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Earth Community Organization (ECO)
the Global Community
Professor Madireddi Venkata Subba Rao
ENRA & SEED
Chairman and Co-ordinator
Department of Environmental Sciences
for Discussion Roundtables 1, 4, 7, 10, 15, 16, 24, 25, 26, 28, 33, 36, 37, 53, and 55
Table of Contents|
Biodiversity Conservation ,Management and Sustainable Development In Eastern Ghats Of India
Eastern ghats are long chain of broken hills and elevated plateau abutting the Eastcoast of india. They are consisting of crystalline metamorphic rocks and had a line of mountain ranges running North East to South West with various parallel ridges. The ranges runs South Westerly passing through the states of Orissa (3 districts); Andhra Pradesh (14 districts) and Tarish Nadu (7 districts).
The climate of the Eastern ghats is typically tropical, sufficiently enough to support the most luxuriant development of forest types of vegetations. The avearge rainfall varies from 1200 to 1500 mm. During winter and summer, the mean temperature is 4 C and 41 C respectively. Vegetation is mainly dry and moist deciduous as well as the semi-evergreen patches.
27 tribes live in Eastern ghats. The Government of India has recognized the Chenchus and Kondareddis as primitive tribes.
India is one of the twelve megabiodiversity countries in the world and hence a rich flora and fauna. Many of them are endemic. Today Indian forests and wildlife are subjected to more biotic pressure. In the year 1900, the Indian forests covered 40 % of the country's geographic area. Today, it is reduced to 13 % and efforts to increase forest cover through afforestation and Jowt forest management.
Now it is necessary to concentrate our attention to ecorestoration, survivability of the ecosystem and sustainable development through management plane for success of the Biodiversity Conservation in Eastern Ghats of India.
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