imports. Culturally unique products and services will be valued by green tax reform over mass production. The sale price should include the true costs of products, services and distances traveled, and should be designed to encourage local, sustainable production.

13.     Taxes should break up monopolies. The most important monopolies are resource monopolies and land monopolies. When a person or a business has control or exclusive rights over large amounts of a resource or large amounts of land, this person or business reaps windfall profits, which is unjust. These resources and this land belong to the community and if individuals are granted access to it they should pay a fair price for this privilege or right. Land Value Taxation aims to ensure that the wealth created by usage of land and resources that rightfully belong to the community accrue back to that community.

14.     Taxes should be applied only once. Rather than taxing the same wealth repeatedly through personal income, business income, sales, re-sale, interest, capital gains, property transfer, inheritance, taxation should only impact the use of a resource and the ownership of land on a sustained basis (ie property tax on site value).

15.     MINIMIZING INCOME TAXES

a)     Moving taxes off of incomes and onto resource use and community-generated land value is critical in order to achieve and maintain a green economy and society.

b)     Traditionally governments tax the component of production in least supply. In the first half of the 20th century labour was scarce and resources and land were plentiful and indeed considered infinite, so it made sense for government to tax incomes and not resource use or land. Now, however, resources and land are scarce and labour is plentiful, so governments should modernize the tax structure by switching the source of taxation away from incomes and onto resources use and land.

c)     Income taxes are a regressive tax since they tax a "good" not a "bad". Since jobs are desirable we should not tax employment. Income taxes are a disincentive to employment since they make people expensive to employ. Employers often avoid taxation by employing fewer people and opting instead for energy-intensive, chemical-intensive and resource-intensive production. Conversely, taxing resource and land lightly sends the message that these community-held resources are unimportant and may be squandered by anyone without consequences.

d)     It is claimed that income taxes help reduce economic inequity among people. This is untrue since employers simply pass on the extra payroll deduction to consumers. The amount of income tax paid is irrelevant to labour negotiations, since bargaining is based on net pay, not gross pay. In determining an employee's worth, the employer simply calculates the gross amount based on take-home pay. Salaries of high worth employees and CEOs are simply raised to the level necessary to ensure net pay reaches the desired level.

e)     In contrast the rich-poor gap will be narrowed more effectively by moving taxes off of incomes and onto resource and land use, since wealthier people who choose to spend their money on grey products and lifestyles will be taxed more while people with lower incomes will be able to avoid taxation by living green. In addition, replacing income taxes with green taxes would help conserve resources, save energy, foster value-added and labour intensive production (ie. more jobs), and reduce pollution.

16.     MINIMIZING BUSINESS TAXES

a)     Neither the right wing call for corporate tax cuts nor the left-wing mantra of increased corporate taxes will engender a transition to a just or green society. Reducing or increasing taxes on corporate profits is green-neutral (taxes which neither encourage nor discourage greening the planet). If the goal is for businesses to succeed and employ people, it makes no sense to apply business taxes or payroll deductions.

b)     Moving taxes off of profits and employment and onto the resources, land and pollution will speed progress toward a green industrial economy. Recourse use and pollution are privileges not rights, and businesses should pay for these privileges. While business people would prefer not to pollute the planet or squander resources, the present tax structure gives them little choice. Businesses usually follow the path of least tax resistance and will readily go green if tax incentives pointed the way.

c)     Green production means more jobs, resource conservation, and less pollution. Ecological fiscal reform and green tax shifting are revenue neutral; the collective tax burden paid by business is unchanged, but it will reward businesses that go green and discourage businesses that remain grey.

17.     PHASE OUT CONSUMPTION TAXES

a)     Sales taxes are unhelpful in moving to a green society since socially useful and ecologically sound products are taxed equally to socially or ecologically detrimental products. To reduce consumption of resources, taxes should be applied early in the manufacturing process in order to green all aspects of the manufacturing process. Taxing early will dramatically reduce the ticket price of green products and raise the price of grey products, positively influencing consumer behaviour. Taxing early will encourage resource and energy efficiency, innovation, reuse, repair, recycling, and used material recovery.

b)     Sales taxes are regressive since they discourage people from making both green and grey purchases, thus damaging the economy and killing jobs. As well sales taxes are often unfairly evaded by the underground economy, while resource use, pollution and land rent levies, by contrast, are simpler to apply and more difficult to evade.

18.     RESOURCE USE TAXATION

a)     Income taxes, consumptions taxes, and taxes on profits are all green-neutral, ie. green jobs, green purchases and green profits are taxed at the same rate as grey jobs, grey purchases and grey profits. By contrast, resources taxes levied early in the production process foster conservation, efficiencies, innovation, value-added production, and labour-intensive production. Local sustainable production, short run niche production, and skilled trades and crafts receive a bias since the full costs of transportation and mass production are internalized.

b)     Taxing resources minimizes waste and pollution thus reducing the load on government for health care costs, waste disposal costs, transportation infrastructure, and pollution cleanup costs. The market will drive resource and energy conservation without government micro-management.

c)     Resource taxation would focus on a small number of key local resources and a small number of imported resources

Article 10:    To build a sustainable global community
In order to build a sustainable global community, each individual, each local community, and national governments of the world must initiate their commitment to the Global Community, fulfill their obligations under existing international agreements, and support the implementation of Constitution principles with an international legally binding instrument on environment and development.
Article 11:    Every individual, family, organization, and community has a vital role to play
Life often involves tensions between important values. This can mean difficult choices. However, we must find ways to harmonize diversity with unity, the exercise of freedom with the common good, short-term objectives with long-term goals. Every individual, family, organization, and community has a vital role to play. The arts, sciences, religions, educational institutions, media, businesses, nongovernmental organizations, and governments are all called to offer creative leadership. The partnership of government, civil society, and business is essential for effective governance. In order to build a sustainable global community, each individual, each local community, and national governments of the world must initiate their commitment to the Global Community, fulfill their obligations under existing international agreements, and support the implementation of Global Constitution principles with an international legally binding instrument on environment and development.

Chapter 10.4     Section  2.    Primordial human rights
Chapter 10.4.1     Primordial human rights
Article 1:    Primordial human rights
Human rights represent an ideal and a supreme goal which can give meaning to life in society. Throughout the history of humanity, the rights of human beings have been defined and enshrined with reference to the values of the dignity of each individual and of freedom, equality and justice. These values are universal. The Global Community has accepted and enshrined them into its own ways of behaving and dealing with all peoples. Cultures and societies differ so much that their expression takes varying forms, but diversity does not affect the foundation of inalienable values constituted by human and Earth rights. Each individual is recognized as a representative of humankind. Human dignity resides in each of us, and this dignity must be recognized and respected by all.

How meaningful is the right to life or to participation in political life if poverty, gender inequality, destitution and epidemics prevent individuals from enjoying freedom of movement, freedom to vote, to marry and so on? The economic and social rights are the essential prerequisite for the effectiveness and exercise of all other rights (other than ecological rights) recognized for human beings. The developing countries are having a harder time than others to achieve the exercise of these rights on a lasting basis, with the problems of economic globalization presenting new challenges. We must therefore beware of enforcing economic rights alone to the detriment of individual civil rights and the rights of all individuals to decide their own fate and the future of their country, their political rights. The universality of human rights recognizes the right of all individuals to participate in the cultural life of their community and of other country, to receive education and training, and to be informed.

Primordial human rights are necessarily human needs but not all human needs are primordial human rights. To determine rights requires an understanding of needs and reponsibilities and their importance.

On the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, Primordial Human Rights are those that individuals have by virtue of their very existence as human beings. They are very specific primordial human needs. First there are the material needs, the requisites for a dignified life and truly the primordial human rights:
  • safety and security
  • eat a balance diet
  • 'clean' energy
  • a 'clean' and healthy environment
  • drink fresh water
  • breath clean air
  • basic clothing and
  • have shelter.

Then there are the nonmaterial needs which can evolve, and are flexible and adaptive:
  • social justice
  • basic health care
  • communications facilities in the community
  • well-rounded education
  • cultural protection
  • spiritual and religious acceptance and
  • human and Earth rights

Primordial human rights are:
a)     an assurance for everyone of adequate housing, of adequate and nutritious food supplies, of safe and adequate water supplies, of pure air with protection of oxygen supplies and the ozone layer, and in general for the continuance of an environment which can sustain healthy living for all.
b)     Safety of property from arbitrary seizure; protection against exercise of the power of eminent domain without reasonable compensation.
c)     Prohibition against private armies and paramilitary organizations as being threats to the common peace and safety.
d)     Prohibition against slavery, peonage, involuntary servitude, and conscription of labor.
e)     Prohibition against military conscription.
f)     Safety of person from arbitrary or unreasonable arrest, detention, exile, search or seizure; requirement of warrants for searches and arrests.
g)     Prohibition against physical or psychological duress or torture during any period of investigation, arrest, detention or imprisonment, and against cruel or unusual punishment.

Article 2:    Primordial human rights and ecological rights are the most important rights on the Scale
Primordial human rights are separate categories from those of ecological rights, community rights, the right of the greatest number of people, economic rights, social rights, cultural rights and religious rights. Ecological and primordial human rights are the only rights that have existed unchanged throughout the evolutionary origin of our species. Any major change would have threatened our very existence. All other human rights listed here are rights created by human beings and can be changed depending of new circumstances; they are not stagnant but are rather flexible and adaptive, and they can evolve. Ecological and primordial human rights of this generation and of future generations are therefore much more important than any other human rights existing now and in the future.
Article 3:    A global strategy to reinforce primordial human rights
Earth Government has developed a global strategy to reinforce primordial human rights. Recommendations to that effect are:
*     provision of minimal standards of health, education, and housing worldwide
*     reduce inequality in access to work opportunities
*     care for the quality of life of the people
*     all nations must ratify an agreement to form Global Parliament and the Earth Court of Justice
*     increase global cooperation between nations to deal with terrorism in a more selective, targeted way
*     help the Earth Community promote and implement its global civic ethic program worldwide
*     allow our volunteers perform their global ethical management tasks during conflict resolution
*     emphasise social responsibility of corporations in the whole cycle of their products or services
*     expand coordination and global cooperation among nations, agencies, and NGOs, regarding information, early warning, apprehension, and punishment of terrorists through the Earth Court of Justice. The Court will create an environment for transparent Justice.
*     when there is massive damage done to a country that is abhorent to most countries of the world then the Earth Court of Justice will find it justified to go after the suspected criminals wherever they may be hiding
Article 4:    Security cannot be achieved through the military
The world is too crowded and too small nowadays! And weapons too lethal! So security cannot be achieved through the military. The only job the military should be asked to do today is to protect the global life-support systems. These systems have the highest priority on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and are certainly more important than any of the other rights on the Scale including security. Simply because without life there is no other right possible. Without Oxygen there is no life! Without clean water there is no life! So protect life on Earth at all costs. Wars are the biggest threat to life and the ecosystem of the planet.
Article 5:    The production and trade in arms should be listed as a criminal act against humanity
The production and trade in arms should be listed as a criminal act against humanity; this global ministry, the Ministry of Global Security and Peace, shall introduce a Convention on the curtailment of the arms trade, a provision for a mandatory Arms Register and the prohibition of the financing or subsidy of arms exports by governments.
Article 6:    We propose a world population of 500 million people
In general, populations of all lifeforms grow exponentially that is by a steady proportion of whatever was there before. When there is no practical limit on resource then populations usually grow maximally and the only limit is that of the reproductive capacity of the female animal. About 10,000 years ago, human beings were obliged to commit themselves more or less fully to agriculture and the human population was 5 to 10 million. After only 8,000 years of large-scale agriculture, the human population was 100 to 300 million. After this time, the exponential growth of the population entered its rapid phase. The billion mark was passed by 1800 A.D. By year 2000, the human population exceeded 6 billion. Thus agriculture allowed a thousand-fold increase in numbers over a period of 10,000 years.

In practical sense, agriculture cannot feed a human population that has grown beyond the capacity limit. We must ask ourselves whether we can stop the growth by means that are voluntary and benign, or whether the eventual environmental restraint will be out of our hands. At some questionable time in our future we will find that our soil will no longer have the nutrients it needs to produce quality food. For some time we may counter this problem by fresh weathering of rock. Not for long! The loss of lifeforms on Earth will be permanent.

We need to form a global ministry dealing only about agriculture and the protection of our soils. All nations will be part of the ministry. We have to design systems of food production that meet our own needs, and also leave room for these other lifeforms we want to take along with us. Western agriculture is designed in the end to maximize profit. As a primordial human right, the prime concern of the human species is to feed people. Therefore we have to do things differently. We will have to produce less livestock as we effectively double the population we need to feed: ourselves, plus the livestock that is supposed to be feeding us. We also have to apportion the land surface of the whole world more efficiently, using some for highhly intensive food production (which makes use of less land), some for extensive agriculture (combining food production with wildlife conservation) and designing some specifically as wilderness areas with global corridors between them.

Obviously something has to be done! Earth Government proposes a tight global policy, benignly implemented, or it will be very nasty indeed. In practice, a human population of 10 to 12 billion would be too uncomfortably high and would add a high strain on world resources. What kind of world population would be reasonable? What goal should we aim at? A population should be small enough to be sustainable indefinitely and still allow plenty of leeway for ourselves and other lifeforms. It should also be large enough to allow the formation of healthy civilizations.

We propose a world population of 500 million. It would take a thousand years to reach our goal of a population of 500 million. To achieve our goal will require from each and every one of us a stand on the rights and on belonging to the Global Community, the human family. If our population was to decrease as projected here then what other major global problems would be managed automatically?

This question is really saying that the overpopulation is the cause of several major global problems such as:

*      lack of resources
*      poverty
*      wars
*      climate change
*      damage to the global life-support systems
*      a lesser quality of life
*      threat to security
*      lack of good quality soils for agriculture
*      polluted air, water and land
*      overcrowed cities
*      weapons and war products and equipment able to spark global wars
*      widespread drug, human and Earth rights abuse, more old and new diseases out of control
Article 7:    Policies to control our population growth
Perhaps the most important step towards achieving global sustainability now and for future generations is to control our population growth. World overpopulation is now at the turning point and requires from each and every one of us making a commitment to a statement of rights, responsibilities and accountabilities, and of belonging to the Global Community, the human family. Humanity has to regulate its population by means that are voluntary and benign and has to take along with a fair proportion of other lifeforms. Proper Earth management will certainly be a necessary tool to achieve our goal. If not there will be a collapse of humanity and of the environment. From now on every global decision has tremendous consequences on our future. Comprehensive population policies are an essential element in a world development strategy that combines access to reproductive health services, to education and economic opportunities, to improved energy and natural resource technologies, and to healthyer models of consumption and the "good life."
Article 8:    Policies to decrease world population
  • delay reproduction until later in life
    Delaying reproduction is important in influencing population growth rates. Over a period of 60 years, if people delay reproduction until they are 30 years old, you would have only two generations, while if you do not delay reproduction you would have three generations (one generation every 20 years).
  • spread your children farther apart
  • to have fewer children overall
  • government commitment to decreasing population growth
    Create policies that help decreasing the number of children being born. Policies such as income tax deductions for dependent children and maternity and paternity leaves are essentially pronatalist and should be eliminated.
  • programs that are locally designed and that include information on family planning and access to contraceptives
  • educational programs that emphasize the connection between family planning and social good
  • The vast disparities in reproductive health worldwide and the greater vulnerability of the poor to reproductive risk point to several steps all governments can take, with the support of other sectors, to improve the health of women and their families:

    • Give women more life choices. The low social and economic status of women and girls sets the stage for poor reproductive health
    • Invest in reproductive health care
    • Encourage delays in the onset of sexual activity and first births
    • Help couples prevent and manage unwanted childbearing
    • Ensure universal access to maternal health care
    • Support new reproductive health technologies
    • Increase efforts to address the HIV pandemic
    • Involve communities in evaluating and implementing programs
    • Develop partnerships with the private sector, policymakers and aid donors to broaden support for reproductive health

    • Measure Progress

    More and more young people on every continent want to start bearing children later in life and to have smaller families than at any time in history. Likewise, in greater proportions than ever, women and girls in particular want to go to school and to college, and they want to find fulfilling and well-paid employment. Helping people in every country obtain the information and services they need to put these ambitions into effect is all that can be done, and all that needs to be done, to bring world population growth to a stable landing in the new century.

    Chapter 10.4.2     Respect and Care for the Community of Life
    Article 1:    Respect and Care for the Community of Life
    A)     Respect Earth and life in all its diversity

    a.     Recognize that all beings are interdependent and every form of life has value regardless of its worth to human beings.
    b.     Affirm faith in the inherent dignity of all human beings and in the intellectual, artistic, ethical, and spiritual potential of humanity.

    B)     Care for the community of life with understanding, compassion, and love
    a.     Accept that with the right to own, manage, and use natural resources comes the duty to prevent environmental harm and to protect the rights of people.
    b.     Affirm that with increased freedom, knowledge, and power comes increased responsibility to promote the common good.

    C)     Build democratic societies that are just, participatory, sustainable, and peaceful

    a.     Ensure that communities at all levels guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms and provide everyone an opportunity to realize his or her full potential.
    b.     Promote social and economic justice, enabling all to achieve a secure and meaningful livelihood that is ecologically responsible.

    D)     Secure Earth's bounty and beauty for present and future generations

    a.     Recognize that the freedom of action of each generation is qualified by the needs of future generations.
    b.     Transmit to future generations values, traditions, and institutions that support the long-term flourishing of Earth's human and ecological communities.

    Chapter 10.4.3     Human Dignity
    Article 1:    Human dignity
    Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected.
    Article 2:    Right to life
    1.     Everyone has the right to life.
    2.     No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed.
    Article 3:    Right to the integrity of the person
    1.     Everyone has the right to respect for his or her physical and mental integrity.
    2.     In the fields of medicine and biology, the following must be respected in particular:   
    (a) the free and informed consent of the person concerned, according to the procedures laid down by law,
    (b) the prohibition of eugenic practices, in particular those aiming at the selection of persons,
    (c) the prohibition on making the human body and its parts as such a source of financial gain,
    (d) the prohibition of the reproductive cloning of human beings.
    Article 4:    Prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
    No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
    Article 5:    Prohibition of slavery and forced labour
    1.     No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
    2.     No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
    3.     Trafficking in human beings is prohibited.

    Chapter 10.4.4     Freedoms
    Article 1:    Right to liberty and security
    Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person.
    Article 2:    Respect for private and family life
    Everyone has the right to respect for his or her private and family life, home and communications.
    Article 3:    Protection of personal data
    1.     Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
    2.     Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified.
    3.     Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority.
    Article 4:    Right to marry and right to found a family
    The right to marry and the right to found a family shall be guaranteed in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of these rights.
    Article 5:    Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
    1.     Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes freedom to change religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
    2.     The right to conscientious objection is recognised, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of this right.
    Article 6:    Freedom of expression and information
    1.     Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.
    2.     The freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.
    Article 7:    Freedom of assembly and of association
    1.     Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association at all levels, in particular in political, trade Earth Government and civic matters, which implies the right of everyone to form and to join trade Earth Governments for the protection of his or her interests.
    2.     Political parties at Earth Government level contribute to expressing the political will of the Global Community citizens of Earth Government.
    Article 8:    Freedom of the arts and sciences
    The arts and scientific research shall be free of constraint. Academic freedom shall be respected.
    Article 9:    Right to education
    1.     Everyone has the right to education and to have access to vocational and continuing training.
    2.     This right includes the possibility to receive free compulsory education.
    3.     The freedom to found educational establishments with due respect for democratic principles and the right of parents to ensure the education and teaching of their children in conformity with their religious, philosophical and pedagogical convictions shall be respected, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of such freedom and right.
    Article 10:    Freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work
    1.     Everyone has the right to engage in work and to pursue a freely chosen or accepted occupation.
    2.     Every citizen of Earth Government has the freedom to seek employment, to work, to exercise the right of establishment and to provide services in any Member Nation.
    3.     Nationals of third countries who are authorised to work in the territories of Member Nations are entitled to working conditions equivalent to those of Global Community citizens of Earth Government.
    Article 11:    Freedom to conduct a business
    The freedom to conduct a business in accordance with Earth Government law and national laws and practices is recognised.
    Article 12:    Right to property
    1.     Everyone has the right to own, use, dispose of and bequeath his or her lawfully acquired possessions. No one may be deprived of his or her possessions, except in the public interest and in the cases and under the conditions provided for by law, subject to fair compensation being paid in good time for their loss. The use of property may be regulated by law insofar as is necessary for the general interest.
    2.     Intellectual property shall be protected.
    Article 13:    Right to asylum
    The right to asylum shall be guaranteed with due respect for the rules of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and in accordance with the Constitution.
    Article 14:    Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition
    1.     Collective expulsions are prohibited.
    2.     No one may be removed, expelled or extradited to a Nation where there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

    Chapter 10.4.5     Equality
    Article 1:    Equality before the law
    Everyone is equal before the law.
    Article 2:    Non-discrimination
    1.     Any discrimination based on any ground such as sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, birth, disability, age or sexual orientation shall be prohibited.
    2.     Within the scope of application of the Constitution and without prejudice to any of its specific provisions, any discrimination on grounds of nationality shall be prohibited.
    Article 3:    Cultural, religious and linguistic diversity
    Earth Government shall respect cultural, religious and linguistic diversity.
    Article 4:    Equality between men and women
    Equality between men and women must be ensured in all areas, including employment, work and pay. The principle of equality shall not prevent the maintenance or adoption of measures providing for specific advantages in favour of the under-represented sex.
    Article 5:    The rights of the child
    1.     Children shall have the right to such protection and care as is necessary for their well-being. They may express their views freely. Such views shall be taken into consideration on matters which concern them in accordance with their age and maturity.
    2.     In all actions relating to children, whether taken by public authorities or private Institutions, the child's best interests must be a primary consideration.
    3.     Every child shall have the right to maintain on a regular basis a personal relationship and direct contact with both his or her parents, unless that is contrary to his or her interests.
    Article 6:    The rights of the elderly
    Earth Government recognises and respects the rights of the elderly to lead a life of dignity and independence and to participate in social and cultural life.
    Article 7:    Integration of persons with disabilities
    Earth Government recognises and respects the right of persons with disabilities to benefit from measures designed to ensure their independence, social and occupational integration and participation in the life of the community.
    Chapter 10.4.6     Solidarity
    Article 1:    Workers' right to information and consultation within the undertaking
    Workers or their representatives must, at the appropriate levels, be guaranteed information and consultation in good time in the cases and under the conditions provided for by Earth Government law and national laws and practices.
    Article 2:    Right of collective bargaining and action
    Workers and employers, or their respective organisations, have, in accordance with Earth Government law and national laws and practices, the right to negotiate and conclude collective agreements at the appropriate levels and, in cases of conflicts of interest, to take collective action to defend their interests, including strike action.
    Article 3:    Right of access to placement services
    Everyone has the right of access to a free placement service.
    Article 4:    Protection in the event of unjustified dismissal
    Every worker has the right to protection against unjustified dismissal, in accordance with Earth Government law and national laws and practices.
    Article 5:    Fair and just working conditions
    1.     Every worker has the right to working conditions which respect his or her health, safety and dignity.
    2.     Every worker has the right to limitation of maximum working hours, to daily and weekly rest periods and to an annual period of paid leave.
    Article 6:    Prohibition of child labour and protection of young people at work
    The employment of children is prohibited. The minimum age of admission to employment may not be lower than the minimum school-leaving age, without prejudice to such rules as may be more favourable to young people and except for limited derogations. Young people admitted to work must have working conditions appropriate to their age and be protected against economic exploitation and any work likely to harm their safety, health or physical, mental, moral or social development or to interfere with their education.
    Article 7:    Family and professional life
    1.     The family shall enjoy legal, economic and social protection.
    2.     To reconcile family and professional life, everyone shall have the right to protection from dismissal for a reason connected with maternity and the right to paid maternity leave and to parental leave following the birth or adoption of a child.
    Article 8:    Social security and social assistance
    1.     Earth Government recognises and respects the entitlement to social security benefits and social services providing protection in cases such as maternity, illness, industrial accidents, dependency or old age, and in the case of loss of employment, in accordance with the rules laid down by Earth Government law and national laws and practices.
    2.     Everyone residing and moving legally within Earth Government is entitled to social security benefits and social advantages in accordance with Earth Government law and national laws and practices.
    3.     In order to combat social exclusion and poverty, Earth Government recognises and respects the right to social and housing assistance so as to ensure a decent existence for all those who lack sufficient resources, in accordance with the rules laid down by Earth Government law and national laws and practices.
    Article 9:    Health care
    Everyone has the right of access to preventive health care and the right to benefit from medical treatment under the conditions established by national laws and practices. A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all Earth Government policies and activities.
    Article 10:    Access to services of general economic interest
    Earth Government recognises and respects access to services of general economic interest as provided for in national laws and practices, in accordance with the Constitution, in order to promote the social and territorial cohesion of Earth Government.
    Article 11:    Environmental protection
    A high level of environmental protection and the improvement of the quality of the environment must be integrated into the policies of Earth Government and ensured in accordance with the principle of sustainable development.
    Article 12:    Consumer protection
    Earth Government policies shall ensure a high level of consumer protection.
    Chapter 10.4.7     Universal health care, education, retirement security and employment services to every Global Community citizen
    Article 1:    Universal services
    Implemented through the Global Community with built-in mechanisms for optimum input and oversight guaranteed to all member-states, the Global Community offers a practicable starting point for achieving:
    (a)     a healthful, sustainable environment for every global community citizen,
    (b)     universal health care, publicly supported,
    (c)     education for all based upon individual capability,
    (d)     creative/productive employment for every global community citizen, and
    (e)     post-retirement security.

    This effort will lead over time to an escalation of human values and symbiotical relationships transcending money centered economics.
    Chapter 10.4.8     The immediate formation of the Earth Ministry of Health
    Article 1:    The immediate formation of the Earth Ministry of Health
    Earth Government is calling for the immediate formation of the Earth Ministry of Health. The globalization of trade, the extensive mouvement of people all over the world, the increase of poverty and diseases in developing countries and all over the world, have caused pathogens and exotic diseases to migrate over enormous distances and now, are an increasing threat to local ecosystems and communities, economies and health of every human being and all life. The Global Community, the Human Family, is calling this threat of the upmost importance and must be dealt with immediately by every nation. We must manage health in the world. We are calling for the immediate creation of the Earth Ministry of Health.

    Formation of a Global Ministry of Environmental Health
    1.     Must be non-profit, grassroots, and at community level.
    2.     Finances: drug companies and governments.
    3.    Global Declaration
    a)    very strict and mandatory
    b)    all nations participate
    c)    scientists and professionals in the fields who have dedicated their lives to environmental health
    d)    humanitarians
    Chapter 10.4.9     Legal rights
    Article 1: Everyone has the right to security of person.
    Article 2: No one shall be held in slavery.
    Article 3: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
    Article 4: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
    Article 5:  Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence.
    Article 6: Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
    Article 7: Well-being
    (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
    2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

    Chapter 10.5     Section  3.    The ecological rights, the protection of the global life-support systems and the primordial human rights of future generations
    Article 1:    All rights of Sections 1 and 2 apply to future generations.
    Article 2:    Earth Government protects rights of future generations
    Earth Government shall protect the ecological rights, the global life-support systems and the primordial human rights of future generations. Global Parliament shall make legislation to that effect.

    The Global Community was built from a grassroots process with a vision for humanity that is challenging every person on Earth as well as nation governments, and has a vision of the people working together building a new civilization including a healthy and rewarding future for the next generations. Global cooperation brings people together for a common future for the good of all.


    Chapter 10.6     Section  4.    Community rights, rights of direct democracy, and the right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) and after voting representatives democratically
    Chapter 10.6.1     Rights of Global Community citizens
    Article 1:    Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the Global Parliament
    1.     Every citizen of Earth Government has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the Global Parliament in Member Nation in which he or she resides, under the same conditions as nationals of that Nation.
    2.     Members of the Global Parliament shall be elected by direct universal suffrage in a free and secret ballot.
    Article 2:    Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections
    Every citizen of Earth Government has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections in Member Nation in which he or she resides under the same conditions as nationals of that Nation.
    Article 3:    Right to good administration
    1.     Every person has the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the Institutions, bodies and agencies of Earth Government.
    2.     This right includes:
    (a)     the right of every person to be heard, before any individual measure which would affect him or her adversely is taken;
    (b)     the right of every person to have access to his or her file, while respecting the legitimate interests of confidentiality and of professional and business secrecy;
    (c)     the obligation of the administration to give reasons for its decisions.
    3.     Every person has the right to have Earth Government make good any damage caused by its Institutions or by its servants in the performance of their duties, in accordance with the general principles common to the laws of Member Nations.
    4.     Every person may write to the Institutions of Earth Government in one of the languages of the Constitution and must have an answer in the same language.
    Article 4:    Right of access to documents
    Any citizen of Earth Government, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member Nation, has a right of access to documents of the Institutions, bodies and agencies of Earth Government, in whatever form they are produced.
    Article 5:    Global Ombudsperson
    Any citizen of Earth Government and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member Nation has the right to refer to the global Ombudsperson cases of maladministration in the activities of the Institutions, bodies or agencies of Earth Government, with the exception of the global Court of Justice and the High Court acting in their judicial role.
    Article 6:    Right to petition
    Any citizen of Earth Government and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member Nation has the right to petition Global Parliament .
    Article 7:    Freedom of movement and of residence
    1.     Every citizen of Earth Government has the right to move and reside freely within the territory of Member Nations.
    2.     Freedom of movement and residence may be granted, in accordance with the Constitution, to nationals of third countries legally resident in the territory of a Member Nation.
    Article 8:    Diplomatic and consular protection
    Every citizen of Earth Government shall, in the territory of a third country in which Member Nation of which he or she is a national is not represented, be entitled to protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of any Member Nation, on the same conditions as the nationals of that Member Nation.
    Chapter 10.6.2     Justice
    Article 1:    Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
    Everyone whose rights and freedoms guaranteed by the law of Earth Government are violated has the right to an effective remedy before a tribunal in compliance with the conditions laid down in this Article. Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law. Everyone shall have the possibility of being advised, defended and represented. Legal aid shall be made available to those who lack sufficient resources insofar as such aid is necessary to ensure effective access to justice.
    Article 2:    Presumption of innocence and right of defence
    1.     Everyone who has been charged shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law.
    2.     Respect for the rights of the defence of anyone who has been charged shall be guaranteed.
    Article 3:    Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties
    1.     No one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a criminal offence under national law or international law at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than that which was applicable at the time the criminal offence was committed. If, subsequent to the Global Judiciary of a criminal offence, the law provides for a lighter penalty, that penalty shall be applicable.
    2.     This Article shall not prejudice the trial and punishment of any person for any act or omission which, at the time when it was committed, was criminal according to the general principles recognised by the community of nations.
    3.     The severity of penalties must not be disproportionate to the criminal offence.
    Article 4:    Right not to be tried or punished twice in criminal proceedings for the same criminal offence
    No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again in criminal proceedings for an offence for which he or she has already been finally acquitted or convicted within Earth Government in accordance with the law.
    Article 5:    A sense of belonging given to the Global Community
    Earth Government shall create a sense of belonging given to the Global Community for all global citizens.
    Article 6:    Directive Principles for Global Community citizens
    It shall be the aim of Earth Government to secure certain other rights for all inhabitants within the federation of all nations, but without immediate guarantee of universal achievement and enforcement. These rights are defined as Directive Principles, obligating Earth Government to pursue every reasonable means for universal realization and implementation.
    a)     Prohibition against the death penalty.
    b)     Freedom for change of residence to anywhere on Earth conditioned by provisions for temporary sanctuaries in events of large numbers of refugees, stateless persons, or mass migrations.
    c)     Full access to information and to the accumulated knowledge of the human race.
    d)     Free and adequate public education available to everyone, extending to the pre-university level; Equal opportunities for elementary and higher education for all persons; equal opportunity for continued education for all persons throughout life; the right of any person or parent to choose a private educational institution at any time.
    e)     Free and adequate public health services and medical care available to everyone throughout life under conditions of free choice.
    f)     Equal opportunity for useful employment for everyone, with wages or remuneration sufficient to assure human dignity.
    g)     Freedom for investigation, research and reporting.
    h)     Freedom to travel without passport or visas or other forms of registration used to limit travel between, among or within nations.
    i)     Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
    j)     Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
    k)     The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
    l)     Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
    m)     The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
    n)     Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
    o)     In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

    Chapter 10.6.3     Rights of direct democracy
    Article 1:    Rights of direct democracy
    As defined in Article 10 of Chapter 9, direct democracy is a community right. Direct democracy is important to sustain life on the planet but its position on the Scale gives it its overall importance.

    Direct democracy is the right of global citizens to hold referendums on any issue -- and to veto legislation.

    Direct Democracy implies that:
    *     Global Citizens are willing and able to participate fully in the decision making process on issues that most affect them.
    *     Global Citizens should have full access to information on global affairs, and the conduct of global business should be open and transparent, with a well-developed global-wide communication system.
    *     Global Parliament should always recognize that it is accountable to Global Citizens.
    *     Direct democracy will encourage global citizen input into global policy, and enable Global Citizens to participate more actively in global affairs.
    *     Direct democracy will raise the level of public awareness and encourage debate of key global issues.
    *     Global Parliament can exercise the leadership necessary to become a model of effective “direct democracy” for all global communities.
    *     A direct democracy global law gives Global Citizens and Global Parliament an effective and orderly way of addressing contentious issues.
    *     A direct democracy global law strengthens the hand of Global Parliament by providing additional credibility in dealing with senior governments and non-elected bodies.
    *     A direct democracy bylaw shows that Global Parliament has faith in its Global Citizens. Thus, Global Parliament in turn earns increased respect from Global Citizens.
    *     Direct democracy does not mean government by referendum. Almost all Global Parliament decisions would continue to be made as they are now with the usual consultative processes. Few issues would be important and contentious enough to prompt referenda.


    'Direct democracy' is very much like a voting system based on 'proportional representation'. There are many different aspects of 'direct democracy'. For instance, in a single riding there may be as many as 8 seats and and several candidates running. Parties offer voters a slate of local candidates. Voters can rank candidates of the same party, but may also choose to give support to candidates of different parties. Voters rank as many or as few candidates as they wish. Voters can rank any number of candidates without fear their vote will be wasted by selecting unpopular candidates. A voter’s rankings will be considered in order until that voter’s ballot can be used. When your number one choice is eliminated for lack of support your number two becomes your first choice. When a voter’s ballot is used in support of a given candidate, but that candidate has a surplus of votes, a ballot’s unused portion will be transferred to the voter’s next choice until a ballot’s full value has been used. Most votes will count, little fear of wasting one’s vote, no fear of vote splitting. No need to support a candidate or party you don’t really want for fear of helping elect those you like even less. You can vote authentically. This is freedom for voters. This is how democracy is supposed to work. This voting system empowers voters more than parties because votes are for candidates not for parties. Also, candidate selection will take place at the local riding level, not at party head office. Most importantly, voters will rank candidates of the same party as well as candidates of different parties. It maximizes choice for voters. Competition is not just between candidates of different parties but also between candidates of the same party. This voting system is also a measure of independence from party control and that will make a very significant contribution to greater accountability in government. It will yield a legislature that mirrors the political, social, ethnic, and geographic diversity of a population. Electing candidates in multi-member ridings ensures a broader range of political interests and issues will be represented than is possible under any other system. Preferential voting induces a politics of cooperation, consensus, and civility.

    Direct democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein all citizens can directly participate in the political decision-making process. Some proposed systems would give people both legislative and executive powers, but most extant systems allow input into the legislative process only. Direct democracy in its traditional form is rule by the people through referenda. The people are given the right to pass laws, veto laws and withdraw support from a representative (if the system has representatives) at any time.

    Direct democracy in its modern sense is characterized by three pillars:

    *     Initiative
    *     Referendum including binding referenda
    *     Recall

    The second pillar can include the ability to hold a binding referendum on whether a given law should be scrapped. This effectively grants the populace a veto on government legislation. The third pillar gives the people the right to recall elected officials by petition and referendum.

    In Canada, the use of citizens' assemblies (also known as an estates-general in the province of Quebec), involving citizen bodies chosen at random, is growing and avoids the disadvantages of older, more plebiscitary forms of direct democracy. The province of British Columbia recently set up a Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform in which members were chosen at random for each riding. The citizens' assembly has just recommended the province use Single Transferable Voting (STV) to elect the provincial legislature. In a referendum conducted on May 17, 2005, 57% of the voters approved by this new system of voting.

    Chapter 10.7     Section  5.    Economic (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities) and social rights (civil and political rights)
    Chapter 10.7.1     Economic (business and consumer rights, and their responsibilities and accountabilities)
    Article 1:     A democratically planned global economy is needed to eradicate poverty in the world
    A)     Eradicate poverty as an ethical, social, and environmental imperative

    a.     Guarantee the right to potable water, clean air, food security, uncontaminated soil, shelter, and safe sanitation, allocating the national and international resources required.
    b.     Empower every human being with the education and resources to secure a sustainable livelihood, and provide social security and safety nets for those who are unable to support themselves.
    c.     Recognize the ignored, protect the vulnerable, serve those who suffer, and enable them to develop their capacities and to pursue their aspirations.

    B)     Ensure that economic activities and institutions at all levels promote human development in an equitable and sustainable manner

    a.     Promote the equitable distribution of wealth within nations and among nations.
    b.     Enhance the intellectual, financial, technical, and social resources of developing nations, and relieve them of onerous international debt.
    c.     Ensure that all trade supports sustainable resource use, environmental protection, and progressive labor standards.
    d.     Require multinational corporations and international financial organizations to act transparently in the public good, and hold them accountable for the consequences of their activities.

    C)     Affirm gender equality and equity as prerequisites to sustainable development and ensure universal access to education, health care, and economic opportunity

    a.     Secure the human rights of women and girls and end all violence against them.
    b.     Promote the active participation of women in all aspects of economic, political, civil, social, and cultural life as full and equal partners, decision makers, leaders, and beneficiaries.
    c.     Strengthen families and ensure the safety and loving nurture of all family members.

    D)     Uphold the right of all, without discrimination, to a natural and social environment supportive of human dignity, bodily health, and spiritual well-being, with special attention to the rights of indigenous peoples and minorities

    a.     Eliminate discrimination in all its forms, such as that based on race, color, sex, sexual orientation, religion, language, and national, ethnic or social origin.
    b.     Affirm the right of indigenous peoples to their spirituality, knowledge, lands and resources and to their related practice of sustainable livelihoods.
    c.     Honor and support the young people of our communities, enabling them to fulfill their essential role in creating sustainable societies.
    d.     Protect and restore outstanding places of cultural and spiritual significance.

    Article 2:     Corporations that they take responsibility on behalf of society
    Earth Government proposes to corporations that they take responsibility on behalf of society and people, and that they should pay more attention to human and Earth rights, working conditions and getting ride of corruption in the world of business and trade. Earth Government has developed a criteria, the Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship, for businesses and ask everyone to turn it into practice. Governments should encourage enterprises to use the criteria both by legal and moral means. At first, the criteria should be adopted in key areas such as procurement, facilities management, investment management, and human resources. Corporations want to be seen as good corporate leaders and have a stronger form of accountability. Business and trade will prosper after stronger common bonds and values have been established. Adopting the criteria will have a beneficial impact on future returns, and share price performance. Complying with the Criteria will help businesses to be part of the solution to the challenges of globalisation. In this way, the private sector in partnership with the civil society can help realize a vision: allowing a global equitable and peaceful development and a more stable and inclusive global economy.

    There is a need to have a sense of direction or proper guidance for projects and programs. On reviewing a development projects, the Global Community investigate the development proposal. Some of the questions to be asked include:

    Is the project one which affects, or is affected by the natural environments?
    Is the projects one which has the potential to affect land, water, air?
    Does the project affect commerce, employment, industry, lifestyles, etc.?
    Is the project one which affects existing public facilities, public services, utilities, institutions?
    Is the project one which affects the local tax base, property values, minority group, special interest groups, traffic?
    Is the project one which affects the community character and stability?
    Is there an anticipated organized opposition to the proposal?
    Does the project significantly affect historic and conservation lands?
    Will the project have impacts which have the potential to degrade the quality of the environment?
    Will the environmental effects of the project cause substantial adverse effects on human beings?
    Are the development and the existing habitats compatible? If "YES", what conservation methods will be necessary to protect the habitats?
    if the developer described conservation methods that will be used to protect sensitive habitats, are they likely to be successful?
    Are the claims of the developer with respect to these conservation methods realistic?
    If the development and habitats are not compatible, what communities will be at risk from:

    1. physical destruction;
    2. changes in groundwater level;
    3. change in quality of standing or flowing water, Oxygen content, salinity, turbidity, flow rate and temperature;
    4. chemical pollution change in sitting;
    5. air pollution; dust depositing;
    6. changes in nutrient status of habitats;

    In each of the above cases, what is the local, regional and national status of any habitats at risk?
    What dependent communities will be at risk?

    The Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC) guides businesses on how to better integrate the Criteria issues in business. In the context of a healthy world sustainable development, companies shall perform better and increase shareholder value by properly managing risks, anticipating regulatory action or accessing new markets. Tangible results of adopting the Criteria include a better company reflected in its reputation and quality of brands.

    Complying with the Criteria is a tremendous asset to business owners, self-regulatory organizations, investors, brokers, regulators, stock exchanges, accountants, analysts, financial advisers, asset managers, and consultants. It will contribute to strengthen investment markets.

    Article 3:     The quality of Earth governance is reflected in each local community worldwide
    The quality of Earth governance is reflected in each local community worldwide. Earth Government shall show leadership by creating a global civil ethic within our ways of life. This Constitution describes all values needed for good global governance: mutual respect, tolerance, respect for life, justice for all everywhere, integrity, and caring. The Scale of Human and Earth Rights has become an inner truth and the benchmark of the millennium in how everyone sees all values. The Scale encompasses the right of all people to:
    *     the preservation of ethnicity;
    *     equitable treatment, including gender equity;
    *     security;
    *     protection against corruption and the military;
    *     earn a fair living, have shelter and provide for their own welfare and that of their family;
    *     peace and stability;
    *     universal value systems;
    *     participation in governance at all levels;
    *     access the Earth Court of Justice for redress of gross injustices; and
    *     equal access to information


    Article 4:     To make a business even better
    As a business you may:

    a)     be a corporate Knight
    b)     be a socially responsible investor
    c)     have taken the challenge of a more integrated approach to corporate responsibility by placing environmental and community-based objectives and measures onto the decision-making table alongside with the strategic business planning and operational factors that impact your bottom-line results
    d)    provide not only competitive return to your shareholders but you also operate your business in light of environmental and social contributions, and you have understood the interdependence between financial performance, environmental performance and commitment to the community
    e)     have taken a full life-cycle approach to integrate and balance environmental and economic decisions for major projects
    f)     have an active Environmental, Health and Safety Committee and integrated codes of conduct, policies, standards and operating procedures to reflect your corporate responsibility management
    g)     have scored high on categories such as:

    *     environmental performance
    *     product safety
    *     business practices
    *     help small business in the least developed countries
    *     commitment to the community
    *     abolition of child labour
    *     eliminate discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
    *     employee relations and diversity
    *     effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
    *     corporate governance
    *     share performance
    *     global corporate responsibility
    *     against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery
    *     health, safety and security
    *     provided help to combat diseases such as AIDS
    *     uphold the freedom of association
    *     audits and inspections
    *     emergency preparedness
    *     corporate global ethical values
    *     ensured decent working conditions
    *     implemented no-bribe policies
    *     standards of honesty, integrity and ethical behaviour
    *     elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour
    *     in line with the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Global Constitution
    h)     support a balance and responsible approach that promotes action on the issue of climate change as well as all other issues related to the global life-support systems:

    *     global warming
    *     Ozone layer
    *     wastes of all kind including nuclear and release of radiation
    *     climate change
    *     species of the fauna and flora becoming extinct
    *     losses of forest cover and of biological diversity
    *     the capacity for photosynthesis
    *     the water cycle
    *     food production systems
    *     genetic resources
    *     chemicals produced for human use and not found in nature and, eventually, reaching the environment with impacts on Earth's waters, soils, air, and ecology


    Now is time to reach a higher level of protection to life on Earth. We all need this for the survival of our species. Earth Government can help you integrate and balance global life-support systems protection, global community participation, and economic decisions into your operations and products.

    Earth Government wants to help you be an active corporate member of the Global Community, the human family, the Earth Community.

    Apply to us to be a global corporate citizen of the Global Community. Apply to obtain the Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship

    A Certified Corporate Global Community Citizenship is a unique way to show the world that your ways of doing business are best for the Global Community.

    You can obtain the citizenship after accepting the Criteria of the Global Community Citizenship and following an assessment of your business. The process shown here is now standardized to all applicants. Earth Government then asked to operate your business as per the values of the citizenship.
    Article 5:    Scientists, tehnologists, technicians, engineers and all professionals to find sound solutions to human needs
    The Global Community has come to realize that peoples live in a world of increasing interdependence and our faith is intrinsically related to the preservation of the global life-support systems for the survival of humanity and all forms of life. Earth Government is calling upon scientists, tehnologists, technicians, engineers and all professionals to:

    a) create positive actions in their own fields to use the knowledge of science in a responsible manner, and
    b) find sound solutions to human needs and to fulfill aspirations without misusing human knowledge.
    Article 6:    Science has a responsibility for the well-being of humanity.
    Science gives a person a set of rules, a way of thinking, a philosophy to look at the physical universe, to observe and analyze it, and to discover its making, its functioning, and its structure. The scientific method is very reassuring to oneself. It gives us the basic reasoning we need in order to make informed and sound policy and management decisions.

    Science has a responsibility for the well-being of humanity. Science is found everywhere in our societies. Because of science, new technologies and techniques were developed and used in the market place. The products of science take important places in all aspects of our lives and actually save lives every second. They make our lives manageable in a million difeerent ways. Science has also played a destructive role in our history and is continuing to do so today. Science, technology and engineering are directly or indirectly responsible for threats to our environment, for wasteful uses of the Earth's resources and for wars and conflicts in the world.
    Article 7:    Science, technology and engineering are major forces of socio-economic change.
    Science, technology and engineering are major forces of socio-economic change. They cause humanity and its social and natural environment to evolve rapidly and, therefore, they carry serious responsibility and accountability. They are no longer regarded as benefactors of humanity. Ethical integrity has declined. In several parts of the world people have become suspicious and are questioning abuses of various kinds. Many scientists and other professionals have shown little regard to ethical problems arising from their work and must become responsible and accountable just like everyone else. There are no exception. We are all asked in helping humanity and all life on Earth from complete extinction. It is a common goal.
    Article 8:    Public funding should be directed towards very specific research projects related to the life-support system of the planet
    Researchers and other professionals receive public funding for finding solutions to problems in society. Public funding should be directed towards very specific research projects related to the life-support system of the planet and to a more sustainable biosphere.
    Article 9:    Science, technology and engineering to state ethical responsibilties and become a voice to present and future generations
    Science, technology and engineering must regain public trust, state ethical responsibilties and become a voice to present and future generations. Continuous discussions are needed on the ethical issues related to science, technology and engineering, their practices and ideologies.

    The public should be informed about research projects and their wider implications. All parties involved should collaborate with the public. Strong legal and moral safeguards must be implemented to discourage unethical practice and the wrongly use of science, technology and engineering for the development and manufacturing of mass destruction weapons, and for experiments which do not respect the dignity of human persons and animals.

    Article 10:    Prohibiting all acts, research projects, technology development, which do not conform to the ideas of humanity.
    Just as for human rights, the respect of the dignity of the human person is at the root of the ethics of science, technology and engineering. The Scale of Human Rights is aimed at prohibiting all acts, research projects, technology development, which do not conform to the ideas of humanity.

    There are many aspects of science, technology and engineering that must be discussed with respect to the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. For instances: cloning of human beings, and prohibiting the making of the human body and its products as a source of financial gain.

    Article 11:    A set of rules to balance consumption, consumer rights and responsibilities
    Globalization is a process interaction which involves growing economic interdependence of countries worldwide with implications and impacts on social, cultural, political, environmental and familial aspects and rights. With the globalization of the economy comes now the task for defining the obligations that go with the rights. This phenomenon is also present in the arena of international finance. In this area, however, the presumed virtues of globalization are far from being materialised. Until now, no orderly or stable financial system has been implemented. Furthermore, the current financial system does not succeed in channelling sufficient funds to finance crucial world problems such as adequate social development in poor countries. We have assigned ourselves the task of defining a set of rules to balance consumption, consumer rights and responsibilities :
    a)     Socially responsible and sustainable to future generations
    b)     In line with the universal values defined in this Constitution
    Article 12:    Democracy is not to be enforced by anyone and to anyone or to any global community
    The political system of an individual country does not have to be a democracy. Political rights of a country belong to that country alone. Democracy is not to be enforced by anyone and to anyone or to any global community. Every Member Nation of Earth Government can and should choose the political system of their choice with the understanding of the importance of such a right on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. On the other hand, representatives to Earth Government must be elected democratically in every part of the world. An individual country may have any political system at home but the government of that country will have to ensure (and allow verification by Earth Government) that representatives to Earth Government have been elected democratically. This way, every person in the world can claim the birth right of electing a democratic government to manage Earth: the rights to vote and elect representatives to form Earth Government.
    Article 13:    The role of families has impacts on sustainable consumption and development
    Global consumption is a very important aspect of a community's needs. Consumers should be concerned with the impact of their decisions on the environment but also on the lives, human and Earth rights and well-being of other people. Since one of the key functions of families as a social institution is to engage in production (selling their labour in return for wages) and consumption (using those wages to buy goods and services), then the role of families has impacts on sustainable consumption and development. This certainly limits the rights of a family and of a community.
    Article 14:    Universal quality of life values which lead to 'human betterment' or the improvement of the human condition
    Just as corporations have social responsibilities and so do consumers in societies. Consumers are socialized to improve the quality of their lives. Quality of life is a multi-dimensional, complex and very subjective concept. For instance, someone who has changed their consumption habits to better ensure that their choices will make a better quality of life for themselves, the environment and future generations, may be seen by others as having a lower or inferior quality of life since they have removed themselves from the materialistic mainstream characteristic of our consumer society. Someone may feel that an absence of violence and abuse in their life leads to a higher quality of living even though they have fewer tangible resources, money, or shelter; peace of mind and freedom from abuse has increased the quality of their daily life relative to what it was like before. There are universal quality of life values which lead to 'human betterment' or the improvement of the human condition. In addition to the value of species survival (human and other living organisms), they include: adequate resources, justice and equality, freedom, and peace or balance of power. A better quality of life for all people of the Global Community is a goal for all of us.
    Article 15:     Trade laws to facilitate cross border transactions
    Consumers' rights impinge on the rights of other humans living in the Global Community. The right to choice is the consumer right that refers to the right to have a range and variety of goods and services at competitive, fair prices and variable, satisfactory quality. In order to assure choice in the developed country markets, governments have implemented trade laws to facilitate cross border transactions and transnational corporations (TNCs) have set up business off shore so they can lessen the cost of the production process. The goods that are available in the developed country markets are provided by slave labour, child labour, sweatshops or in countries that allow the TNCs to forego adhering to pollution or ecological concerns and human rights in pursuit of profit. Labour rights are abused in efforts to earn more profits. This leads to abhorrent working conditions, job insecurity and low living standards (all human rights). Consumers in developed countries have been socialized to want more and more things to consume but have not been socialized to appreciate the impact of their consumption choices on the human rights of other people; that is, they are not being responsible for their decisions.
    Article 16:     Social justice is a universal value
    As universal values, equality, justice and freedoms are concerned with our ability to decide, to choose values and to participate in the making of laws, and they are dependent on the recognition of other people. These values forbid any form of discrimination on the grounds of race, nationality, sex, religion, age or mother tongue. By accepting both values of freedom and equality we can achieve justice. One can be answerable for one's actions in a 'just' way only if judgements are given in the framework of democratically established laws and courts. Social justice is another universal value to which Earth Government aspires and accepts as a universal value. Social justice consists in sharing wealth with a view to greater equality and the equal recognition of each individual's merits. All persons within a given society deserve equal access to goods and services that fulfill basic human needs.

    Chapter 10.7.2     Social rights (civil and political rights)
    Article 1:     Social justice
    The debt of developing countries was really a global tax developed countries had to pay to developing countries The Earth Court of Justice is required to rule that the debt of the poor nations or 'developing nations' to the rich nations was in actuality a form of global tax and therefore the poor or 'developing' nations dont have to pay it back. In fact poor nations should expect way more money as tax by the rich nations and not as loans. The state of the world today is the result of a specific set of interlocking institutions: the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO. These institutions are designed to generate massive wealth for the few and poverty for the rest. The same people who make the decisions in government and corporation make the profit. They create a tight concentration of power. Together they are a form of anti-government whose only goal is profit. The IMF, through Structural Adjustment Programs, now directly runs the economies of over 70 countries. That means that about 1000 economists and bureaucrats control the economic policies for 1.4 billion people in these countries. That is a form of anti-government. The people that profit most from the global economy are white people. The people who are most oppressed by the global economy are people of colour. Racism and sexism have become the norm. The entire planet is in a state of low intensity civil war.The ruling elite profit off of the exploitation of the rest of the world. Earth Government was looking for a method of raising global taxes, of redistributing incomes to the poorest communities, of providing debt-free technical assistance to non-industrial and developing countries to help them out of poverty and to meet environmental and social standards, but there it was all along right on our eyes. The Earth Court of Justice will be asked to decide on the debt be changed into an actual tax to be paid by the rich nations to the poor nations, and to decide on the amount of tax to be paid. Developing nations will then be able to start rebuilding their communities as per the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Global Constitution. They will not have to satisfy the economic needs and wishes of the rich nations. The Earth Court of Justice will also be asked to rule illegal the activities of the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO unless they become a part of a greater whole such as the Earth Ministry of Financial Institutions, a part of Earth Government. These institutions will be controlled by the greater whole.

    Article 2:    Socially responsible use of science and technology
    Earth Government shall explore ways of encouraging a more socially responsible use of science and technology in a number of fields, including information technology, biotechnology and genetic engineering. It also explores corporate responsibility, often generated in relation to social and environmental issues.
    Article 3:    Civil and social rights and freedoms
    a)     Assure to each child the right to the full realization of his or her potential.
    b)     Social Security for everyone to relieve the hazards of unemployment, sickness, old age, family circumstances, disability, catastrophies of nature, and technological change, and to allow retirement with sufficient lifetime income for living under condi tions of human dignity during older age.
    c)     Equal opportunity for leisure time for everyone; better distribution of the work load of society so that every person may have equitable leisure time opportunities.
    d)     Equal opportunity for everyone to enjoy the benefits of scientific and technological discoveries and developments.
    e)     Freedom of choice in work, occupation, employment or profession.
    f)     Right of privacy of person, family and association; prohibition against surveillance as a means of political control.
    g)     Right to family planning and free public assistance to achieve family planning objectives.
    h)     Right of habeous corpus; no ex-post-facto laws; no double jeopardy; right to refuse self-incrimination or the incrimination of another.
    i)     Freedom of assembly, association, organization, petition and peaceful demonstration.
    j)     Freedom to vote without duress, and freedom for political organization and campaigning without censorship or recrimination.
    k)     Freedom to profess and promote political beliefs or no political beliefs.
    Article 4:    Democratic rights, and equality rights
    a)     Everyone has the right to a nationality;
    b)     Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others;
    c)     No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property;
    d)     Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association;
    e)     No one may be compelled to belong to an association;
    f)     Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives;
    g)     Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country;
    h)     Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality;
    i)     Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment;
    j)     Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work;
    k)     Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and  supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection;
    l)     Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests;
    m)     Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay; and n)     Everyone is entitled to a social and international order.

    Chapter 10.8     Section  6.    Cultural and religious rights
    Article 1:    Cultural and religious differences can promote human and Earth rights
    Traditional customs and standards could burden the sustainability of all life on Earth. They could burden Earth society or any society forever, and holds individuals in a straitjacket. We cannot accept that. No one can! There are choices to be made and you must make them. Cultures can develop and can go on developing. Even religious beliefs may evolve. We are living now and we are able to create these changes. Cultural and religious differences cannot be a reason or an excuse or a pretext for not respecting human and Earth rights including and most importantly the ecological rights. Quite the contrary, all kinds of cultures may promote human and Earth rights. They are different in their achievements, but they are equal in dignity where they are expressions of freedom. At any time or in any given place, men, women and children use their culture to invent new ways of making human and Earth rights a living reality. Diversity enriches us if it respects the dignity of each individual, and if it takes account of human and Earth rights as a whole.

    A sustainable world can be built with the help of a very powerful entity: the human spirit. Community participation generates the energy needed to sustain the planet and all life.



    Religious and environmental communities have formed a powerful alliance for sustainability.


    Intrinsic human cooperation at the core of creative cultural evolution promises to give rise to a new epoch for humanity defined by societal sustainability and lasting world peace. The biological basis for human cooperation and symbiotical relationships both validate and underlie evolutionary panaltruism in and beyond the twenty-first century. Twenty-first century education centered on human empathy and compassion and a terror-free global community by the year 2010 garners important impetus from The Golden Rule principle.

    The Golden Rule principle, also called the Ethic of Reciprocity by theologians, says: "Dont do to others what you wouldn't want done to you." Or treat others the way you would want to be treated. The Golden Rule has a moral aspect found in each religion or faith. It could be used as a global ethic. There are analogues for the golden rule in 13 faiths. These 13 analogue statements are passages found in the scriptures or writings that promote this ethos. Every faith is unanimous of saying that every individual should be treated with the same respect and dignity we all seek for ourselves. As a first step in bringing together religious leaders all around the world, the Global Community is presenting here 13 statements that unify us all in one Golden Rule.

    A new symbiotical relationship between religion and the protection of the global life-support systems has begun to take place all over the world. Religious rituals now support the conservation efforts and play a central role in governing sustainable use of the natural environment.

    Major faiths are issuing declarations, advocating for new national policies, and creating educational activities in support of a sustainable global community. The Global Community is establishing a symbiotical relationship between spirituality and science, between our heart and mind, and God, between religion and the environment.

    The human family is finding its role in the universe, a higher purpose and a meaning. We now can celebrate life.

    A sustainable world can be built with the help of a very powerful entity: the human spirit. Community participation generates the energy needed to sustain the planet and all life. Religious and environmental communities have formed a powerful alliance for sustainability. Our next objective will be to find statements from all religions that promote the respect, stewardship, protection, ethical and moral responsibility to life and of the environment, the Earth global life-support systems, and statements that promote a responsible Earth management. We are also asking for specific statements on environmental conservation such as those expressed by the Islamic religion.

    Societal sustainability in addressing international terrorism and the creation of a democratically planned global economy marshals previously untapped human cooperation, energy, and resources. Investigating, understanding, and eradicating the root causes of international terrorism entails objective analyses of all social dichotomies ranging in realm from religious dogmas, to political ideologies, to economic systems.

    Native Spirituality
    We are as much alive as we keep the Earth alive.
    Chief Dan George

    Sikhism
    I am a stranger to no one; and no one is a stranger to me. Indeed, I am a friend to all.
    Guru Granth Sahib, pg. 1299

    Christianity
    In everything, do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets.
    Jesus, Matthews 7:12

    BaHa'I Faith
    Lay not on any soul a load that you would not wish to be laid upon you, and desire not for anyone the things you would not desire for yourself.
    Baha'ullah, Gleanings

    Judaism
    What is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbour. This is the whole Torah; all the rest is commentary.
    Hillel, Talmud, Shabbat 31a

    Buddhism
    Treat not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful.
    Udana-Varga 5.18

    Islam
    Not one of you truly believes until you wish for others what you wish for yourself.
    The Prophet Muhammad, Hadith

    Taoism
    Regard your neighbour's gain as your own gain, and your neighbour's loss as your own loss.
    T'ai Shang Kan Ying P'ien, 213-218

    Hinduism
    This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to you.
    Mahabharata 5:1517

    Confucianism
    One word which sums up the basis of all good conduct...loving kindness. Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself.
    Confucius, Analeets, 15.23

    Jainism
    One should treat all creatures in the world as one would like to be treated.
    Mahavira,Sutrakritanga

    Unitarianism
    We affirm and promote respect for the interdependent web of all existence of which we are a part.
    Unitarian principle

    Zoroastrianism
    Do not do unto others whatever is injurious to yourself.
    Shayast-na-Shayast, 13.29

    Article 2:    Encouragement for cultural diversity
    Article 3:    Freedom for peaceful self-determination for minorities, refugees and dissenters
    Article 4:    Freedom to profess, practice and promote religious or religious beliefs or no religion or religious belief
    Article 5:    Fundamental freedoms, and language rights
    (1)    Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
    (2)    Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
    (3)    Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

    Article 6:    Right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community
    Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
    Article 7:    Freedom of thought and conscience
    Freedom of thought and conscience, speech, press, writing, communication, expression, publication, broadcasting, telecasting, and cinema, except as an overt part of or incitement to violence, armed riot or insurrection.
    Article 8:    A crime against the natural world is a sin
    To commit a crime against the natural world is a sin. It is a sin for humans to:
    a)     cause species to become extinct and to destroy the biological diversity of God's creation
    b)     degrade the integrity of Earth by causing changes in its climate, by stripping the Earth of its natural forests, or destroying its wetlands
    c)     injure other humans with disease
    d)     contaminate the Earth's waters, its land, its air, and its life, with poisonous substances

    We have become un-Creators. Earth is in jeopardy at our hands.
    Article 9:    The special responsibility that falls to all Global Community citizens
    The imperative first step is to repent of our sins, in the presence of God and one another. This repentance of our social and ecological sins will acknowledge the special responsibility that falls to those of us who are citizens of the world.
    Article 10:    God's sacred Earth is the moral assignment of our time
    Earth Government firmly believes that addressing the degradation of God's sacred Earth is the moral assignment of our time comparable to the Civil Rights struggles of the 1960s, the worldwide movement to achieve equality for women, or ongoing efforts to control weapons of mass destruction in a post-Hiroshima world.
    Article 11:    Ecological Affirmations of Faith
    a)     We stand with awe and gratitude as members of God's bountiful and good creation. We rejoice in the splendor and mystery of countless species, our common creaturehood, and the interdependence of all that God makes. We believe that the Earth is home for all and that it has been created intrinsically good.
    b)     We lament that the human species is shattering the splendid gifts of this web of life, ignoring our responsibility for the well being of all life, while destroying species and their habitats at a rate never before known in human history.
    c)     We believe that the Holy Spirit, who animates all of creation, breathes in us and can empower us to participate in working toward the flourishing of Earth's community of life. We believe that the people of God are called to forge ways of being human that enable socially just and ecologically sustainable communities to flourish for generations to come.
    d)     We lament that we have rejected this vocation, and have distorted our God-given abilities and knowledge in order to ransack and often destroy ecosystems and human communities rather than to protect, strengthen, and nourish them.
    e)     We believe that, in boundless love that hungers for justice, God acts to restore and redeem all creation (including human beings). God incarnate affirms all creation, which becomes a sacred window to eternity. In the cross and resurrection we know that God is drawn into life's most brutal and broken places and there brings forth healing and liberating power. That saving action restores right relationships among all members of the whole creation.
    f)     We confess that instead of living and proclaiming this salvation through our very lives and worship, we have abused and exploited the Earth and people on the margins of power and privilege, altering climates, extinguishing species, and jeopardizing Earth's capacity to sustain life as we know and love it.
    g)     We believe that the created world is sacred-a revelation of God's power and gracious presence filling all things. This sacred quality of creation demands moderation and sharing, urgent antidotes for our excess in consumption and waste, reminding us that economic justice is an essential condition of ecological integrity.
    h)     We cling to God's trustworthy promise to restore, renew, and fulfill all that God creates. We long for and work toward the day when churches, will respond to the groaning of creation and to God's passionate desire to renew the face of the Earth.
    i)     We look forward to the day when the lamentations and groans of creation will be over, justice with peace will reign, humankind will nurture not betray the Earth, and all of creation will sing for joy.

    Article 12:    Eco-justice
    The Global Community is compelled to seek eco-justice, the integration of social justice and ecological integrity.
    a)     The quest for eco-justice also implies the development of a set of human environmental rights, since one of the essential conditions of human well being is ecological integrity. These moral entitlements include protection of soils, air, and water from diverse pollutants; the preservation of biodiversity; and governmental actions ensuring the fair and frugal use of creation's riches.
    b)     Sustainability -- living within the bounds of planetary capacities indefinitely, in fairness to both present and future generations of life. God's covenant is with humanity and all other living creatures for all future generations. The concern for sustainability forces us to be responsible for the truly long-term impacts of our lifestyles and policies.
    c)     Bioresponsibility-- extending the covenant of justice to include all other life forms as beloved creatures of God and as expressions of God's presence, wisdom, power, and glory. We do not determine nor declare creation's value, and other creatures should not be treated merely as instruments for our needs and wants. Other species have their own integrity. They deserve a fair share of Earth's bounty- a share that allows a biodiversity of life to thrive along with human communities.
    d)     Humility--recognizing, as an antidote to arrogance, the limits of human knowledge, technological ingenuity, and moral character. We are not the masters of creation. Knowing human capacities for error and evil, humility keeps our own species in check for the good of the whole of Earth as God's creation.
    e)     Generosity--sharing Earth's riches to promote and defend the common good in recognition of God's purposes for the whole creation and God's gift of abundant life. Humans are not collections of isolated individuals, but rather communities of socially and ecologically interdependent beings. A measure of a good society is not whether it privileges those who already have much, but rather whether it privileges the most vulnerable members of creation. Essentially, these tasks require good government at all levels, from local to regional to national to Earth Government.
    f)     Frugality -- restraining economic production and consumption for the sake of eco-justice. Living lives filled with God's Spirit liberates us from the illusion of finding wholeness in the accumulation of material things and brings us to the reality of God's just purposes. Frugality connotes moderation, sufficiency, and temperance. Many call it simplicity. It demands the careful conservation of Earth's riches, comprehensive recycling, minimal harm to other species, material efficiency and the elimination of waste, and product durability. Frugality is the corrective to a cardinal vice of the age: prodigality - excessively taking from and wasting God's creation. On a finite planet, frugality is an expression of love and an instrument for justice and sustainability: it enables all life to thrive together by sparing and sharing global goods.
    g)     Solidarity -- acknowledging that we are increasingly bound together as a global community in which we bear responsibility for one another's well being. The social and environmental problems of the age must be addressed with cooperative action at all levels-local, regional, national and Earth Government. Solidarity is a commitment to the global common good through international cooperation.
    h)     Compassion -- sharing the joys and sufferings of all Earth's members and making them our own. The Global Community sees the vulnerable and excluded. From compassion flows inclusive caring and careful service to meet the needs of others.

     








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    Chapter XI     Limits of Earth Government competences
    Article 1:    Fundamental principles
    1.     The limits of Earth Government competences are governed by the principle of conferral. The use of Earth Government competences is governed by the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality.
    2.     Under the principle of conferral, Earth Government shall act within the limits of the competences conferred upon it by Member Nations in the Constitution to attain the objectives set out in the Constitution. Competences not conferred upon Earth Government in the Constitution remain with Member Nations.
    3.     Under the principle of subsidiarity, in areas which do not fall within its exclusive competence Earth Government shall act only if and insofar as the objectives of the intended action cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member Nations, either at central level or at regional and local level, but can rather, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, be better achieved at Earth Government level. Earth Government Institutions shall apply the principle of subsidiarity as laid down in the Protocol on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, as shown in Chapter 25. National Parliaments shall ensure compliance with that principle in accordance with the procedure set out in the Protocol.
    4.     Under the principle of proportionality, the content and form of Earth Government action shall not exceed what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Constitution. The Institutions shall apply the principle of proportionality as laid down in the Protocol referred to in paragraph 3.
    Article 2:    Global Law and the decision-making process
    1.     The Constitution, and Global Law adopted by Earth Government's Institutions in exercising competences conferred on it, shall have primacy over the law of Member Nations.
    2.     Member Nations shall take all appropriate measures, general or particular, to ensure fulfilment of the obligations flowing from the Constitution or resulting from Earth Government Institutions' acts.
    3.     In dealing with difficult problems and having to decide what to do about harm done to a person, a community or a nation, the Earth Court of Justice and Earth Government shall be guided by Article 3, Chapter 10.2, the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, which shows the limits of Earth Government , its priorities, concerning the enforcement of global law with respect to the Scale six (6) sections. Section 1 has more importance than all other sections below, and so on. Concerning sections 1, 2, and 3, it shall be Earth Government highest priority to guarantee these rights to Member Nations and to have proper lesgislation and implement and enforce global law as it applies. Concerning Sections 4, 5 and 6, it shall be the aim of Earth Government to secure these other rights for all global citizens within the federation of all nations, but without immediate guarantee of universal achievement and enforcement. These rights are defined as Directive Principles, obligating the Earth Government to pursue every reasonable means for universal realization and implementation.
    4.     Global Law and the understanding of paragraph 3 shall apply throughout Earth Government organs, bodies and institutions, and to all global citizens.
    Article 3:    Categories of competence
    1.     When the Constitution confers on Earth Government exclusive competence in a specific area, only Earth Government may legislate and adopt legally binding acts, Member Nations being able to do so themselves only if so empowered by Earth Government or for the implementation of acts adopted by Earth Government.
    2.     When the Constitution confers on Earth Government a competence shared with Member Nations in a specific area, Earth Government and Member Nations shall have the power to legislate and adopt legally binding acts in that area. Member Nations shall exercise their competence to the extent that Earth Government has not exercised, or has decided to cease exercising, its competence.
    3.     Earth Government shall have competence to promote and coordinate the economic and employment policies of Member Nations.
    4.     Earth Government shall have competence to define and implement a global security policy, including the progressive framing of a common defence policy.
    5.     In certain areas and in the conditions laid down in the Constitution, Earth Government shall have competence to carry out actions to support, coordinate or supplement the actions of Member Nations, without thereby superseding their competence in these areas.
    6.     The scope of and arrangements for exercising Earth Government's competences shall be determined by the provisions specific to each area in Chapters 12.
    7.     The protection of the global life-support systems.
    Article 4:    Exclusive competence of Earth Government
    1.     Earth Government shall have exclusive competence to establish the competition rules necessary for the functioning of the global market, and in the following areas:
    a)     monetary policy, for Member Nations which have adopted a replacement currency, the 'global equivalent money',
    b)     global commercial policy,
    c)     customs,
    d)     policies and strategies concerning the protection of the global life-support systems,
    e)     application of global law concerning global ecological rights and primordial human rights as stated in the Scale of Human and Earth Rights of Chapter 10,
    f)     the concervation and protection of essential Earth resources needed for survival of Life on Earth, and
    g)     the conservation of marine biological resources under the global fisheries policy.
    2.     Earth Government shall have exclusive competence for the conclusion of an international agreement when its conclusion is provided for in a legislative act of Earth Government, is necessary to enable it to exercise its internal competence, or affects an internal Earth Government act.
    Article 5:    Areas of shared competence
    1.     Earth Government shall share competence with Member Nations where the Constitution confers on it a competence which does not relate to the area referred to in Article 4, Chapter XI.
    2.     Shared competence applies in the following principal areas:
    internal market,
    a)     area of freedom and justice,
    b)     application of global law concerning rights other than global ecological rights and primordial human rights as stated in the Scale of Human and Earth Rights of Chapter 10
    c)     global security
    d)     global fight against crime
    e)     Asylum, immigration, border control
    f)     agriculture and fisheries, excluding the conservation of marine biological resources,
    g)     transport and trans-global networks,
    h)     energy,
    i)     social policy, for aspects defined in Chapters 19 to 26,
    j)     economic, social and territorial cohesion,
    k)     environment,
    l)     consumer protection,
    m)     peace movement,
    n)     emergencies and rescues,
    o)     agriculture and food production,
    p)     implementation of policies and strategies concerning the protection of the global life-support systems, and
    q)     common global safety concerns in public health matters.

    3.     In the areas of research, technological development and space, Earth Government shall have competence to carry out actions, in particular to define and implement programmes; however, the exercise of that competence may not result in Member Nations being prevented from exercising theirs.
    4.     In the areas of development cooperation and humanitarian aid, Earth Government shall have competence to take action and conduct a common policy; however, the exercise of that competence may not result in Member Nations being prevented from exercising theirs.
    Article 6:    Coordination of economic and employment policies
    1.     Earth Government shall adopt measures to ensure coordination of the economic policies of Member Nations, in particular by adopting broad guidelines for these policies. Member Nations shall coordinate their economic policies within Earth Government.
    2.     Specific provisions shall apply to those Member Nations which have adopted the 'global equivalent money' in replacement to their currencies.
    3.     Earth Government shall adopt measures to ensure coordination of the employment policies of Member Nations, in particular by adopting guidelines for these policies.
    4.     Earth Government may adopt initiatives to ensure coordination of Member Nations' social policies.
    Article 7:    Global security policy
    1.     Earth Government's competence in matters of global security policy shall cover all areas of global policy and all questions relating to Earth Government's security, including the progressive framing of a common global defence and security policy, which might lead to a common global defence.
    2.     Member Nations shall actively and unreservedly support Earth Government's global security policy in a spirit of loyalty and mutual solidarity and shall comply with the acts adopted by Earth Government in this area. They shall refrain from action contrary to Earth Government's interests or likely to impair its effectiveness.
    Article 8:    Areas of supporting, coordinating or complementary action
    1.     Earth Government may take supporting, coordinating or complementary action.
    2.     The areas for supporting, coordinating or complementary action shall be, at global level:
    – industry,
    – protection and improvement of human health,
    – education, vocational training, youth and sport,
    – culture,
    – civil protection.
    3.     Legally binding acts adopted by Earth Government on the basis of the provisions specific to these areas in Chapters 19 to 26 may not entail harmonisation of Member Nations' laws or regulations.
    Article 9:    Flexibility clause
    1.     If action by Earth Government should prove necessary within the framework of the policies defined in Chapters 19 to 26 to attain one of the objectives set by the Constitution, and the Constitution has not provided the necessary powers, the Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from Global Parliament , shall take the appropriate measures.
    2.     Using the procedure for monitoring the subsidiarity principle referred to in Article 1(3), Chapter 11, Global Parliament shall draw Member Nations' national Parliaments' attention to proposals based on this Article.
    3.     Provisions adopted on the basis of this Article may not entail harmonisation of Member Nations' laws or regulations in cases where this Constitution excludes such harmonisation.

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    Chapter XII     Exercise of Earth Government competence
    Chapter 12.1     Common provisions
    Article 1:    The legal acts of Earth Government
    1.     In exercising the competences conferred on it in the Constitution, Earth Government shall use as legal instruments, in accordance with the provisions of Chapters 19 to 26, Global Laws, nations'regulations, decisions, recommendations and opinions. A global law shall be a legislative act of general application. It shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member Nations. A global framework law shall be a legislative act binding, as to the result to be achieved, on Member Nations to which it is addressed, but leaving the national authorities entirely free to choose the form and means of achieving that result. A global regulation shall be a non-legislative act of general application for the implementation of legislative acts and of certain specific provisions of the Constitution. It may either be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member Nations, or be binding, as regards the result to be achieved, on all Member Nations to which it is addressed, but leaving the national authorities entirely free to choose the form and means of achieving that result. A global decision shall be a non-legislative act, binding in its entirety. A decision which specifies those to whom it is addressed shall be binding only on them. Recommendations and opinions adopted by the Institutions shall have no binding force.
    2.     When considering proposals for legislative acts, the Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council shall refrain from adopting acts not provided for by this Article in the area in question.
    Article 2:    Legislative acts
    1.     Global laws and global framework laws shall be adopted, on the basis of proposals from the Global Judiciary , jointly by the Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council under the ordinary legislative procedure as set out in Article 1, Chapter 14.3.4. If the two Institutions cannot reach agreement on an act, it shall not be adopted. In the cases specifically provided for in Article 813, global laws and global framework laws may be adopted at the initiative of a group of Member Nations in accordance with Article 312.
    2.     In the specific cases provided for by the Constitution, global laws and global framework laws shall be adopted by the Global Parliament with the participation of the Earth Executive Council, or by the latter with the participation of Global Parliament, in accordance with special legislative procedures.
    Article 3:    Non-legislative acts
    1.     The Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall adopt global regulations or global decisions in the cases referred to in Chapter 12, Article 4, and in the cases specifically provided for in the Constitution. The Global Judiciary shall adopt global decisions in the cases specifically provided for in the Constitution. The Global Bank shall adopt global regulations and global decisions when authorised to do so by the Constitution.
    2.     The Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary , and the Global Bank when so authorised in the Constitution, adopt recommendations.
    a.     Delegated regulations
    1.     Global laws and global framework laws may delegate to the Global Judiciary the power to enact delegated regulations to supplement or amend certain non-essential elements of the global law or global framework law. The objectives, content, scope and duration of the delegation shall be explicitly defined in the global laws and framework laws. A delegation may not cover the essential elements of an area. These shall be reserved for the global law or framework law.
    2.     The conditions of application to which the delegation is subject shall be explicitly determined in the global laws and framework laws. They may consist of the following possibilities:
    a)    the Global Parliament or the Cabinet Ministers may decide to revoke the delegation;
    b)    the delegated regulation may enter into force only if no objection has been expressed by the Global Parliament or the Earth Executive Council within a period set by the global law or framework law.
    For the purposes of the preceding paragraph, the Global Parliament shall act by a majority of its members, and the Earth Executive Council by a qualified majority.
    Article 4:    Implementing acts
    1.     Member Nations shall adopt all measures of national law necessary to implement legally binding Earth Government acts.
    2.     Where uniform conditions for implementing binding Earth Government acts are needed, those acts may confer implementing powers on the Global Judiciary , or, in specific cases duly justified, on the Earth Executive Council.
    3.     Global laws shall lay down in advance rules and general principles for the mechanisms for control by Member Nations of Earth Government implementing acts.
    4.     Earth Government implementing acts shall take the form of global implementing regulations or global implementing decisions.
    Article 5:    Principles common to Earth Government's legal acts
    1.     Unless the Constitution contains a specific stipulation, the Institutions shall decide, in compliance with the procedures applicable, the type of act to be adopted in each case, in accordance with the principle of proportionality set out in Article 1, Chapter 11.
    2.     Global laws, global framework laws, global regulations and global decisions shall Nation the reasons on which they are based and shall refer to any proposals or opinions required by the Constitution.
    Article 6:    Publication and entry into force
    1.     Global laws and framework laws adopted under the ordinary legislative procedure shall be signed by the President of Global Parliament and by the President of the Earth Executive Council. In other cases they shall be signed by the President of the Global Parliament or by the President of the Earth Executive Council. Global laws and global framework laws shall be published in the Official Journal of Earth Government and shall enter into force on the date specified in them or, in the absence of such a stated date, on the twentieth day following their publication.
    2.     Global regulations and global decisions which do not specify to whom they are addressed or which are addressed to all Member Nations shall be signed by the President of the Institution which adopts them, shall be published in the Official Journal of Earth Government and shall enter into force on the date specified in them or, in the absence of such a stated date, on the twentieth day following their publication.
    3.     Other decisions shall be notified to those to whom they are addressed and shall take effect upon such notification.
    Chapter 12.2 Specific provisions for implementing common global security policy
    Article 1:    Specific provisions for implementing common global security policy
    1.     Earth Government shall conduct a common global security policy, based on the development of mutual political solidarity among Member Nations, the identification of questions of general interest and the achievement of an ever-increasing degree of convergence of Member Nations' actions.
    2.     Global Parliament shall identify Earth Government's strategic interests and determine the objectives of its common global security policy. The Earth Executive Council shall frame this policy within the framework of the strategic guidelines established by the United Nations and in accordance with the arrangements in Chapters 19 to 26.
    3.     Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council shall adopt the necessary global decisions.
    4.     The common foreign and security policy shall be put into effect by the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs and by Member Nations, using national and Earth Government resources.
    5.     Member Nations shall consult one another within Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council on any foreign and security policy issue which is of general interest in order to determine a common approach. Before undertaking any action on the international scene or any commitment which could affect Earth Government's interests, each Member Nation shall consult the others within Global Parliament or the Earth Executive Council. Member Nations shall ensure, through the convergence of their actions, that Earth Government is able to assert its interests and values on the international scene. Member Nations shall show mutual solidarity.
    6.     Global Parliament shall be regularly consulted on the main aspects and basic choices of the common foreign and security policy and shall be kept informed of how it evolves.
    7.     Global decisions relating to the common global security policy shall be adopted by Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council unanimously, except in the cases referred to in Chapters 19 to 26. Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council shall act on a proposal from a Member Nation, from the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs or from that Minister with the Global Judiciary 's support. Global laws and global framework laws are excluded.
    8.     Global Parliament may unanimously decide that the Earth Executive Council should act by qualified majority in cases other than those referred to in Chapters 19 to 26.
    Article 2:    Specific provisions for implementing the global security and defence policy
    1.     The common global security and defence policy shall be an integral part of the common global security policy. It shall provide Earth Government with an operational capacity drawing on assets civil and military. Earth Government may use them on missions outside Earth Government for peace-keeping, conflict prevention and strengthening international security in accordance with the principles shown in this Constitution. The performance of these tasks shall be undertaken using capabilities provided by Member Nations.
    2.     The common global security and defence policy shall include the progressive framing of a common Earth Government defence policy. This will lead to a common defence, when Global Parliament, acting unanimously, so decides. It shall in that case recommend to Member Nations the adoption of such a decision in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements. The policy of Earth Government in accordance with this Article shall not prejudice the specific character of the security and defence policy of certain Member Nations and shall respect the obligations of certain Member Nations, which see their common defence realised in the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, under the North Atlantic Treaty, and be compatible with the common security and defence policy established within that framework.
    3.     Member Nations shall make civilian and military capabilities available to Earth Government for the implementation of the common global security and defence policy, to contribute to the objectives defined by the Cabinet Ministers. Those Member Nations which together establish multinational forces may also make them available to the common security and defence policy. Member Nations shall undertake progressively to improve their military capabilities. A Global Armaments, Research and Military Capabilities Agency shall be established to identify operational requirements, to promote measures to satisfy those requirements, to contribute to identifying and, where appropriate, implementing any measure needed to strengthen the industrial and technological base of the defence sector, to participate in defining a global capabilities and armaments policy, and to assist the Earth Executive Council in evaluating the improvement of military capabilities.
    4.     Global decisions on the implementation of the common global security and defence policy, including those initiating a mission as referred to in this Article, shall be adopted by the Earth Executive Council acting unanimously on a proposal from Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs or from a Member Nation. Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs may propose the use of both national resources and Earth Government instruments, together with the Global Judiciary where appropriate.
    5.     The Earth Executive Council may entrust the execution of a task, within Earth Government framework, to a group of Member Nations in order to protect Earth Government's values and serve its interests. The execution of such a task shall be governed by Article 2, Chapter 22.2.2.
    6.     Those Member Nations whose military capabilities fulfil higher criteria and which have made more binding commitments to one another in this area with a view to the most demanding missions shall establish structured cooperation within Earth Government framework. Such cooperation shall be governed by the provisions of Article 4, Chapter 22.2.2.
    7.     Until such time as the United Nations has acted in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article, closer cooperation shall be established, in Earth Government framework, as regards mutual defence. Under this cooperation, if one of Member Nations participating in such cooperation is the victim of armed aggression on its territory, the other participating Nations shall give it aid and assistance by all the means in their power, military or other, in accordance with Article 91 of the United Nations Charter. In the execution of closer cooperation on mutual defence, the participating Member Nations shall work in close cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. The detailed arrangements for participation in this cooperation and its operation, and the relevant decision-making procedures, are set out in Article 5, Chapter 22.2.2.
    8.     Global Parliament shall be regularly consulted on the main aspects and basic choices of the common security and defence policy, and shall be kept informed of how it evolves.
    Article 3:    Specific provisions for implementing the area of freedom, security and justice
    1.     Earth Government shall constitute an area of freedom, security and justice:
    a)    by adopting global laws and framework laws intended, where necessary, to approximate national laws in the areas listed in Chapters 19 to 26;
    b)    by promoting mutual confidence between the competent authorities of the Member Nations, in particular on the basis of mutual recognition of judicial and extrajudicial decisions;
    c)    by operational cooperation between the competent authorities of Member Nations, including the police, customs and other services specialising in the prevention and detection of criminal offences.
    2.     Within the area of freedom, security and justice, national parliaments may participate in the evaluation mechanisms foreseen in Article 4, Chapter 19.1 and shall be involved in the political monitoring of 'global equivalent money' and the evaluation of 'global equivalent money' activities in accordance with Articles 1 and 2, of Chapter 19.5
    3.     In the field of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, Member Nations shall have a right of initiative in accordance with Article 3, Chapter 19.1, of the Constitution.
    Article 4:    Solidarity clause
    1.     Earth Government and its Member Nations shall act jointly in a spirit of solidarity if a Member Nation is the victim of terrorist attack or natural or man-made disaster. Earth Government shall mobilise all the instruments at its disposal, including the military resources made available by Member Nations, to:
    a)    prevent the terrorist threat in the territory of Member Nations;
    b)    protect democratic institutions and the civilian population from any terrorist attack;
    c)    assist a Member Nation in its territory at the request of its political authorities in the event of a terrorist attack;
    d)   assist a Member Nation in its territory at the request of its political authorities in the event of a disaster.
    2.     The detailed arrangements for implementing this provision are at Article 1, Chapter 22.8.

    Chapter 12.3 Enhanced global cooperation
    Article 1:    Enhanced global cooperation
    1.     Member Nations which wish to establish enhanced cooperation between themselves within the framework of Earth Government's non-exclusive competences may make use of its Institutions and exercise those competences by applying the relevant provisions of the Constitution, subject to the limits and in accordance with the procedures laid down in this Article and in those of Chapter 8. Enhanced cooperation shall aim to further the objectives of Earth Government, protect its interests and reinforce its integration process. Such cooperation shall be open to all Member Nations when it is being established and at any time, in accordance with Article 3, Chapter 8.
    2.     Authorisation to proceed with enhanced cooperation shall be granted by the Earth Executive Council as a last resort, when it has been established within the Earth Executive Council that the objectives of such cooperation cannot be attained within a reasonable period by Earth Government as a whole, and provided that it brings together at least one third of Member Nations. The Earth Executive Council shall act in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 4, Chapter 8.
    3.     Only members of the Earth Executive Council representing the Nations participating in enhanced cooperation shall take part in the adoption of acts. All Member Nations may, however, take part in the deliberations of the Earth Executive Council. Unanimity shall be constituted by the votes of the representatives of the participating Nations only. A qualified majority shall be defined as a majority of the votes of the representatives of the participating Nations, representing at least three fifths of the population of those Nations. Where the Constitution does not require the Earth Executive Council to act on the basis of a Global Judiciary proposal, or where the Earth Executive Council is not acting upon initiative of the Minister of Global Affairs , the required qualified majority shall be defined as a majority of two thirds of the participating Nations, representing at least three fifths of the population of those Nations.
    4.     Acts adopted in the framework of enhanced cooperation shall bind only participating Nations. They shall not be regarded as an acquis which has to be accepted by candidates for accession to Earth Government.

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    Chapter XIII     Earth Government finances
    Article 1:    Budgetary and financial principles
    1.     All items of Earth Government revenue and expenditure shall be included in estimates drawn up for each financial year and shall be shown in the budget, in accordance with the provisions of Chapters 19 to 26.
    2.     The revenue and expenditure shown in the budget shall be in balance.
    3.     The expenditure shown in the budget shall be authorised for the annual budgetary period in accordance with the global law referred to in Article 2, Chapter 14.6.4.
    4.     The implementation of expenditure shown in the budget shall require the prior adoption of a binding legal act providing a legal basis for Earth Government action and for the implementation of the expenditure in accordance with the global law referred to in Article 2, Chapter 14.6.4. This act must take the form of a global law , a global framework law, a global regulation or a global decision.
    5.     With a view to maintaining budgetary discipline, Earth Government shall not adopt any act which is likely to have appreciable implications for the budget without providing an assurance that the proposal or measure in question is capable of being financed within the limit of Earth Government's own resources and the multiannual financial framework referred to in Article 1, Chapter 13.
    6.     Earth Government's budget shall be implemented in accordance with the principle of sound financial management. Member Nations shall cooperate with Earth Government to ensure that the appropriations entered in the budget are used in accordance with the principles of sound financial management.
    7.     Earth Government and Member Nations shall counter fraud and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Earth Government in accordance with the provisions of Article 2, Chapter 14.3.3.
    Article 2:    Earth Government's resources
    1.     Earth Government shall provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry through its policies.
    2.     Without prejudice to other revenue, Earth Government's budget shall be financed wholly from its own resources.
    3.     A global law of the Earth Executive Council shall lay down the limit of Earth Government's resources and may establish new categories of resources or abolish an existing category. That law shall not enter into force until it is approved by Member Nations in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament .
    4.     A global law of the Council shall lay down the modalities relating to Earth Government's resources. The Earth Executive Council shall act after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament .
    Article 3:    The multiannual financial framework
    1.     The multiannual financial framework shall ensure that Earth Government expenditure develops in an orderly manner and within the own resources limits. It shall determine the amounts of the annual ceilings for commitment appropriations by category of expenditure in accordance with the provisions of Article 1, Chapter 14.6.1.
    2.     A global law of the Earth Executive Council shall lay down the multiannual financial framework. The Earth Executive Council shall act after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament , which shall be given by a majority of its component members.
    3.     The annual budget of Earth Government shall comply with the multiannual financial framework.
    4.     The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously when adopting the first multiannual financial framework following the entry into force of the Constitution.
    Article 4:    Earth Government's budget
    The Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council shall, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary and in accordance with the arrangements laid down in Article 2, Chapter 14.6.2, adopt the global law determining Earth Government's annual budget.

    Article 5:    Green Tax Shift Policy Approach
    Earth Government proposes a Green Tax Shift Policy Approach to financing local-to-global public goods. There is a troublesome and painful contradiction in the lives of many of us who are working for peace, justice, poverty eradication, debt cancellation and sustainable development. While our hearts and minds focus on building a better world for everyone, each day we hand over fistfuls of dollars to build weapons of mass destruction, fuel dangerous, dirty and polluting technologies, and subsidize huge conglomerates which concentrate the wealth of the world in the control of the few. But together we can end tax tyranny and align our visions and values with how we finance our governments.

    Taxation not only raises money to fund government services, it also reflects the overall value system of a society. The goal of green tax policy is to create a system of public finance which strengthens and maximize incentives for:

    *     Fair distribution of wealth
    *     Environmental protection
    *     Basic needs production
    *     Provision of adequate government services
    *     Peaceful resolution of territorial conflicts

    Green tax reform makes a clear distinction between private property and common property. Private property is that which is created by labor. Common property is that which is provided by nature. Green tax policy removes taxes from wages and other private property and increases taxes and user fees on common property. Reducing taxes on labor increases purchasing capacity, reducing taxes on capital encourages efficiency. Shifting taxes to land and resources curbs speculation and private profiteering in our common property and is a practical way to conserve and fairly share the Earth.

    Captured in brief soundbites, tax waste, not work; tax bads, not goods; pay for what you take, not what you make; and polluter pays become tax shift principles readily translated into voter friendly policy recommendations with broadbased political support.

    Green tax policy CUTS taxes on:

    *     Wages and earned income
    *     Productive and sustainable capital
    *     Sales, especially for basic necessities
    *     Homes and other buildings

    Green tax policy INCREASES taxes and fees on:

    *     Land sites according to land value
    *     Lands used for timber, grazing, mining
    *     Emissions into air, water, or soil
    *     Ocean and freshwater resources
    *     Electromagnetic spectrum
    *     Satellite orbital zones
    *     Oil and minerals

    Green tax policy seeks to ELIMINATE subsidies environmentally or socially harmful, unnecessary, or inequitable. Slated for drastic reduction or complete removal are subsidies for:

    *     Energy production
    *     Resource extraction
    *     Commerce and industry
    *     Agriculture and forestry
    *     Weapons of mass destruction

    Article 6:    A specific type of tobin tax

    Earth Government is in favour of the introduction of a specific type of tobin tax as a powerful instrument of the promotion of sustainable development, both directly as well as indirectly. Indirectly, it can discourage financial speculation and currency crises with their devastating effects on countries; directly, as a tax, the proceeds of it can be used as an alternative source of sustainable development finance in order to promote the establishment of international public goods. The original Tobin tax proposal can be made into a feasible instrument by engineering it as a two-tier tax (the so-called Spahn version of the Tobin tax), with tax collection through the international settlements system.

    Article 7:    Providing debt-free technical assistance to non-industrial and developing countries
    The Global Community was looking for a method of raising global taxes, of redistributing incomes to the poorest communities, of providing debt-free technical assistance to non-industrial and developing countries to help them out of poverty and to meet environmental and social standards, but there it was all along right on our eyes. The Earth Court of Justice will be asked to decide on the debt be changed into an actual tax to be paid by the rich nations to the poor nations, and to decide on the amount of tax to be paid. Developing nations will then be able to start rebuilding their communities as per the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and the Global Constitution. They will not have to satisfy the economic needs and wishes of the rich nations. The Earth Court of Justice will also be asked to rule illegal the activities of the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO unless they become a part of a greater whole such as the Earth Ministry of Financial Institutions, a part of Earth Government. These institutions will be controlled by the greater whole.

    Article 8:    Good global governance
    The quality of Earth governance is reflected in each local community worldwide. Earth Government shall show leadership by creating a global civil ethic within our ways of life. The Global Constitution describes all values needed for good global governance: mutual respect, tolerance, respect for life, justice for all everywhere, integrity, and caring. The Scale of Human and Earth Rights has become an inner truth and the benchmark of the millennium in how everyone sees all values.

    Governance of the Earth will make the rule of arbitrary power--economic (WTO, FTAA, EU, world financial institutions), political, or military (NATO)-- subjected to the rule of law within the global civil society, the human family. Justice is for everyone and is everywhere, a universal constant. Justice is without borders.

    Proper Earth governance requires to reform the United Nations, World Trade Organization, World Bank, IMF, E.U., NAFTA, FTAA, all world financial institutions, and to centralize them under Earth Government, and these organizations will be asked to pay a global tax to be administered by Earth Government.

    Article 9:    A tobin tax as a powerful instrument of the promotion of sustainable development
    Earth Government is making a strong case in favour of the introduction of a specific type of tobin tax as a powerful instrument of the promotion of sustainable development, both directly as well as indirectly. Indirectly, it can discourage financial speculation and currency crises with their devastating effects on countries; directly, as a tax, the proceeds of it can be used as an alternative source of sustainable development finance in order to promote the establishment of international public goods. The original Tobin tax proposal can be made into a feasible instrument by engineering it as a two-tier tax (the so-called Spahn version of the Tobin tax), with tax collection through the international settlements system.

    The global economy can be affected by the deregulation in the movement of capital and thus by speculation. Money is made off tiny fluctuations in the relative prices of currencies. Speculation makes it possible for huge amounts of money to be transferred half-way around the world in a matter of seconds. Whereas world trade associated with actual goods and services is estimated at 7 trillion dollars (US) a year, speculation is estimated at 1.5 trillion dollar a day. If a country's economy starts to slow, billions of dollars can be transferred out of the country instantaneously, which can significantly affect its economy and the people. This has been the case in 1997 of a number of East Asia countries. They were bankrupted by speculation. The people were enormously affected for the worst. Speculation can exert tremendous pressure on the internal politics of a country. It can bankrupt a country's economy.

    Article 10:    The debt of developing countries was really a global tax developed countries had to pay to developing countries
    The Earth Court of Justice is required to rule that the debt of the poor nations or 'developing nations' to the rich nations was in actuality a form of global tax and therefore the poor or 'developing' nations dont have to pay it back. In fact poor nations should expect way more money as tax by the rich nations and not as loans.

    The state of the world today is the result of a specific set of interlocking institutions: the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO. These institutions are designed to generate massive wealth for the few and poverty for the rest. The same people who make the decisions in government and corporation make the profit. They create a tight concentration of power. Together they are a form of anti-government whose only goal is profit. The IMF, through Structural Adjustment Programs, now directly runs the economies of over 70 countries. That means that about 1000 economists and bureaucrats control the economic policies for 1.4 billion people in these countries. That is a form of anti-government. The people that profit most from the global economy are white people. The people who are most oppressed by the global economy are people of colour. Racism and sexism have become the norm. The entire planet is in a state of low intensity civil war. The ruling elite profit off of the exploitation of the rest of the world.

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    Chapter XIV     Global Community Earth Government with its governing institutions and bodies
    Chapter 14.1     The institutional framework
    Article 1:    Earth Government's Institutions and Bodies
    1.     Earth Government shall be served by a single institutional framework which shall aim to:
    a)    advance the objectives of Earth Government,
    b)    promote the values of Earth Government,
    c)    serve the interests of the Earth Government, its Global Community citizens and its Member Nations, and
    d)    ensure the consistency, effectiveness and continuity of the policies and actions which it undertakes in pursuit of its objectives.
    2.     Earth Government institutional framework comprises:
    A)     Global Parliament
    A.1     The House of Elected Representatives
    A.2     The House of Advisers, and
    A.3     The Global Governments Federation.
    B)     The Organs of Earth Government
    B.1     Earth Executive Council,
    B.2     Earth Government Departments,
    B.3     Global Civil Service Administration and Planning,
    B.4     The Global Judiciary,
    B.5     Agency of Global Police,
    B.6     Global Community Ombudspersons Office,
    B.7     Global Investment Bank,
    B.8     The Court of Auditors,
    B.9     Global Community Citizenship Office,
    B.10     Human and Earth Rights Office,
    B.11     Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC),
    B.12     Earth Security,
    B.13     Global Civil Society Council, and
    B.14     Agency for Research, Planning and Development.
    3.     Each Institution and Body shall act within the limits of the powers conferred on them in the Constitution, and in conformity with the procedures and conditions set out in it. The Institutions and Bodies shall practice full mutual cooperation.
    4.     Structure of Earth Government
    Article 2:    Structure of Earth Government
    a)    Earth Government shall be organized as the federation of all nations including all Peoples of the Global Community, and encompassing all oceans, seas and lands of Earth, inclusive of non-self governing territories, together with the surrounding atmosphere.
    b)    Earth Government shall be non-military and shall be democratic in its own structure, with ultimate sovereignty residing in all Peoples of the Global Community.
    c)    The authority and powers granted to Earth Government shall be limited to those defined in this Constitution for the federation of all nations, applicable to problems and affairs which transcend national boundaries, leaving to national governments jurisdiction over the internal affairs of the respective nations but consistent with the authority of Earth Government to protect universal human and Earth rights as defined in this Global Constitution.  
    5.     The organizational structure shall be as shown on the following figure.

    Global Community Earth Government with its governing institutions and bodies

    the Global Community: order and hope within chaos
    -    we are now, and we are the future   -


    Earth Government Main Index
    We, citizens of the Global Community, hereby resolve to establish a federation of all nations, Earth Government, and to govern in accordance with the Global Constitution.

    The Global Constitution
    Reflecting the will of the Global Community citizens and all Nations to build a common future, this Global Constitution establishes Earth Government, on which Member Nations confer competences to attain objectives they have in common. Earth Government shall coordinate the policies by which Member Nations aim to achieve these objectives.
    The Peoples of the Global Community elect, nominate or appoint their representatives to Earth Government.
    Candidates to the House of Elected Representatives are elected democratically

    Candidates to the House of Advisers are nominated by teachers, students, or professional organizations
    Candidates to the Global Governments Federation are elected or appointed by Member Nations.
    Global Governments Federation
    Global Governments Federation

    The House of Elected Representatives, the House of Advisers, and the Global Governments Federation together are the Global Parliament.



    The House of Elected Representatives shall be elected by direct universal suffrage of all the Global Community citizens in free and secret ballot for a term of five years. Representation of the Global Community citizens shall be of one Elected Representative per million people.

    The Global Parliament shall, jointly with the Earth Executive Council, enact legislation, and exercise the budgetary function, as well as functions of political control and consultation as laid down in the Global Constitution.

    The Global Parliament shall elect its President and its officers from among its members.
    The Global Parliament shall create, alter, abolish or consolidate the departments, commissions, offices, agencies and other parts of the several organs of Earth Government, subject to the specific provisions of the Global Constitution.

    The Global Constitution



    Chapter 14.1    A)    Global Parliament
    A.1     The House of Elected Representatives
    A.2     The House of Advisers, and
    A.3     The Global Governments Federation.


    Article 1:    The Global Parliament
    1.     The Global Parliament shall, jointly with the Earth Executive Council, enact legislation, and exercise the budgetary function, as well as functions of political control and consultation as laid down in the Constitution. Global Parliament shall elect the President of Earth Government.
    2.     The Global Parliament shall be elected by direct universal suffrage of all the Global Community citizens in free and secret ballot for a term of five years. Representation of the Global Community citizens shall be of one Elected Representative per million people. Sufficiently in advance of the Parliamentary elections, the Global Governments Federation shall adopt by unanimity, on the basis of a proposal from the Global Parliament and with its consent, a decision establishing the composition of Global Parliament, respecting the principles set out above.
    3.     The Global Parliament shall elect its President and its officers from among its members.
    Article 2:     Composition of Global Parliament
    1.   The Global Parliament shall be composed of three bodies, designated as follows: the House of Elected Representatives, to represent the Global Community directly and equally;
    2.   The Global Governments Federation , to represent the nations of the world;
    3.   House of Advisers with particular functions to represent the highest good and best interests of humanity as a whole; and
    4.   All members of the Global Parliament, regardless of body, shall be designated as Members of the Global Parliament.  

    Article 3:    Global Law: legislation

    Earth Government Global Law



    This WWW site is maintained by the Legislative Counsel of Global Parliament, pursuant to Earth Government Global Law, its legislation.

    Earth Government Global Law consists of 69 codes, covering various subject areas, the Global Constitution , Bills and Statutes. Information presented reflects laws currently in effect. All Earth Government Codes have been updated to include Statutes of year 2005.


    Business and Professions Code Civil Code Eradicating poverty Code
    Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination Code Collecting the Global Tax Code Clean Air Code
    Code of Civil Procedure Commercial Code Corporations Code
    Ecology of the Planet Code Education Code Elections Code
    Evidence Code Home and Community Development Code Climate Change Adaptation Code
    Family Code Financial Code Settling of Disputes Between Nations Code
    Human and Earth Rights Code Food and Agricultural Code Fish and Game Code
    Youth Participation Code Harbors and Navigation Code Government Code
    Health and Safety Code Insurance Code Women Rights and Issues Code
    Waste Management Code Military and Veterans Code Labor Code
    Penal Code Probate Code Teaching and Education Code
    Global Economy and Trade Code Public Resources Code Public Contract Code
    Public Utilities Code Revenue and Taxation Code Cities: Power, Rights, Responsiblities and Accountabilities Code
    Streets and Highways Code Unemployment Insurance Code Global Life-support Systems Protection Code
    Vehicle Code Water Code Alternative Energies Code
    Welfare and Institutions Code Ecological Resources Code Recycling and Biodegradability Code
    Abolition of Weapons of Mass Destruction Code Global Community Citizenship Code Statement of Rights and Responsibilities Code
    Corporate Accountability and Global Ethics Code Universal Health Care Code Sciences and Technology Code
    Preventive Actions Against Polluters Code Water Resources Code Earth Security Code
    Management of Earth Resources Code New Way of Doing Business Code Global Rescues and Emergencies Code
    Working Conditions Code Global Transparency Code Money Trading and Stocks Code
    Space Exploration Code Research and Development Code Global Food Supplies Code
    Asylum, Immigration and Border control Code Global Community Arrest Warrant Code Global Fight Against Crime Code

    The Global Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers. The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers.

    Earth Government Statutes are the Chaptered Bills. A bill is "chaptered" by the Secretary of Earth Government after it has passed through the three houses of the Legislature and has been signed by the Earth President or becomes law without the Earth President's signature. Statutes are available starting from 2005. The full text of bills, resolutions, and constitutional amendments, and their status, history, votes, analyses, and veto messages are available.

    Constitutions, Statutes, and Codes

    The Global Constitution, Statutes and Codes

    • The Global Constitution
    • Full Earth Government Code;

    Bills, Hearings, Reports, and Other Material From and About Global Parliament

    • Bills and Other Legislative Information
    • Earth Executive Council
    • House of Elected Representatives
    • House of Advisers
    • Global Governments Federation

    Member Nation Constitutions, Statutes and Related Legislative Information








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    Chapter XV     Consistency between the different policies and activities of Earth Government

    Chapter 15.1     Equality between men and women
    Article 1:   
    Earth Government shall ensure consistency between the different policies and activities referred to in this Part, taking all of Earth Government's objectives into account and in accordance with the principle of conferring of powers. In all the activities referred to in this Part, Earth Government shall aim to eliminate inequalities, and to promote equality, between men and women.
    Article 2:    In defining and implementing the policies and activities referred to in this Chapter, Earth Government shall aim to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
    Article 3:    Environmental protection requirements must be integrated into the definition and implementation of Earth Government policies and activities referred to in this Part, in particular with a view to promoting sustainable development.
    Article 4:    Consumer protection requirements shall be taken into account in defining and implementing other Earth Government policies and activities.
    Article 5:    Without prejudice to Articles 6 and 7 of Chapter 16.5, and Article 4 of Chapter 18.7 , and given the place occupied by services of general economic interest as services to which all in Earth Government attribute value as well as their role in promoting social and territorial cohesion, the Earth Government and Member Nations, each within their respective powers and within the scope of application of the Constitution, shall take care that such services operate on the basis of principles and conditions, in particular economic and financial, which enable them to fulfil their missions. global laws shall define these principles and conditions.

    Chapter 15.2     Non-discrimination and the Global Community citizenship
    Article 1:   Global law or framework laws may lay down rules to prohibit discrimination on grounds of nationality as referred to in Article 4.
    Article 2:   
    1.     Without prejudice to the other provisions of the Constitution and within the limits of the powers conferred by it upon Earth Government, a global law or framework law of the Earth Executive Council may establish the measures needed to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament .
    2.     Global law or framework laws may establish basic principles for Earth Government incentive measures and define such incentive measures, to support action taken by Member Nations, excluding any harmonisation of their laws and regulations.
    Article 3:   
    1.     If action by Earth Government should prove necessary to facilitate the exercise of the right, referred to in Article 8, of every Earth Government citizen to move and reside freely and the Constitution has not provided the necessary powers, Global law or framework laws may establish measures for that purpose.
    2.     For the same purpose and unless the Constitution has provided for powers of action in this area, measures concerning passports, identity cards, residence permits or any other such document and measures concerning social security or social protection may be laid down by a global law or framework law of the Earth Executive Council. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament .
    Article 4:    A global law or framework law of the Council of Ministers shall determine the detailed arrangements for exercising the right for every Earth Government citizen to vote and to stand as a candidate in municipal elections and elections to the Global Parliament in their Member Nation of residence without being a national of that Nation. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament. These arrangements may provide for derogations where warranted by problems specific to a Member Nation. The right to vote and to stand as a candidate in elections to the Global Parliament shall be exercised without prejudice to Article 719 and the measures adopted for its implementation.
    Article 5:    Member Nations shall adopt the necessary provisions to secure diplomatic and consular protection of Global Community citizens of Earth Government in third countries. A global law of the Earth Executive Council may establish the measures necessary to facilitate such protection. The Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting Global Parliament .
    Article 6:    The languages in which every citizen of the Earth Government has the right to address the institutions or advisory bodies and to have an answer. The institutions and advisory bodies referred to in this Article are those listed in Articles of the global Ombudsperson.
    Article 7:   The Global Judiciary shall report to the global Parliament, to the Earth Executive Council and to the Economic and Social Committee every three years on the application of the provisions of this Chapter. This report shall take account of the development of the Earth Government. On this basis, and without prejudice to the other provisions of the Constitution, a global law or framework law of the Earth Executive Council may add to the rights laid down in this Constitution. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament. The law or framework law concerned shall not enter into force until it is approved by Member Nations in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements.


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    Chapter XVI     A global market without borders in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured in accordance with this Constitution

    Chapter 16.1     – Establishment of an effective global market
    Article 1:   
    1.     Earth Government shall adopt measures with the aim of establishing the internal market, in accordance with this Article, Article 2 of Chapter 16.1, Article 9 of Chapter 16.2, Article 12 of Chapter 16.2, Article 3 of Chapter 16.3, Article 4 of Chapter 16.6, and Article 10 of Chapter 18.7. and without prejudice to the other provisions of the Constitution.
    2.     The internal market shall comprise an area without internal frontiers in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured in accordance with the Constitution.
    3.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt global regulations and decisions determining the guidelines and conditions necessary to ensure balanced progress in all the sectors concerned.
    Article 2:   
    When drawing up its proposals with a view to achieving the objectives set out in Article 1 of Chapter 16.1, the Global Judiciary shall take into account the extent of the effort that certain economies showing differences in development will have to sustain for the establishment of the internal market and it may propose appropriate measures. If these measures take the form of derogations, they must be of a temporary nature and must cause the least possible disturbance to the functioning of the internal market.
    Article 3:   
    Member Nations shall consult each other with a view to taking together the steps needed to prevent the functioning of the internal market being affected by steps which a Member Nation may be called upon to take in the event of serious internal disturbances affecting the maintenance of law and order, in the event of war, serious international tension constituting a threat of war, or in order to carry out obligations it has accepted for the purpose of maintaining peace and international security.
    Article 4:   
    If steps taken in the circumstances have the effect of distorting the conditions of competition in the internal market, the Global Judiciary shall, together with the Nation concerned, examine how these steps can be adjusted to the rules laid down in the Constitution. By way of derogation from the procedure, the Global Judiciary or any Member Nation may bring the matter directly before the Court of Justice if it considers that another.
    4.     The Court of Justice shall give its ruling in camera.

    Chapter 16.2     – Free movement of persons and services
    a.     Workers
    Article 1:   
    1.     Workers shall have the right to move freely within Earth Government.
    2. Any discrimination based on nationality between workers of Member Nations as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment shall be prohibited.
    3. Workers shall have the right, subject to limitations justified on grounds of public policy, public security or public health to:
    (a)    accept offers of employment actually made;
    (b)    move freely within the territory of Member Nations for this purpose;
    (c)    stay in a Member Nation for the purpose of employment in accordance with the provisions governing the employment of nationals of that Nation laid down by law, regulation or administrative action;
    (d)    remain in the territory of a Member Nation after having been employed in that Nation, subject to conditions which shall be embodied in global regulations adopted by the Global Judiciary.
    4. This Article shall not apply to employment in the public service.
    Article 2:   
    Global laws or framework laws shall establish the measures needed to bring about freedom of movement for workers, as defined in Article 510. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee. Such Global law or framework laws shall aim, in particular, to:   
    (a)    ensure close cooperation between national employment services;
    (b)    abolish those administrative procedures and practices and those qualifying periods in respect of eligibility for available employment, whether resulting from national legislation or from agreements previously concluded between Member Nations, the maintenance of which would form an obstacle to liberalisation of the movement of workers;
    (c)    abolish all such qualifying periods and other restrictions provided for either under national legislation or under agreements previously concluded between Member Nations as impose on workers of other Member Nations conditions regarding the free choice of employment other than those imposed on workers of the Nation concerned;
    (d)    set up appropriate machinery to bring offers of employment into touch with applications for employment and to facilitate the achievement of a balance between supply and demand in the employment market in such a way as to avoid serious threats to the standard of living and level of employment in the various regions and industries.
    Article 3:   
    Member Nations shall, within the framework of a joint programme, encourage the exchange of young workers.
    Article 4:   
    In the field of social security, global laws or framework laws shall establish such measures as are necessary to bring about freedom of movement for workers by introducing a system to secure for employed and self-employed migrant workers and their dependants:   

    (a)    aggregation, for the purpose of acquiring and retaining the right to benefit and of calculating the amount of benefit, of all periods taken into account under the laws of the several countries;
    (b)   payment of benefits to persons resident in the territories of Member Nations.
    b.     Freedom of establishment of nationals of a Member Nation
    Article 5:   
    Restrictions on the freedom of establishment of nationals of a Member Nation in the territory of another Member Nation shall be prohibited. Such prohibition shall also apply to restrictions on the setting-up of agencies, branches or subsidiaries by nationals of any Member Nation established in the territory of any Member Nation. Nationals of a Member Nation shall have the right, in the territory of another Member Nation, to take up and pursue activities as self-employed persons and to set up and manage undertakings, in particular companies or firms within the meaning of the second paragraph of Article 725, under the conditions laid down for its own nationals by the law of Member Nation where such establishment is effected, subject to the provisions of the Section relating to capital.
    Article 6:   
    1.     global framework law shall establish measures in order to attain freedom of establishment as regards a particular activity. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    2.     Global Parliament , the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall carry out the duties devolving upon them under paragraph 1, in particular:   
    (a)    by according, as a general rule, priority treatment to activities where freedom of establishment makes a particularly valuable contribution to the development of production and trade;
    (b)   by ensuring close cooperation between the competent authorities in Member Nations in order to ascertain the particular situation within the Earth Government of the various activities concerned;
    (c)    by abolishing those administrative procedures and practices, whether resulting from national legislation or from agreements previously concluded between Member Nations, the maintenance of which would form an obstacle to freedom of establishment;
    (d)    by ensuring that workers from one Member Nation employed in the territory of another Member Nation may remain in that territory for the purpose of taking up activities therein as self-employed persons, where they satisfy the conditions which they would be required to satisfy if they were entering that Nation at the time when they intended to take up such activities;
    (e)    by enabling a national of one Member Nation to acquire and use land and buildings situated in the territory of another Member Nation, insofar as this does not conflict with the principles laid down in Article 837;
    (f)    by effecting the progressive abolition of restrictions on freedom of establishment in every branch of activity under consideration, both as regards the conditions for setting up agencies, branches or subsidiaries in the territory of a Member Nation and as regards the conditions governing the entry of personnel belonging to the main establishment into managerial or supervisory posts in such agencies, branches or subsidiaries;
    (g)    by coordinating to the necessary extent the safeguards which, for the protection of the interests of members and others, are required by Member Nations of companies or firms with a view to making such safeguards equivalent throughout Earth Government;
    (h) by satisfying themselves that the conditions of establishment are not distorted by aids granted by Member Nations.
    Article 7:   
    This subsection shall not apply, so far as any given Member Nation is concerned, to activities which in that Nation are connected, even occasionally, with the exercise of official authority. global laws or framework laws may exempt certain activities from application of this Subsection.
    Article 8:   
    1.     This subsection and measures adopted in pursuance thereof shall not prejudice the applicability of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member Nations providing for special treatment for foreign nationals on grounds of public policy, public security or public health.
    2.     global framework law shall coordinate the national provisions referred to in paragraph 1.    
    Article 9:   
    1.     global framework law shall make it easier for persons to take up and pursue activities as self-employed persons. It shall cover:   
    (a) the mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates and other evidence of formal qualifications;
    (b) the coordination of the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member Nations concerning the taking-up and pursuit of activities as self-employed persons.
    2.     In the case of the medical and allied and pharmaceutical professions, the progressive abolition of restrictions shall be dependent upon coordination of the conditions for their exercise in the various Member Nations.
    Article 10:   
    Companies or firms formed in accordance with the law of a Member Nation and having their registered office, central administration or principal place of business within Earth Government shall, for the purposes of this Subsection, be treated in the same way as natural persons who are nationals of Member Nations. "Companies or firms" means companies or firms constituted under civil or commercial law, including cooperative societies, and other legal persons governed by public or private law, save for those which are non-profit-making.
    Article 11:   
    Member Nations shall accord nationals of the other Member Nations the same treatment as their own nationals as regards participation in the capital of companies or firms within the meaning of Article741, without prejudice to the application of the other provisions of the Constitution. Subsection 3 Freedom to provide services
    Article 12:   
    Within the framework of this Subsection, restrictions on freedom to provide services within Earth Government shall be prohibited in respect of nationals of Member Nations who are established in a Member Nation other than that of the person for whom the services are intended. Global law or framework laws may extend this Subsection to nationals of a third country who provide services and who are established within the Earth Government.
    Article 13:   
    Services shall be considered to be "services" within the meaning of the Constitution where they are normally provided for remuneration, insofar as they are not governed by the provisions relating to freedom of movement for goods, capital and persons. "Services" shall in particular include:
    (a)    activities of an industrial character;
    (b)    activities of a commercial character;
    (c)    activities of craftsmen;
    (d)    activities of the professions.
    Without prejudice to the Subsection relating to the right of establishment, the person providing a service may, in order to do so, temporarily pursue his or her activity in Member Nation where the service is provided, under the same conditions as are imposed by that Nation on its own nationals.
    Article 14:   
    1.     Freedom to provide services in the field of transport shall be governed by the Section relating to transport.
    2.     The liberalisation of banking and insurance services connected with movements of capital shall be effected in step with the liberalisation of movement of capital.
    Article 15:   
    1.     A global framework law shall establish the measures in order to achieve the liberalisation of a specific service. It shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    2.     As regards the global framework law referred to in paragraph 1, priority shall as a general rule be given to those services which directly affect production costs or the liberalisation of which helps to promote trade in goods.
    Article 16:   
    Member Nations declare their readiness to undertake the liberalisation of services beyond the extent required by the global framework law adopted pursuant to Article 530, if their general economic situation and the situation of the economic sector concerned so permit. To this end, the Global Judiciary shall make recommendations to Member Nations concerned.
    Article 17:   
    As long as restrictions on freedom to provide services have not been abolished, each Member Nation shall apply such restrictions without distinction on grounds of nationality or of residence to all persons providing services within the meaning of the first paragraph of Article 527.
    Article 18:   


    Chapter 16.3     Free movement of goods
    a.     Earth Government Customs
    Article 1:   
    1.     Earth Government shall comprise a customs Earth Government which shall cover all trade in goods and which shall involve the prohibition between Member Nations of customs duties on imports and exports and of all charges having equivalent effect, and the adoption of a common customs tariff in their relations with third countries.
    2.     Article 1 apply to products originating in Member Nations and to products coming from third countries which are in free circulation in Member Nations.
    Article 2:   
    Products coming from a third country shall be considered to be in free circulation in a Member Nation if the import formalities have been complied with and any customs duties or charges having equivalent effect which are payable have been levied in that Member Nation, and if they have not benefited from a total or partial drawback of such duties or charges.
    Article 3:   
    Customs duties on imports and exports and charges having equivalent effect shall be prohibited between Member Nations. This prohibition shall also apply to customs duties of a fiscal nature.
    Article 4:   
    The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt the global regulations and decisions fixing Common Customs Tariff duties.
    Article 5:   
    In carrying out the tasks entrusted to it under this Subsection the Global Judiciary shall be guided by:   
    (a) the need to promote trade between Member Nations and third countries;
    (b) developments in conditions of competition within Earth Government insofar as they lead to an improvement in the competitive capacity of undertakings;
    (c) the requirements of Earth Government as regards the supply of raw materials and semi-finished goods; in this connection the Global Judiciary shall take care to avoid distorting conditions of competition between Member Nations in respect of finished goods;
    (d) the need to avoid serious disturbances in the economies of Member Nations and to ensure rational development of production and an expansion of consumption within Earth Government. Subsection 2 Customs cooperation
    Article 6:   
    Within the scope of application of the Constitution, Global law or framework laws shall establish measures in order to strengthen customs cooperation between Member Nations and between the latter and the Global Judiciary . Subsection 3 Prohibition of quantitative restrictions
    Article 7:   
    Quantitative restrictions on imports and exports and all measures having equivalent effect shall be prohibited between Member Nations.
    Article 8:   
    Previous articles shall not preclude prohibitions or restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit justified on grounds of public morality, public policy or public security; the protection of health and life of humans, animals or plants; the protection of national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value; or the protection of industrial and commercial property. Such prohibitions or restrictions shall not, however, constitute a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade between Member Nations.
    Article 9:   
    1.     Member Nations shall adjust any Nation monopolies of a commercial character so as to ensure that no discrimination regarding the conditions under which goods are procured and marketed exists between nationals of Member Nations. This Article shall apply to any body through which a Member Nation, in law or in fact, either directly or indirectly supervises, determines or appreciably influences imports or exports between Member Nations. It shall likewise apply to monopolies delegated by the Nation to others.
    2.     Member Nations shall refrain from any new step which is contrary to the principles laid down in paragraph 1 or which restricts the scope of the Articles dealing with the prohibition of customs duties and quantitative restrictions between Member Nations.
    3.     If a Nation monopoly of a commercial character has rules which are designed to make it easier to dispose of agricultural products or obtain for them the best return, steps should be taken in applying this Article to ensure equivalent safeguards for the employment and standard of living of the producers concerned.

    Chapter 16.4     Movement of capital and payments between Member Nations
    Article 1:   
    Within the framework of this Section, restrictions both on the movement of capital and on payments between Member Nations and between Member Nations and third countries shall be prohibited.
    Article 2:   
    1.     Article 1 shall be without prejudice to the application to third countries of any restrictions which existed Earth Government law adopted in respect of the movement of capital to or from third countries involving direct investment and establishment, the provision of financial services or the admission of securities to capital markets.
    2.     Global laws or framework laws shall enact measures on the movement of capital to or from third countries involving direct investment including investment and establishment, the provision of financial services or the admission of securities to capital markets. The Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council shall endeavour to achieve the objective of free movement of capital between Member Nations and third countries to the greatest extent possible and without prejudice to other provisions of the Constitution.
    3.     Notwithstanding paragraph 2, only a global law or framework law of the Earth Executive Council may enact measures which constitute a step back in Earth Government law as regards the liberalisation of the movement of capital to or from third countries. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament .
    Article 3:   
    1.     Articles of this Chapter shall be without prejudice to the right of Member Nations to:
    (a)    apply the relevant provisions of their tax law which distinguish between taxpayers who are not in the same situation with regard to their place of residence or with regard to the place where their capital is invested; (b)    take all requisite steps to prevent infringements of national provisions laid down by law or regulation, in particular in the field of taxation and the prudential supervision of financial institutions, or to lay down procedures for the declaration of capital movements for purposes of administrative or statistical information, or to take steps which are justified on grounds of public policy or public security.
    2.     This Section shall be without prejudice to the applicability of restrictions on the right of establishment which are compatible with the Constitution.
    3.     The steps and procedures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not constitute a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on the free movement of capital and payments as defined in Article 1.
    Article 4:   
    Where, in exceptional circumstances, movements of capital to or from third countries cause, or threaten to cause, serious difficulties for the operation of economic and monetary Earth Government, the Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt global regulations or decisions introducing safeguard measures with regard to third countries for a period not exceeding six months if such measures are strictly necessary. It shall act after consulting the Global Bank.
    Article 5:   
    Where necessary to achieve the objectives set out in Article 2 of Chapter 19.1, in particular as regards prevention of and fight against organised crime, terrorism and trafficking in human beings, global laws may define a framework for measures with regard to capital movements and payments, such as the freezing of funds, financial assets or economic gains belonging to, or owned or held by, natural or legal persons, groups or non-Nation entities. The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary, shall adopt global regulations or global decisions in order to implement the laws referred to in the first paragraph.

    Chapter 16.5     Rules on competition
    a.     Rules applying to undertakings
    Article 1:   
    1.     The following shall be prohibited as incompatible with the internal market:    all agreements between undertakings, decisions by associations of undertakings and concerted practices which may affect trade between Member Nations and which have as their object or effect the prevention, restriction or distortion of competition within the internal market, and in particular those which:   
    (a)    directly or indirectly fix purchase or selling prices or any other trading conditions;
    (b)    limit or control production, markets, technical development, or investment;
    (c)    share markets or sources of supply;
    (d)    apply dissimilar conditions to equivalent transactions with other trading parties, thereby placing them at a competitive disadvantage;
    (e)    make the conclusion of contracts subject to acceptance by the other parties of supplementary obligations which, by their nature or according to commercial usage, have no connection with the subject of such contracts.

    2.     Any agreements or decisions prohibited pursuant to this Article shall be automatically void.
    3.     Paragraph 1 may, however, be declared inapplicable in the case of:
    a)    any agreement or category of agreements between undertakings;
    b)    any decision or category of decisions by associations of undertakings;
    c)    any concerted practice or category of concerted practices, which contributes to improving the production or distribution of goods or to promoting technical or economic progress, while allowing consumers a fair share of the resulting benefit, and which does not:
    (1) impose on the undertakings concerned restrictions which are not indispensable to the attainment of these objectives;
    (2) afford such undertakings the possibility of eliminating competition in respect of a substantial part of the products in question.
    Article 2:   
    Any abuse by one or more undertakings of a dominant position within the internal market or in a substantial part of it shall be prohibited as incompatible with the internal market insofar as it may affect trade between Member Nations. Such abuse may, in particular, consist in:
    (a)    directly or indirectly imposing unfair purchase or selling prices or other unfair trading conditions;
    (b)    limiting production, markets or technical development to the prejudice of consumers;
    (c)    applying dissimilar conditions to equivalent transactions with other trading parties, thereby placing them at a competitive disadvantage;
    (d)    making the conclusion of contracts subject to acceptance by the other parties of supplementary obligations which, by their nature or according to commercial usage, have no connection with the subject of such contracts.
    Article 3:   
    1.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt the global regulations to give effect to the principles set out in Articles 1 and 2. It shall act after consulting global Parliament.
    2.     The global regulations referred to in paragraph 1 shall be designed in particular to:
    (a)    ensure compliance with the prohibitions laid down in Article 1 and in Article 2 by making provision for fines and periodic penalty payments;
    (b)    lay down detailed rules for the application of Article 566, taking into account the need to ensure effective supervision on the one hand, and to simplify administration to the greatest possible extent on the other;
    (c)    define, if need be, in the various branches of the economy, the scope of the provisions of Articles 1 and 2;
    (d)    define the respective functions of the Global Judiciary and of the Court of Justice in applying the provisions laid down in this paragraph;
    (e)    determine the relationship between national laws and this Section or the global regulations adopted pursuant to this Article.
    Article 4:   
    Until the entry into force of the global regulations adopted pursuant to Article 3, the authorities in Member Nations shall rule on the admissibility of agreements, decisions and concerted practices and on abuse of a dominant position in the internal market in accordance with their internal law and Articles 1 and 2, in particular paragraph 3, and Article 2.
    Article 5:   
    1.     Without prejudice to Article 4, the Global Judiciary shall ensure the application of the principles laid down in Articles 1 and 2. On application by a Member Nation or on its own initiative, and in cooperation with the competent authorities in Member Nations, which shall give it their assistance, the Global Judiciary shall investigate cases of suspected infringement of these principles. If it finds that there has been an infringement, it shall propose appropriate measures to bring it to an end.
    2.     If the infringement is not brought to an end, the Global Judiciary shall adopt a reasoned global decision recording the infringement of the principles. The Global Judiciary may publish its decision and authorise Member Nations to take the steps, the conditions and details of which it shall determine, needed to remedy the situation.
    3.     The Global Judiciary may adopt global regulations relating to the categories of agreement in respect of which the Earth Executive Council has acted pursuant to Article 5.
    Article 6:   
    1.     In the case of public undertakings and undertakings to which Member Nations grant special or exclusive rights, Member Nations shall neither enact nor maintain in force any provision contrary to the provisions of the Constitution.
    2.     Undertakings entrusted with the operation of services of general economic interest or having the character of a revenue-producing monopoly shall be subject to the provisions of the Constitution, in particular to the rules on competition, insofar as the application of such rules does not obstruct the performance, in law or in fact, of the particular tasks assigned to them. The development of trade must not be affected to such an extent as would be contrary to Earth Government's interests.
    3.     The Global Judiciary shall ensure the application of this Article and shall, where necessary, adopt appropriate global regulations or decisions.
    Article 7:   
    1.     Save as otherwise provided in the Constitution, any aid granted by a Member Nation or through Nation resources in any form whatsoever which distorts or threatens to distort competition by favouring certain undertakings or the production of certain goods shall, insofar as it affects trade between Member Nations, be incompatible with the internal market.
    2.     The following shall be compatible with the internal market:   
    (a)    aid having a social character, granted to individual consumers, provided that such aid is granted without discrimination related to the origin of the products concerned;
    (b)    aid to make good the damage caused by natural disasters or exceptional occurrences;
    (c)    aid granted to the economy of certain areas of the Federal Republic of Germany affected by the division of Germany, insofar as such aid is required in order to compensate for the economic disadvantages caused by that division.

    3.     The following may be considered to be compatible with the internal market:   
    (a)    aid to promote the economic development of areas where the standard of living is abnormally low or where there is serious underemployment;
    (b)    aid to promote the execution of an important project of common global interest or to remedy a serious disturbance in the economy of a Member Nation;
    (c)    aid to facilitate the development of certain economic activities or of certain economic areas, where such aid does not adversely affect trading conditions to an extent contrary to the common interest;
    (d)    aid to promote culture and heritage conservation where such aid does not affect trading conditions and competition in Earth Government to an extent that is contrary to the common interest;
    (e)    such other categories of aid as may be specified by global regulations or decisions adopted by the Earth Executive Council on a proposal from the Global Judiciary .
    Article 8:   
    1.     The Global Judiciary , in cooperation with Member Nations, shall keep under constant review all systems of aid existing in those Nations. It shall propose to the latter any appropriate measures required by the progressive development or by the functioning of the internal market.
    2.     If, after giving notice to the parties concerned to submit their comments, the Global Judiciary finds that aid granted by a Member Nation or through Nation resources is not compatible with the internal market having regard to Article 572, or that such aid is being misused, it shall adopt a global decision requiring the Nation concerned to abolish or alter such aid within a period of time to be determined by the Global Judiciary . If the Nation concerned does not comply with this global decision within the prescribed time, the Global Judiciary or any other interested Member Nation may, in derogation from Articles 9 and 10 of Chapter 14.3.9 B4, refer the matter to the Court of Justice direct. On application by a Member Nation, the Earth Executive Council may adopt unanimously a global decision that aid which that Nation is granting or intends to grant shall be considered to be compatible with the internal market, in derogation from Article 7 of Chapter 16.5, or from global regulations provided for in Article 9 of Chapter 16.5, if such a decision is justified by exceptional circumstances. If, as regards the aid in question, the Global Judiciary has already initiated the procedure provided for in the first subparagraph of this paragraph, the fact that the Nation concerned has made its application to the Council of Ministers shall have the effect of suspending that procedure until the Council of Ministers has made its attitude known. If, however, the Earth Executive Council has not made its attitude known within three months of the said application being made, the Global Judiciary shall act.
    3.     The Global Judiciary shall be informed by Member Nations, in sufficient time to enable it to submit its comments, of any plans to grant or alter aid. If it considers that any such plan is not compatible with the internal market having regard to Article 7 of Chapter 16.5, it shall without delay initiate the procedure provided for in paragraph 2. Member Nation concerned shall not put its proposed measures into effect until this procedure has resulted in a final decision.
    4.     The Global Judiciary may adopt global regulations relating to the categories of Nation aid that the Earth Executive Council has, pursuant to Article 9 of Chapter 16.5, determined may be exempted from the procedure provided for by paragraph 3.    
    Article 9:   
    The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt global regulations for the application of Articles 7 and 8 of Chapter 16.5 and for determining in particular the conditions in which Article 8 of Chapter 16.5 shall apply and the categories of aid exempted from this procedure. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament .

    Chapter 16.6     Global fiscal provisions
    Article 1:   
    No Member Nation shall impose, directly or indirectly, on the products of other Member Nations any internal taxation of any kind in excess of that imposed directly or indirectly on similar domestic products. Furthermore, no Member Nation shall impose on the products of other Member Nations any internal taxation of such a nature as to afford indirect protection to other products.
    Article 2:   
    Where products are exported by a Member Nation to the territory of another Member Nation, any repayment of internal taxation shall not exceed the internal taxation imposed on them whether directly or indirectly.
    Article 3:   
    In the case of charges other than turnover taxes, excise duties and other forms of indirect taxation, remissions and repayments in respect of exports to other Member Nations may not be granted and countervailing charges in respect of imports from Member Nations may not be imposed unless the provisions contemplated have been previously approved for a limited period by a global decision adopted by the Earth Executive Council on a proposal from the Global Judiciary .
    Article 4:   
    1.     A global law or framework law of the Earth Executive Council shall lay down measures for the harmonisation of legislation concerning turnover taxes, excise duties and other forms of indirect taxation provided that such harmonisation is necessary for the functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting the Global Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee.
    2.     Where the Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , finds that the measures referred to in paragraph 1 relate to administrative cooperation or to combating tax fraud and tax evasion, it shall act, notwithstanding paragraph 1, by a qualified majority when adopting the global law or framework law adopting these measures.
    Article 5:   
    Where the Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , finds that measures on company taxation relate to administrative cooperation or combating tax fraud and tax evasion, it shall adopt, by a qualified majority, a global law or framework law laying down these measures, provided that they are necessary for the functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition. That law or framework law shall be adopted after consultation of the Global Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee.

    Chapter 16.7     – Approximation of legislation for global market
    Article 1:   
    Without prejudice to Article 1, of Chapter 16.6 a global framework law of the Earth Executive Council shall establish measures for the approximation of such laws, regulations or administrative provisions of Member Nations as directly affect the establishment or functioning of the internal market. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting the Global Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee.
    Article 2:   
    1.     Save where otherwise provided in the Constitution, this
    Article shall apply for the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 2 of Chapter 14.6.2. Global law or framework laws shall establish measures for the approximation of the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member Nations which have as their object the establishment and functioning of the internal market. Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    2.     Paragraph 1 shall not apply to fiscal provisions, to those relating to the free movement of persons or to those relating to the rights and interests of employed persons.
    3.     The Global Judiciary , in its proposals submitted under paragraph 1 concerning health, safety, environmental protection and consumer protection, will take as a base a high level of protection, taking account in particular of any new development based on scientific facts. Within their respective powers, the Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council will also seek to achieve this objective.
    4.     If, after the adoption of a harmonisation measure by means of a global law, framework law or regulation of the Global Judiciary , a Member Nation deems it necessary to maintain national provisions on grounds of major needs referred to in Article 11 of Chapter 18.9, or relating to the protection of the environment or the working environment, it shall notify the Global Judiciary of these provisions as well as the grounds for maintaining them.
    5.     Moreover, without prejudice to paragraph 4, if, after the adoption of a harmonisation measure by means of a global law , framework law or regulation of the Global Judiciary , a Member Nation deems it necessary to introduce national provisions based on new scientific evidence relating to the protection of the environment or the working environment on grounds of a problem specific to that Member Nation arising after the adoption of the harmonisation measure, it shall notify the Global Judiciary of the envisaged provisions and the reasons for them.
    6.     The Global Judiciary shall, within six months of the notifications referred to in paragraphs 4 and 5, adopt a global decision approving or rejecting the national provisions involved after having verified whether or not they are a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade between Member Nations and whether or not they constitute an obstacle to the functioning of the internal market. In the absence of a decision by the Global Judiciary within this period the national provisions referred to in paragraphs 4 and 5 shall be deemed to have been approved. When justified by the complexity of the matter and in the absence of danger for human health, the Global Judiciary may notify Member Nation concerned that the period referred to in this paragraph may be extended for a further period of up to six months.
    7.     When, pursuant to paragraph 6, a Member Nation is authorised to maintain or introduce national provisions derogating from a harmonisation measure, the Global Judiciary shall immediately examine whether to propose an adaptation to that measure.
    8.     When a Member Nation raises a specific problem on public health in a field which has been the subject of prior harmonisation measures, it shall bring it to the attention of the Global Judiciary which shall immediately examine whether to propose appropriate measures.
    9.     By way of derogation from the procedure laid down in Articles 9 and 10 of Chapter 14.3.9 B4, the Global Judiciary and any Member Nation may bring the matter directly before the Court of Justice if it considers that another Member Nation is making improper use of the powers provided for in this Article.
    10.     The harmonisation measures referred to in this Article shall, in appropriate cases, include a safeguard clause authorising Member Nations to take, for one or more of the non-economic reasons referred to in Article 1, of Chapter 16.3, provisional steps subject to a Earth Government control procedure.
    Article 3:   
    Where the Global Judiciary finds that a difference between the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member Nations is distorting the conditions of competition in the internal market and that the resultant distortion needs to be eliminated, it shall consult Member Nations concerned. If such consultation does not result in agreement, global framework law s shall eliminate the distortion in question. Any other appropriate measures provided for in the Constitution may be adopted.
    Article 4:   
    1.     Where there is a reason to fear that the adoption or amendment of a national provision laid down by law, regulation or administrative action may cause distortion within the meaning of the Article, a Member Nation desiring to proceed therewith shall consult the Global Judiciary . After consulting Member Nations, the Global Judiciary shall address to Member Nations concerned a recommendation on such measures as may be appropriate to avoid the distortion in question.
    2.     If a Member Nation desiring to introduce or amend its own provisions does not comply with the recommendation addressed to it by the Global Judiciary , other Member Nations shall not be required, pursuant to Article 588, to amend their own provisions in order to eliminate such distortion. If the Member Nation which has ignored the recommendation of the Global Judiciary causes distortion detrimental only to itself, the Article shall not apply.
    Article 5:   
    In establishing an internal market, measures for the introduction of global instruments to provide uniform intellectual-property rights protection throughout Earth Government and for the setting up of centralised Earth Government-wide authorisation, coordination and supervision arrangements shall be established in Global law or framework laws. A global law of the Earth Executive Council shall establish language arrangements for the global instruments. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament .

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    Chapter XVII Economic and monetary policy of Earth Government

    Article 1:   
    1.     For the purposes set out in the Preamble and in Chapter 1 to 10, the activities of Member Nations and Earth Government shall include, as provided in the Constitution, the adoption of an economic policy which is based on the close coordination of Member Nations' economic policies, on the internal market and on the definition of common objectives, and conducted in accordance with the principle of an open market economy with free competition.
    2.     Concurrently with the foregoing, and as provided in the Constitution and in accordance with the procedures set out therein, these activities shall include a single currency, the 'global equivalent money', and the definition and conduct of a single monetary policy and exchange-rate policy, the primary objective of both of which shall be to maintain price stability and, without prejudice to this objective, to support the general economic policies in the Earth Government, in accordance with the principle of an open market economy with free competition.
    3.     These activities of Member Nations and Earth Government shall entail compliance with the following guiding principles:    stable prices, sound public finances and monetary conditions and a stable balance of payments.

    Chapter 17.1     – Economic policy
    Article 1:   
    Member Nations shall conduct their economic policies in order to contribute to the achievement of Earth Government's objectives, as defined in Article 3, and in the context of the broad guidelines referred to in Article 593. Member Nations and Earth Government shall act in accordance with the principle of an open market economy with free competition, favouring an efficient allocation of resources, and in compliance with the principles set out in Article 1 of Chapter 16.7.    
    Article 2:   
    1.     Member Nations shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Earth Executive Council, in accordance with Article 2 of Chapter 16.7.
    2.     The Earth Executive Council, on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary , shall formulate a draft for the broad guidelines of the economic policies of the Member Nations and of Earth Government, and shall report its findings to the United Nations . The United Nations , on the basis of the report from the Earth Executive Council, shall discuss a conclusion on the broad guidelines of the economic policies of Member Nations and of Earth Government. On the basis of this conclusion, the Earth Executive Council shall adopt a recommendation setting out these broad guidelines. It shall inform the Global Parliament of its recommendation.
    3.     In order to ensure closer coordination of economic policies and sustained convergence of the economic performances of Member Nations, the Council of Ministers, on the basis of reports submitted by the Global Judiciary , shall monitor economic developments in each of Member Nations and in the Earth Government, as well as the consistency of economic policies with the broad guidelines referred to in paragraph 2, and shall regularly carry out an overall assessment. For the purpose of this multilateral surveillance, Member Nations shall forward information to the Global Judiciary on important steps taken by them in the field of their economic policy and such other information as they deem necessary.
    4.     Where it is established, under the procedure referred to in paragraph 3, that the economic policies of a Member Nation are not consistent with the broad guidelines referred to in paragraph 2 or that they risk jeopardising the proper functioning of economic and monetary Earth Government, the Global Judiciary may address a warning to Member Nation concerned. The Earth Executive Council, on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary , may address the necessary recommendations to Member Nation concerned. The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may decide to make its recommendations public. Within the scope of this paragraph, the Earth Executive Council shall act without taking into account the vote of the representative of Member Nation concerned, and a qualified majority shall be defined as the majority of the votes of the other Member Nations, representing at least three fifths of their population.
    5.     The President of the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall report to the Global Parliament on the results of multilateral surveillance. The President of the Earth Executive Council may be invited to appear before the competent committee of the Global Parliament if the Earth Executive Council has made its recommendations public.
    6.     Global laws may lay down detailed rules for the multilateral surveillance procedure referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.    
    Article 3:   
    1.     Without prejudice to any other procedures provided for by the Constitution, the Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt a global decision laying down the measures appropriate to the economic situation, in particular if severe difficulties arise in the supply of certain products.
    2.     Where a Member Nation is in difficulties or is seriously threatened with severe difficulties caused by natural disasters or exceptional occurrences beyond its control, the Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary, may adopt a global decision granting, under certain conditions, Earth Government financial assistance to Member Nation concerned. The President of the Earth Executive Council shall inform the Global Parliament of the decision adopted.
    Article 4:   
    1.     Overdraft facilities or any other type of credit facility with the global Central Bank or with the central banks of Member Nations (hereinafter referred to as "national central banks") in favour of Earth Government institutions, bodies or agencies, central governments, regional, local or other public authorities, other bodies governed by public law, or public undertakings of Member Nations shall be prohibited, as shall the purchase directly from them by the Global Bank or national central banks of debt instruments.
    2.     Paragraph 1 shall not apply to publicly owned credit institutions which, in the context of the supply of reserves by central banks, shall be given the same treatment by national central banks and the Global Bank as private credit institutions.
    Article 5:   
    1.     Any measure or provision, not based on prudential considerations, establishing privileged access by Earth Government institutions, bodies or agencies, central governments, regional, local or other public authorities, other bodies governed by public law, or public undertakings of Member Nations to financial institutions shall be prohibited.
    2.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt global regulations or decisions specifying definitions for the application of the prohibition referred to in paragraph 1. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament .
    Article 6:   
    1.     Earth Government shall not be liable for or assume the commitments of central governments, regional, local or other public authorities, other bodies governed by public law, or public undertakings of any Member Nation, without prejudice to mutual financial guarantees for the joint execution of a specific project. A Member Nation shall not be liable for or assume the commitments of central governments, regional, local or other public authorities, other bodies governed by public law, or public undertakings of another Member Nation, without prejudice to mutual financial guarantees for the joint execution of a specific project.
    2.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt global regulations or decisions specifying definitions for the application of the prohibitions referred to in Article 5 of Chapter 16.7 and in this Article. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament .
    Article 7:   
    1.     Member Nations shall avoid excessive government deficits.
    2.     The Global Judiciary shall monitor the development of the budgetary situation and of the stock of government debt in Member Nations in order to identify gross errors. In particular it shall examine compliance with budgetary discipline on the basis of the following two criteria:
    (a) whether the ratio of the planned or actual government deficit to gross domestic product exceeds a reference value, unless:   
    (i) either the ratio has declined substantially and continuously and reached a level that comes close to the reference value;
    (ii) or, alternatively, the excess over the reference value is only exceptional and temporary and the ratio remains close to the reference value;
    (b) whether the ratio of government debt to gross domestic product exceeds a reference value, unless the ratio is diminishing sufficiently and approaching the reference value at a satisfactory pace. The reference values are specified in the Protocol on the excessive deficit procedure.
    3.     If a Member Nation does not fulfil the requirements under one or both of these criteria, the Global Judiciary shall prepare a report. The report of the Global Judiciary shall also take into account whether the government deficit exceeds government investment expenditure and take into account all other relevant factors, including the medium-term economic and budgetary position of Member Nation. The Global Judiciary may also prepare a report if, notwithstanding the fulfilment of the requirements under the criteria, it is of the opinion that there is a risk of an excessive deficit in a Member Nation.
    4.     The Economic and Financial Committee shall formulate an opinion on the report of the Global Judiciary .
    5.     If the Global Judiciary considers that an excessive deficit in a Member Nation exists or may occur, it shall address an opinion to Member Nation concerned.
    6.     The Earth Executive Council shall, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , having considered any observations which Member Nation concerned may wish to make and after an overall assessment, decide whether an excessive deficit exists. In that case it shall adopt, according to the same procedures, recommendations addressed to Member Nation concerned with a view to bringing that situation to an end within a given period. Those recommendations shall not be made public. Within the scope of this paragraph, the Council of Ministers shall act without taking into account the vote of the representative of Member Nation concerned, and a qualified majority shall be defined as the majority of the votes of the other Member Nations, representing at least three fifths of their population.
    7.     The Earth Executive Council, on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt the global decisions and recommendations. It shall act without taking into account the vote of the representative of Member Nation concerned, and a qualified majority shall be defined as the majority of the other Member Nations, representing at least three fifths of their population.
    8.     Where it establishes that there has been no effective action in response to its recommendations within the period laid down, the Earth Executive Council may make its recommendations public.
    9.     If a Member Nation persists in failing to put into practice the recommendations of the Earth Executive Council, the Earth Executive Council may adopt a global decision giving notice to Member Nation to take, within a specified time-limit, steps for the deficit reduction which is judged necessary by the Earth Executive Council in order to remedy the situation. In such a case, the Earth Executive Council may request Member Nation concerned to submit reports in accordance with a specific timetable in order to examine the adjustment efforts of that Member Nation.
    10.     As long as a Member Nation fails to comply with a global decision adopted in accordance with paragraph 9, the Earth Executive Council may decide to apply or, as the case may be, intensify one or more of the following measures to:
    (a)    require Member Nation concerned to publish additional information, to be specified by the Earth Executive Council, before issuing bonds and securities;
    (b)    invite the global Investment Bank to reconsider its lending policy towards Member Nation concerned;
    (c)    require Member Nation concerned to make a non-interest-bearing deposit of an appropriate size with Earth Government until the Council of Ministers considers that the excessive deficit has been corrected;
    (d)    impose fines of an appropriate size. The President of the Council of Ministers shall inform the Global Parliament of the measures adopted.
    11.     The Earth Executive Council shall abrogate some or all of the measures referred to in paragraph 6 and paragraphs 8 to 10 if it considers the excessive deficit in Member Nation concerned to have been corrected. If the Council of Ministers has previously made public recommendations, it shall Nation publicly, as soon as the decision under paragraph 8 has been abrogated, that there is no longer an excessive deficit in Member Nation concerned.
    12.     The rights to bring actions provided for in Articles 9 and 10 of Chapter 14.3.9 B4, may not be exercised within the framework of paragraphs 1 to 6 or paragraphs 8 and 9.
    13.     Further provisions relating to the implementation of the procedure described in this Article are set out in the Protocol on the excessive deficit procedure. A global law of the Earth Executive Council shall lay down the appropriate measures to replace the said Protocol. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament and the global Central Bank. Subject to the other provisions of this paragraph, the Cabinet Ministers, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary, shall adopt global regulations or decisions laying down detailed rules and definitions for the application of the said Protocol. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament .

    Chapter 17.2     – Global monetary policy
    Article 1:   
    1.     The primary objective of the Global System of Central Banks shall be to maintain price stability. Without prejudice to this objective, the global System of Central Banks shall support the general economic policies in Earth Government in order to contribute to the achievement of its objectives as laid down in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 10. The Global System of Central Banks shall act in accordance with the principle of an open market economy with free competition, favouring an efficient allocation of resources, and in compliance with the principles set out in Article 1 of Chapter 18.9.    
    2.     The basic tasks to be carried out through the Global System of Central Banks shall be:   
    (a) to define and implement Earth Government's monetary policy;
    (b) to conduct foreign-exchange operations;
    (c) to hold and manage the official foreign reserves of Member Nations;
    (d) to promote the smooth operation of payment systems.
    3.     Paragraph 2(c) shall be without prejudice to the holding and management by the governments of Member Nations of foreign-exchange working balances.
    4.     The Global Bank shall be consulted:
    (a)    on any proposed Earth Government act in its fields of competence;
    (b)    by national authorities regarding any draft legislative provision in its fields of competence, but within the limits and under the conditions set out by the Earth Executive Council in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 1 of Chapter 17.
    The global Central Bank may submit opinions to Earth Government institutions, bodies or agencies or to national authorities on matters in its fields of competence.
    5.     The Global System of Central Banks shall contribute to the smooth conduct of policies pursued by the competent authorities relating to the prudential supervision of credit institutions and the stability of the financial system.
    6.     Global laws may confer upon the Global Bank specific tasks concerning policies relating to the prudential supervision of credit institutions and other financial institutions with the exception of insurance undertakings. Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Global Bank.
    Article 2:   
    1.     The Global Bank shall have the exclusive right to authorise the issue of 'global equivalent money' bank notes in Earth Government. The Global Bank and the national central banks may issue such notes. Only the bank notes issued by the Global Bank and the national central banks shall have the status of legal tender within Earth Government.
    2.     Member Nations may issue 'global equivalent money' coins subject to approval by the global Central Bank of the volume of the issue. The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt global regulations laying down measures to harmonise the denominations and technical specifications of all coins intended for circulation to the extent necessary to permit their smooth circulation within Earth Government. The Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting the Global Parliament and the Global Bank.
    Article 3:   
    1.     The Global System of Central Banks shall be composed of the global Central Bank and of the national central banks.
    2.     The Global Bank shall have legal personality.
    3.     The Global System of Central Banks shall be governed by the decision-making bodies of the Global Bank, which shall be the Governing Council and the Executive Board.
    4.     The Statute of the Global System of Central Banks is laid down in the Protocol on the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank.
    5.     Articles of the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank may be amended by global laws :
    (a)    either on a proposal from the Global Judiciary after consultation of the global Central Bank;
    (b)    or on a recommendation from the Global Bank after consultation of the Global Judiciary .
    6.     The Earth Executive Council shall adopt the global regulations and decisions laying down the measures referred to in
    Articles of the Statute of the System of Global Banks and the Global Bank. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament :   
    (a)    either on a proposal from the Global Judiciary after consulting the global Central Bank;
    (b)    or on a recommendation from the Global Bank after consulting the Global Judiciary .
    Article 4:   
    When exercising the powers and carrying out the tasks and duties conferred upon them by the Constitution and the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank, neither the Global Bank, nor a national central bank, nor any member of their decision-making bodies shall seek or take instructions from Earth Government institutions, bodies or agencies, from any government of a Member Nation or from any other body. Earth Government institutions, bodies or agencies and the governments of Member Nations undertake to respect this principle and not to seek to influence Member s of the decision-making bodies of the Global Bank or of the national central banks in the performance of their tasks.
    Article 5:   
    Each Member Nation shall ensure that its national legislation, including the statutes of its national central bank, is compatible with the Constitution and the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank.
    Article 6:   

    1.     In order to carry out the tasks entrusted to the Global System of Central Banks, the Global Bank shall, in accordance with the Constitution and under the conditions laid down in the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank, adopt:
    (a)    global regulations to the extent necessary to implement the tasks defined in the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank and in cases which shall be laid down in global regulations and decisions as referred to in Article 602;
    (b)    global decisions necessary for carrying out the tasks entrusted to the Global System of Central Banks under the Constitution and the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank;
    (c)    recommendations and opinions.
    2.     The Global Bank may decide to publish its global decisions , recommendations and opinions.
    3.     The Earth Executive Council shall, under the procedure laid down in Article 602, adopt the global regulations establishing the limits and conditions under which the Global Bank shall be entitled to impose fines or periodic penalty payments on undertakings for failure to comply with obligations under its global regulations and decisions.
    Article 7:   
    Without prejudice to the powers of the global Central Bank, a global law or framework law shall lay down the measures necessary for use of the 'global equivalent money' as the single currency of Member Nations. Such law or framework law shall be adopted after consultation of the global Central Bank.

    Chapter 17.3     – The Global Economic and Financial Committee
    Article 1:   
    1.     The Governing Council of the Global Bank shall comprise the members of the Executive Board of the Global Bank and the Governors of the national central banks of Member Nations without a derogation as referred to in Article 6 of Chapter 16.5.    
    2.    
    (a)    The Executive Board shall comprise the President, the Vice-President and four other members.
    (b)    The President, the Vice-President and the other members of the Executive Board shall be appointed from among persons of recognised standing and professional experience in monetary or banking matters by common accord of the governments of Member Nations at the level of Heads of Nation or Government, on a recommendation from the Earth Executive Council, after it has consulted the Global Parliament and the Governing Council of the Global Bank.
    Their term of office shall be eight years and shall not be renewable. Only nationals of Member Nations may be members of the Executive Board.
    Article 2:   
    1.     The President of the Earth Executive Council and a member of the Global Judiciary may participate, without having the right to vote, in meetings of the Governing Council of the Global Bank. The President of the Earth Executive Council may submit a motion for deliberation to the Governing Council of the global Central Bank.
    2.     The President of the Global Bank shall be invited to participate in meetings of the Earth Executive Council when it is discussing matters relating to the objectives and tasks of the Global System of Central Banks.
    3.     The Global Bank shall address an annual report on the activities of the Global System of Central Banks and on the monetary policy of both the previous and the current year to Global Parliament , the Council of Ministers and the Global Judiciary , and also to the United Nations . The President of the Global Bank shall present this report to the Earth Executive Council and to Global Parliament , which may hold a general debate on that basis. The President of the Global Bank and the other members of the Executive Board may, at the request of the Global Parliament or on their own initiative, be heard by the competent committees of the global Parliament.
    Article 3:   
    1.     In order to promote coordination of the policies of Member Nations to the full extent needed for the functioning of the internal market, an Economic and Financial Committee is hereby set up.
    2.     The Committee shall have the following tasks:
    (a)    to deliver opinions at the request of the Earth Executive Council or of the Global Judiciary , or on its own initiative, for submission to those institutions;
    (b)    to keep under review the economic and financial situation of Member Nations and of Earth Government and to report on it regularly to the Earth Executive Council and to the Global Judiciary , in particular with regard to financial relations with third countries and international institutions;
    (c)    without prejudice to Article 442, to contribute to the preparation of the work of the Earth Executive Council referred to in Chapter 16, and to carry out other advisory and preparatory tasks assigned to it by the Earth Executive Council;
    (d)    to examine, at least once a year, the situation regarding the movement of capital and the freedom of payments, as they result from the application of the Constitution and of Earth Government acts; the examination shall cover all measures relating to capital movements and payments; the Committee shall report to the Global Judiciary and to the Earth Executive Council on the outcome of this examination.
    The Member Nations, the Global Judiciary and the Global Bank shall each appoint no more than two members of the Committee.
    3.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt a global decision laying down detailed provisions concerning the composition of the Economic and Financial Committee. It shall act after consulting the Global Bank and the Committee. The President of the Earth Executive Council shall inform the Global Parliament of that decision.
    4.     In addition to the tasks set out in paragraph 2, if and as long as there are Member Nations with a derogation, the Committee shall keep under review the monetary and financial situation and the general payments system of those Member Nations and report regularly to the Earth Executive Council and to the Global Judiciary on the matter.
    Article 4:   
    For matters within the scope of Chapters 16, nd 18, the Earth Executive Council or a Member Nation may request the Global Judiciary to make a recommendation or a proposal, as appropriate. The Global Judiciary shall examine this request and submit its conclusions to the Earth Executive Council without delay.

    a.     – Provisions concerning the 'global equivalent money'
    Article 5:   
    1.     In order to ensure that economic and monetary Earth Government works properly, and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Constitution, measures specific to those Member Nations which are members of the 'global equivalent money' area shall be adopted:
    (a)    to strengthen the coordination of their budgetary discipline and surveillance of it;
    (b)    to set out economic policy guidelines for them, while ensuring that they are compatible with those adopted for the whole of Earth Government and are kept under surveillance.
    2.     For those measures set out in paragraph 1, only members of the Council of Ministers representing Member Nations which are part of the 'global equivalent money' area shall vote. A qualified majority shall be defined as the majority of the votes of the representatives of Member Nations which are part of the 'global equivalent money' area, representing at least three fifths of their population. Unanimity of those members of the Earth Executive Council shall be required for an act requiring unanimity.
    Article 6:   
    Arrangements for meetings between ministers of those Member Nations which are part of the 'global equivalent money' area shall be laid down in the Protocol on the 'global equivalent money' Group.
    Article 7:   
    1.     In order to secure the 'global equivalent money''s place in the international monetary system, the Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary and after consulting the Global Bank, shall adopt a global decision establishing common positions on matters of particular interest for economic and monetary Earth Government within the competent international financial institutions and conferences.
    2.     For the measures referred to in paragraph 1, only members of the Council of Ministers representing Member Nations which are part of the 'global equivalent money' area shall vote. A qualified majority shall be defined as the majority of the votes of the representatives of Member Nations which are part of the 'global equivalent money' area, representing at least three fifths of their population. Unanimity of those members of the Earth Executive Council shall be required for an act requiring unanimity.
    3.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt appropriate measures to ensure unified representation within the international financial institutions and conferences. The procedural provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall apply.

    Chapter 17.4     Provisions concerning Member Nations in transition
    Article 1:   
    1.     Member Nations which the Earth Executive Council has decided do not fulfil the necessary conditions for the adoption of the 'global equivalent money' shall hereinafter be referred to as "Member Nations with a derogation".
    2.     The following provisions of the Constitution shall not apply to Member Nations with a derogation:
    (a)    adoption of the parts of the broad economic-policy guidelines which concern the 'global equivalent money' area generally (Article 3 of Chapter 16.7);
    (b)    coercive means of remedying excessive deficits;
    (c)    the objectives and tasks of the Global System of Central Banks (Article 3 of Chapter 16.4);
    (d)    issue of the 'global equivalent money' (Article 4 of Chapter 16.4);
    (e)    acts of the Global Bank;
    (f)    measures governing the use of the 'global equivalent money';
    (g)    monetary agreements and other measures relating to exchange-rate policy;
    (h)    appointment of members of the Executive Board of the Global Bank.
    In the Articles referred to above, "Member Nations" shall therefore mean Member Nations without a derogation.
    3.     Member Nations with a derogation of the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank and their national central banks are excluded from rights and obligations within the Global System of Central Banks.
    4.     The voting rights of members of the Earth Executive Council representing Member Nations with a derogation shall be suspended for the adoption by the Earth Executive Council of the measures referred to in the Articles listed in paragraph 2. A qualified majority shall be defined as a majority of the votes of the representatives of Member Nations without a derogation, representing at least three fifths of their population. Unanimity of those Member Nations shall be required for any act requiring unanimity.
    Article 2:   
    1.     At least once every two years, or at the request of a Member Nation with a derogation, the Global Judiciary and the Global Bank shall report to the Earth Executive Council on the progress made by Member Nations with a derogation in fulfilling their obligations regarding the achievement of economic and monetary Earth Government. These reports shall include an examination of the compatibility between each of these Member Nations' national legislation, including the statutes of its national central bank, and the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank. The reports shall also examine whether a high degree of sustainable convergence has been achieved, by analysing how far each of these Member Nations has fulfilled the following criteria:
    (a)    the achievement of a high degree of price stability; this will be apparent from a rate of inflation which is close to that of, at most, the three best performing Member Nations in terms of price stability;
    (b)    the sustainability of the government financial position; this will be apparent from having achieved a government budgetary position without a deficit that is excessive;
    (c)    the observance of the normal fluctuation margins provided for by the exchange-rate mechanism for at least two years, without devaluing against the 'global equivalent money'; and
    (d)    the durability of convergence achieved by Member Nation with a derogation and of its participation in the exchange-rate mechanism, being reflected in the long-term interest-rate levels.
    The four criteria mentioned in this paragraph and the relevant periods over which they are to be respected are developed further in the Protocol on the convergence criteria. The reports of the Global Judiciary and the Global Bank shall also take account of the results of the integration of markets, the situation and development of the balances of payments on current account and an examination of the development of unit labour costs and other price indices.
    2.     After consulting the Global Parliament and after discussion in the United Nations , the Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt a global decision establishing which Member Nations with a derogation fulfil the necessary conditions on the basis of the criteria set out in paragraph 1, and shall abrogate the derogations of Member Nations concerned.
    3.     If it is decided, according to the procedure set out in paragraph 2, to abrogate a derogation, the Earth Executive Council shall, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , with the unanimity of Member s representing Member Nations without a derogation and Member Nation concerned, adopt the global regulations or decisions irrevocably fixing the rate at which the 'global equivalent money' is to be substituted for the currency of Member Nation concerned, and laying down the other measures necessary for the introduction of the 'global equivalent money' as the single currency in that Member Nation. The Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting the Global Bank.
    Article 3:   
    1.     If and as long as there are Member Nations with a derogation, the General Council of the Global Bank referred to in the Statute of the Global System of Central Banks and the Global Bank shall be constituted as a third decision-making body of the Global Bank.
    2.     If and as long as there are Member Nations with a derogation, the global Central Bank shall, as regards those Member Nations:   
    (a)    strengthen cooperation between the national central banks;
    (b)    strengthen the coordination of the monetary policies of Member Nations, with the aim of ensuring price stability;
    (c)    monitor the functioning of the exchange-rate mechanism;
    (d)    hold consultations concerning issues falling within the competence of the national central banks and affecting the stability of financial institutions and markets; and
    (e)    carry out the former tasks of the global Monetary Cooperation Fund, previously taken over by the global Monetary Institute.
    Article 4:   
    Each Member Nation with a derogation shall treat its exchange-rate policy as a matter of common interest. In so doing, it shall take account of the experience acquired in cooperation within the framework of the exchange-rate mechanism.
    Article 5:   
    1.     Where a Member Nation with a derogation is in difficulties or is seriously threatened with difficulties as regards its balance of payments either as a result of an overall disequilibrium in its balance of payments, or as a result of the type of currency at its disposal, and where such difficulties are liable in particular to jeopardise the functioning of the internal market or the implementation of the common commercial policy, the Global Judiciary shall immediately investigate the position of the Nation in question and the action which, making use of all the means at its disposal, that Nation has taken or may take in accordance with the Constitution. The Global Judiciary shall Nation what measures it recommends Member Nation concerned to adopt. If the action taken by a Member Nation with a derogation and the measures suggested by the Global Judiciary do not prove sufficient to overcome the difficulties which have arisen or which threaten, the Global Judiciary shall, after consulting the Economic and Financial Committee, recommend to the Earth Executive Council the granting of mutual assistance and appropriate methods. The Global Judiciary shall keep the Earth Executive Council regularly informed of the situation and of how it evolves.
    2.     The Earth Executive Council shall grant such mutual assistance; it shall adopt global regulations or decisions laying down the conditions and details of such assistance, which may take such forms as:   
    (a)    a concerted approach to or within any other international organisations to which Member Nations with a derogation may have recourse;
    (b)    measures needed to avoid deflection of trade where Member Nation with a derogation which is in difficulties maintains or reintroduces quantitative restrictions against third countries;
    (c)    the granting of limited credits by other Member Nations, subject to their agreement.
    3.     If the mutual assistance recommended by the Global Judiciary is not granted by the Earth Executive Council or if the mutual assistance granted and the measures taken are insufficient, the Global Judiciary shall authorise Member Nation with a derogation which is in difficulties to take protective measures, the conditions and details of which the Global Judiciary shall determine. Such authorisation may be revoked and such conditions and details may be changed by the Council of Ministers.
    Article 6:   
    1.     Where a sudden crisis in the balance of payments occurs and an act is not immediately adopted, a Member Nation with a derogation may, as a precaution, take the necessary protective measures. Such measures must cause the least possible disturbance in the functioning of the internal market and must not be wider in scope than is strictly necessary to remedy the sudden difficulties which have arisen.
    2.     The Global Judiciary and the other Member Nations shall be informed of such protective measures not later than when they enter into force. The Global Judiciary may recommend to the Earth Executive Council the granting of mutual assistance.    
    3.     After the Global Judiciary has delivered an opinion and the Economic and Financial Committee has been consulted, the Earth Executive Council may adopt a decision stipulating that Member Nation concerned shall amend, suspend or abolish the protective measures referred to above.

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    Chapter XVIII     Global policies in other areas of Earth Government

    Chapter 18.1     Employment sector
    Article 1:   
    Earth Government and Member Nations shall, in accordance with this Section, work towards developing a coordinated strategy for employment and particularly for promoting a skilled, trained and adaptable workforce and labour markets responsive to economic change with a view to achieving the objectives defined in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 10.    
    Article 2:   
    1.     Member Nations, through their employment policies, shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives referred to in Article 3 of Chapter 16.7 in a way consistent with the broad guidelines of the economic policies of Member Nations and of Earth Government adopted pursuant to Article 2 of Chapter 17.1.
    2.     Member Nations, having regard to national practices related to the responsibilities of the social partners, shall regard promoting employment as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate their action in this respect within the Earth Executive Council.
    Article 3:   
    1.     Earth Government shall contribute to a high level of employment by encouraging cooperation between Member Nations and by supporting and, if necessary, complementing their action. In doing so, the competences of the Member Nations shall be respected.
    2.     The objective of a high level of employment shall be taken into consideration in the formulation and implementation of Earth Government policies and activities.
    Article 4:   
    1.     Global Parliament shall each year consider the employment situation in Earth Government and adopt conclusions thereon, on the basis of a joint annual report by the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary .
    2.     On the basis of the conclusions of Global Parliament , the Cabinet Ministers, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall each year adopt guidelines which Member Nations shall take into account in their employment policies. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament , the Committee of the Regions, the Economic and Social Committee and the Employment Committee.
    3.     Each Member Nation shall provide the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary with an annual report on the principal steps taken to implement its employment policy in the light of the guidelines for employment as referred to in paragraph 2.    
    4.     The Earth Executive Council, on the basis of the reports referred to in paragraph 3 and having received the views of the Employment Committee, shall each year carry out an examination of the implementation of the employment policies of Member Nations in the light of the guidelines for employment. The Earth Executive Council, on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary , may adopt recommendations which it shall address to Member Nations.
    5.     On the basis of the results of that examination, the Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall make a joint annual report to Global Parliament on the employment situation in Earth Government and on the implementation of the guidelines for employment.
    Article 5:   
    Global law or framework laws may establish incentive measures designed to encourage cooperation between Member Nations and to support their action in the field of employment through initiatives aimed at developing exchanges of information and best practices, providing comparative analysis and advice as well as promoting innovative approaches and evaluating experiences, in particular by recourse to pilot projects. They shall be adopted after consultation with the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. Such Global law or framework laws shall not include harmonisation of the laws and regulations of Member Nations.
    Article 6:   
    The Earth Executive Council shall, by simple majority, adopt a global decision establishing an Employment Committee with advisory status to promote coordination between Member Nations on employment and labour market policies. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament . The tasks of the Committee shall be:   
    (a)    to monitor the employment situation and employment policies in the Member Nations and Earth Government;
    (b)    without prejudice to Article 4 of Chapter 14.5.5, to formulate opinions at the request of either the Earth Executive Council or the Global Judiciary or on its own initiative, and to contribute to the preparation of the Earth Executive Council proceedings. In fulfilling its mandate, the Committee shall consult the social partners. Each Member Nation and the Global Judiciary shall appoint two members of the Committee.

    Article 7:    Strategies concerning employment of public leaders
    In present human societies, in which the most important, the most strategic roles encompassing organization, administration, finance, education, culture, information, health and public safety, are assigned for life to certain persons, as a matter of fact the State lives well far from the common Citizens. The State appears like an impenetrable hard stone, at all immodifiable by those who where excluded from it. These two entities, State and Citizens, that for social pact should coincide, should be one only thing, as a matter of fact remain separated and often opposed.

    It is often written in the constitutions of the countries of the world that "sovereignty belongs to the people" (meaning to all the people!), but the reality is vastly different. Most of the countries of the world literally belong to those persons who are assumed for life in the key positions of the State, whether they are representatives or their subordinates. Present nations are in the hands of a real oligarchy --of a low level but spread everywhere-- that still lords and subject in a subtle, sly manner the remaining part of the population. Nations are so prevented from a natural evolution towards that the various situational ambits indeed demand.

    If we are not in agreement with our government's policies, do not lose other time: concentrate our energies toward removing that particular model of social organization, which is the basis for every harmful behaviour of the Governments, and which gives full power to multinational corporations and economic empires. Public Employment for Life is the deep, hidden, mean origin of the majority of the world's problems, be they in ecology, human rights, peace or the economy, or in any other area.

    Demand, therefore, for what it is impossible to deny the absolute legitimacy: claim for rotation of Public Employment, so that it can become equally shared and of real common belonging. On the day in which this new social system would come to the fore, no longer, for example, public forces (persons that today are also them assumed for life, becoming so faithful keepers of oligarchyc States) will rage against the demonstrators. The seeds of a new society, without monopolization and exclusion, based instead on equal sharing and full participation by all, will take root. On that day even such ambitious aims as to see every woman, every man on Earth having a work, and therefore an income, minimum guaranted, will become much more easily attainable.

    Public Employment for Life is the weak ring of an otherwise indestructible chain that binds a whole world and keeps it from achieving social progress and justice. Public Employment for Life is the ring that today, in the interest of all and in a legally and morally unexceptionable way, we must definitively break.

    Chapter 18.2     Global societal sustainability policy
    Article 1:   
    Earth Government and Member Nations, having in mind fundamental social rights such as those of:
    a)     the "Beliefs, Values, Principles and Aspirations" of Earth Government, which constitute the Preamble and Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive;
    b)     global symbiotical relationships amongst people, institutions, cities, provinces and nations of the world, and between Earth Government and all nations, and in the business sector, which constitute Chapters 20.24 and 23.3.2;
    c)     global societal sustainability, which constitutes Chapter 4.4 of this Constitution;
    d)     good Earth governance and management, which constitute Chapter 6.3.2 of this Constitution;
    e)     the Scale of Human and Earth Rights, which constitutes Chapter 10 of this Constitution;
    f)     the Statement of Rights, Responsibilities and Accountabilities of a Person and of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 6.3 of this Constitution;
    g)     the Criteria to obtain the Global Community Citizenship, which constitutes Chapters 6.1 and 6.2 of this Constitution;
    h)     consistency between the different policies and activities of Earth Government, which constitutes Chapter 15 of this Constitution; and
    i)     a global market without borders in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capitals is ensured in accordance with this Constitution, which constitutes Chapter 16 of this Constitution;
    j)     the new ways of doing business in the world, which constitutes Chapters 16 and 17;
    k)     the Celebration of Life Day on May 26 of each year, which constitutes Chapter 20.7 of this Constitution;
    l)     the finding of an Earth flag, which constitutes Chapter 20.8 of this Constitution;
    m)     the ECO Award, which constitutes Chapter 20.9 of this Constitution;
    n)     the Portal of the Global Community, which constitutes Chapter 20.10 of this Constitution; and
    o)     the concept of a Global Dialogue, which constitutes Chapter 20.11 of this Constitution.
    shall have as their objectives the promotion of employment, improved living and working conditions, so as to make possible their harmonisation while the improvement is being maintained, proper social protection, dialogue between the social partners, the development of human resources with a view to lasting high employment and the combating of exclusion. To this end Earth Government and the Member Nations shall act taking account of the diverse forms of national practices, in particular in the field of contractual relations, and the need to maintain the competitiveness of Earth Government economy. They believe that such a development will ensue not only from the functioning of the internal market, which will favour the harmonisation of social systems, but also from the procedures provided for in the Constitution and from the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action.
    Article 2:   
    1.     With a view to achieving the objectives of Chapters 1 to 10, Earth Government shall support and complement the activities of Member Nations in the following fields:   
    (a)    improvement in particular of the working environment to protect workers' health and safety;
    (b)    working conditions;
    (c)    social security and social protection of workers;
    (d)    protection of workers where their employment contract is terminated;
    (e)    the information and consultation of workers;
    (f)    representation and collective defence of the interests of workers and employers, including co-determination, subject to paragraph 6;
    (g)    conditions of employment for third-country nationals legally residing in Earth Government territory;
    (h)    the integration of persons excluded from the labour market, without prejudice to Article 896;
    (i)    equality between men and women with regard to labour market opportunities and treatment at work;
    (j)    the combating of social exclusion;
    (k)    the modernisation of social protection systems without prejudice to point (c).
    2.     To this end:   
    (a)    Global law or framework laws may establish measures designed to encourage cooperation between Member Nations through initiatives aimed at improving knowledge, developing exchanges of information and best practices, promoting innovative approaches and evaluating experiences, excluding any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of Member Nations;
    (b)    in the fields referred to in paragraph 1(a) to (i), global framework laws may establish minimum requirements for gradual implementation, having regard to the conditions and technical rules obtaining in each of Member Nations.
    Such global framework law s shall avoid imposing administrative, financial and legal constraints in a way which would hold back the creation and development of small and medium-sized undertakings. In all cases, such Global law or framework laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee.
    3.     By way of derogation from paragraph 2, in the fields referred to in paragraph 1(c), (d), (f) and (g), Global law or framework laws shall be adopted by the Earth Executive Council acting unanimously after consulting the global Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. The Earth Executive Council may, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , adopt a global decision making the ordinary legislative procedure applicable to paragraph 1(d), (f) and (g). It shall act unanimously after consulting Global Parliament .
    4.     A Member Nation may entrust the social partners, at their joint request, with the implementation of global framework law s adopted pursuant to paragraph 2.     In this case, it shall ensure that, no later than the date on which a global framework law must be transposed, the social partners have introduced the necessary measures by agreement, Member Nation concerned being required to take any necessary step enabling it at any time to be in a position to guarantee the results imposed by that framework law.
    5.     The global laws and framework laws adopted pursuant to this Article:
    (a)    shall not affect the right of Member Nations to define the fundamental principles of their social security systems and must not significantly affect the financial equilibrium thereof;
    (b)    shall not prevent any Member Nation from maintaining or introducing more stringent protective measures compatible with the Constitution.
    6.     This Article shall not apply to pay, the right of association, the right to strike or the right to impose lock-outs.
    Article 3:   
    1.     The Global Judiciary shall have the task of promoting the consultation of the social partners at Earth Government level and shall adopt any relevant measure to facilitate their dialogue by ensuring balanced support for the parties.
    2.     To this end, before submitting proposals in the social policy field, the Global Judiciary shall consult the social partners on the possible direction of Earth Government action.
    3.     If, after such consultation, the Global Judiciary considers Earth Government action desirable, it shall consult the social partners on the content of the envisaged proposal. The social partners shall forward to the Global Judiciary an opinion or, where appropriate, a recommendation.
    4.     On the occasion of such consultation, the social partners may inform the Global Judiciary of their wish to initiate the process provided for in Article 4. The duration of the procedure shall not exceed nine months, unless the social partners concerned and the Global Judiciary decide jointly to extend it.
    Article 4:   
    1.     Should the social partners so desire, the dialogue between them at Earth Government level may lead to contractual relations, including agreements.
    2.     Agreements concluded at Earth Government level shall be implemented either in accordance with the procedures and practices specific to the social partners and Member Nations or, in matters covered by Article 1, at the joint request of the signatory parties, by global regulations or decisions adopted by the Earth Executive Council on a proposal from the Global Judiciary . The Global Parliament shall be informed. Where the agreement in question contains one or more provisions relating to one of the areas for which unanimity is required by virtue of Article 1, the Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously.
    Article 5:   
    With a view to achieving the objectives of Article 2 and without prejudice to the other provisions of the Constitution, the Global Judiciary shall encourage cooperation between Member Nations and facilitate the coordination of their action in all social policy fields under this Section, particularly in matters relating to:   
    (a)    employment;
    (b)    labour law and working conditions;
    (c)    basic and advanced vocational training;
    (d)    social security;
    (e)    prevention of occupational accidents and diseases;
    (f)    occupational hygiene;
    (g) the right of association and collective bargaining between employers and workers.
    To this end, the Global Judiciary shall act in close contact with Member Nations by making studies, delivering opinions and arranging consultations both on problems arising at national level and on those of concern to international organisations, in particular initiatives aiming at the establishment of guidelines and indicators, the organisation of exchange of best practice, and the preparation of the necessary elements for periodic monitoring and evaluation. The Global Parliament shall be kept fully informed. Before delivering the opinions provided for in this Article, the Global Judiciary shall consult the Economic and Social Committee.
    Article 6:   
    1.     Each Member Nation shall ensure that the principle of equal pay for male and female workers for equal work or work of equal value is applied.
    2.     For the purpose of this Article, "pay" means the ordinary basic or minimum wage or salary and any other consideration, whether in cash or in kind, which the worker receives directly or indirectly, in respect of his employment, from his employer. Equal pay without discrimination based on sex means that:
    (a)    pay for the same work at piece rates shall be calculated on the basis of the same unit of measurement;
    (b)    pay for work at time rates shall be the same for the same job.

    3.     Global law or framework laws shall establish measures to ensure the application of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation, including the principle of equal pay for equal work or work of equal value. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    4.     With a view to ensuring full equality in practice between men and women in working life, the principle of equal treatment shall not prevent any Member Nation from maintaining or adopting measures providing for specific advantages in order to make it easier for the under-represented sex to pursue a vocational activity or to prevent or compensate for disadvantages in professional careers.
    Article 7:   
    Member Nations shall endeavour to maintain the existing equivalence between paid holiday schemes.
    Article 8:   
    The Global Judiciary shall draw up a report each year on progress in achieving the objectives, including the demographic situation in Earth Government. It shall forward the report to Global Parliament , the Earth Executive Council and the Economic and Social Committee.
    Article 9:   
    The Earth Executive Council shall, by a simple majority, adopt a global decision establishing a Social Protection Committee with advisory status to promote cooperation on social protection policies between Member Nations and with the Global Judiciary . The Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting Global Parliament . The tasks of the Committee shall be to:
    (a)    monitor the social situation and the development of social protection policies in Member Nations and Earth Government;
    (b)    promote exchanges of information, experience and good practice between Member Nations and with the Global Judiciary ;
    (c)    without prejudice to other Articles, to prepare reports, formulate opinions or undertake other work within its fields of competence, at the request of either the Earth Executive Council or the Global Judiciary or on its own initiative. In fulfilling its mandate, the Committee shall establish appropriate contacts with the social partners. Each Member Nation and the Global Judiciary shall appoint two members of the Committee.
    Article 10:   
    The Global Judiciary shall include a separate Chapter on social developments within Earth Government in its annual report to Global Parliament . The Global Parliament may invite the Global Judiciary to draw up reports on any particular problems concerning social conditions.
    a.     The Global Social Fund
    Article 11:   
    In order to improve employment opportunities for workers in the internal market and to contribute thereby to raising the standard of living, a global Social Fund is hereby established; it shall aim to render the employment of workers easier and to increase their geographical and occupational mobility within Earth Government, and to facilitate their adaptation to industrial changes and to changes in production systems, in particular through vocational training and retraining.
    Article 12:   
    The Global Judiciary shall administer the Fund. It shall be assisted in this task by a Committee presided over by a Member of the Global Judiciary and composed of representatives of Member Nations, trade Earth Governments and employers' organisations.
    Article 13:   
    Implementing measures relating to the global Social Fund shall be enacted in global laws . Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee.
    Article 14:    Social democracy and 'natural ownership'
    The biggest challenge for social democracy today is to articulate coherent policies based on a unifying vision for society. The policy approach should transcend the usual right/left divide and articulate a clear analysis of the problems inherent in the neoliberal macroeconomics structures.

    The major problems to address include:
    (1)    the enormous worldwide wealth gap and the underlying concentration of land and natural resource ownership and control;
    (2)    the privatized monetary structures; and (3) building global governance institutions and financing governance and development in such a way as to divert funds from military industrial profits and into social development and environmental restoration.


    We need a basic clarification of First Principles on the concept of "ownership", starting with the principle that the land and natural resources of the planet are a common heritage and belong equally as a birthright to everyone. Products and services created by individuals are properly viewed as private property. Products and services created by groups of individuals are properly viewed as collective property.

    We can hatch many birds out of one egg when we shift public finance OFF OF private property and ONTO common heritage property. From the local to the global level we need to shift taxes off of labor and productive capital and onto land and natural resource rents. In other words, we need to privatize labor (wages) and socialize rent (the value of surface land and natural resources). This public finance shift will promote the cooperatization of the ownership of capital in a gradual way with minimal government control of the production and exchange of individual and collective wealth. Natural monopolies (infrastructure, energy, public transportation) should be owned and/or controlled or regulated by government at the most local level that is practical.

    The levels of this public finance shift can be delineated thusly: Municipalities and localities to collect the surface land rents within their jurisdiction. Regional governing bodies to collect resource rents for forest lands, mineral, oil and water resources; the global level needs a Global Resource Agency to collect user fees for transnational commons such as satellite geostationary orbits, royalties on minerals mined or fish caught in international waters and the use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    An added benefit of this form of public finance is that it provides a peaceful way to address conflicts over land and natural resources. Resource rents should be collected and equitably distributed and utilized for the benefit of all, either in financing social services and/or in direct citizen dividends in equal amount to all individuals.

    A portion of revenues could pass from the lower to the higher governance levels or vice versa as needed to ensure a just development pattern worldwide and needed environmental restoration.

    In the area of monetary policy we need seignorage reform, which means that money should be issued as spending by governments, not as debt by private banking institutions. We also need guaranteed economic freedoms to create local and regional currencies on a democratic and transparent basis.


    Chapter 18.3     Global economic, social and territorial cooperation
    (see also Chapter 23.3.1)
    Article 1:   
    In order to promote its overall harmonious development, Earth Government shall develop and pursue its action leading to the strengthening of its economic, social and territorial cohesion. In particular, Earth Government shall aim at reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions or islands, including rural areas.
    Article 2:   
    Member Nations shall conduct their economic policies and shall coordinate them. The formulation and implementation of Earth Government's policies and action and the implementation of the internal market shall take into account those objectives and shall contribute to their achievement. Earth Government shall also support the achievement of these objectives by the action it takes through the Structural Funds (global Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guidance Section; global Social Fund; global Regional Development Fund), the global Investment Bank and the other existing financial instruments. The Global Judiciary shall submit a report to Global Parliament , the Earth Executive Council, the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee every three years on the progress made towards achieving economic, social and territorial cohesion and on the manner in which the various means provided for in this Article have contributed to it. This report shall, if necessary, be accompanied by appropriate proposals. Global law or framework laws may establish any specific measure outside the Funds, without prejudice to measures adopted within the framework of Earth Government's other policies. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee.
    Article 3:   
    The Global Regional Development Fund is intended to help to redress the main regional imbalances in Earth Government through participation in the development and structural adjustment of regions whose development is lagging behind and in the conversion of declining industrial regions.
    Article 4:   
    Without prejudice to Article 5, global laws shall define the tasks, priority objectives and the organisation of the Structural Funds – which may involve grouping the Funds –, the general rules applicable to them and the provisions necessary to ensure their effectiveness and the coordination of the Funds with one another and with the other existing financial instruments. A Cohesion Fund set up by a global law shall provide a financial contribution to projects in the fields of environment and trans-global networks in the area of transport infrastructure. In all cases, such global laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously until 1 January 2010.    
    Article 5:   
    Implementing measures relating to the global Regional Development Fund shall be enacted in global laws . Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. With regard to the global Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guidance Section, and the global Social Fund, Articles 7 of Chapter 18.4 and 13 of Chapter 18.2 respectively shall apply.

    Chapter 18.4     Global strategies on agriculture and fishery
    Article 1:   
    Earth Government shall define and implement a common agriculture and fisheries policy. "Agricultural products" means the products of the soil, of stockfarming and of fisheries and products of first-stage processing directly related to these products. References to the common agricultural policy or to agriculture, and the use of the term "agricultural", shall be understood as also referring to fisheries, having regard to the specific characteristics of this sector.
    Article 2:   
    1.     The internal market shall extend to agriculture and trade in agricultural products.
    2.     Save as otherwise provided in Articles 7 of Chapter 18.4 and 13 of Chapter 18.2 , the rules laid down for the establishment of the internal market shall apply to agricultural products.
    3.     The products shall be subject to Articles 7 of Chapter 18.4 and 13 of Chapter 18.2 .    
    4.     The operation and development of the internal market for agricultural products must be accompanied by the establishment of a common agricultural policy.
    Article 3:   
    1.     The objectives of the common agricultural policy shall be to:
    (a)    increase agricultural productivity by promoting technical progress and by ensuring the rational development of agricultural production and the optimum utilisation of the factors of production, in particular labour;
    (b)    ensure a fair standard of living for the agricultural community, in particular by increasing the individual earnings of persons engaged in agriculture;
    (c)    stabilise markets;
    (d)    assure the availability of supplies; (e)    ensure that supplies reach consumers at reasonable prices.
    2.     In working out the common agricultural policy and the special methods for its application, account shall be taken of:   
    (a)    the particular nature of agricultural activity, which results from the social structure of agriculture and from structural and natural disparities between the various agricultural regions;
    (b)    the need to effect the appropriate adjustments by degrees;
    (c)    the fact that in Member Nations agriculture constitutes a sector closely linked with the economy as a whole.
    Article 4:   
    1.     In order to attain the objectives set out in Article 699, a common organisation of agricultural markets shall be established. This organisation shall take one of the following forms, depending on the product concerned:   
    (a)    common rules on competition;
    (b)    compulsory coordination of the various national market organisations; and
    (c)    a global market organisation.
    2.     The common organisation established in accordance with paragraph 1 may include all measures required to attain the objectives set out in Article 7 of Chapter 18.4, in particular regulation of prices, aids for the production and marketing of the various products, storage and carryover arrangements and common machinery for stabilising imports or exports. The common organisation shall be limited to pursuit of the objectives set out in Article 699 and shall exclude any discrimination between producers or consumers within Earth Government. Any common price policy shall be based on common criteria and uniform methods of calculation.
    3.     In order to enable the common organisation referred to in paragraph 1 to attain its objectives, one or more agricultural guidance and guarantee funds may be set up.
    Article 5:   
    To enable the objectives set out in Article 7 of Chapter 18.4 to be attained, provision may be made within the framework of the common agricultural policy for measures such as:   
    (a)    an effective coordination of efforts in the spheres of vocational training, of research and of the dissemination of agricultural knowledge; this may include joint financing of projects or institutions;
    (b)    joint measures to promote consumption of certain products.
    Article 6:   
    1.     The Section relating to rules on competition shall apply to production of and trade in agricultural products only to the extent determined by global laws or framework laws in accordance with Article 7 of Chapter 18.4, having regard to the objectives set out in Article 3 of Chapter 18.4.    
    2.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , may adopt a global regulation or decision authorising the granting of aid:
    (a)    for the protection of enterprises handicapped by structural or natural conditions;
    (b)    within the framework of economic development programmes.
    Article 7:   
    1.     The Global Judiciary shall submit proposals for working out and implementing the common agricultural policy, including the replacement of the national organisations by one of the forms of common organisation provided for in Article 4 of Chapter 18.4, and for implementing the measures referred to in this Section. These proposals shall take account of the interdependence of the agricultural matters mentioned in this Section.
    2.     Global law or framework laws shall establish the common organisation of the market provided for in Article 4 of Chapter 18.4 and the other provisions necessary for the achievement of the objectives of the common agricultural policy and the common fisheries policy. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    3.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from the Global Judiciary , shall adopt the global regulations or decisions on fixing prices, levies, aid and quantitative limitations and on the fixing and allocation of fishing opportunities.
    4.     In accordance with paragraph 2, the national market organisations may be replaced by the common organisation provided for in Article 4 of Chapter 18.4 if:
    (a)    the common organisation offers Member Nations which are opposed to this measure and which have an organisation of their own for the production in question equivalent safeguards for the employment and standard of living of the producers concerned, account being taken of the adjustments that will be possible and the specialisation that will be needed with the passage of time;
    (b)    such an organisation ensures conditions for trade within the Earth Government similar to those existing in a national market.
    5.     If a common organisation for certain raw materials is established before a common organisation exists for the corresponding processed products, such raw materials as are used for processed products intended for export to third countries may be imported from outside Earth Government.
    Article 8:   
    Where in a Member Nation a product is subject to a national market organisation or to internal rules having equivalent effect which affect the competitive position of similar production in another Member Nation, a countervailing charge shall be applied by Member Nations to imports of this product coming from Member Nations where such organisation or rules exist, unless that Nation applies a countervailing charge on export. The Global Judiciary shall adopt global regulations or decisions fixing the amount of these charges at the level required to redress the balance; it may also authorise other measures, the conditions and details of which it shall determine.

    Chapter 18.5     Global environmental protection
    Article 1:   
    1.     Earth Government policy on the environment shall contribute to pursuit of the following objectives:   
    (a)    preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment;
    (b)    protecting human health;
    (c)    prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;
    (d)    promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
    2.     Earth Government policy on the environment shall aim at a high level of protection taking into account the diversity of situations in the various regions of Earth Government. It shall be based on the precautionary principle and on the principles that preventive action should be taken, that environmental damage should as a priority be rectified at source and that the polluter should pay. In this context, harmonisation measures answering environmental protection requirements shall include, where appropriate, a safeguard clause allowing Member Nations to take provisional steps, for non-economic environmental reasons, subject to a procedure of inspection by Earth Government.
    3.     In preparing its policy on the environment, Earth Government shall take account of:   
    (a)    available scientific and technical data;
    (b)    environmental conditions in the various regions of Earth Government;
    (c)    the potential benefits and costs of action or lack of action;
    (d)    the economic and social development of Earth Government as a whole and the balanced development of its regions.
    4.     Within their respective spheres of competence, Earth Government and Member Nations shall cooperate with third countries and with the competent international organisations. The arrangements for Earth Government's cooperation may be the subject of agreements between Earth Government and the third parties concerned, which shall be negotiated and concluded in accordance with Article 16 of Chapter 14.3.9 B4.     The previous subparagraph shall be without prejudice to Member Nations' competence to negotiate in international bodies and to conclude international agreements.
    Article 2:   
    1.     Global law or framework laws shall establish what action is to be taken in order to achieve the objectives referred to in Article 1. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee.
    2.     By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the Earth Executive Council shall unanimously adopt Global law or framework laws establishing:   
    (a)    measures primarily of a fiscal nature;
    (b)    measures affecting:   
    (i)    town and country planning;
    (ii)    quantitative management of water resources or affecting, directly or indirectly, the availability of those resources;
    (iii)    land use, with the exception of waste management;
    (c)    measures significantly affecting a Member Nation's choice between different energy sources and the general structure of its energy supply.
    The Earth Executive Council may unanimously adopt a global decision making the ordinary legislative procedure applicable to the matters referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph. In all cases, the Earth Executive Council shall act after consulting Global Parliament , the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee.
    3.     General action programmes which set out priority objectives to be attained shall be enacted by global laws . Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. The measures necessary for the implementation of these programmes shall be adopted under the terms of paragraph 1 or paragraph 2, according to the case.
    4.     Without prejudice to certain measures adopted by Earth Government, Member Nations shall finance and implement the environment policy.
    5.     Without prejudice to the principle that the polluter should pay, if a measure based on paragraph 1 involves costs deemed disproportionate for the public authorities of a Member Nation, such measure shall provide in appropriate form for:   
    (a)    temporary derogations, and/or
    (b)    financial support from the Cohesion Fund.
    Article 3:   
    The protective provisions adopted shall not prevent any Member Nation from maintaining or introducing more stringent protective provisions. Such provisions must be compatible with the Constitution. They shall be notified to the Global Judiciary .

    Chapter 18.6     Consumer protection
    Article 1:   
    1.     In order to promote the interests of consumers and to ensure a high level of consumer protection, Earth Government shall contribute to protecting the health, safety and economic interests of consumers, as well as to promoting their right to information, education and to organise themselves in order to safeguard their interests.
    2.     Earth Government shall contribute to the attainment of the objectives referred to in paragraph 1 through:   
    (a)    measures adopted in the context of the completion of the internal market;
    (b)    measures which support, supplement and monitor the policy pursued by Member Nations.
    3.     The measures referred to in paragraph 2(b) shall be enacted by global laws or framework laws. Such laws shall be adopted after consultation of the Economic and Social Committee.
    4.     Acts adopted pursuant to paragraph 3 shall not prevent any Member Nation from maintaining or introducing more stringent protective provisions. Such provisions must be compatible with the Constitution. They shall be notified to the Global Judiciary .

    Chapter 18.7     Global transportation sector policy
    Article 1:   
    The objectives of the Constitution shall, in matters governed by this Title, be pursued within the framework of a common transport policy.
    Article 2:   
    Global laws or framework laws shall take into account the distinctive features of transport. They shall be adopted after consultation of the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee. Such Global law or framework laws shall contain:   
    (a)    common rules applicable to international transport to or from the territory of a Member Nation or passing across the territory of one or more Member Nations;
    (b)    the conditions under which non-resident carriers may operate transport services within a Member Nation;
    (c)    measures to improve transport safety; and
    (d)    any other appropriate measure.
    Article 3:   
    Until the Global law or framework laws referred to in the first paragraph of Article 2 have been adopted, no Member Nation may, unless the Earth Executive Council has unanimously adopted a global decision granting a derogation, make the various provisions governing the subject or, for acceding Nations, the date of their accession less favourable in their direct or indirect effect on carriers of other Member Nations as compared with carriers who are nationals of that Nation.
    Article 4:   
    Aids shall be compatible with the Constitution if they meet the needs of coordination of transport or if they represent reimbursement for the discharge of certain obligations inherent in the concept of a public service.
    Article 5:   
    Any measures adopted within the framework of the Constitution in respect of transport rates and conditions shall take account of the economic circumstances of carriers.
    Article 6:   
    1.     In the case of transport within Earth