Chapter II Earth Security and Peace
There is a complementary section in Chapter 22.2, Global Security and Defense Policy.
Chapter 2.1 Global Security and Peace
Article 1: Global Security Policies
Earth Government has broadened the traditional focus of the security of states to include both the security of people as well as that of the planet. Global security policies include:
a) every person on Earth has a right to a secure existence, and all states have an obligation to protect those rights;
Article 2: Protect Life and genetic resources.
In the past, security was thought as better accomplished through military means. Expanding the military capabilities and forming alliances with other nations were the only way to 'win'. Today wars are unlikely to produce winners. The Global Community is all over the planet. Ethnic groups are everywhere. So we would fight our own people? Wars truly make no sense! The world is too crowded and too small nowadays! And weapons too lethal! So security cannot be achieved through the military. The only job the military should be asked to do today is to protect the global life-support systems. These systems have the highest priority on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights and are certainly more important than any of the other rights on the Scale including security. Simply because without life there is no other right possible. Without Oxygen there is no life! Without clean water there is no life! So protect life on Earth at all costs. Wars are the biggest threat to life and the ecosystem of the planet. Primordial human rights come next on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights. Without a shelter life will still exist in some places but is not possible in cold place. There are many related aspects of the global life-support systems:
* primordial human and Earth rights;
So security must be achieved by other means than wars. We might as well shelved the war industry from humanity right now and that means phasing out all nuclear, biological, chemical weapons right now. No waiting! That also means having inspectors verifying the phasing out in all nations of the world. The nature of global security has changed since the rise of the Global Community. Security used to be about the protection of the state and its boundaries, people, institutions and values from an outside threat. Earth Government emphasizes as a priority the prohibition of external interference in the internal affairs of sovereign states. Today the security of people within the Global Community is just as important as the security of states. Citizens must be secure. The Global Community is just as important as the security and life of citizens and states.
Article 3: Terrorism and global co-operation.
There are many threats to security other than the threats to the global life-support systems and threat caused by weapons of mass destruction and the threats to the sovereignty of a state, and they include:
* the proliferation of conventional small arms;
Global security can only be achieved if it can be shared by all peoples and through global co-operation, based on principles as explained in this Constitution such as justice, human dignity, and equity for all and for the good of all. All people and states are protected by the Global Community. Security and Peace can be better achieved by increasing global co-operation between Member Nations.
Article 4: The media industry and global security
The media industry includes the movie and television program industry. They are major sources of global unsecurity. They display a culture of violence in everyday life on television screens and cinemas. An average child at age six has seen more violence on television than any other child of the developing countries over a life span. This culture of violence infects both industrial and developing countries, rich and poor. This trend of culture of violence must end. The movie and TV industry is a threat to global security. The media is responsible for the propagation of violence through communications. Why has government not done anyhting to regulate the media industry? Surely everyone understood that on the Scale of Human and Earth Rights security of a nation is more important than the human rights related to the freedom of expression of the media industry. Security of the people and the state is on top of the Scale. It is part of the primordial human rights. While freedom of expression is a right found lower on the Scale and is classified partly as:
* Community rights and the right that the greatest number of people has by virtue of its number (50% plus one) and after voting representatives democratically (these rights can be and are usually a part of the constitution of a country); and asSo the freedom of expression of a person is not as important as the security of that person and the security of the state.
Article 5: Conflicts and wars.
War is the greatest violation of human rights that one people can inflict on another. It brings deaths and injuries, starvation, diseases, millions of people losing their homes and livelihoods, and massive destruction of property. Children and teenagers are placed in internment camps, and several are often forced to serve as soldiers. War not only corrupts the morals of soldiers, it leads to a decline in the morality of the whole nation. Political and military leaders are always convinced that their particular war is justified. From their point of view, there are several reasons to go to war: loyalty to allies, religion, a thirst for power, greed, ancient grievances to be settled, or the desire to alleviate suffering among their people. A non-violent settlement to a conflict would always be more advantageous. War is self-defeating because it cannot secure what it sets out to achieve, protection against attack. The hatred for the enemy whipped up by war and the desire for revenge among the losers leads to an accursed vicious circle from which there is no escape. The difference between aggressive and defensive, or just and unjust wars, is ridiculous. They are tags each side adopted to suit its interests. War and militarism destroy civil liberties within a nation.
What happens to a person's conscience when he/she wears the uniform of the soldier? It is enslaved to the state. He must kill when ordered. No government, whether democratic or despotic, can allow the soldier to decide what to do according to his conscience. That would undermine discipline and the power to fight.
Earth Government claims that everyone on Earth should be able to live in peace. This peace movement is about courage. Not the courage it takes to go into battle but the courage to organize resistance to war when a bloody taste for it inflames the world, and the threat of prison in a nation where the human rights and freedom of expression have diminished significantly. It is about the courage to say NO to the war industry. It is an industry that destroys life on Earth, corrupts society, and violates morality. Military intervention in the affairs of other nations is wrong. There are other ways, there are peaceful ways, ways that are not based on profit-making and the gain of power for itself. We are conscientious objectors, "non-resistants".
a) Tracking armed conflicts within and between nations around the world and offering assistance in dispute resolution;Article 6: Decentralization of power.
Earth Government has given back responsibility to every citizen on Earth. Everyone shares responsibility for the present and future well-being of life within Member Nations. We will work together in working out sound solutions to local and global problems. It would be wrong and dishonest to blame it all on the leader of a country. Most problems in the world must find solutions at the local and global community levels (and not assume that the leader alone is responsible and will handle it). There is a wisdom in the ways of very humble people that needs to be utilized. Every humble person deserves to have ideas respected, and encouraged to develop his or her own life for the better. Sound solutions to help manage and sustain Earth will very likely be found this way. Everyone can help assess the needs of the planet and propose sound solutions for its proper management, present and future. Everyone can think of better ideas to sustain all life on Earth and realize these ideas by conducting positive and constructive actions. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss; that is the grassroots process. Earth Government can help people realized their actions by coordinating efforts efficiently together.
Article 7: Responsibility of a peacemaker.
The responsibility of a peacemaker is to settle differences through compromise and negotiation before they erupt into violence. Conflicting views do not have to bring about fighting. War is an irreversible solution to a problem. War is never an appropriate solution to resolve a conflict.
Article 8: The worst environmental degradation happens in wars.
The worst environmental degradation happens in wars. Farm products in fields and livestock are abandoned, there is no more control on toxic wastes, and water, air, and land are polluted. People are displaced and feel no longer responsible for the quality of life in their communities. Historically, the industrialized nations have caused the most damage to the environment, with their careless technology and policies. Emissions from factories and vehicles have caused ozone depletion and acid rain. Leaders of the wealthier nations must be willing to accept responsibility for past mistakes and to help pay the financial burden for environmental protection of the developing nations. This is the most damaging conflict of interests between the rich industrialized countries and those that are poor and struggling just for existence. Earth Government must help wealthy and poorer nations reach a better understanding of each other's needs. All aspects are interrelated: peace, human rights and the environment. The poor is more concerned with ending starvation, finding a proper shelter and employment, and helping their children to survive. Environmental issues become meaningless to the poor. In reality, all concerns are interrelated. As soon as the environment is destroyed beyond repair, human suffering is next. Ecology has no boundaries. All nations suffer the effects of air pollution, global warming, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, acid rain, ozone depletion, silting of streams, and countless of other environmental problems. This was the reason for proposing the Scale of Human and Earth Rights to the Global Community.
Article 9: A trusted third party to resolve conflicts.
Earth Government wants to provide a forum where international conflicts could be argued and resolved peacefully. Because of hatred and mistrust, disputing parties always find it difficult to express constructive ideas or proposals. A face-to-face meeting may not even be possible. Earth Government offers to be a trusted third party that would carry ideas back and forth, put forward new proposals until both sides agree. When both parties feel they have gained more than they have lost from the process, the outcome is a win-win settlement for peace.
* resolve problems, concerns and issues peacefully;Article 10: The "war industry" throughout the world must be put to a complete halt and shelved forever from humanity.
The "war industry" throughout the world must be put to a complete halt and shelved forever from humanity. Earth Government is asking Member Nations never again to buy their products. The war industry is the "Mother of all evils in the world". All persons working, directly or indirectly, for the war industry, are responsible and accountable to humanity and to God for anything happening to their products after they are sold. Ethical and moral values no longer touch people involved with the war industry. They dont think that are actually responsible and accountable for spreading evil all around the world. They think they are "good people", good citizens. Every single bullet you manufacture you are responsible and accountable for it, all of you from the President of the company to the employee on the industrial line. Our Society holds responsibility and accountability as well. And if that bullet happened to be a nuclear war head then it becomes even more imperative to held the manufacturer and the people involved responsible and accountable.
Throughout the 20th Century, the war industry has created the worse evil humanity has ever encountered: the business of conflicts and wars. It is a business that has made trillions of dollars (American) and will continue to do so. It has no moral value, no understanding about Life, no respect for anyone or anything, no law except the ones that it makes for itself, and all its products are meant to kill and destroy. It has sold its products to the enemies for the purpose of making more profit. It has subdued governments all over the world to make them buy war products. It has given trade and way of doing business in the world a bad reputation and, therefore, it is a threat to the establisment of business. Although the war industry has a good public image, it does not really matter who is the buyer as long as he pays good money.
Earth Government promotes the abolition of nuclear weapons: security, sustainability and justice in a nuclear free future.
Article 11: New way of doing business: you manufacture, produce, mine, farm or create a product, you become responsible and accountable of your product from beginning to end.
It is the same idea for any consumer product in any industry. You manufacture, produce, mine, farm or create a product, you become responsible and accountable of your product from beginning to end (to the point where it actually becomes a waste; you are also responsible for the proper disposable of the waste).
Article 12: Democracy, Nonviolence, and Peace
1. Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels, and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making, and access to justice:
a. Uphold the right of everyone to receive clear and timely information on environmental matters and all development plans and activities which are likely to affect them or in which they have an interest.
2. Integrate into formal education and life-long learning the knowledge, values, and skills needed for a sustainable way of life:
a. Provide all, especially children and youth, with educational opportunities that empower them to contribute actively to sustainable development.3. Treat all living beings with respect and consideration:
a. Prevent cruelty to animals kept in human societies and protect them from suffering.4. Promote a culture of tolerance, nonviolence, and peace:
a. Encourage and support mutual understanding, solidarity, and cooperation among all peoples and within and among nations.Earth Security and Peace
Chapter 2.2 The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
Article 1: The threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law.
1. Earth Government declares that the threat or use of nuclear weapons are contrary to the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict in any circumstances. Once in effect, the Earth Court of Justice will declare definitively that the threat or use of nuclear weapons is unlawful even in extreme circumstances of self-defense, in which the very survival of a State would be at stake.
2. Earth Government declares that when there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to disputes and conflicts.
States have a legal obligation not only to pursue negotiations leading to nuclear disarmment in all aspects, but also to bring to a conclusion such negotiations.
Nuclear weapons, like all weapons, are subject to the law of armed conflict protecting civilians, combatants, the environment, neutral nations, and succeeding generations from the effects of warfare.
The Earth Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" described in the Preamble and in Chapters 1 to 10 of this Constitution, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Earth Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in this Constitution, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Earth Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.
The Earth Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio,and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
1. All Members Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Earth Security Council, on its and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.Article 8
If preventive or enforcement measures against any nation are taken by the Earth Security Council, any other nation, whether a Member Nation or not, which finds itself confronted with special economic problems arising from the carrying out of those measures shall have the right to consult the Earth Security Council with regard to a solution of those problems.
Chapter 2.3 Settlement of Disputes.
1. The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.Article 2
The Earth Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.
l. Any Member Nation may bring any dispute to the attention of the Earth Security Council or of the Elected Representatives Council.
2. A nation which is not a Member Nation may bring to the attention of the Earth Security Council or of the House of Elected Representatives any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, the obligations of pacific settlement provided in the present Constitution.
1. The Earth Security Council should take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties.
2. In making recommendations under this Article the Earth Security Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the parties to the Earth Court of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court.
If the Earth Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under "Belief, Values, Principles and Aspirations of Earth Government" described in this Constitution or to recommend such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate. When there is a need to find a solution to a problem or a concern, a sound solution would be to choose a measure or conduct an action, if possible, which causes reversible damage as opposed to a measure or an action causing an irreversible loss. This Principle applies to disputes and conflicts.
Chapter 2.4 Local Arrangements of Disputes.
Member Nations shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through regional arrangements or by regional agencies before referring them to the Earth Security Council.
The Earth Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority. But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies, or by the Earth Security Council.
Chapter 2.5 State and global citizens participation to legal disputes
Earth Government shall make every efforts to allow global citizens participate in the pacific and legal settlement of disputes.