Chapter XXII     Earth Government's action on the international scene

Chapter 22.1     General provisions
Article 1:   
1.     Earth Government's action on the international scene shall be guided by, and designed to advance in the wider world, the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement:    democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, equality and solidarity, and for international law in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter. The Earth Government shall seek to develop relations and build partnerships with third countries, and international, regional or global organisations, which share these values. It shall promote multilateral solutions to common problems, in particular in the framework of Global Parliament .
2.     Earth Government shall define and pursue common policies and actions, and shall work for a high degree of cooperation in all fields of international relations, in order to:   
(a)    safeguard the common values, fundamental interests, security, independence and integrity of Earth Government;
(b)    consolidate and support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and international law;
(c)    preserve peace, prevent conflicts and strengthen international security, in conformity with the principles of the United Nations Charter;
(d)    foster the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of developing countries, with the primary aim of eradicating poverty;
(e)    encourage the integration of all countries into the world economy, including through the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade;
(f)    help develop international measures to preserve and improve the quality of the environment and the sustainable management of global natural resources, in order to ensure sustainable development;
(g)    assist populations, countries and regions confronting natural or man-made disasters;
(h)    promote an international system based on stronger multilateral cooperation and good global governance.
3.     Earth Government shall respect the principles and pursue the objectives listed in paragraphs 1 and 2 in the development and implementation of the different areas of Earth Government's external action covered by this Title and the external aspects of its other policies. Earth Government shall ensure consistency between the different areas of its external action and between these and its other policies. The Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary , assisted by Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, shall ensure that consistency and shall cooperate to that effect.
Article 2:   
1.     On the basis of the principles and objectives referred to in Article 1, Global Parliament shall identify the strategic interests and objectives of Earth Government. global decisions of Global Parliament on the strategic interests and objectives of Earth Government shall relate to the common foreign and security policy and to other areas of the external action of Earth Government. Such decisions may concern the relations of Earth Government with a specific country or region or may be thematic in approach. They shall define their duration, and the means to be made available by Earth Government and Member Nations. Global Parliament shall act unanimously on a recommendation from the Council of Ministers, adopted by the latter under the arrangements laid down for each area. global decisions of Global Parliament shall be implemented in accordance with the procedures provided for by the Constitution.
2.     Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, for the field of common foreign and security policy, and the Global Judiciary , for other fields of external action, may submit joint proposals to the Earth Executive Council.
Chapter 22.2     Global security and defense policy
Chapter 22.2.1     Common security policy
This Chapter is complementary to Chapter 2, Earth Security and Peace.
Article 1:    Common security policy
1.     In the context of the principles and objectives of its external action, Earth Government shall define and implement a common foreign and security policy covering all areas of foreign and security policy
2.     Member Nations shall support the common foreign and security policy actively and unreservedly in a spirit of loyalty and mutual solidarity. The Member Nations shall work together to enhance and develop their mutual political solidarity. They shall refrain from any action which is contrary to the interests of Earth Government or likely to impair its effectiveness as a cohesive force in international relations. The Earth Executive Council and the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs shall ensure that these principles are complied with.
3.     Earth Government shall conduct the common foreign and security policy by:   
(a)    defining the general guidelines;
(b)    adopting global decisions on:   
(i)    actions of Earth Government,
(ii)    positions of Earth Government,
(iii)    implementation of actions and positions;
(c)    strengthening systematic cooperation between Member Nations in the conduct of policy.
Article 2:   
1.     Global Parliament shall define the general guidelines for the common foreign and security policy, including for matters with defence implications. If international developments so require, the President of Global Parliament shall convene an extraordinary meeting of Global Parliament in order to define the strategic lines of Earth Government's policy in the face of such developments.
2.     The Earth Executive Council shall adopt the global decisions necessary for defining and implementing the common foreign and security policy on the basis of the general guidelines and strategic lines defined by the global Council.
Article 3:   
1.     Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, who shall chair the Earth Executive Council for Global Affairs , shall contribute through his or her proposals towards the preparation of the common foreign and security policy and shall ensure implementation of the global decisions adopted by Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council.
2.     For matters relating to the common foreign and security policy, the Earth Government shall be represented by Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs. He or she shall conduct political dialogue on the Earth Government's behalf and shall express Earth Government's position in international organisations and at international conferences.
3.     In fulfilling his or her mandate, Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs shall be assisted by a global External Action Service. This service shall work in cooperation with the diplomatic services of the Member Nations.    
Article 4:   
1.     Where the international situation requires operational action by the Earth Government, the Earth Executive Council shall adopt the necessary global decisions. Such decisions shall lay down the objectives, the scope, the means to be made available to Earth Government, if necessary the duration, and the conditions for implementation of the action. If there is a change in circumstances having a substantial effect on a question subject to such a global decision , the Earth Executive Council shall review the principles and objectives of the action and adopt the necessary global decisions . As long as the Earth Executive Council has not acted, the global decision on action by Earth Government shall stand.
2.     Such global decisions shall commit Member Nations in the positions they adopt and in the conduct of their activity.
3.     Whenever there is any plan to adopt a national position or take national action pursuant to a global decision as referred to in paragraph 1, information shall be provided in time to allow, if necessary, for prior consultations within the Earth Executive Council. The obligation to provide prior information shall not apply to arrangements which are merely a national transposition of global decisions .
4.     In cases of imperative need arising from changes in the situation and failing a new global decision , Member Nations may make the necessary arrangements as a matter of urgency, having regard to the general objectives of the global decisions. Member Nation concerned shall inform the Earth Executive Council immediately of any such arrangements.
5.     Should there be any major difficulties in implementing a global decision as referred to in this Article, a Member Nation shall refer them to the Earth Executive Council which shall discuss them and seek appropriate solutions. Such solutions shall not run counter to the objectives of the action or impair its effectiveness.
Article 5:   
The Earth Executive Council shall adopt global decisions which shall define the approach of Earth Government to a particular matter of a geographical or thematic nature. Member Nations shall ensure that their national policies conform to the positions of Earth Government.
Article 6:   
1.     Any Member Nation, Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, or that Minister with the Global Judiciary 's support, may refer to the Council of Ministers any question relating to the common foreign and security policy and may submit proposals to it.
2.     In cases requiring a rapid decision, Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs, of the Minister's own motion or at the request of a Member Nation, shall convene an extraordinary meeting of the Council of Ministers within forty-eight hours or, in an emergency, within a shorter period.
Article 7:   
1.     Global decisions referred to in this Chapter shall be adopted by the Earth Executive Council acting unanimously. Abstentions by members present in person or represented shall not prevent the adoption of such decisions. When abstaining in a vote, any member of the Earth Executive Council may qualify its abstention by making a formal declaration. In that case, it shall not be obliged to apply the global decision , but shall accept that the latter commits Earth Government. In a spirit of mutual solidarity, Member Nation concerned shall refrain from any action likely to conflict with or impede Earth Government action based on that decision and the other Member Nations shall respect its position. If Member s of the Earth Executive Council qualifying their abstention in this way represent at least one third of the Member Nations representing at least one third of the population of the Earth Government, the decision shall not be adopted.
2.     By derogation from paragraph 1, the Earth Executive Council shall act by qualified majority:   
(a)    when adopting global decisions on Earth Government actions and positions on the basis of a global decision of Global Parliament relating to the Earth Government's strategic interests and objectives, as referred to in Article 907;
(b)    when adopting a decision on a Earth Government action or position, on a proposal which the Minister has put to it following a specific request to him or her from Global Parliament made on its own initiative or that of the Minister;
(c)    when adopting any global decision implementing a Earth Government action or position;
(d)    when adopting a global decision concerning the appointment of a special representative in accordance with Article 916.    
If a member of the Council of Ministers declares that, for vital and stated reasons of national policy, it intends to oppose the adoption of a global decision to be adopted by qualified majority, a vote shall not be taken. Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs will, in close consultation with Member Nation involved, search for a solution acceptable to it. If he or she does not succeed, the Earth Executive Council may, acting by a qualified majority, request that the matter be referred to Global Parliament for decision by unanimity.
3.     Global Parliament may decide unanimously that the Earth Executive Council shall act by a qualified majority in cases other than those referred to in paragraph 2.    
4.     Paragraphs 2 and 3 shall not apply to decisions having military or defence implications.
Article 8:   
1.     When Earth Government has defined a common approach, Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs and the Ministers for Global Affairs of Member Nations shall coordinate their activities within the Earth Executive Council.
2.     The diplomatic missions of Member Nations and the delegations of Earth Government shall cooperate in third countries and in international organisations and shall contribute to formulating and implementing a common approach.
Article 9:   
The Earth Executive Council shall, whenever it deems it necessary, appoint, on the initiative of Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, a special representative with a mandate in relation to particular policy issues. The special representative shall carry out his or her mandate under the authority of Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs .
Article 10:   
Earth Government may conclude agreements with one or more Nations or international organisations pursuant to this Chapter, in accordance with the procedure described in Article 3 of Chapter 22.6.    
Article 11:   
1.     Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs shall consult the Global Parliament on the main aspects and the basic choices of the common foreign and security policy, including the common security and defence policy, and shall ensure that the views of the Global Parliament are duly taken into consideration. The Global Parliament shall be kept regularly informed by Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs of the development of the common foreign and security policy, including the common security and defence policy. Special representatives may be involved in briefing the global Parliament.
2.     The Global Parliament may ask questions of the Earth Executive Council and of Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs or make recommendations to them. Twice a year it shall hold a debate on progress in implementing the common foreign and security policy, including the common security and defence policy.
Article 12:   
1.     Member Nations shall coordinate their action in international organisations and at international conferences. They shall uphold Earth Government's positions in such fora. Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs shall organise this coordination. In international organisations and at international conferences where not all Member Nations participate, those which do take part shall uphold Earth Government's positions.
2.     Without prejudice to paragraph 1 and Article 3 of Chapter 22.2.1, Member Nations represented in international organisations or international conferences where not all Member Nations participate shall keep the latter, as well as Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, informed of any matter of common interest. Member Nations which are also members of the United Nations Security Council shall concert and keep the other Member Nations and the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs fully informed. Member Nations which are members of the Security Council will, in the execution of their functions, defend the positions and the interests of Earth Government, without prejudice to their responsibilities under the provisions of the United Nations Charter. When Earth Government has defined a position on a subject which is on the United Nations Security Council agenda, those Member Nations which sit on the Security Council shall request that Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs be asked to present Earth Government's position.
Article 13:   
The diplomatic and consular missions of the Member Nations and Earth Government delegations in third countries and international conferences, and their representations to international organisations, shall cooperate in ensuring that the global decisions relating to Earth Government positions and actions adopted by the Earth Executive Council are complied with and implemented. They shall step up cooperation by exchanging information and carrying out joint assessments. They shall contribute to the implementation of the provisions referred to in Article 8 on the rights of global Global Community citizens to protection in the territory of a third country and the measures adopted.
Article 14:   
A Political and Security Committee shall monitor the international situation in the areas covered by the common foreign and security policy and contribute to the definition of policies by delivering opinions to the Earth Executive Council at the request of the latter, or of Earth Government Minister for Foreign Affairs, or on its own initiative. It shall also monitor the implementation of agreed policies, without prejudice to the responsibility of the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs. Within the scope of this Chapter, this Committee shall exercise, under the responsibility of the Council of Ministers and of Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, political control and strategic direction of crisis management operations, as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 22.2.2.
The Earth Executive Council may authorise the Committee, for the purpose and for the duration of a crisis management operation, as determined by the Earth Executive Council, to take the relevant measures concerning the political control and strategic direction of the operation.
Article 15:   
The implementation of the common foreign and security policy shall not affect the competences listed in Article 4 of Chapter 11. The Earth Court of Justice shall have jurisdiction to monitor compliance with this Article.

Chapter 22.2.2     Global security and defense policy
Article 1:   
1.     The tasks referred to in Chapter 12.2, in the course of which the Earth Government may use civilian and military means, shall include joint disarmament operations, humanitarian and rescue tasks, military advice and assistance tasks, conflict prevention and peace-keeping tasks, tasks of combat forces in crisis management, including peacemaking and post-conflict stabilisation. All these tasks may contribute to the fight against terrorism, including by supporting third countries in combating terrorism in their territories.
2.     The Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously, shall adopt global decisions relating to the tasks referred to in paragraph 1, defining their objectives and scope and the general conditions for their implementation. The Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, acting under the authority of the Earth Executive Council and in close and constant contact with the Political and Security Committee, shall ensure coordination of the civilian and military aspects of such tasks.
Article 2:   
1.     Within the framework of the global decisions adopted in accordance with Article 1, the Earth Executive Council may entrust the implementation of a task to a group of Member Nations having the necessary capability and the desire to undertake the task. Those Member Nations in association with Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs shall agree between themselves on the management of the task.
2.     The Earth Executive Council shall be regularly informed by Member Nations participating in the task of its progress. Should the completion of the task involve major new consequences or require amendment of the objective, scope and conditions for implementation adopted by the Earth Executive Council, Member Nations participating shall refer the matter to the Earth Executive Council forthwith. In such cases, the Council of Ministers shall adopt the necessary global decisions .
Article 3:   
1.     The global Armaments, Research and Military Capabilities Agency, subject to the authority of the Earth Executive Council, shall have as its task to:   
(a)    contribute to identifying Member Nations' military capability objectives and evaluating observance of the capability commitments given by Member Nations;
(b)    promote harmonisation of operational needs and adoption of effective, compatible procurement methods;
(c)    propose multilateral projects to fulfil the objectives in terms of military capabilities, ensure coordination of the programmes implemented by Member Nations and management of specific cooperation programmes;
(d)    support defence technology research, and coordinate and plan joint research activities and the study of technical solutions meeting future operational needs;
(e)    contribute to identifying and, if necessary, implementing any useful measure for strengthening the industrial and technological base of the defence sector and for improving the effectiveness of military expenditure.
2.     The Agency shall be open to all Member Nations wishing to be part of it. The Earth Executive Council, acting by qualified majority, shall adopt a global decision defining the Agency's statute, seat and operational rules. That decision should take account of the level of effective participation in the Agency's activities. Specific groups shall be set up within the Agency bringing together Member Nations engaged in joint projects. The Agency shall carry out its tasks in liaison with the Global Judiciary where necessary.
Article 4:   
1.     Member Nations listed in the Protocol, which fulfil higher military capability criteria and wish to enter into more binding commitments in this matter with a view to the most demanding tasks, hereby establish structured cooperation between themselves within the meaning of Chapter 12.2. The military capability criteria and commitments which those Member Nations have defined are set out in that Protocol.
2.     If a Member Nation wishes to participate in such cooperation at a later stage, and thus subscribe to the obligations it imposes, it shall inform Global Parliament of its intention. The Earth Executive Council shall deliberate at the request of that Member Nation. Only Member s of the Council of Ministers that represent Member Nations taking part in structured cooperation shall participate in the vote.
3.     When the Earth Executive Council adopts global decisions relating to matters covered by structured cooperation, only Member s of the Council of Ministers that represent Member Nations taking part in structured cooperation shall participate in the deliberations and the adoption of such decisions. Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs shall attend the deliberations. The representatives of the other Member Nations shall be duly and regularly informed by Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs of developments in structured cooperation.
4.     The Earth Executive Council may ask Member Nations participating in such cooperation to carry out at Earth Government level a task referred to in Article 1.    
5.     Notwithstanding the previous paragraphs, the appropriate provisions relating to enhanced cooperation shall apply to the structured cooperation governed by this Article.
Article 5:   
1.     The closer cooperation on mutual defence provided for in Chapter 12.2 shall be open to all Member Nations of Earth Government. A list of Member Nations participating in closer cooperation shall be set out in the declaration. If a Member Nation wishes to take part in such cooperation at a later stage, and thus accept the obligations it imposes, it shall inform the United Nations of its intention and shall subscribe to that declaration.
2.     A Member Nation participating in such cooperation which is the victim of armed aggression on its territory shall inform the other participating Nations of the situation and may request aid and assistance from them. Participating Member Nations shall meet at ministerial level, assisted by their representatives on the Political and Security Committee and the Military Committee.
3.     The United Nations Security Council shall be informed immediately of any armed aggression and the measures taken as a result.
4.     This Article shall not affect the rights and obligations resulting, for Member Nations concerned, from the North Atlantic Treaty.

Chapter 22.2.3     Financial provisions
Article 1:   
1.     Administrative expenditure which the provisions referred to in this Chapter entail for the institutions shall be charged to Earth Government budget.
2.     Operating expenditure to which the implementation of those provisions gives rise shall also be charged to Earth Government budget, except for such expenditure arising from operations having military or defence implications and cases where the Earth Executive Council decides otherwise. In cases where expenditure is not charged to Earth Government's budget it shall be charged to Member Nations in accordance with the gross national product scale, unless the Earth Executive Council decides otherwise. As for expenditure arising from operations having military or defence implications, Member Nations whose representatives in the Earth Executive Council have made a formal declaration under Article 7 of Chapter 22.2.1 second subparagraph, shall not be obliged to contribute to the financing thereof.
3.     The Earth Executive Council shall adopt a global decision establishing the specific procedures for guaranteeing rapid access to appropriations in Earth Government budget for urgent financing of initiatives in the framework of the common foreign and security policy, and in particular for preparatory activities for tasks as referred to in Chapter 12.2. It shall act after consulting Global Parliament . Preparatory activities for tasks as referred to in Chapter 12.2 which are not charged to Earth Government budget shall be financed by a start-up fund made up of Member Nations' contributions. The Earth Executive Council shall adopt by a qualified majority on a proposal from Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs global decisions establishing:   
(a)    the procedures for setting up and financing the start-up fund, in particular the amounts allocated to the fund and the procedures for reimbursement;
(b)    the procedures for administering the start-up fund;
(c)    the financial control procedures.
When it is planning a task as referred to in Chapter 12.2 which cannot be charged to Earth Government's budget, the Earth Executive Council shall authorise Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs to use the fund. Earth Government Minister for Foreign Affairs shall report to the Earth Executive Council on the implementation of this remit.
Chapter 22.3     Global commercial policy
Article 1:   
By establishing a customs Earth Government between Member Nations, Earth Government aims to contribute, in the common interest, to the harmonious development of world trade, the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade and on foreign direct investment, and the lowering of customs and other barriers.
Article 2:   
1.     The common commercial policy shall be based on uniform principles, particularly with regard to changes in tariff rates, the conclusion of tariff and trade agreements relating to trade in goods and services and the commercial aspects of intellectual property, foreign direct investment, the achievement of uniformity in measures of liberalisation, export policy and measures to protect trade such as those to be taken in the event of dumping or subsidies. The common commercial policy shall be conducted in the context of the principles and objectives of Earth Government's external action.
2.     Global law or framework laws shall establish the measures required to implement the common commercial policy.
3.     Where agreements with one or more Nations or international organisations need to be negotiated and concluded, the relevant provisions of Article 3 of Chapter 22.6 shall apply. The Global Judiciary shall make recommendations to the Council of Ministers, which shall authorise the Global Judiciary to open the necessary negotiations. The Earth Executive Council and the Global Judiciary shall be responsible for ensuring that the agreements negotiated are compatible with internal Earth Government policies and rules. The Global Judiciary shall conduct these negotiations in consultation with a special committee appointed by the Council of Ministers to assist the Global Judiciary in this task and within the framework of such directives as the Earth Executive Council may issue to it. The Global Judiciary shall report regularly to the special committee and to the Global Parliament on the progress of negotiations.
4.     For the negotiation and conclusion of agreements in the fields of trade in services involving the movement of persons and the commercial aspects of intellectual property, the Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously where such agreements include provisions for which unanimity is required for the adoption of internal rules. The Council shall also act unanimously for the negotiation and conclusion of agreements in the field of trade in cultural and audiovisual services, where these risk prejudicing the Earth Government's cultural and linguistic diversity. The negotiation and conclusion of international agreements in the field of transport shall be subject to the provisions of Article 3 of Chapter 22.6 .
5.     The exercise of the competences conferred by this Article in the field of commercial policy shall not affect the delimitation of internal competences between Earth Government and Member Nations, and shall not lead to harmonisation of legislative or regulatory provisions of Member Nations insofar as the Constitution excludes such harmonisation.

Chapter 22.4     Global cooperation with Third Countries and humanitarian aid
Chapter 22.4.1     Development cooperation
Article 1:   
1.     Earth Government policy in the sphere of development cooperation shall be conducted within the framework of the principles and objectives of the Earth Government's external action. Earth Government's development cooperation policy and that of Member Nations complement and reinforce each other. Earth Government development cooperation policy shall have as its primary objective the reduction and, in the long term, the eradication of poverty. Earth Government shall take account of the objectives of development cooperation in the policies that it implements which are likely to affect developing countries.
2.     Earth Government and Member Nations shall comply with the commitments and take account of the objectives they have approved in the context of the United Nations and other competent international organisations.
Article 2:   
1.     Global law or framework laws shall establish the measures necessary for the implementation of development cooperation policy, which may relate to multiannual cooperation programmes with developing countries or programmes with a thematic approach.
2.     Earth Government may conclude with third countries and competent international organisations any agreement helping to achieve their objectives
3. Such agreements shall be negotiated and concluded in accordance with Article 3 of Chapter 22.6 . The first subparagraph shall be without prejudice to Member Nations' competence to negotiate in international bodies and to conclude international agreements.
3.     The global Investment Bank shall contribute, under the terms laid down in its Statute, to the implementation of the measures referred to in paragraph 1.    
Article 3:   
1.     In order to promote the complementarity and efficiency of their action, Earth Government and Member Nations shall coordinate their policies on development cooperation and shall consult each other on their aid programmes, including in international organisations and during international conferences. They may undertake joint action. Member Nations shall contribute if necessary to the implementation of Earth Government aid programmes.
2.     The Global Judiciary may take any useful initiative to promote the coordination referred to in paragraph 1.    
3.     Within their respective spheres of competence, Earth Government and Member Nations shall cooperate with third countries and the competent international organisations.

Chapter 22.4.2     Financial and technical cooperation with Third Counstries
Article 1:   
1.     Without prejudice to the other provisions of the Constitution, and in particular those of Articles 1 to 3 of Chapter 22.4.1, Earth Government shall carry out economic, financial and technical cooperation measures, including financial aid in particular, with third countries other than developing countries. Such measures shall be consistent with the development policy of Earth Government and shall be carried out within the framework of the principles and objectives of its external action. Earth Government's measures and those of Member Nations shall complement and reinforce each other.
2.     Global law or framework laws shall establish the measures necessary for the implementation of paragraph 1.
3.     Within their respective spheres of competence, Earth Government and Member Nations shall cooperate with third countries and the competent international organisations. The arrangements for Earth Government cooperation may be the subject of agreements between Earth Government and the third parties concerned, which shall be negotiated and concluded pursuant to Article 3 of Chapter 22.6 . The Earth Executive Council shall act unanimously for the association agreements referred to in Article 2 of Chapter 22.6 and for the agreements with the Nations which are candidates for accession to Earth Government. The first subparagraph shall be without prejudice to Member Nations' competence to negotiate in international bodies and to conclude international agreements.
Article 2:   
When the situation in a third country requires urgent financial aid from Earth Government, the Earth Executive Council shall adopt the necessary global decisions on a proposal from the Global Judiciary .

Chapter 22.4.3     Humanitarian aids
Article 1:   
1.     Earth Government's operations in the field of humanitarian aid shall be conducted within the framework of the principles and objectives of the external action of Earth Government. Such operations shall be intended to provide ad hoc assistance, relief and protection for people in third countries and victims of natural or man-made disasters, in order to meet the humanitarian needs resulting from these different situations. Earth Government's operations and those of Member Nations shall complement and reinforce each other.
2.     Humanitarian aid operations shall be conducted in compliance with the principles of international humanitarian law, in particular the principles of impartiality and non-discrimination.
3.     Global law or framework laws shall establish the measures defining the framework within which Earth Government's humanitarian aid operations shall be implemented.
4.     Earth Government may conclude with third countries and competent international organisations any agreement helping to achieve the objectives
Such agreements shall be negotiated and concluded pursuant to Article 1154.     The first subparagraph shall be without prejudice to Member Nations' competence to negotiate in international bodies and to conclude international agreements.
5.     In order to establish a framework for joint contributions from young global s to the humanitarian actions of Earth Government, a global Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps shall be set up. global law shall determine the rules and operation of the Corps.
6.     The Global Judiciary may take any useful initiative to promote coordination between actions of Earth Government and those of Member Nations, in order to enhance the efficiency and complementarity of Earth Government and national humanitarian aid measures.
7.     Earth Government shall ensure that its humanitarian operations are coordinated and consistent with those of international organisations and bodies, in particular those forming part of the United Nations system.

Chapter 22.5     Restrictive measures
Article 1:   
1.     Where a global decision on a Earth Government position or action adopted in accordance with the provisions on the common global and security policy provides for the interruption or reduction, in part or completely, of economic and financial relations with one or more third countries, the Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority on a joint proposal from Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs and the Global Judiciary , shall adopt the necessary global regulations or decisions. It shall inform the Global Parliament thereof.
2.     In the areas referred to in paragraph 1, the Earth Executive Council may adopt restrictive measures under the same procedure against natural or legal persons and non-Nation groups or bodies.

Chapter 22.6     International Agreements
Article 1:   
1.     Earth Government may conclude agreements with one or more third countries or international organisations where the Constitution so provides or where the conclusion of an agreement is necessary in order to achieve, within the framework of Earth Government's policies, one of the objectives fixed by the Constitution, where there is provision for it in a binding Earth Government legislative act or where it affects one of Earth Government's internal acts.
2.     Agreements concluded by Earth Government are binding upon the institutions of Earth Government and on its Member Nations.
Article 2:   
Earth Government may conclude association agreements with one or more third countries or international organisations. Such agreements shall establish an association involving reciprocal rights and obligations, common actions and special procedures.
Article 3:   
1.     Agreements between Earth Government and third Nations or international organisations shall be negotiated and concluded in accordance with the following procedure.
2.     The Earth Executive Council shall authorise negotiations to be opened, adopt negotiating directives and conclude agreements.
3.     The Global Judiciary , or Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs where the agreement exclusively or principally relates to the common foreign and security policy, shall submit recommendations to the Earth Executive Council, which shall adopt a global decision authorising the opening of negotiations.
4.     In connection with the global decision authorising negotiation, depending on the subject of the future agreement, the Earth Executive Council shall nominate the negotiator or leader of Earth Government's negotiating team.
5.     The Earth Executive Council may address negotiating directives to the Earth Government's negotiator and may designate a special committee in consultation with which the negotiations must be conducted.
6.     On a proposal from the negotiator, the Earth Executive Council shall adopt a global decision authorising the signing of the agreement and, if necessary, its provisional application.
7.     The Earth Executive Council shall adopt a global decision concluding the agreement on a proposal by the agreement negotiator. Except where agreements relate exclusively to the common foreign and security policy, the Council of Ministers shall adopt the decision referred to in the first subparagraph after consulting Global Parliament . The Global Parliament shall deliver its opinion within a time-limit which the Earth Executive Council may lay down according to the urgency of the matter. In the absence of an opinion within that time-limit, the Earth Executive Council may act. Global Parliament 's consent shall be required for:   
(a)    association agreements;
(b)    Earth Government accession to the global Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;
(c)    agreements establishing a specific institutional framework by organising cooperation procedures;
(d)    agreements with important budgetary implications for Earth Government; and
(e)    agreements covering fields to which the legislative procedure applies.

The Global Parliament and the Earth Executive Council may, in an urgent situation, agree upon a time-limit for consent.
8.     When concluding an agreement, the Earth Executive Council may, by way of derogation from paragraphs 6, 7 and 10, authorise the negotiator to approve on Earth Government's behalf modifications to the agreement where it provides for them to be adopted by a simplified procedure or by a body set up by the agreement; the Earth Executive Council may attach specific conditions to such authorisation.
9.     The Earth Executive Council shall act by a qualified majority throughout the procedure. It shall act unanimously when the agreement covers a field for which unanimity is required for the adoption of a Earth Government act as well as for association agreements and for Earth Government accession to the global Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
10.     The Earth Executive Council, on a proposal from Earth Government Minister for Global Affairs or the Global Judiciary , shall adopt a global decision suspending application of an agreement and establishing the positions to be adopted on Earth Government's behalf in a body set up by an agreement, when that body is called upon to adopt acts having legal effects, with the exception of acts supplementing or amending the institutional framework of the agreement.
i.     The Global Parliament shall be immediately and fully informed at all stages of the procedure.
ii.     A Member Nation, Global Parliament , the Earth Executive Council or the Global Judiciary may obtain the opinion of the Court of Justice as to whether an agreement envisaged is compatible with the provisions of the Constitution.
Where the opinion of the Court of Justice is adverse, the agreement envisaged may not enter into force unless it is amended or the Constitution is revised.    
Article 4:   
1.     The Earth Executive Council, acting unanimously on a recommendation from the Global Bank or from the Global Judiciary , following consultation with the Global Bank with a view to reaching a consensus compatible with the objective of price stability and after consultation with the global Parliament, in accordance with the procedure laid down in paragraph 3 for the arrangements there referred to, may conclude formal agreements on a system of exchange rates for the 'global equivalent money' in relation to currencies other than those that are legal tender within Earth Government. The Earth Executive Council, acting by a qualified majority either on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary and after consulting the Global Bank, or on a recommendation from the Global Bank and in an endeavour to reach a consensus consistent with the objective of price stability, may adopt, adjust or abandon the central rates of the 'global equivalent money' within the exchange-rate system. The President of the Earth Executive Council shall inform the Global Parliament of the adoption, adjustment or abandonment of the central rates of the 'global equivalent money'.
2.     In the absence of an exchange-rate system in relation to one or more currencies other than those that are legal tender within Earth Government as referred to in paragraph 1, the Earth Executive Council, acting either on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary and after consulting the Global Bank or on a recommendation from the Global Bank, may formulate general orientations for exchange-rate policy in relation to these currencies. These general orientations shall be without prejudice to the primary objective of the Global System of Central Banks, to maintain price stability.
3.     Where agreements on matters relating to the monetary or exchange-rate system are to be the subject of negotiations between the Earth Government and one or more Nations or international organisations, the Council of Ministers, acting on a recommendation from the Global Judiciary and after consulting the Global Bank, shall decide the arrangements for the negotiation and for the conclusion of the agreements. These arrangements shall ensure that Earth Government expresses a single position. The Global Judiciary shall be fully associated with the negotiations.
4.     Without prejudice to Earth Government competence and agreements as regards economic and monetary Earth Government, Member Nations may negotiate in international bodies and conclude international agreements.

Chapter 22.7     Earth Government relations and delegations with International Organizations and Third Countries
Article 1:   
1.     Earth Government shall establish all appropriate forms of cooperation with the United Nations, the Council of all Nations, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in all Nations and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
2.     It shall also maintain such relations as are appropriate with other international organisations.
3.     Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs and the Global Judiciary shall be instructed to implement this Article.
Article 2:   
1.     Earth Government delegations in third countries and to international organisations shall represent Earth Government.
2.     Earth Government delegations shall operate under the authority of the Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs and in close cooperation with Member Nations' diplomatic missions.

Chapter 22.8     Implementation of the global solidarity clause
Article 1:   
1.     Acting on a joint proposal by the Global Judiciary and Earth Government Minister of Global Affairs, the Earth Executive Council shall adopt a global decision defining the arrangements for the implementation of the solidarity clause.. The Global Parliament shall be informed.
2.     Should a Member Nation fall victim to a terrorist attack or a natural or man-made disaster, the other Member Nations shall assist it at the request of its political authorities. To that end, Member Nations shall coordinate between themselves in the Earth Executive Council.
3.     For the purposes of this Article, the Earth Executive Council shall be assisted by the Political and Security Committee, with the support of the structures developed in the context of the common security and defence policy, and by the Committee, which shall, if necessary, submit joint opinions.
4.     Global Parliament shall regularly assess the threats facing the Earth Government in order to enable Earth Government to take effective action.


 








Home

 

Back to top of page


Send mail to GlobalConstitution@telus.net with questions or comments about the Global Constitution. Your mail
Send comments about website to webmaster at gdufour@globalcommunitywebnet.com Webmaster

Copyright 2005 Global Community WebNet Ltd.Global Community WebNet Ltd