Global Community voting on issues

Chapter IX     The democratic base of the Federation

Earth democracy of the Global Community is based on economic democracy and on the Scale of Global Rights. Economic systems in Earth democracy of the Global Community protect ecosystems and their integrity, they protect people's livelihoods and provide basic needs to all. In the Earth economy there are no disposable or dispensable species or people. The Earth economy is a living economy. It is based on sustainable, diverse, pluralistic systems that protect nature and people, and are chosen by people, for the benefit of the common good. Chapter V gives more detailed information concerning direct democracy.

Article 1:    Direct democracy
As stipulated in Chapter 10.2, Section 4 on the Scale of Global Rights, and in Chapter 10.6.3, 'direct democracy' is how democracy should work. It is based on a voting system empowering voters more than parties because votes are for candidates not for parties. Also, candidate selection will take place at the local riding level, not at party head office. Most importantly, voters will rank candidates of the same party as well as candidates of different parties. It maximizes choice for voters. Competition is not just between candidates of different parties but also between candidates of the same party. This voting system is also a measure of independence from party control and that will make a very significant contribution to greater accountability in government. It will yield a legislature that mirrors the political, social, ethnic, and geographic diversity of a population. Electing candidates in multi-member ridings ensures a broader range of political interests and issues will be represented than is possible under any other system. Preferential voting induces a politics of cooperation, consensus, and civility.

Direct democracy is a community right. It is a right found in Section 4 on the Scale of Global Rights. Direct democracy is important to sustain life on the planet but its position on the Scale gives it its overall importance.

Direct democracy is the right of global citizens to hold referendums on any issue -- and to veto legislation.

Direct Democracy implies that:
*     Global Citizens are willing and able to participate fully in the decision making process on issues that most affect them.
*     Global Citizens should have full access to information on global affairs, and the conduct of global business should be open and transparent, with a well-developed global-wide communication system.
*     Global Parliament should always recognize that it is accountable to Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy will encourage global citizen input into global policy, and enable Global Citizens to participate more actively in global affairs.
*     Direct democracy will raise the level of public awareness and encourage debate of key global issues.
*     Global Parliament can exercise the leadership necessary to become a model of effective “direct democracy” for all global communities.
*     A direct democracy global law gives Global Citizens and Global Parliament an effective and orderly way of addressing contentious issues.
*     A direct democracy global law strengthens the hand of Global Parliament by providing additional credibility in dealing with senior governments and non-elected bodies.
*     A direct democracy bylaw shows that Global Parliament has faith in its Global Citizens. Thus, Global Parliament in turn earns increased respect from Global Citizens.
*     Direct democracy does not mean government by referendum. Almost all Global Parliament decisions would continue to be made as they are now with the usual consultative processes. Few issues would be important and contentious enough to prompt referenda.

Direct democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein all citizens can directly participate in the political decision-making process. Some proposed systems would give people both legislative and executive powers, but most extant systems allow input into the legislative process only. Direct democracy in its traditional form is rule by the people through referenda. The people are given the right to pass laws, veto laws and withdraw support from a representative (if the system has representatives) at any time.

Direct democracy in its modern sense is characterized by three pillars:

*     Initiative
*     Referendum including binding referenda
*     Recall

The second pillar can include the ability to hold a binding referendum on whether a given law should be scrapped. This effectively grants the populace a veto on government legislation. The third pillar gives the people the right to recall elected officials by petition and referendum.

Article 2:    The principle of democratic equality
In all its activities, the Federation shall observe the principle of the equality of Global Community citizens. All shall receive equal attention from the Federation's Institutions.
Article 3:    The principle of representative democracy
1.     The working of the Federation shall be founded on the principle of representative democracy.
2.     Global Community citizens are directly represented at the Federation level in Global Parliament. Member Nations are represented in Global Parliament and in Global Parliament Executive Council by their governments, themselves accountable to national parliaments, elected by their Global Community citizens.
3.     Every citizen shall have the right to participate in the democratic life of the Federation. Decisions shall be taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen.
4.     Political parties contribute to forming global political awareness and to expressing the will of the Federation Global Community citizens.
Article 4:    The principle of participatory democracy
1.     The Federation Institutions shall, by appropriate means, give Global Community citizens and representative associations the opportunity to make known and publicly exchange their views in all areas of the Federation action.
2.     The Federation Institutions shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with representative associations and civil society.
3.     The Global Judiciary shall carry out broad consultations with parties concerned in order to ensure that the Federation's actions are coherent and transparent.
4.     No less than one million Global Community citizens coming from a significant number of Member Nations may invite the Global Judiciary to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where Global Community citizens consider that a legal act of the Federation is required for the purpose of implementing the Constitution. A global law shall determine the provisions for the specific procedures and conditions required for such a Global Community citizen's initiative.
Article 5:    The social partners and autonomous social dialogue
Global Parliament recognises and promotes the role of the social partners at the Federation level, taking into account the diversity of national systems; it shall facilitate dialogue between the social partners, respecting their autonomy.
Article 6:    The Global Community Ombudsperson
A Global Community Ombudsperson appointed by the Global Parliament shall receive, investigate and report on complaints about wrong administration within the Federation Institutions, bodies or agencies. The Global Community Ombudspersons shall be completely independent in the performance of his or her duties.
Article 7:    Transparency of the proceedings of Global Parliament Institutions, Bodies and Agencies
1.     In order to promote good governance and ensure the participation of civil society, Global Parliament Institutions, bodies and agencies shall conduct their work as openly as possible.    
2.     The Global Parliament shall meet in public, as shall the Cabinet Ministers when examining and adopting a legislative proposal.
3.     Any global citizen of Global Parliament, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member Nation shall have a right of access to documents of Global Parliament Institutions, bodies and agencies in whatever form they are produced.
4.     A global law shall lay down the general principles and limits which, on grounds of public or private interest, govern the right of access to such documents.
5.     Each Institution, body or agency referred to in paragraph 3 shall determine in its own rules of procedure specific provisions regarding access to its documents, in accordance with the global law referred to in paragraph 4.
Article 8:    Protection of personal data
1.     Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
2.     A global law shall lay down the rules relating to the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by Global Parliament Institutions, bodies and agencies, and by Member Nations when carrying out activities which come under the scope of Global Parliament law, and the rules relating to the free movement of such data. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to the control of an independent authority.
Article 9:    Status of churches and non-confessional organisations
1.     Global Parliament respects and does not prejudice the status under national law of churches and religious associations or communities in the Member Nations.
2.     Global Parliament equally respects the status of philosophical and non-confessional organisations.
3.     Recognising their identity and their specific contribution, Global Parliament shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with these churches and organisations.

Article 10:    Direct democracy is a community right
Direct democracy is a community right. As defined in Chapter 10.6.3, and Section 4 on the Scale of Global Rights, direct democracy is a community right. Direct democracy is the right of global citizens to hold referendums on any issue -- and to veto legislation.
It is a right found in Section 4 on the Scale of Global Rights. Direct democracy is important to sustain life on the planet but its position on the Scale gives it its overall importance.


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