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Earth Community Organization (ECO)
the Global Community

Dr. Vladimir Victorovich Lagutov
Expert of the ecological commission for the Russian State Duma
The chairman of the regional ecological movement "Green Don"
Center of Coordination and Information "AzovBass"
e-mail: zedon@novoch.ru

for Discussion Roundtables 9, 32, 36, and 53 (proposal)
and 6, 10, and 15 (research paper)

Table of Contents

Typical Example of the Goal-Aimed Environmental Management

Nowadays, at the times of the global ecological crisis and the rapid development of information networks and global means of communications the national concepts cannot really solve the uprising problems. This inability is notably clear on the example of the sustainable development concept. From the analytical point of view such a global problem can be solved only under the condition of defining the measure standards. Since the problem of the progress instability is hiding within the society itself and its relations with the nature, it is necessary to determine the ranges of the problem existence and variations. Such ranges or diapasons are spatial and temporal ones.

1. The spatial diapason could be classified and measured easily- the whole earth can be divided geographically to river and sea basins.

2. The second range, the temporal one, can be measured with some quantitative estimations of the existing biodiversity.

Those two qualitative criteria, geographical and biological, merge into the one ecological criterion for the measurement of nature-human system sustainability.

An attempt to practical solution of the problem of sustainable development was published by the author in 1995 as a concept of Sustainable Basin Development and could be found in the attachment. According to the theory of the most vulnerable points of the system the most vulnerable species (such as sturgeon) should be preserved. This species is some kind of an umbrella one for other species in the river ecosystem. The sturgeon is a unique biological indicator for the evaluation of the river ecological situation. It is long-lived species having almost the same life expectancy as human being. It is also not easily adaptive to the changes of the environment. This species is migrating within the basin under consideration along the most vulnerable river ecosystem points: shore - floodplain - river estuary.

In such a way, the initial problem comes to the retention of the predefined ecological parameters of the basin system with the help of completely new approach to the society management in the basin. This approach based on the biodiversity preservation.

The task under the consideration now is an inverse problem to the rational nature management within the basin. Such a task can be characterized by the following principles:

1. Mandatory binding of the local community activities with the situation of natural reproduction processes of the local species.
2. Rejection of the departmental approach to the organization of the economics on the basin level.
3. The management of the water resources and correspondingly, the management of the whole basin, is based on the most stressed element of the basin - estuary.

4. The water management policy is developed taking into the account the first priority of the anadromous fish life cycle securing as the main bioindicator of the environment. It means that the main steps of life cycle for the migratory population should be secured: fish passage through the dams, flooding of the floodlands, prohibition of the water intakes from the open-air water sources (rivers) during the downstream migration of young fishes, deployment of water intakes downstream from the sewage disposal, functioning of all the industries in the region only on the principle of closed water loop, etc. Obviously, the proposed scheme of the region and society management requires fundamentally new ecological legislation, so called basin legislation.

1. Shore Code
2. River Code
3. Regulations for the institutions of local governing

Introduction of the strict rules of the human society activities within the particular basin has supranational character and creates the prerequisite necessary for the establishment of the Earth Government. In practice, since this concept allows preserving traditional nature management, it gives us an excellent opportunity to settle the conflicts between local populations and migrants. The most active part of the population is getting an important and understandable goal. This is very important issue for Russia, in particular, where the state recently is not able to effectively govern the society and the nature. Thus, the allocation of the information centers of non-governmental organizations for the coordination of local governments' activities in the key points of the basin is essential for the basin approach.

Besides the society management one more information task has to be solved. It is the monitoring of the migration and population of the main bioindicator, anadroms, in river and sea. This task also can be resolved within the framework of the suggested concept.

Best regards,

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Ecological basin Policy

1. The existing situation in the former Soviet Union could be characterized as following:

- complete failure of the governmental ecological policy;
- inability of the first sector (national authority) to improve situation by structural reorganization or funding changes;
- insignificant influence of nongovernmental organizations on current situation and the decision-making process;
- inapplicability of western experience to the local conditions due to the big scale of the work to be done and absence of civil society.

2. Concept

2.1 The concept is aimed at the stabilization of the environment under conditions of limited resources and authority degradation. The main idea behind the realization of this goal is the dislocation of the most active social part of the local population in the key areas of river basins.

2.2 Ecological aspects
based on the selection of six main criterias for the boundaries establishment for ethno-natural protected territory:

- the whole basin is managed according to highest water priority;
- the controlled territory is the floodplain as the key element of the basin;
- biodiversity indicator is the most vulnerable species of the river ecosystem (sturgeon for the Azov Sea basin);
- the whole migration route for the selected species is restored from the places for living and feeding to the spawning ones;
- the life cycle is protected by special status of the territory limited by the most possible area of floodplain;
- the traditional (sustainable) usage of natural resources with elimination of pollution sources is established on the whole ethno-natural territory

2.3 Social aspects

based on the introduction of real self-government of local population in the questions of the restoration of traditional, that means rational, usage of natural resources and style life on those territories
- the most active social part of the population in the given basin is chosen (Cossacks in the Azov Sea basin);
- the traditional Cossacks' self-government is restored on the mentioned territories.
- the structure of Cossacks“ community are defined by the natural pattern of the river stream;
- the relationships with other parts of the basin are based on the principle of the ecological domination and the economic regulations;
- all nature-protected agencies and ecological founds are reorganized into the one basin management agency governing all protected territories;
- the relationships in transbourder regions of the basin are constructed similarly.

3. Expected outputs

3.1 The environment in the basin is stabilized and controlled on the whole catchment area by local population as the most effective forces of alert response.

3.2 From the international perspective could be solved the following problems:
- the sustainable region development;
- biodiversity rescue;
- transborder problems within one watershed and basin;
- the restoration of the traditional style life of the local population.

3.3 Providing the most active and destabilizing part of the society with the employment and duties useful for the whole society.

3.4 the creation of preconditions for the restoration of civil society by using successful example of the ecological situation improvement in the most damaged areas of the basin.

3.5 participation of the NGO community in the process as the information, control and coordination centers with limited funding in the framework of international participation.

3.6 the fulfillment of SoES tasks as the social-ecological international organization.

3.7 the creation of state status for Cossack groups and the rehabilitation of the Cossack movement as the protector of environment from the destructive ecological policy of national authorities.

3.8 the redistribution of the forces balance in the community, which will be aimed at the biodiversity rescue and preventing ecosystems from degradation:

At present the weak influence of NGOs (<1%) against authority (1%) and 'business' causing natural degradation (5%) could be enforced by the participation of more active part of society (Cossacks - 5%), the significance of which will depend on the position of the European Community;

3.9 the opportunity of real activity for achievement of goals established at Rio-92 Summit on basin aspects of Strategic Action Proposals.

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Article 3

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Article 4

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Article 5

Article 6

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