Chapter XXIII     Safeguards and Reservations

Chapter 23.1     Safeguards and Reservations
Article 1:    Certain Safeguards
Earth Government shall operate to secure for all nations and peoples within the federation of all nations the safeguards which are defined hereunder:
1.   Guarantee that full faith and credit shall be given to the public acts, records, legislation and judicial proceedings of the member nations within the federation of all nations, consistent with the several provisions of this Global Constitution.  
2.   Assure freedom of choice within the member nations and countries of the federation of all nations to determine their internal political, economic and social systems, consistent with the guarantees and protections given under this Global Constitution to assure civil liberties and human rights and a safe environment for life, and otherwise consistent with the several provisions of this Global Constitution.  
3.   Grant the right of asylum within the federation of all nations for persons who may seek refuge from countries or nations which are not yet included within the federation of all nations.  
4.   Grant the right of individuals and groups, after the federation of all nations includes 90 percent of the territory of Earth, to peacefully leave the hegemony of the federation of all nations and to live in suitable territory set aside by the federation neither restricted nor protected by Earth Government, provided that such territory does not extend beyond five percent of Earth's habitable territory, is kept completely disarmed and not used as a base for inciting violence or insurrection within or against the federation of all nations or any member nation, and is kept free of acts of environmental or technological damage which seriously affect Earth outside such territory.  
Article 2:    Reservation of Powers
The powers not delegated to Earth Government by this Global Constitution shall be reserved to the nations of the federation of all nations and to the Global Community.  
Chapter 23.2     Global Federal Zones and the Global Capitals of the six Continental Divisions of Earth
Article 1:    Global Federal Zones
1.   Twenty Global Federal Zones shall be established within the twenty Global Electoral and Administrative Regions, for the purposes of the location of the several organs of the Earth Government and of the administrative departments, the global courts, the offices of the Regional Global Attorneys, the offices of the Global Advocates, and for the location of other branches, departments, institutes, offices, bureaus, commissions, agencies and parts of Earth Government.  
2.   The Global Federal Zones shall be established as the needs and resources of the Earth Government develop and expand.   Global Federal Zones shall be established first within each of six Continental Divisions.  
3.   The location and administration of the Global Federal Zones, including the first six, shall be determined by the Global Parliament.  
Article 2:    The Global Capitals
1.   Six Global Capitals shall be established in each of six Continental Divisions of Earth, to be located in each of the six Global Federal Zones which are established first as provided in this Global Constitution.  
2.   One of the Global Capitals shall be designated by the Global Parliament as the Primary Global Capital, and the other four shall be designated as Secondary Global Capitals.  
3.   The primary seats of all organs of the Earth Government shall be located in the Primary Global Capital, and other major seats of the several organs of Earth Government shall be located in the Secondary Global Capitals.  
Chapter 23.3     Global Territories and Global Symbiotical Relationships
Chapter 23.3.1     Global Territories
This Chapter is complementary to Chapter 18.3.
Article 1:    Global Territory
1.   Those areas of the Earth and Earth's moon which are not under the jurisdiction of existing nations at the time of forming Earth Government, or which are not reasonably within the province of national ownership and administration, or which are declared to be Global Territory subsequent to establishment of Earth Government, shall be designated as Global Territory and shall belong to all of the Global Community.  
2.   The administration of Global Territory shall be determined by the Global Parliament and implemented by the Earth Executive Council, and shall apply to the following areas: all oceans and seas having an international or supra-national character, together with the seabeds and resources thereof, beginning at a distance of twenty kilometers offshore, excluding inland seas of traditional national ownership.  
a.   All oceans and seas having an international or supra-national character, together with the seabeds and resourses thereof, beginning at a distance of twenty kilometers offshore, excluding inland seas of traditional nation ownership.  
b.   Vital straits, channels, and canals.  
c.   The atmosphere enveloping Earth, beginning at an elevation of one kilometer above the general surface of the land, excluding the depressions in areas of much variation in elevation.  
d.   Man-made satellites and Earth's moon.  
e.   Colonies which may choose the status of Global Territory; non-independent territories under the trust administration of nations or of Global Parliament ; any islands or atolls which are unclaimed by any nation; independent lands or countries which choo se the status of Global Territory; and disputed lands which choose the status of Global Territory.  
3.   The residents of any Global Territory, except designated Global Federal Zones, shall have the right within reason to decide by plebiscite to become a self-governing nation within the federation of Earth, either singly or in combination with other Global Territories, or to unite with an existing nation with Earth Government.

Chapter 23.3.2     Global Symbiotical Relationships
This Chapter is complementary to Chapter 20.23.
Article 1:    Global Symbiotical Relationships
1.   Earth Government shall maintain exterior relations with those nations of Earth which have not joined the federation of all nations. Global Symbiotical Relationships shall be under the administration of the Global Council , subject at all times to specific instructions and approval by the Global Parliament.
2.   All treaties and agreements with nations remaining outside the federation of all nations shall be negotiated by the Global Council and must be ratified by a simple majority vote of the three bodies of the Global Parliament.  
3.   Earth Government shall establish and maintain peaceful relations with other planets and celestial bodies where and when it may become possible to establish communications with the possible inhabitants thereof.  
4.   All explorations into outer space, both within and beyond the solar system in which Planet Earth is located, shall be under the exclusive direction and control of Earth Government, and shall be conducted in such manner as shall be determined by the Global Parliament.  
Chapter 23.4     Ratification and implementation of the Global Constitution
Chapter 23.4.1     Ratification of the Global Constitution
Article 1:    Ratification of the Global Constitution
This Global Constitution shall be submitted to the nations and Global Community for ratification by the following procedures:
1.   The Global Constitution shall be transmitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization and to each national government on Earth, with the request that the Global Constitution be submitted to the national legislature of each nation for preliminary ratification and to the people of each nation for final ratification by popular referendum.  
2.   Preliminary ratification by a national legislature shall be accomplished by simple majority vote of the national legislature.  
3.   Final ratification by the people shall be accomplished by a simple majority of votes cast in a popular referendum, provided that a minimum of twenty-five percent of eligible voters of age eighteen years and over have cast ballots within the nation or country or within Global Electoral and Administrative Districts.  
4.   In the case of a nation without a national legislature, the head of the national government shall be requested to give preliminary ratification and to submit the Global Constitution for final ratification by popular referendum.  
5.   In the event that a national government, after six months, fails to submit the Global Constitution for ratification as requested, then the global agency assuming responsibility for the worldwide ratification campaign may proceed to conduct a direct referendum for ratification of the Global Constitution by the people.   Direct referendums may be organized on the basis of entire nations or countries, or on the basis of existing defined communities within nations.  
6.   In the event of a direct ratification referendum, final ratification shall be accomplished by a majority of the votes cast whether for an entire nation or for a Global Electoral and Administrative District, provided that ballots are cast by a minimum of twenty-five percent of eligible voters of the area who are over eighteen years of age.  
7.   For ratification by existing communities within a nation, the procedure shall be to request local communities, cities, counties, states, provinces, cantons, prefectures, tribal jurisdictions, or other defined political units within a nation to ratify the Global Constitution, and to submit the Global Constitution for a referendum vote by the citizens of the community or political unit.   Ratification may be accomplished by proceeding in this way until all eligible voters of age eighteen and above within t he nation or Global Electoral and Administrative District have had the opportunity to vote, provided that ballots are cast by a minimum of twenty-five percent of those eligible to vote.  
8.   Prior to the Full Operative Stage of Earth Government, the universities, Councils and scientific academies and institutes in any country may ratify the Global Constitution, thus qualifying them for participation in the nomination of Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Advisers.  
9.   In the case of those nations currently involved in serious international disputes or where traditional enmities and chronic disputes may exist among two or more nations, a procedure for concurrent paired ratification shall be instituted whereby the na tions which are parties to a current or chronic international dispute or conflict may simultaneously ratify the Global Constitution. In such cases, the paired nations shall be admitted into the federation of all nations simultaneously, with the obligation for e ach such nation to immediately turn over all weapons of mass destruction to Earth Government, and to turn over the conflict or dispute for mandatory peaceful settlement by Earth Government.
10.   Each nation or political unit which ratifies this Global Constitution, either by preliminary ratification or final ratification, shall be bound never to use any armed forces or weapons of mass destruction against another member or unit of the federation of all nations, regardless of how long it may take to achieve full disarmament of all the nations and political units which ratify this Global Constitution.
11.   When ratified, the Global Constitution becomes the supreme law of Earth. By the act of ratifying this Global Constitution, any provision in the Constitution or Legislation of any country so ratifying, which is contrary to this Global Constitution, is either repealed or amended to conform with the Constitution, effective as soon as 25 countries have so ratified. The amendment of National or State Constitutions to allow entry into Earth Government is not necessary prior to ratification of the Constitution.
Chapter 23.4.2     Stages of Implementation
Article 1:    Stages of Implementation
1.   Implementation of this Global Constitution and the establishment of Earth Government pursuant to the terms of this Global Constitution, may be accomplished in three stages, as follows, in addition to the stage of a Provisional Earth Government:
a.   First Operative Stage of Earth Government.  
b.   Second Operative Stage of Earth Government.  
c.   Full Operative Stage of Earth Government.  
2.   At the beginning and during each stage, the Global Parliament and Earth Executive Council together shall establish goals and develop means for the progressive implementation of the Global Constitution, and for the implementation of legislation enacted by the Global Parliament.  
Chapter 23.4.3     First Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:    First Operative Stage of Earth Government
1.   The first operative stage of Earth Government under this Global Constitution shall be implemented when the Global Constitution is ratified by a sufficient number of nations and/or people to meet one or the other of the following conditions or equivalent:
a.   Preliminary or final ratification by a minimum of twenty-five nations, each having a population of more than 100,000.  
b.   Preliminary or final ratification by a minimum of ten nations above 100,000 population, together with ratification by direct referendum within a minimum of fifty additional Global Electoral and Administrative Districts.  
c.   Ratification by direct referendum within a minimum of 100 Global Electoral and Administrative Districts, even though no nation as such has ratified.  
2.   The election of Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Elected Representatives shall be conducted in all Global Electoral and Administrative Districts where ratification has been accomplished by popular referendum.  
3.   The Election of Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Elected Representatives may proceed concurrently with direct popular referendums both prior to and after the First Operative Stage of Earth Government is reached.  
4.   The appointment or election of Members of the Global Parliament to the United Nations shall proceed in all nations where preliminary ratification has been accomplished.  
5.   One-fourth of the Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Advisers may be elected from nominees submitted by universities and Council s which have ratified the Global Constitution.  
6.   The Earth Executive Council and the Cabinet Ministers shall be elected according to the provisions, except that in the absence of a House of Advisers, the nominations shall be made by the members of the House of Elected Representatives and the United Nations in joint session. Until this is accomplished, the Earth Executive Council and Cabinet Ministers of the Provisional Earth Government shall continue to serve.
7.   When composed, the Earth Executive Council for the first operative stage of Earth Government shall assign or re-assign Ministerial posts among Cabinet and Earth Executive Council members, and shall immediately establish or confirm a Global Disarmament Agency and a Global Economic and Development Organization.  
8.   Those nations which ratify this Global Constitution and thereby join the federation of all nations, shall immediately transfer all weapons of mass destruction as defined and designated by the Global Disarmament Agency to that Agency. (See Article 1 of Chapter 23.6.1). The Global Disarmament Agency shall immediately immobilize all such weapons and shall proceed with dispatch to dismantle, convert to peacetime use, re-cycle the materials thereof or otherwise destroy all such weapons. During the first operative stage of Earth Government, the ratifying nations may retain armed forces equipped with weapons other than weapons of mass destruction as defined and designated by the Global Disarmament Agency.
9.   Concurrently with the reduction or elimination of such weapons of mass destruction and other military expenditures as can be accomplished during the first operative stage of Earth Government, the member nations of the federation of all nations shall pay ann ually to the Treasury of Earth Government amounts equal to one-half the amounts saved from their respective national military budgets during the last year before joining the federation, and shall continue such payments until the full operative stage of Earth Government is reached. Earth Government shall use fifty percent of the funds thus received to finance the work and projects of the Global Economic Development Organization.
10.   The Global Parliament and Earth Executive Council shall continue to develop the organs, departments, agencies and activities originated under the Provisional Earth Government, with such amendments as deemed necessary; and shall proceed to establish and beg in the following organs, departments and agencies of Earth Government, if not already underway, together with such other departments, and agencies as are considered desirable and feasible during the first operative stage of Earth Government:
a.   The Earth Court of Justice;
b.   The Agency of Global Police;
c.   The Global Community Ombudspersons;
d.   The Global Civil Service Administration and Planning (GCSAP);
e.   The Global Financial Administration;
f.   The Agency for Research and Planning;
g.   The Global Community Assessment Centre (GCAC);
h.   An Emergency Earth Rescue Administration, concerned with all aspects of climate change and related factors;
i.   An Integrated Global Energy System, based on environmentally safe sources;
j.   A Global University System, under the Department of Education;
k.   A Global Corporations Office, under the Department of Commerce and Industry;
l.   The Global Service Corps;
m.   A Global Oceans and Seabeds Administration.  
11.   At the beginning of the first operative stage, the Earth Executive Council in consultation with the Cabinet Ministers shall formulate and put forward a proposed program for solving the most urgent global problems currently confronting humanity.  
12.   The Global Parliament shall proceed to work upon solutions to global problems. The Global Parliament and Earth Executive Council working together shall institute through the several organs, departments and agencies of the Earth Government whatever means sha ll seem appropriate and feasible to accomplish the implementation and enforcement of global legislation, global law and the Global Constitution; and in particular shall take certain decisive actions for the welfare of all people on Earth, applicable throughout the world, including but not limited to the following:
a.   Expedite the organization and work of an Emergency Earth Rescue Administration, concerned with all aspects of climate change and climate crises;
b.   Expedite the new finance, credit and monetary system, to serve human needs;
c.   Expedite an integrated global energy system, utilizing solar energy, hydrogen energy, and other safe and sustainable sources of energy;
d.   Push forward a global program for agricultural production to achieve maximum sustained yield under conditions which are ecologically sound;
e.   Establish conditions for free trade within the federation of all nations;
f.   Call for and find ways to implement a moratorium on nuclear energy projects until all problems are solved concerning safety, disposal of toxic wastes and the dangers of use or diversion of materials for the production of nuclear weapons;
g.   Outlaw and find ways to completely terminate the production of nuclear weapons and all weapons of mass destruction;
h.   Push forward programs to assure adequate and non-polluted water supplies and clean air supplies for everybody on Earth;
i.   Push forward a global program to conserve and re-cycle the resources of Earth; and
j.   Develop an accetable program to bring population growth under control, especially by raising standards of living.  
Chapter 23.4.4     Second Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:    Second Operative Stage of Earth Government
1.   The second operative stage of Earth Government shall be implemented when fifty percent or more of the nations of Earth have given either preliminary or final ratification to this Global Constitution, provided that fifty percent of the total population of Earth is included either within the ratifying nations or within the ratifying nations together with additional Global Electoral and Administrative Districts where people have ratified the Global Constitution by direct referendum.  
2.   The election and appointment of Members of the Global Parliament to the several bodies of the Global Parliament shall proceed in the same manner as specified for the first operative stage in Article 1.  
3.   The terms of office of the Members of the Global Parliament elected or appointed for the first operative stage of Earth Government, shall be extended into the second operative stage unless they have already served five year terms, in which case new elections or appointments shall be arranged. The terms of holdover Members of the Global Parliament into the second operative stage shall be adjusted to run concurrently with the terms of those who are newly elected at the beginning of the second operative st age.
4.   The Earth Executive Council and the Cabinet Ministers shall be re-constituted or reconfirmed, as needed, at the beginning of the second operative stage of Earth Government.  
5.   The Global Parliament and Earth Executive Council shall continue to develop the organs, departments, agencies and activities which are already underway from the first operative stage of Earth Government, with such amendments as deemed necessary; and shall proceed to establish and develop all other organs and major departments and agencies of Earth Government to the extent deemed feasible during the second operative stage.  
6.   All nations joining Earth Government to compose the second operative stage of Earth Government, shall immediately transfer all weapons of mass destruction and all other military weapons and equipment to the Global Disarmament Agency, which shall immediately immobilize such weapons and equipment and shall proceed forthwith to dismantle, convert to peacetime uses, recycle the materials thereof, or otherwise destroy such weapons and equipment. During the second operative stage, all armed forces an d para-military forces of the nations which have joined the federation of all nations shall be completely disarmed and either disbanded or converted on a voluntary basis into elements of the non-military Global Service Corps.
7.   Concurrently with the reduction or elimination of such weapons, equipment and other military expenditures as can be accomplished during the second operative stage of Earth Government, the member nations of the federation of all nations shall pay annually to the Treasury of Earth Government amounts equal to one-half of the amounts saved from their national military budgets during the last year before joining the federation of all nations and shall continue such payments until the full operative stage of Earth Government is reached. Earth Government shall use fifty percent of the funds thus received to finance the work and projects of the Global Economic Development Organization.
8.   Upon formation of the Cabinet Ministers for the second operative stage, the Earth Executive Council shall issue an invitation to the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization and to each of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, as well as to oth er useful international agencies, to transfer personnel, facilities, equipment, resources and allegiance to the federation of all nations and to Earth Government thereof. The agencies and functions of the United Nations Organization and of its specialized agencies and of other international agencies which may be thus transferred, shall be reconstituted as needed and integrated into the several organs, departments, offices and agencies of Earth Government.
9.   Near the beginning of the second operative stage, the Earth Executive Council in consultation with the Cabinet Ministers, shall formulate and put forward a proposed program for solving the most urgent global problems currently confronting the Global Community.  
10.   The Global Parliament shall proceed with legislation necessary for implementing a complete program for solving the current urgent global problems.  
11.   The Global Parliament and Earth Executive Council working together shall develop through the several organs, departments and agencies of Earth Government whatever means shall seem appropriate and feasible to implement legislation for solving global prob lems; and in particular shall take certain decisive actions for the welfare of all people on Earth, including but not limited to the following:
a.   Declare the polar caps and surrounding polar areas, including the continent of Antartica but not areas which are traditionally a part of particular nations, to be global territory owned by the federation of all nations as the common heritage of humanity, and subject to control and management by Earth Government.  
b.   Outlaw the possession, stockpiling, sale and use of all nuclear weapons, all weapons of mass destruction, and all other military weapons and equipment.  
c.   Establish an ever-normal grainery and food supply system for the Global Community.  
d.   Develop and carry forward insofar as feasible all actions defined under Article 1234 of the First Operative Stage.  
Chapter 23.4.5     Full Operative Stage of Earth Government
Article 1:    Full Operative Stage of Earth Government
1.   The full operative stage of Earth Government shall be implemented when this Global Constitution is given either preliminary or final ratification by meeting either condition (a) or (b):
a.   Ratification by eighty percent or more of the nations of Earth comprising at least ninety percent of the population of Earth; or
b.   Ratification which includes ninety percent of Earth's total population, either within ratifying nations or within ratifying nations together with additional Global Electoral and Administrative Districts where ratification by direct referendum has been accomplished.
2.   When the full operative stage of Earth Government is reached, the following conditions shall be implemented:
a.   Elections for Members of the House of Elected Representatives shall be conducted in all Global Electoral and Administrative Districts where elections have not already taken place; and Members of the United Nations shall be elected or appointed by the national legislatures or national governments in all nations where this has not already been accomplished. The terms of office for Members of the House of Elected Representatives and of the United Nations serving during the second operative stage, shall be continued into the full operative stage, except for those who have already served five years, in which case elections shall be held or appointments made as required.
b.   The terms of office for all holdover Members of the House of Elected Representatives and of the United Nations who have served less than five years, shall be adjusted to run concurrently with those Members of the Global Parliament whose terms are beginning with the full operative stage.  
c.   The second 100 Members of the House of Advisers shall be elected according to the procedure. The terms of office for holdover Members of the House of Advisers shall run five more years after the beginning of the full operative stage, while those beginning their terms with the full operative stage shall serve ten years.
d.   The Earth Executive Council and the Cabinet Ministers shall be reconstituted in accordance with the provisions of Article 6.  
e.   All organs of Earth Government shall be made fully operative, and shall be fully developed for the effective administration and implementation of global legislation, global law and the provisions of this Global Constitution.  
f.   All nations which have not already done so shall immediately transfer all military weapons and equipment to the Global Disarmament Agency, which shall immediately immobilize all such weapons and shall proceed forthwith to dismantle, convert to peaceful usage, recycle the materials thereof, or otherwise to destroy such weapons and equipment.  
g.   All armies and military forces of every kind shall be completely disarmed, and either disbanded or converted and integrated on a voluntary basis into the non-military Global Service Corps.  
h.   All viable agencies of the United Nations Organization and other viable international agencies established among national governments, together with their personnel, facilities and resources, shall be transferred to Earth Government and reconstituted and integrated as may be useful into the organs, departments, offices, institutes, commissions, bureaus and agencies of Earth Government.  
i.   The Global Parliament and shall continue to develop the activities and projects which are already underway from the second operative stage of Global Government, with such amendments as deemed necessary; and shall proceed with a complete and full scale program to solve global problems and serve the welfare of all people on Earth, in accordance with the provisions of this Global Constitution.  
Chapter 23.4.6     Costs of Ratification
Article 1:    Costs of Ratification
The work and costs of private global community citizens for the achievement of a ratified Constitution for the federation of all nations, are recognized as legitimate costs for the establishment of constitutional global government by which present and future generations will benefit, and shall be repaid double the original amount by the Global Financial Administration of the Earth Government when it becomes operational after 25 countries have ratified this Constitution for the federation of all nations. Repayment specifically includes contributions to Earth Government Funding Corporation and other costs and expenses recognized by standards and procedures to be established by the Global Financial Administration.
Chapter 23.5     Amendments of the Global Constitution
Article 1:    Amendments of the Global Constitution
1.   Following completion of the first operative stage of Earth Government, amendments to this Global Constitution may be proposed for consideration in two ways:
a.   By a simple majority vote of any of the three bodies of Global Parliament.  
b.   By petitions signed by a total of 200,000 persons eligible to vote in global elections from a total of at least twenty Global Electoral and Administrative Districts where the Global Constitution has received final ratification.  
2.   Passage of any amendment proposed by a House of the Global Parliament shall require an absolute two-thirds majority vote of each of the three bodies of the Global Parliament voting separately.  
3.   An amendment proposed by popular petition shall first require a simple majority vote of the House of Elected Representatives, which shall be obliged to take a vote upon the proposed amendment. Passage of the amendment shall then require an absolute two-thirds majority vote of each of the three bodies of the Global Parliament voting separately.
4.   Periodically, but no later than ten years after first convening the Global Parliament for the First Operative Stage of Earth Government, and every 20 years thereafter, the Members of the Global Parliament shall meet in special session comprising a Constitutional Convention to conduct a review of this Global Constitution to consider and propose possible amendments, which shall then require action as specified in paragraph 2 for passage.  
5.   If the First Operative Stage of Global Government is not reached by the year 2006, then the Provisional Global Parliament, may convene another session of the Global Constituent Assembly to review the Global Constitution for Earth Government and consider possible amendments according to procedure established by the Provisional Global Parliament.  
6.   Except by following the amendment procedures specified herein, no part of this Global Constitution may be set aside, suspended or subverted, neither for emergencies nor caprice nor convenience.  
Chapter 23.6.     Provisional Earth Government
Chapter 23.6.1     Provisional Earth Government
Article 1:    Actions to be taken by the Global Constituent Assembly
Upon adoption of the Global Constitution by the Global Constituent Assembly, the Assembly and such continuing agency or agencies as it shall designate shall do the following, without being limited thereto:
1.   Issue a Call to all Nations, and to the Global Community to ratify this Global Constitution for Earth Government.
2.   Establish the following preparatory commissions:
a.   Ratification Commission.  
b.   Global Elections Commission.  
c.   Global Development Commission.  
d.   Global Disarmament Commission.   Global Problems Commission.  
f.   Global Nominating Commission.
g.   Global Finance Commission.  
h.   Global Peace Research and Education Commission.  
i.   Special commissions on each of several of the most urgent global problems.  
j.   Such other commissions as may be deemed desirable in order to proceed with the Provisional Earth Government.  
3.   Convene Sessions of a Provisional Global Parliament when feasible under the following conditions:
a.   Seek the commitment of 500 or more delegates to attend, representing people in 20 countries from five continents, and having credentials;
b.   The minimum funds necessary to organize the sessions of the Provisional Global Parliament are either on hand or firmly pledged.  
c.   Suitable locations are confirmed at least nine months in advance, unless emergency conditions justify shorter advance notice.  
Chapter 23.6.2     Work of the Preparatory Commissions
Article 1:    Work of the Preparatory Commissions
1.   The Ratification Commission shall carry out a worldwide campaign for the ratification of the Global Constitution, both to obtain preliminary ratification by national governments, including national legislatures, and to obtain final ratification by people, including communities. The ratification commission shall continue its work until the full operative stage of Earth Government is reached.
2.   The Global Elections Commission shall prepare a provisional global map of Global Electoral and Administrative Districts and Regions which may be revised during the first or second operative stage of Earth Government, and shall prepare and proceed with plans to obtain the election of Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Representatives and to the House of Advisers. The Global Elections Commission shall in due course be converted into the Global Boundaries and Elections Administration.
3.   After six months, in those countries where national governments have not responded favorable to the ratification call, the Ratification Commission and the Global Elections Commission may proceed jointly to accomplish both the ratification of the Global Constitution by direct popular referendum and concurrently the election of Members of the Global Parliament.  
4.   The Ratification Commission may also submit the Global Constitution for ratification by universities and Council s throughout the world.  
5.   The Global Development Commission shall prepare plans for the creation of a Global Economic Development Organization to serve all nations and people ratifying the Global Constitution, and in particular less developed countries, to begin functioning when the Provisional Earth Government is established.  
6.   The Global Disarmament Commission shall prepare plans for the organization of a Global Disarmament Agency, to begin functioning when the Provisional Earth Government is established.  
7.   The Global Problems Commission shall prepare an agenda of urgent global problems, with documentation, for possible action by the Provisional Global Parliament and Provisional Earth Government.  
8.   The Nominating Commission shall prepare, in advance of convening the Provisional Global Parliament, a list of nominees to compose the Earth Executive Council and the Cabinet Ministers for the Provisional Earth Government.  
9.   The Finance Commission shall work on ways and means for financing the Provisional Earth Government.  
10.   The several commissions on particular global problems shall work on the preparation of proposed global legislation and action on each problem, to present to the Provisional Global Parliament when it convenes.  
Chapter 23.6.3     Composition of the Provisional Global Parliament
Article 1:    Composition of the Provisional Global Parliament
1.   The Provisional Global Parliament shall be composed of the following members:
a.   All those who were accredited as delegates to the 2010 Sessions of the Global Constituent Assembly, as well as to any previous Session of the Provisional Global Parliament, and who re-confirm their support for the Constitution for the federation of all nations, as amended.  
b.   Persons who obtain the required number of signatures on election petitions, or who are designated by Non-Governmental Organizations which adopt approved resolutions for this purpose, or who are otherwise accredited according to terms specified in Calls which may be issued to convene particular sessions of the Provisional Global Parliament.  
c.   Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Elected Representatives who are elected from Global Electoral and Administrative Districts up to the time of convening the Provisional Global Parliament. Members of the Global Parliament elected to the House of Elected Representatives ma y continue to be added to the Provisional Global Parliament until the first operative stage of Earth Government is reached.
d.   Members of the Global Parliament to the United Nations who are elected by national legislatures or appointed by national governments up to the time of convening the Provisional Global Parliament. Members of the Global Parliament to the United Nations may continue to be added to the Provisional Global Parliament until the first operative stage of Earth Government is reached.
e.   Those universities and Council s which have ratified the Global Constitution may nominate persons to serve as Members of the Global Parliament to the House of Advisers. The House of Elected Representatives and United Nations together may then elect from such nominees up to fifty Members of the Global Parliament to serve in the House of Advisers of the Provisional Earth Government.
2.   Members of the Provisional Global Parliament in categories (a) and (b) as defined above, shall serve only until the first operative stage of Earth Government is declared, but may be duly elected to continue as Members of the Global Parliament during the first operative stage.  
Chapter 23.6.4     Formation of the Provisional Earth Executive Council
Article 1:    Formation of the Provisional Earth Executive Council
1.   As soon as the Provisional Global Parliament next convenes, it will elect a new Earth Executive Council for the Provisional Global Parliament and Provisional Earth Government from among the nominees submitted by the Nominating Commission.  
2.   Members of the Provisional Global Earth Executive Council shall serve terms of three years, and may be re-elected by the Provisional Global Parliament, but in any case shall serve only until the Earth Executive Council is elected under the First Operative Stage of Earth Government .  
3.   The Earth Executive Council may make additional nominations for the Cabinet Ministers.  
4.   The Provisional Global Parliament shall then elect the members of the Cabinet Ministers.  
5.   The Earth Executive Council shall then assign ministerial posts among the members of the Cabinet Ministers and of the Earth Executive Council.  
6.   When steps (1) through (4) of section D are completed, the Provisional Earth Government shall be declared in operation to serve the welfare of humanity.  
Chapter 23.6.5     First Actions of the Provisional Earth Government
Article 1:    First Actions of the Provisional Earth Government
1.   The Earth Executive Council, in consultation with the Cabinet Ministers, the commissions on particular global problems and the Global Parliament, shall define a program for action on urgent global problems.  
2.   The Provisional Global Parliament shall go to work on the agenda of global problems, and shall take any and all actions it considers appropriate and feasible, in accordance with the provisions of this Global Constitution.  
3.   Implementation of and compliance with the legislation enacted by the Provisional Global Parliament shall be sought on a voluntary basis in return for the benefits to be realized, while strength of the Provisional Earth Government is being increased by the progressive ratification of the Global Constitution.  
4.   Insofar as considered appropriate and feasible, the Provisional Global Parliament and Provisional Earth Executive Council may undertake some of the actions for the first operative stage of Earth Government.  
5.   The Global Economic Development Organization and the Global Disarmament Agency shall be established, for correlated actions.  
6.   The Global Parliament and the Cabinet Ministers of the Provisional Earth Government shall proceed with the organization of other organs and agencies of Earth Government on a provisional basis, insofar as considered desirable and feasible;
7.   The several preparatory commissions on urgent global problems may be reconstituted as Administrative Departments of the Provisional Earth Government.  
8.   In all of its work and activities, the Provisional Earth Government shall function in accordance with the provisions of this Global Constitution for Earth Government.  

 








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