Chapter III Earth Government membership
Article 1: Conditions of eligibility and procedure for accession of Member Nations to Earth Government:
1. Earth Government shall be open to all Member Nations which respect the values referred to in Chapter I to Chapter X inclusive, and are committed to promoting them together.
2. Any Nation which wishes to become a member of Earth Government shall address its application to the Earth Executive Council. The Global Parliament and Member Nations' national Parliaments shall be notified of this application. The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously after consulting the Ministry of the Global Judiciary and after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament. The conditions and arrangements for admission shall be the subject of an agreement between Member Nations and the candidate Nation. That agreement shall be subject to ratification by each contracting Nation, in accordance with its respective constitutional requirements.
Article 2: Suspension of Earth Government membership rights
1. On a reasoned proposal by one third of Member Nations, by the Global Parliament or by the Global Judiciary , the Earth Executive Council, acting by a majority of four fifths of its members after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament, may adopt a decision determining that there is a clear risk of a serious breach by a Member Nation of the values mentioned in Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive. Before making such a determination, the Earth Executive Council shall hear the Member Nation in question and, acting in accordance with the same procedure, may address recommendations to that Nation. The Earth Executive Council shall regularly verify that the grounds on which such a determination was made continue to apply.
2. The United Nations , acting by unanimity on a proposal by one third of Member Nations or by the Global Judiciary and after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament , may adopt a decision determining the existence of a serious and persistent breach by a Member Nation of the values mentioned in Chapter 1 to Chapter 10 inclusive, after inviting the Member Nation in question to submit its observations.
3. Where a determination under paragraph 2 has been made, the Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, may adopt a decision suspending certain of the rights deriving from the application of the Constitution to the Member Nation in question, including the voting rights of that Member Nation in the Earth Executive Council. In so doing, the Earth Executive Council shall take into account the possible consequences of such a suspension on the rights and obligations of natural and legal persons. That Member Nation shall in any case continue to be bound by its obligations under the Constitution.
4. The Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, may subsequently adopt a decision varying or revoking measures taken under paragraph 3 in response to changes in the situation which led to their being imposed.
5. For the purposes of this Article, the Earth Executive Council shall act without taking into account the vote of the Member Nation in question. Abstentions by members present in person or represented shall not prevent the adoption of decisions referred to in paragraph 2. This paragraph shall also apply in the event of voting rights being suspended pursuant to paragraph 3.
6. For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, Global Parliament shall act by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast, representing the majority of its Members.
Article 3: Voluntary withdrawal from Earth Government
1. Any Member Nation may decide to withdraw from Earth Government in accordance with its own constitutional requirements.
2. A Member Nation which decides to withdraw shall notify Global parliament of its intention; Global parliament shall examine that notification. In the light of the guidelines provided by Global parliament, Earth Government shall negotiate and conclude an agreement with that Nation, setting out the arrangements for its withdrawal, taking account of the framework for its future relationship with Earth Government. That agreement shall be concluded on behalf of Earth Government by the Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority, after obtaining the consent of Global Parliament. The representative of the withdrawing Member Nation shall not participate in the Earth Executive Council or Global Parliament discussions or decisions concerning it.
3. The Constitution shall cease to apply to the Nation in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification referred to in paragraph 2, unless the Global Parliament, in agreement with the Member Nation concerned, decides to extend this period.
4. If a Nation which has withdrawn from Earth Government asks to re-join, its request shall be subject to the standard application procedure.