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Hunger and malnutrition claim:
10 million lives every year,
25,000 lives every day,
one life every 5 seconds
842 million people do not have enough to eat - more than the populations of USA, Canada, Europe and Japan

A)     Global hunger

B)     Child hunger

C)     Malnutrition

D)     Food aid & HIV/AIDSr

E)     Food & agricultural production

F)     Aid spending

H)     Emergencies














A)     Global hunger


Hunger and malnutrition claim: 10 million lives every year 25,000 lives every day, one life every 5 seconds
 

842 million people do not have enough to eat - more than the populations of USA, Canada, Europe and Japan
Source: FAO & The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2003
 

842 million people are hungry in the developing world - 1 in three lives in sub-Saharan Africa
Source: FAO & The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2003 - FAO & The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2003, p7
 

In the 1990s, global poverty dropped by 20%. The number of hungry people increased by 18 million
Source: Food as Aid: Trends, Needs and Challenges in the 21st Century
 

314.9 million of the world's hungry live in South Asia - more than the populations of Australia and USA
Source: Agriculture in the Global Economy, Bread for the World Institute, 2003,p132-135  (from FAO & The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2002) - Agriculture in the Global Economy, Bread for the World Institute, 2003,p126-127
 

Hunger & malnutrition are the number 1 risk to global health killing more than AIDS, malaria & TB combined
Source: WHO-World Health Report 2002 - WHO 2003
 

Poor families spend over 70% of their income on food. An average American family spends over 10%

 

One of the Global Community's Millennium Goals is halving the percentage of the world's population that is hungry


 

B)     Child hunger


Every five seconds a child dies because she or he was hungry
Source: FAO State of Food Insecurity in the World 2003
 

Hunger is inherited. Each year,17 million children are born underweight because their mothers are malnourished

For 19 cents you can feed a hungry child in school for a day

Child mortality rates are 8 times higher in Africa than Europe. Malnutrition is the main cause
Source: The Lancet (Jan 2003); in Nutrition Update Handout, Oct 2003, Siena - Facts and Figures on Child Hunger, p1
 

10.9 million children under 5 die in developing countries each year. Malnutrition causes 60% of the deaths

Cutting malnutrition among children aged under-5 in poor countries will reduce child mortality by 20%
Source: Pelletier and Frongillo (2002) Changes in Child Survival are strongly associated with changes in malnutrition in developing countries; in Nutrition Update Handout, October 2003, Siena
 

Six million children under-5 die every year from hunger. There are 6.2 million under-5's in France and Italy
Source: UNICEF State of the World's Children 2003, Table 5, p101
 

Research shows that free school lunches can increase attendance rates by 100% and boost performance



C)     Malnutrition


Iron deficiency impairs growth. Fortifying food with iron has a bigger impact on health than immunisation

Micro-nutrient deficiencies is ranked eighth among the top 10 risks to health worldwide
Source: WHO & World Health Report 2002
 

Lack of Vitamin A kills a million infants a year
Source: Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency, A Global Progress Report, p2, UNICEF
 

Over half of all pregnant women do not have sufficient iron. Every day 300 die in childbirth
Source: WHO,1998; Facts and Figures on Child Hunger, p2
 

Iron deficiency is the most common form of malnutrition, affecting 180 million children aged under four

Iron deficiency is impairing the mental development of 40-60% children in developing countries
Source: Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency, A Global Progress Report, p2, UNICEF
 

Lack of vitamin A weakens the immune system of 40% of Under-5's in poor countries, and can cause blindness
Source: Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency, A Global Progress Report, p2, UNICEF

Iodine deficiency is the main cause of brain damage in the early years of a child's life

Lack of iron affects 4.5 billion people damaging productivity and cutting GDP by 2% in some countries


 

D)     Food Aid & HIV/AIDS


By 2020, HIV will kill 20% of southern Africa's farm workers.
Source: Bread for the World Institute, Agriculture in the Global Economy 2003, p126-127
 

Food is often the main need for poor families living with HIV.

There are 11 million AIDS orphans in Africa. Most never learnt how their parents grew and prepared food
Source: UNICEF's Africa's Orphaned Generations (Nov 2003)

Without good nutrition, anti-retroviral drugs are not as effective. They should be taken on a full stomach

In Thailand, daily micro-nutrient consumption cuts mortality rates among the HIV-infected population
Source: Working Group on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS of the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN), July 2003.
 

HIV & hunger work in tandem. Malnutrition accelerates the HIV's progression. HIV worsens malnutrition
Source: General Brief 1 and 2 Stats and TP on HIV/AIDS, 17 November 2003
 

TB is the main cause of death among AIDS-sufferers.

Food aid allows HIV-sufferers to survive longer - and transfer farming knowledge to the next generation

Giving pre-natal micronutrient supplements to HIV+ mums increases their babies' birth weight Source: Working Group on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS of the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN), July 2003
 


 

E)     Food & Agricultural Production


Drought is the main cause of food shortages in poor countries. Irrigation boosts crop yields by up to 400%
Source: FAO, The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2003
 

The world produces enough food for everyone. But over 800 million people remain chronically hungry
Source: Bread for the World Institute, Agriculture in the Global Economy 2003, p2 - FAO, The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2003

 


 

F)     Aid spending


The average daily expenditure on food in the developed world is US$10.

Just one week of subsidies given to farmers in the developed world would cover the annual cost of food aid
Source: Bread for the World Institute, Agriculture in the Global Economy 2003, p2
 

Everyone needs 2,350 calories each day. 54 nations do not produce enough to feed their people
Source: FAO-Mapping of the Food Supply Gap 1998; Bread for the World Institute-Hunger Basics FAQ

 


 

H)     Emergencies


The lives of 1 in 10 people were hit by natural and man-made disasters in 2002
Source: Agriculture in the Global Economy, Bread for the World Institute, 2003, p126-127

 


 

 

 

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